Abstract

We demonstrate that an integrated silicon microring resonator is capable of efficiently producing photon pairs that are completely unentangled; such pairs are a key component of heralded single-photon sources. A dual-channel interferometric coupling scheme can be used to independently tune the quality factors associated with the pump and signal and idler modes, yielding a biphoton wavefunction with a Schmidt number arbitrarily close to unity. This will permit the generation of heralded single-photon states with unit purity.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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2017 (1)

2016 (5)

D. Grassani, A. Simbula, S. Pirotta, M. Galli, M. Menotti, N. C. Harris, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Galland, M. Liscidini, and D. Bajoni, Sci. Rep. 6, 23564 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Ding, Y. He, Z.-C. Duan, N. Gregersen, M.-C. Chen, S. Unsleber, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 020401 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D.-Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W. Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, Nat. Commun. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. A. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, C. Tison, Z. Wang, P. M. Alsing, and S. F. Preble, Proc. SPIE 9873, 987304 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Vernon, M. Liscidini, and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Lett. 41, 788 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

J. W. Silverstone, R. Santagati, D. Bonneau, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, Nat. Commun. 6, 7948 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Vernon and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 92, 033840 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Vernon and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 91, 053802 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2012 (3)

2010 (2)

L. G. Helt, Z. Yang, M. Liscidini, and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Lett. 35, 3006 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. N. Cassemiro, K. Laiho, and C. Silberhorn, New J. Phys. 12, 113052 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

P. J. Mosley, J. S. Lundeen, B. J. Smith, P. Wasylczyk, A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, and I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133601 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2004 (1)

C. K. Law and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 127903 (2004).
[Crossref]

Alsing, P. M.

J. A. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, C. Tison, Z. Wang, P. M. Alsing, and S. F. Preble, Proc. SPIE 9873, 987304 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. C. Tison, J. L. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, Z. Wang, N. A. Mogent, A. Rizzo, S. F. Preble, and P. M. Alsing, “The path to increasing the coincidence efficiency of integrated photon sources,” arXiv: 1703.08368 (2017).

Azzini, S.

Baehr-Jones, T.

D. Grassani, A. Simbula, S. Pirotta, M. Galli, M. Menotti, N. C. Harris, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Galland, M. Liscidini, and D. Bajoni, Sci. Rep. 6, 23564 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bajoni, D.

D. Grassani, A. Simbula, S. Pirotta, M. Galli, M. Menotti, N. C. Harris, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Galland, M. Liscidini, and D. Bajoni, Sci. Rep. 6, 23564 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Azzini, D. Grassani, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, L. G. Helt, J. E. Sipe, M. Liscidini, M. Galli, and D. Bajoni, Opt. Express 20, 23100 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bartley, T. J.

E. Meyer-Scott, N. Montaut, J. Tiedau, L. Sansoni, H. Herrmann, T. J. Bartley, and C. Silberhorn, “Limits on the heralding efficiencies and spectral purities of spectrally-filtered single photons from photon pair sources,” arXiv: 1702.05501 (2017).

Bo, C.

Bonneau, D.

J. W. Silverstone, R. Santagati, D. Bonneau, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, Nat. Commun. 6, 7948 (2015).
[Crossref]

Caspani, L.

Cassemiro, K. N.

K. N. Cassemiro, K. Laiho, and C. Silberhorn, New J. Phys. 12, 113052 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chae, C. J.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D.-Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W. Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, Nat. Commun. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.

Chen, L.

Chen, M.-C.

X. Ding, Y. He, Z.-C. Duan, N. Gregersen, M.-C. Chen, S. Unsleber, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 020401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Choi, D.-Y.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D.-Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W. Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, Nat. Commun. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chu, S. T.

Clerici, M.

Collins, M. J.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D.-Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W. Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, Nat. Commun. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ding, X.

X. Ding, Y. He, Z.-C. Duan, N. Gregersen, M.-C. Chen, S. Unsleber, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 020401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Duan, Z.-C.

X. Ding, Y. He, Z.-C. Duan, N. Gregersen, M.-C. Chen, S. Unsleber, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 020401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Eberly, J. H.

C. K. Law and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 127903 (2004).
[Crossref]

Eggleton, B. J.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D.-Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W. Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, Nat. Commun. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fanto, M. L.

