Abstract

We propose a new architecture for using long-period fiber gratings (LPGs) to induce strong mode mixing with low loss for space-division multiplexing. In this architecture, LPGs are installed in step-index (SI) few-mode fibers that support more modes than the transmission fiber. Such a design could significantly reduce losses due to coupling from the highest-order mode group to cladding modes. In our experiment, efficient mixing of three spatial modes over a broad bandwidth was achieved by a mechanical long-period grating on a SI fiber that supports eight spatial modes. The insertion loss, including two splice losses, is less than 0.5 dB, and the coupling matrix and mode-dependent loss (MDL) are characterized experimentally for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. Strong mixing between LP01 and LP11 for a whole C band is demonstrated, and MDL introduced to the system is negligible.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Mode-selective photonic lanterns for space-division multiplexing

Sergio G. Leon-Saval, Nicolas K. Fontaine, Joel R. Salazar-Gil, Burcu Ercan, Roland Ryf, and Joss Bland-Hawthorn
Opt. Express 22(1) 1036-1044 (2014)

Mach–Zehnder interferometer formed in a photonic crystal fiber based on a pair of long-period fiber gratings

Jong H. Lim, Hyun S. Jang, Kyung S. Lee, Jin C. Kim, and Byeong H. Lee
Opt. Lett. 29(4) 346-348 (2004)

Geometric requirements for photonic lanterns in space division multiplexing

Nicolas K. Fontaine, Roland Ryf, Joss Bland-Hawthorn, and Sergio G. Leon-Saval
Opt. Express 20(24) 27123-27132 (2012)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. W. Tkach, Bell Labs Tech. J. 14, 3 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  2. R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R. J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  3. E. Ip, G. Milione, M.-J. Li, N. Cvijetic, K. Kanonakis, J. Stone, G. Peng, X. Prieto, C. Montero, V. Moreno, and J. Liñares, Opt. Express 23, 17120 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  4. S. Iano, T. Sato, S. Sentsui, T. Kuroha, and Y. Nishimura, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 1979), paper WB1.
  5. J. Sakaguchi, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper PDPB6.
  6. R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.
  7. R. Ryf, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado, Z. S. Eznaveh, C. Jin, B. Huang, S. H. Chang, B. Ercan, C. Gonnet, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Molin, F. Achten, P. Sillard, and R. Amezcua-Correa, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.
  8. K. P. Ho and J. M. Kahn, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 3119 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  9. H. Chen, R. van Uden, C. Okonkwo, and T. Koonen, Opt. Express 22, 31582 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  10. Q. Kang, E.-L. Lim, Y. Jung, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, C. Baskiotis, S. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 20, 20835 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  11. N. K. Fontaine, B. Huang, Z. Sanjabieznaveh, H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Ercan, A. Velázquez-Benetez, S. H. Chang, R. Ryf, A. Schülzgen, J. C. Alvarado, P. Sillard, C. Gonnet, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. A. Correa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2016), paper Th5A.4.
  12. H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R.-J. Essiambre, G. Li, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, Nat. Photonics 10, 529 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  13. K.-P. Ho and J. M. Kahn, Opt. Express 19, 16612 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  14. D. Askarov and J. M. Kahn, J. Lightwave Technol. 33, 4032 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. Fang, A. Li, and W. Shieh, Opt. Lett. 40, 3937 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  16. H. Liu, H. Wen, H. Wen, R. A. Correa, P. Sillard, G. Li, and G. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2017), paper Tu2J.5.
  17. A. M. Vengsarkar, N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. B. Judkins, and P. J. Lemaire, Opt. Lett. 21, 336 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  18. S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Ryazansky, M. F. Yan, F. V. Dimarcello, W. A. Reed, and P. Wisk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 727 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  19. A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  20. B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, Opt. Express 23, 224 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  21. N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. A. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (2013), paper OW1K.2.
  22. B. Huang, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, C. Jin, K. Shang, R. Ryf, R.-J. Essiambre, B. Ung, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, and G. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 741 (2017).
    [Crossref]

2017 (1)

2016 (1)

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R.-J. Essiambre, G. Li, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, Nat. Photonics 10, 529 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

2014 (1)

2012 (2)

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

R. W. Tkach, Bell Labs Tech. J. 14, 3 (2010).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Ryazansky, M. F. Yan, F. V. Dimarcello, W. A. Reed, and P. Wisk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 727 (2003).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

Achten, F.

