Abstract

We propose to achieve multi-band perfect plasmonic absorptions with peak absorptivity >99% via the excitation of standing-wave graphene surface plasmon polaritons using single-layer graphene-based rectangular gratings. For the case with continuous gratings, perfect absorptions are only allowed for even-order modes, while the absorptions are quite low for odd-order modes because the fields are out-of-phase. However, for gratings with bottom-open configuration, four-band perfect absorptions containing both the even- and odd-order modes can be realized, which are found to be highly sensitive to the incident angle. The simulated results agree very well with the theoretical analyses by considering the phase path of the plasmonic waves. This multi-band absorber is a promising candidate for future plasmonic devices.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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2016 (4)

H. Li, L. Wang, and X. Zhai, Sci. Rep. 6, 36651 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Song, L. Zhang, Y. Xue, Q. Y. S. Wu, F. Xia, C. Zhang, Y.-L. Zhong, Y. Zhang, J. Teng, M. Premaratne, C. W. Qiu, and Q. Bao, ACS Photon. 3, 1986 (2016).
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[Crossref]

S. X. Xia, X. Zhai, L. L. Wang, B. Sun, J. Q. Liu, and S. C. Wen, Opt. Express 24, 17886 (2016).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

F. J. García de Abajo, ACS Photon. 1, 135 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

Z. Fang, S. Thongrattanasiri, A. Schlather, Z. Liu, L. Ma, Y. Wang, P. M. Ajayan, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and F. J. García de Abajo, ACS Nano 7, 2388 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Luo, T. Qiu, W. Lu, and Z. Ni, Mater. Sci. Eng. R 74, 351 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

B. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Yuan, and J. Teng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131111 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. L. Koppens, and F. J. G. de Abajo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 047401 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. R. Zhan, F. Y. Zhao, X. H. Hu, X. H. Liu, and J. Zi, Phys. Rev. B 86, 165416 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, M. Badioli, P. Alonso-Gonzalez, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. Huth, J. Osmond, M. Spasenovic, A. Centeno, A. Pesquera, P. Godignon, A. Z. Elorza, N. Camara, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and F. H. L. Koppens, Nature 487, 77 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

F. H. L. Koppens, D. E. Chang, and F. J. G. de Abajo, Nano Lett. 11, 3370 (2011).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

K. F. Mak, M. Y. Sfeir, Y. Wu, C. H. Lui, J. A. Misewich, and T. F. Heinz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 196405 (2008).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rep. 408, 131 (2005).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

W. C. Tan, T. W. Preist, and R. J. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 62, 11134 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

T. López-Rios, D. Mendoza, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. Sánchez-Dehesa, and B. Pannetier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 665 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ajayan, P. M.

Z. Fang, S. Thongrattanasiri, A. Schlather, Z. Liu, L. Ma, Y. Wang, P. M. Ajayan, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and F. J. García de Abajo, ACS Nano 7, 2388 (2013).
[Crossref]

Alonso-Gonzalez, P.

J. Chen, M. Badioli, P. Alonso-Gonzalez, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. Huth, J. Osmond, M. Spasenovic, A. Centeno, A. Pesquera, P. Godignon, A. Z. Elorza, N. Camara, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and F. H. L. Koppens, Nature 487, 77 (2012).
[Crossref]

Badioli, M.

J. Chen, M. Badioli, P. Alonso-Gonzalez, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. Huth, J. Osmond, M. Spasenovic, A. Centeno, A. Pesquera, P. Godignon, A. Z. Elorza, N. Camara, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and F. H. L. Koppens, Nature 487, 77 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q.

J. Song, L. Zhang, Y. Xue, Q. Y. S. Wu, F. Xia, C. Zhang, Y.-L. Zhong, Y. Zhang, J. Teng, M. Premaratne, C. W. Qiu, and Q. Bao, ACS Photon. 3, 1986 (2016).
[Crossref]

Camara, N.

J. Chen, M. Badioli, P. Alonso-Gonzalez, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. Huth, J. Osmond, M. Spasenovic, A. Centeno, A. Pesquera, P. Godignon, A. Z. Elorza, N. Camara, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and F. H. L. Koppens, Nature 487, 77 (2012).
[Crossref]

Centeno, A.

J. Chen, M. Badioli, P. Alonso-Gonzalez, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. Huth, J. Osmond, M. Spasenovic, A. Centeno, A. Pesquera, P. Godignon, A. Z. Elorza, N. Camara, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and F. H. L. Koppens, Nature 487, 77 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chang, D. E.

F. H. L. Koppens, D. E. Chang, and F. J. G. de Abajo, Nano Lett. 11, 3370 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

J. Chen, M. Badioli, P. Alonso-Gonzalez, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. Huth, J. Osmond, M. Spasenovic, A. Centeno, A. Pesquera, P. Godignon, A. Z. Elorza, N. Camara, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and F. H. L. Koppens, Nature 487, 77 (2012).
[Crossref]

de Abajo, F. J. G.