J. A. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, C. Tison, Z. Wang, P. M. Alsing, and S. F. Preble, Proc. SPIE 9873, 987304 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. C. Tison, J. L. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, Z. Wang, N. A. Mogent, A. Rizzo, S. F. Preble, and P. M. Alsing, “The path to increasing the coincidence efficiency of integrated photon sources,” arXiv: 1703.08368 (2017).

Ferrera, M.

Galland, C.

D. Grassani, A. Simbula, S. Pirotta, M. Galli, M. Menotti, N. C. Harris, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Galland, M. Liscidini, and D. Bajoni, Sci. Rep. 6, 23564 (2016).
[Crossref]

Galli, M.

D. Grassani, A. Simbula, S. Pirotta, M. Galli, M. Menotti, N. C. Harris, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Galland, M. Liscidini, and D. Bajoni, Sci. Rep. 6, 23564 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Azzini, D. Grassani, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, L. G. Helt, J. E. Sipe, M. Liscidini, M. Galli, and D. Bajoni, Opt. Express 20, 23100 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gentry, C. M.

C. M. Gentry, G. Triginer, X. Zeng, and M. Popović, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO): QELS_Fundamental Science (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTu5A–17.

Grassani, D.

D. Grassani, A. Simbula, S. Pirotta, M. Galli, M. Menotti, N. C. Harris, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Galland, M. Liscidini, and D. Bajoni, Sci. Rep. 6, 23564 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Azzini, D. Grassani, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, L. G. Helt, J. E. Sipe, M. Liscidini, M. Galli, and D. Bajoni, Opt. Express 20, 23100 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gregersen, N.

X. Ding, Y. He, Z.-C. Duan, N. Gregersen, M.-C. Chen, S. Unsleber, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 020401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Harris, N. C.

D. Grassani, A. Simbula, S. Pirotta, M. Galli, M. Menotti, N. C. Harris, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Galland, M. Liscidini, and D. Bajoni, Sci. Rep. 6, 23564 (2016).
[Crossref]

He, Y.

X. Ding, Y. He, Z.-C. Duan, N. Gregersen, M.-C. Chen, S. Unsleber, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 020401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Helt, L. G.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D.-Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W. Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, Nat. Commun. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Azzini, D. Grassani, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, L. G. Helt, J. E. Sipe, M. Liscidini, M. Galli, and D. Bajoni, Opt. Express 20, 23100 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. G. Helt, M. Liscidini, and J. E. Sipe, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 2199 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Liscidini, L. G. Helt, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 85, 013833 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. G. Helt, Z. Yang, M. Liscidini, and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Lett. 35, 3006 (2010).
[Crossref]

Herrmann, H.

E. Meyer-Scott, N. Montaut, J. Tiedau, L. Sansoni, H. Herrmann, T. J. Bartley, and C. Silberhorn, “Limits on the heralding efficiencies and spectral purities of spectrally-filtered single photons from photon pair sources,” arXiv: 1702.05501 (2017).

Hochberg, M.

D. Grassani, A. Simbula, S. Pirotta, M. Galli, M. Menotti, N. C. Harris, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Galland, M. Liscidini, and D. Bajoni, Sci. Rep. 6, 23564 (2016).
[Crossref]

Höfling, S.

X. Ding, Y. He, Z.-C. Duan, N. Gregersen, M.-C. Chen, S. Unsleber, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 020401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kamp, M.

X. Ding, Y. He, Z.-C. Duan, N. Gregersen, M.-C. Chen, S. Unsleber, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 020401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kues, M.

Laiho, K.

K. N. Cassemiro, K. Laiho, and C. Silberhorn, New J. Phys. 12, 113052 (2010).
[Crossref]

Law, C. K.

C. K. Law and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 127903 (2004).
[Crossref]

Leong, P. H. W.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D.-Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W. Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, Nat. Commun. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lipson, M.

Liscidini, M.

Little, B. E.

Liu, Z.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D.-Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W. Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, Nat. Commun. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lu, C. Y.

X. Ding, Y. He, Z.-C. Duan, N. Gregersen, M.-C. Chen, S. Unsleber, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 020401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lundeen, J. S.