R. Ryf, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado, Z. S. Eznaveh, C. Jin, B. Huang, S. H. Chang, B. Ercan, C. Gonnet, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Molin, F. Achten, P. Sillard, and R. Amezcua-Correa, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

Alam, S.

Alvarado, J. C.

N. K. Fontaine, B. Huang, Z. Sanjabieznaveh, H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Ercan, A. Velázquez-Benetez, S. H. Chang, R. Ryf, A. Schülzgen, J. C. Alvarado, P. Sillard, C. Gonnet, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. A. Correa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2016), paper Th5A.4.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

R. Ryf, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado, Z. S. Eznaveh, C. Jin, B. Huang, S. H. Chang, B. Ercan, C. Gonnet, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Molin, F. Achten, P. Sillard, and R. Amezcua-Correa, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

Amezcua-Correa, R.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

R. Ryf, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado, Z. S. Eznaveh, C. Jin, B. Huang, S. H. Chang, B. Ercan, C. Gonnet, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Molin, F. Achten, P. Sillard, and R. Amezcua-Correa, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

Antonio-Lopez, E.

N. K. Fontaine, B. Huang, Z. Sanjabieznaveh, H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Ercan, A. Velázquez-Benetez, S. H. Chang, R. Ryf, A. Schülzgen, J. C. Alvarado, P. Sillard, C. Gonnet, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. A. Correa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2016), paper Th5A.4.

Antonio-Lopez, J.

R. Ryf, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado, Z. S. Eznaveh, C. Jin, B. Huang, S. H. Chang, B. Ercan, C. Gonnet, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Molin, F. Achten, P. Sillard, and R. Amezcua-Correa, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

Askarov, D.

Askins, C. G.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[Crossref]

Awaji, Y.

J. Sakaguchi, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper PDPB6.

Baskiotis, C.

Bergano, N. S.

Bigot-Astruc, M.

R. Ryf, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado, Z. S. Eznaveh, C. Jin, B. Huang, S. H. Chang, B. Ercan, C. Gonnet, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Molin, F. Achten, P. Sillard, and R. Amezcua-Correa, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

Bolle, C.

Burrows, E.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

Burrows, E. C.

Chandrasekhar, S.

S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Ryazansky, M. F. Yan, F. V. Dimarcello, W. A. Reed, and P. Wisk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 727 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chang, S. H.

R. Ryf, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado, Z. S. Eznaveh, C. Jin, B. Huang, S. H. Chang, B. Ercan, C. Gonnet, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Molin, F. Achten, P. Sillard, and R. Amezcua-Correa, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

N. K. Fontaine, B. Huang, Z. Sanjabieznaveh, H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Ercan, A. Velázquez-Benetez, S. H. Chang, R. Ryf, A. Schülzgen, J. C. Alvarado, P. Sillard, C. Gonnet, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. A. Correa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2016), paper Th5A.4.

Chen, H.

B. Huang, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, C. Jin, K. Shang, R. Ryf, R.-J. Essiambre, B. Ung, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, and G. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 741 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R.-J. Essiambre, G. Li, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, Nat. Photonics 10, 529 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, R. van Uden, C. Okonkwo, and T. Koonen, Opt. Express 22, 31582 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, B. Huang, Z. Sanjabieznaveh, H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Ercan, A. Velázquez-Benetez, S. H. Chang, R. Ryf, A. Schülzgen, J. C. Alvarado, P. Sillard, C. Gonnet, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. A. Correa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2016), paper Th5A.4.