S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. L. Koppens, and F. J. G. de Abajo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 047401 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. H. L. Koppens, D. E. Chang, and F. J. G. de Abajo, Nano Lett. 11, 3370 (2011).
[Crossref]

Elorza, A. Z.

J. Chen, M. Badioli, P. Alonso-Gonzalez, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. Huth, J. Osmond, M. Spasenovic, A. Centeno, A. Pesquera, P. Godignon, A. Z. Elorza, N. Camara, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and F. H. L. Koppens, Nature 487, 77 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fang, Z.

Z. Fang, S. Thongrattanasiri, A. Schlather, Z. Liu, L. Ma, Y. Wang, P. M. Ajayan, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and F. J. García de Abajo, ACS Nano 7, 2388 (2013).
[Crossref]

Garcia de Abajo, F. J.

J. Chen, M. Badioli, P. Alonso-Gonzalez, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. Huth, J. Osmond, M. Spasenovic, A. Centeno, A. Pesquera, P. Godignon, A. Z. Elorza, N. Camara, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and F. H. L. Koppens, Nature 487, 77 (2012).
[Crossref]

García de Abajo, F. J.

F. J. García de Abajo, ACS Photon. 1, 135 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Fang, S. Thongrattanasiri, A. Schlather, Z. Liu, L. Ma, Y. Wang, P. M. Ajayan, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and F. J. García de Abajo, ACS Nano 7, 2388 (2013).
[Crossref]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

T. López-Rios, D. Mendoza, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. Sánchez-Dehesa, and B. Pannetier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 665 (1998).
[Crossref]

Godignon, P.

J. Chen, M. Badioli, P. Alonso-Gonzalez, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. Huth, J. Osmond, M. Spasenovic, A. Centeno, A. Pesquera, P. Godignon, A. Z. Elorza, N. Camara, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and F. H. L. Koppens, Nature 487, 77 (2012).
[Crossref]

Halas, N. J.

Z. Fang, S. Thongrattanasiri, A. Schlather, Z. Liu, L. Ma, Y. Wang, P. M. Ajayan, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and F. J. García de Abajo, ACS Nano 7, 2388 (2013).
[Crossref]

Heinz, T. F.

K. F. Mak, M. Y. Sfeir, Y. Wu, C. H. Lui, J. A. Misewich, and T. F. Heinz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 196405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hillenbrand, R.

J. Chen, M. Badioli, P. Alonso-Gonzalez, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. Huth, J. Osmond, M. Spasenovic, A. Centeno, A. Pesquera, P. Godignon, A. Z. Elorza, N. Camara, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and F. H. L. Koppens, Nature 487, 77 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hu, X. H.

T. R. Zhan, F. Y. Zhao, X. H. Hu, X. H. Liu, and J. Zi, Phys. Rev. B 86, 165416 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huth, F.

J. Chen, M. Badioli, P. Alonso-Gonzalez, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. Huth, J. Osmond, M. Spasenovic, A. Centeno, A. Pesquera, P. Godignon, A. Z. Elorza, N. Camara, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and F. H. L. Koppens, Nature 487, 77 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ji, J.

Koppens, F. H. L.

J. Chen, M. Badioli, P. Alonso-Gonzalez, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. Huth, J. Osmond, M. Spasenovic, A. Centeno, A. Pesquera, P. Godignon, A. Z. Elorza, N. Camara, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and F. H. L. Koppens, Nature 487, 77 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. L. Koppens, and F. J. G. de Abajo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 047401 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. H. L. Koppens, D. E. Chang, and F. J. G. de Abajo, Nano Lett. 11, 3370 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

H. Li, L. Wang, and X. Zhai, Sci. Rep. 6, 36651 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ling, F.

Liu, J. Q.

Liu, X. H.

T. R. Zhan, F. Y. Zhao, X. H. Hu, X. H. Liu, and J. Zi, Phys. Rev. B 86, 165416 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

Z. Fang, S. Thongrattanasiri, A. Schlather, Z. Liu, L. Ma, Y. Wang, P. M. Ajayan, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and F. J. García de Abajo, ACS Nano 7, 2388 (2013).
[Crossref]

López-Rios, T.

T. López-Rios, D. Mendoza, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. Sánchez-Dehesa, and B. Pannetier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 665 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lu, W.

X. Luo, T. Qiu, W. Lu, and Z. Ni, Mater. Sci. Eng. R 74, 351 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lui, C. H.

K. F. Mak, M. Y. Sfeir, Y. Wu, C. H. Lui, J. A. Misewich, and T. F. Heinz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 196405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Luo, C.

Luo, X.