P. J. Mosley, J. S. Lundeen, B. J. Smith, P. Wasylczyk, A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, and I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133601 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mahendra, A.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D.-Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W. Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, Nat. Commun. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref]

Maier, S.

X. Ding, Y. He, Z.-C. Duan, N. Gregersen, M.-C. Chen, S. Unsleber, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 020401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Menotti, M.

D. Grassani, A. Simbula, S. Pirotta, M. Galli, M. Menotti, N. C. Harris, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Galland, M. Liscidini, and D. Bajoni, Sci. Rep. 6, 23564 (2016).
[Crossref]

Meyer-Scott, E.

E. Meyer-Scott, N. Montaut, J. Tiedau, L. Sansoni, H. Herrmann, T. J. Bartley, and C. Silberhorn, “Limits on the heralding efficiencies and spectral purities of spectrally-filtered single photons from photon pair sources,” arXiv: 1702.05501 (2017).

Mogent, N. A.

C. C. Tison, J. L. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, Z. Wang, N. A. Mogent, A. Rizzo, S. F. Preble, and P. M. Alsing, “The path to increasing the coincidence efficiency of integrated photon sources,” arXiv: 1703.08368 (2017).

Montaut, N.

E. Meyer-Scott, N. Montaut, J. Tiedau, L. Sansoni, H. Herrmann, T. J. Bartley, and C. Silberhorn, “Limits on the heralding efficiencies and spectral purities of spectrally-filtered single photons from photon pair sources,” arXiv: 1702.05501 (2017).

Morandotti, R.

Mosley, P. J.

P. J. Mosley, J. S. Lundeen, B. J. Smith, P. Wasylczyk, A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, and I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133601 (2008).
[Crossref]

Moss, D. J.

Niu, M. Y.

O’Brien, J. L.

J. W. Silverstone, R. Santagati, D. Bonneau, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, Nat. Commun. 6, 7948 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pan, J. W.

X. Ding, Y. He, Z.-C. Duan, N. Gregersen, M.-C. Chen, S. Unsleber, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 020401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pasquazi, A.

Peccianti, M.

Pirotta, S.

D. Grassani, A. Simbula, S. Pirotta, M. Galli, M. Menotti, N. C. Harris, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Galland, M. Liscidini, and D. Bajoni, Sci. Rep. 6, 23564 (2016).
[Crossref]

Popovic, M.

C. M. Gentry, G. Triginer, X. Zeng, and M. Popović, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO): QELS_Fundamental Science (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTu5A–17.

Preble, S. F.

J. A. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, C. Tison, Z. Wang, P. M. Alsing, and S. F. Preble, Proc. SPIE 9873, 987304 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. C. Tison, J. L. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, Z. Wang, N. A. Mogent, A. Rizzo, S. F. Preble, and P. M. Alsing, “The path to increasing the coincidence efficiency of integrated photon sources,” arXiv: 1703.08368 (2017).

Quesada, N.

N. Quesada, “Very nonlinear quantum optics,” Ph.D. thesis (University of Toronto, 2015).

Razzari, L.

Reimer, C.

Rizzo, A.

C. C. Tison, J. L. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, Z. Wang, N. A. Mogent, A. Rizzo, S. F. Preble, and P. M. Alsing, “The path to increasing the coincidence efficiency of integrated photon sources,” arXiv: 1703.08368 (2017).

Sansoni, L.

E. Meyer-Scott, N. Montaut, J. Tiedau, L. Sansoni, H. Herrmann, T. J. Bartley, and C. Silberhorn, “Limits on the heralding efficiencies and spectral purities of spectrally-filtered single photons from photon pair sources,” arXiv: 1702.05501 (2017).

Santagati, R.

J. W. Silverstone, R. Santagati, D. Bonneau, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, Nat. Commun. 6, 7948 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schneider, C.

X. Ding, Y. He, Z.-C. Duan, N. Gregersen, M.-C. Chen, S. Unsleber, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 020401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shapiro, J. H.

Sherwood-Droz, N.

Silberhorn, C.