R. Ryf, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado, Z. S. Eznaveh, C. Jin, B. Huang, S. H. Chang, B. Ercan, C. Gonnet, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Molin, F. Achten, P. Sillard, and R. Amezcua-Correa, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

Correa, R. A.

N. K. Fontaine, B. Huang, Z. Sanjabieznaveh, H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Ercan, A. Velázquez-Benetez, S. H. Chang, R. Ryf, A. Schülzgen, J. C. Alvarado, P. Sillard, C. Gonnet, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. A. Correa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2016), paper Th5A.4.

H. Liu, H. Wen, H. Wen, R. A. Correa, P. Sillard, G. Li, and G. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2017), paper Tu2J.5.

Cvijetic, N.

Davidson, C. R.

Davis, M. A.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[Crossref]

Dimarcello, F. V.

S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Ryazansky, M. F. Yan, F. V. Dimarcello, W. A. Reed, and P. Wisk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 727 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ercan, B.

N. K. Fontaine, B. Huang, Z. Sanjabieznaveh, H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Ercan, A. Velázquez-Benetez, S. H. Chang, R. Ryf, A. Schülzgen, J. C. Alvarado, P. Sillard, C. Gonnet, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. A. Correa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2016), paper Th5A.4.

R. Ryf, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado, Z. S. Eznaveh, C. Jin, B. Huang, S. H. Chang, B. Ercan, C. Gonnet, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Molin, F. Achten, P. Sillard, and R. Amezcua-Correa, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

Esmaeelpour, M.

Essiambre, R. J.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R. J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

Essiambre, R.-J.

B. Huang, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, C. Jin, K. Shang, R. Ryf, R.-J. Essiambre, B. Ung, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, and G. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 741 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R.-J. Essiambre, G. Li, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, Nat. Photonics 10, 529 (2016).
[Crossref]

Eznaveh, Z. S.

R. Ryf, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado, Z. S. Eznaveh, C. Jin, B. Huang, S. H. Chang, B. Ercan, C. Gonnet, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Molin, F. Achten, P. Sillard, and R. Amezcua-Correa, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

Fang, J.

Fontaine, N. K.

B. Huang, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, C. Jin, K. Shang, R. Ryf, R.-J. Essiambre, B. Ung, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, and G. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 741 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R.-J. Essiambre, G. Li, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, Nat. Photonics 10, 529 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, Opt. Express 23, 224 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, B. Huang, Z. Sanjabieznaveh, H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Ercan, A. Velázquez-Benetez, S. H. Chang, R. Ryf, A. Schülzgen, J. C. Alvarado, P. Sillard, C. Gonnet, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. A. Correa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2016), paper Th5A.4.

R. Ryf, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado, Z. S. Eznaveh, C. Jin, B. Huang, S. H. Chang, B. Ercan, C. Gonnet, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Molin, F. Achten, P. Sillard, and R. Amezcua-Correa, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. A. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (2013), paper OW1K.2.

Friebele, E. J.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ghalmi, S.

S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Ryazansky, M. F. Yan, F. V. Dimarcello, W. A. Reed, and P. Wisk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 727 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gnauck, A. H.

Gonnet, C.

R. Ryf, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado, Z. S. Eznaveh, C. Jin, B. Huang, S. H. Chang, B. Ercan, C. Gonnet, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Molin, F. Achten, P. Sillard, and R. Amezcua-Correa, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

N. K. Fontaine, B. Huang, Z. Sanjabieznaveh, H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Ercan, A. Velázquez-Benetez, S. H. Chang, R. Ryf, A. Schülzgen, J. C. Alvarado, P. Sillard, C. Gonnet, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. A. Correa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2016), paper Th5A.4.

Grégoire, N.

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R.-J. Essiambre, G. Li, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, Nat. Photonics 10, 529 (2016).
[Crossref]

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. A. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (2013), paper OW1K.2.

Guan, B.

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, Opt. Express 23, 224 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. A. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (2013), paper OW1K.2.