X. Luo, T. Qiu, W. Lu, and Z. Ni, Mater. Sci. Eng. R 74, 351 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ma, L.

Z. Fang, S. Thongrattanasiri, A. Schlather, Z. Liu, L. Ma, Y. Wang, P. M. Ajayan, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and F. J. García de Abajo, ACS Nano 7, 2388 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mak, K. F.

K. F. Mak, M. Y. Sfeir, Y. Wu, C. H. Lui, J. A. Misewich, and T. F. Heinz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 196405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Maradudin, A. A.

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rep. 408, 131 (2005).
[Crossref]

Mendoza, D.

T. López-Rios, D. Mendoza, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. Sánchez-Dehesa, and B. Pannetier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 665 (1998).
[Crossref]

Misewich, J. A.

K. F. Mak, M. Y. Sfeir, Y. Wu, C. H. Lui, J. A. Misewich, and T. F. Heinz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 196405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ni, Z.

X. Luo, T. Qiu, W. Lu, and Z. Ni, Mater. Sci. Eng. R 74, 351 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nordlander, P.

Z. Fang, S. Thongrattanasiri, A. Schlather, Z. Liu, L. Ma, Y. Wang, P. M. Ajayan, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and F. J. García de Abajo, ACS Nano 7, 2388 (2013).
[Crossref]

Osmond, J.

J. Chen, M. Badioli, P. Alonso-Gonzalez, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. Huth, J. Osmond, M. Spasenovic, A. Centeno, A. Pesquera, P. Godignon, A. Z. Elorza, N. Camara, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and F. H. L. Koppens, Nature 487, 77 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pannetier, B.

T. López-Rios, D. Mendoza, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. Sánchez-Dehesa, and B. Pannetier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 665 (1998).
[Crossref]

Pesquera, A.

J. Chen, M. Badioli, P. Alonso-Gonzalez, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. Huth, J. Osmond, M. Spasenovic, A. Centeno, A. Pesquera, P. Godignon, A. Z. Elorza, N. Camara, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and F. H. L. Koppens, Nature 487, 77 (2012).
[Crossref]

Preist, T. W.

W. C. Tan, T. W. Preist, and R. J. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 62, 11134 (2000).
[Crossref]

Premaratne, M.

J. Song, L. Zhang, Y. Xue, Q. Y. S. Wu, F. Xia, C. Zhang, Y.-L. Zhong, Y. Zhang, J. Teng, M. Premaratne, C. W. Qiu, and Q. Bao, ACS Photon. 3, 1986 (2016).
[Crossref]

Qiu, C. W.

J. Song, L. Zhang, Y. Xue, Q. Y. S. Wu, F. Xia, C. Zhang, Y.-L. Zhong, Y. Zhang, J. Teng, M. Premaratne, C. W. Qiu, and Q. Bao, ACS Photon. 3, 1986 (2016).
[Crossref]

Qiu, T.

X. Luo, T. Qiu, W. Lu, and Z. Ni, Mater. Sci. Eng. R 74, 351 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sambles, R. J.

W. C. Tan, T. W. Preist, and R. J. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 62, 11134 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sánchez-Dehesa, J.

T. López-Rios, D. Mendoza, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. Sánchez-Dehesa, and B. Pannetier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 665 (1998).
[Crossref]

Schlather, A.

Z. Fang, S. Thongrattanasiri, A. Schlather, Z. Liu, L. Ma, Y. Wang, P. M. Ajayan, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and F. J. García de Abajo, ACS Nano 7, 2388 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sfeir, M. Y.

K. F. Mak, M. Y. Sfeir, Y. Wu, C. H. Lui, J. A. Misewich, and T. F. Heinz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 196405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Smolyaninov, I. I.

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rep. 408, 131 (2005).
[Crossref]

Song, J.

J. Song, L. Zhang, Y. Xue, Q. Y. S. Wu, F. Xia, C. Zhang, Y.-L. Zhong, Y. Zhang, J. Teng, M. Premaratne, C. W. Qiu, and Q. Bao, ACS Photon. 3, 1986 (2016).
[Crossref]

Spasenovic, M.

J. Chen, M. Badioli, P. Alonso-Gonzalez, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. Huth, J. Osmond, M. Spasenovic, A. Centeno, A. Pesquera, P. Godignon, A. Z. Elorza, N. Camara, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and F. H. L. Koppens, Nature 487, 77 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sun, B.

Tan, W. C.

W. C. Tan, T. W. Preist, and R. J. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 62, 11134 (2000).
[Crossref]

Teng, J.

J. Song, L. Zhang, Y. Xue, Q. Y. S. Wu, F. Xia, C. Zhang, Y.-L. Zhong, Y. Zhang, J. Teng, M. Premaratne, C. W. Qiu, and Q. Bao, ACS Photon. 3, 1986 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Yuan, and J. Teng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131111 (2012).
[Crossref]

Thongrattanasiri, S.