K. N. Cassemiro, K. Laiho, and C. Silberhorn, New J. Phys. 12, 113052 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. J. Mosley, J. S. Lundeen, B. J. Smith, P. Wasylczyk, A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, and I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133601 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. Meyer-Scott, N. Montaut, J. Tiedau, L. Sansoni, H. Herrmann, T. J. Bartley, and C. Silberhorn, “Limits on the heralding efficiencies and spectral purities of spectrally-filtered single photons from photon pair sources,” arXiv: 1702.05501 (2017).

Silverstone, J. W.

J. W. Silverstone, R. Santagati, D. Bonneau, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, Nat. Commun. 6, 7948 (2015).
[Crossref]

Simbula, A.

D. Grassani, A. Simbula, S. Pirotta, M. Galli, M. Menotti, N. C. Harris, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Galland, M. Liscidini, and D. Bajoni, Sci. Rep. 6, 23564 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sipe, J. E.

Smith, B. J.

P. J. Mosley, J. S. Lundeen, B. J. Smith, P. Wasylczyk, A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, and I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133601 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sorel, M.

J. W. Silverstone, R. Santagati, D. Bonneau, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, Nat. Commun. 6, 7948 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Azzini, D. Grassani, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, L. G. Helt, J. E. Sipe, M. Liscidini, M. Galli, and D. Bajoni, Opt. Express 20, 23100 (2012).
[Crossref]

Steel, M. J.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D.-Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W. Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, Nat. Commun. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref]

Steidle, J. A.

J. A. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, C. Tison, Z. Wang, P. M. Alsing, and S. F. Preble, Proc. SPIE 9873, 987304 (2016).
[Crossref]

Steidle, J. L.

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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

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C. C. Tison, J. L. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, Z. Wang, N. A. Mogent, A. Rizzo, S. F. Preble, and P. M. Alsing, “The path to increasing the coincidence efficiency of integrated photon sources,” arXiv: 1703.08368 (2017).

N. Quesada, “Very nonlinear quantum optics,” Ph.D. thesis (University of Toronto, 2015).

C. M. Gentry, G. Triginer, X. Zeng, and M. Popović, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO): QELS_Fundamental Science (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTu5A–17.

E. Meyer-Scott, N. Montaut, J. Tiedau, L. Sansoni, H. Herrmann, T. J. Bartley, and C. Silberhorn, “Limits on the heralding efficiencies and spectral purities of spectrally-filtered single photons from photon pair sources,” arXiv: 1702.05501 (2017).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Design of a microring device with an interferometric coupling scheme (MZI1 and MZI2), permitting independent tuning of the pump, signal, and idler resonances. (b) Idealized point-coupling model of dual-MZI device, with separate channels for the pump and signal/idler introduced, each with independent couplings to the ring.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) JSI for a conventional single-channel system with equal quality factors, exhibiting residual anti-correlations that lead to a Schmidt number K=1.09 for the corresponding BWF (giving heralded state purity γ=0.93). (b) JSI for a system with a pump quality factor 6.6 times lower than the smallest of the signal/idler quality factors; the energy correlation has been almost completely eliminated, yielding K=1.0009 (γ=0.999). Both JSIs assume a pump pulse sufficiently broad to excite the entire pump resonance. The frequency axes–offsets from the reference frequencies ωJ–are plotted in units of the respective signal/idler linewidths ΔωJ=ωJ/QJ.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Maximum heralded state purity as a function of the ratio QSI/QP, with QSI=min(QS,QI). The solid line is calculated using an effective point-coupling model for the BWF; the green markers indicate the results of full numerical simulations for the complete device, with the circular marker corresponding to the BWF of Fig. 2(b). Each point assumes a pump pulse sufficiently broad to excite the full pump resonance. The dashed line represents the upper bound of 93% purity for a system with equal quality factors, which is clearly exceeded with the proposed strategy.

Equations (5)

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γ=dωdω|qI(ω,ω)|2.
ϕ(ωs,ωi)=ϕS(ωs)ϕI(ωi),
ϕ(ωs,ωi)FP(ωs+ωi)lS(ωs)lI(ωi),
FP(ω)=dωpαP(ωp)αP(ωωp)lP(ωp)lP(ωωP),
I=dusdui|dupe(TPup)2/2e(TSus+TIuiTPup)2/2(iup+1)(i(rSus+rIuiup)+1)|2(us2+1)(ui2+i),