Hasegawa, T.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

Hayashi, T.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

J. Sakaguchi, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper PDPB6.

Ho, K. P.

Ho, K.-P.

Huang, B.

B. Huang, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, C. Jin, K. Shang, R. Ryf, R.-J. Essiambre, B. Ung, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, and G. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 741 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R.-J. Essiambre, G. Li, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, Nat. Photonics 10, 529 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, Opt. Express 23, 224 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

R. Ryf, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado, Z. S. Eznaveh, C. Jin, B. Huang, S. H. Chang, B. Ercan, C. Gonnet, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Molin, F. Achten, P. Sillard, and R. Amezcua-Correa, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

N. K. Fontaine, B. Huang, Z. Sanjabieznaveh, H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Ercan, A. Velázquez-Benetez, S. H. Chang, R. Ryf, A. Schülzgen, J. C. Alvarado, P. Sillard, C. Gonnet, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. A. Correa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2016), paper Th5A.4.

Iano, S.

S. Iano, T. Sato, S. Sentsui, T. Kuroha, and Y. Nishimura, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 1979), paper WB1.

Ip, E.

Jensen, R. V.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. A. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (2013), paper OW1K.2.

Jin, C.

B. Huang, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, C. Jin, K. Shang, R. Ryf, R.-J. Essiambre, B. Ung, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, and G. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 741 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R.-J. Essiambre, G. Li, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, Nat. Photonics 10, 529 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, B. Huang, Z. Sanjabieznaveh, H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Ercan, A. Velázquez-Benetez, S. H. Chang, R. Ryf, A. Schülzgen, J. C. Alvarado, P. Sillard, C. Gonnet, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. A. Correa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2016), paper Th5A.4.

R. Ryf, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado, Z. S. Eznaveh, C. Jin, B. Huang, S. H. Chang, B. Ercan, C. Gonnet, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Molin, F. Achten, P. Sillard, and R. Amezcua-Correa, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

Judkins, J. B.

Jung, Y.

Kahn, J. M.

Kang, Q.

Kanno, A.

J. Sakaguchi, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper PDPB6.

Kanonakis, K.

Kawanishi, T.

J. Sakaguchi, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper PDPB6.

Kersey, A. D.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, T.

J. Sakaguchi, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper PDPB6.

Koo, K. P.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[Crossref]

Koonen, T.

Kuroha, T.

S. Iano, T. Sato, S. Sentsui, T. Kuroha, and Y. Nishimura, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 1979), paper WB1.

LaRochelle, S.

B. Huang, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, C. Jin, K. Shang, R. Ryf, R.-J. Essiambre, B. Ung, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, and G. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 741 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R.-J. Essiambre, G. Li, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, Nat. Photonics 10, 529 (2016).
[Crossref]

LeBlanc, M.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lemaire, P. J.

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Li, A.

Li, G.

B. Huang, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, C. Jin, K. Shang, R. Ryf, R.-J. Essiambre, B. Ung, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, and G. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 741 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R.-J. Essiambre, G. Li, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, Nat. Photonics 10, 529 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, Opt. Express 23, 224 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, H. Wen, H. Wen, R. A. Correa, P. Sillard, G. Li, and G. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2017), paper Tu2J.5.

H. Liu, H. Wen, H. Wen, R. A. Correa, P. Sillard, G. Li, and G. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2017), paper Tu2J.5.

Li, M.-J.

Lim, E.-L.

Liñares, J.

Lingle, R.

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, Opt. Express 23, 224 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R. J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. A. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (2013), paper OW1K.2.

Liu, H.

H. Liu, H. Wen, H. Wen, R. A. Correa, P. Sillard, G. Li, and G. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2017), paper Tu2J.5.

McCurdy, A. H.

Messaddeq, Y.

B. Huang, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, C. Jin, K. Shang, R. Ryf, R.-J. Essiambre, B. Ung, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, and G. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 741 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R.-J. Essiambre, G. Li, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, Nat. Photonics 10, 529 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mestre, M. A.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. A. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (2013), paper OW1K.2.