Z. Fang, S. Thongrattanasiri, A. Schlather, Z. Liu, L. Ma, Y. Wang, P. M. Ajayan, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and F. J. García de Abajo, ACS Nano 7, 2388 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. L. Koppens, and F. J. G. de Abajo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 047401 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, M. Badioli, P. Alonso-Gonzalez, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. Huth, J. Osmond, M. Spasenovic, A. Centeno, A. Pesquera, P. Godignon, A. Z. Elorza, N. Camara, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and F. H. L. Koppens, Nature 487, 77 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, B.

B. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Yuan, and J. Teng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131111 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

H. Li, L. Wang, and X. Zhai, Sci. Rep. 6, 36651 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, L. L.

Wang, Y.

Z. Fang, S. Thongrattanasiri, A. Schlather, Z. Liu, L. Ma, Y. Wang, P. M. Ajayan, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and F. J. García de Abajo, ACS Nano 7, 2388 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wen, S. C.

Wu, Q. Y. S.

J. Song, L. Zhang, Y. Xue, Q. Y. S. Wu, F. Xia, C. Zhang, Y.-L. Zhong, Y. Zhang, J. Teng, M. Premaratne, C. W. Qiu, and Q. Bao, ACS Photon. 3, 1986 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.

K. F. Mak, M. Y. Sfeir, Y. Wu, C. H. Lui, J. A. Misewich, and T. F. Heinz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 196405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xia, F.

J. Song, L. Zhang, Y. Xue, Q. Y. S. Wu, F. Xia, C. Zhang, Y.-L. Zhong, Y. Zhang, J. Teng, M. Premaratne, C. W. Qiu, and Q. Bao, ACS Photon. 3, 1986 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xia, S. X.

Xue, Y.

J. Song, L. Zhang, Y. Xue, Q. Y. S. Wu, F. Xia, C. Zhang, Y.-L. Zhong, Y. Zhang, J. Teng, M. Premaratne, C. W. Qiu, and Q. Bao, ACS Photon. 3, 1986 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yao, G.

Yao, J.

Yuan, X.

B. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Yuan, and J. Teng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131111 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yue, J.

Zayats, A. V.

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rep. 408, 131 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhai, X.

Zhan, T. R.

T. R. Zhan, F. Y. Zhao, X. H. Hu, X. H. Liu, and J. Zi, Phys. Rev. B 86, 165416 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

J. Song, L. Zhang, Y. Xue, Q. Y. S. Wu, F. Xia, C. Zhang, Y.-L. Zhong, Y. Zhang, J. Teng, M. Premaratne, C. W. Qiu, and Q. Bao, ACS Photon. 3, 1986 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

J. Song, L. Zhang, Y. Xue, Q. Y. S. Wu, F. Xia, C. Zhang, Y.-L. Zhong, Y. Zhang, J. Teng, M. Premaratne, C. W. Qiu, and Q. Bao, ACS Photon. 3, 1986 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

B. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Yuan, and J. Teng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131111 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

J. Song, L. Zhang, Y. Xue, Q. Y. S. Wu, F. Xia, C. Zhang, Y.-L. Zhong, Y. Zhang, J. Teng, M. Premaratne, C. W. Qiu, and Q. Bao, ACS Photon. 3, 1986 (2016).
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Zhao, F. Y.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Side view and (b) front view of the absorber.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Normal-incidence absorption of the proposed system. (b) |E| field for the first six modes at the maximum absorption, respectively. The + and symbols sketch the resonant phase of Ex, while the arrows show the power follow. (c) Absorption map of the grating versus both the wavelength and H. Absorption (left) and phase path (right) as a function of (d) H and (e) EF, respectively. (f) Absorption of the first two even-order modes as a function of θ.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Front view of the absorber with bottom-open gratings. (b) Simulated normal-incidence absorption with optimized parameters as mentioned before, except EF=0.53  eV and D=14,000  nm. (c) Electric field norms for the first four modes at the maximum absorption. The arrows show the power follow of the fields. (d) Absorption (left) and phase shift (right) for the first four modes as a function of θ. (e) Electric field distributions for the M3 mode at the maximum and minimum absorptions for different θ, respectively. The + and symbols sketch the resonant phase of the electric field. Note that the scalar bars are kept the same in (c) and (e).

Equations (4)

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β±=βSPP+2iεavgβ0/(η0σg)kp(1up)(1up)βSPP/kp±upβSPPdε,
ϕξ=2π·real(n¯eff,ξ)·H/λ,
ϕξ=[2π·real(n¯eff,ξ)·2H/λ+δ]/2,
Δϕ=2π·real(n¯eff,ξ)·H(1cosθ)/λ.

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