Milione, G.

Molin, D.

R. Ryf, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado, Z. S. Eznaveh, C. Jin, B. Huang, S. H. Chang, B. Ercan, C. Gonnet, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Molin, F. Achten, P. Sillard, and R. Amezcua-Correa, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

Montero, C.

Morency, S.

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R.-J. Essiambre, G. Li, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, Nat. Photonics 10, 529 (2016).
[Crossref]

Moreno, V.

Mumtaz, S.

Nishimura, Y.

S. Iano, T. Sato, S. Sentsui, T. Kuroha, and Y. Nishimura, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 1979), paper WB1.

Okonkwo, C.

Palou, X.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. A. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (2013), paper OW1K.2.

Patrick, H. J.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[Crossref]

Peckham, D. W.

Pedrazzani, J. R.

Peng, G.

Poletti, F.

Prieto, X.

Putnam, M. A.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ramachandran, S.

S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Ryazansky, M. F. Yan, F. V. Dimarcello, W. A. Reed, and P. Wisk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 727 (2003).
[Crossref]

Randel, S.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R. J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. A. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (2013), paper OW1K.2.

Reed, W. A.

S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Ryazansky, M. F. Yan, F. V. Dimarcello, W. A. Reed, and P. Wisk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 727 (2003).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

Ryazansky, I.

S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Ryazansky, M. F. Yan, F. V. Dimarcello, W. A. Reed, and P. Wisk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 727 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ryf, R.

B. Huang, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, C. Jin, K. Shang, R. Ryf, R.-J. Essiambre, B. Ung, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, and G. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 741 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R.-J. Essiambre, G. Li, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, Nat. Photonics 10, 529 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, Opt. Express 23, 224 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R. J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. A. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (2013), paper OW1K.2.

N. K. Fontaine, B. Huang, Z. Sanjabieznaveh, H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Ercan, A. Velázquez-Benetez, S. H. Chang, R. Ryf, A. Schülzgen, J. C. Alvarado, P. Sillard, C. Gonnet, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. A. Correa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2016), paper Th5A.4.

R. Ryf, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado, Z. S. Eznaveh, C. Jin, B. Huang, S. H. Chang, B. Ercan, C. Gonnet, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Molin, F. Achten, P. Sillard, and R. Amezcua-Correa, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

Sahu, J. K.

Sakaguchi, J.

J. Sakaguchi, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper PDPB6.

Sanjabieznaveh, Z.

N. K. Fontaine, B. Huang, Z. Sanjabieznaveh, H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Ercan, A. Velázquez-Benetez, S. H. Chang, R. Ryf, A. Schülzgen, J. C. Alvarado, P. Sillard, C. Gonnet, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. A. Correa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2016), paper Th5A.4.

Sato, T.

S. Iano, T. Sato, S. Sentsui, T. Kuroha, and Y. Nishimura, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 1979), paper WB1.

Schülzgen, A.

N. K. Fontaine, B. Huang, Z. Sanjabieznaveh, H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Ercan, A. Velázquez-Benetez, S. H. Chang, R. Ryf, A. Schülzgen, J. C. Alvarado, P. Sillard, C. Gonnet, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. A. Correa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2016), paper Th5A.4.

Sentsui, S.

S. Iano, T. Sato, S. Sentsui, T. Kuroha, and Y. Nishimura, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 1979), paper WB1.

Shang, K.

B. Huang, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, C. Jin, K. Shang, R. Ryf, R.-J. Essiambre, B. Ung, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, and G. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 741 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R.-J. Essiambre, G. Li, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, Nat. Photonics 10, 529 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shieh, W.

Shubochkin, R.

Sierra, A.

Sillard, P.

H. Liu, H. Wen, H. Wen, R. A. Correa, P. Sillard, G. Li, and G. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2017), paper Tu2J.5.

N. K. Fontaine, B. Huang, Z. Sanjabieznaveh, H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Ercan, A. Velázquez-Benetez, S. H. Chang, R. Ryf, A. Schülzgen, J. C. Alvarado, P. Sillard, C. Gonnet, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. A. Correa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2016), paper Th5A.4.

R. Ryf, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado, Z. S. Eznaveh, C. Jin, B. Huang, S. H. Chang, B. Ercan, C. Gonnet, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Molin, F. Achten, P. Sillard, and R. Amezcua-Correa, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

Stone, J.

Sun, Y.

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, Opt. Express 23, 224 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. A. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (2013), paper OW1K.2.

Tamura, Y.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

Taru, T.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

J. Sakaguchi, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper PDPB6.

Tkach, R. W.

R. W. Tkach, Bell Labs Tech. J. 14, 3 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ung, B.

van Uden, R.

Velázquez-Benetez, A.

N. K. Fontaine, B. Huang, Z. Sanjabieznaveh, H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Ercan, A. Velázquez-Benetez, S. H. Chang, R. Ryf, A. Schülzgen, J. C. Alvarado, P. Sillard, C. Gonnet, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. A. Correa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2016), paper Th5A.4.

Velazquez-Benitez, A. M.

R. Ryf, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado, Z. S. Eznaveh, C. Jin, B. Huang, S. H. Chang, B. Ercan, C. Gonnet, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Molin, F. Achten, P. Sillard, and R. Amezcua-Correa, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

Vengsarkar, A. M.

Wada, N.

J. Sakaguchi, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper PDPB6.

Watanabe, M.

J. Sakaguchi, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper PDPB6.

Wen, H.

H. Liu, H. Wen, H. Wen, R. A. Correa, P. Sillard, G. Li, and G. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2017), paper Tu2J.5.

H. Liu, H. Wen, H. Wen, R. A. Correa, P. Sillard, G. Li, and G. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2017), paper Tu2J.5.

Winzer, P. J.

Wisk, P.

S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Ryazansky, M. F. Yan, F. V. Dimarcello, W. A. Reed, and P. Wisk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 727 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yan, M. F.

S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Ryazansky, M. F. Yan, F. V. Dimarcello, W. A. Reed, and P. Wisk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 727 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bell Labs Tech. J. (1)

R. W. Tkach, Bell Labs Tech. J. 14, 3 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Ryazansky, M. F. Yan, F. V. Dimarcello, W. A. Reed, and P. Wisk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 727 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

Nat. Photonics (1)

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R.-J. Essiambre, G. Li, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, Nat. Photonics 10, 529 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (7)

H. Liu, H. Wen, H. Wen, R. A. Correa, P. Sillard, G. Li, and G. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2017), paper Tu2J.5.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. A. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (2013), paper OW1K.2.

S. Iano, T. Sato, S. Sentsui, T. Kuroha, and Y. Nishimura, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 1979), paper WB1.

J. Sakaguchi, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper PDPB6.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

R. Ryf, H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado, Z. S. Eznaveh, C. Jin, B. Huang, S. H. Chang, B. Ercan, C. Gonnet, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Molin, F. Achten, P. Sillard, and R. Amezcua-Correa, in Proceedings of 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3.

N. K. Fontaine, B. Huang, Z. Sanjabieznaveh, H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Ercan, A. Velázquez-Benetez, S. H. Chang, R. Ryf, A. Schülzgen, J. C. Alvarado, P. Sillard, C. Gonnet, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. A. Correa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2016), paper Th5A.4.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic of a mechanical grating using an eight-mode SI fiber and (b) the effective index of spatial modes of an eight-mode SI fiber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Image of the LPG.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectrum response of the LP01 under the LPG.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Mode intensity profile of each spatial mode without and with grating pressure.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Experimental setup for grating characterization. (b) MDL without and with a grating versus wavelength and (c) a coupling matrix without and with grating at different wavelengths.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

neff,01neff,11=λΛ,

Metrics