Abstract

We experimentally realize an optical fiber ring resonator that includes a tapered section with a subwavelength-diameter waist. In this section, the guided light exhibits a significant evanescent field which allows for efficient interfacing with optical emitters. A commercial tunable fiber beam splitter provides simple and robust coupling to the resonator. Key parameters of the resonator such as the out-coupling rate, free spectral range, and birefringence can be adjusted. Thanks to the low taper- and coupling-losses, the resonator exhibits an unloaded finesse of F=75±1, sufficient for reaching the regime of strong coupling for emitters placed in the evanescent field. The system is ideally suited for trapping ensembles of laser-cooled atoms along the nanofiber section. Based on measured parameters, we estimate that the system can serve as a platform for optical multimode strong coupling experiments. Finally, we discuss the possibilities of using the resonator for applications based on chiral quantum optics.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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References

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2016 (2)

N. Schine, A. Ryou, A. Gromov, A. Sommer, and J. Simon, Nature 534, 671 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. E. Jones, G. T. Hickman, J. D. Franson, and T. B. Pittman, Opt. Lett. 41, 3683 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

C. Sayrin, C. Junge, R. Mitsch, B. Albrecht, D. O’shea, P. Schneeweiss, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. X 5, 041036 (2015).

S. Kato and T. Aoki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 093603 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Scheel, S. Y. Buhmann, C. Clausen, and P. Schneeweiss, Phys. Rev. A 92, 043819 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. M. Sundaresan, Y. Liu, D. Sadri, L. J. Szöcs, D. L. Underwood, M. Malekakhlagh, H. E. Türeci, and A. A. Houck, Phys. Rev. X 5, 021035 (2015).

2014 (7)

D. O. Krimer, M. Liertzer, S. Rotter, and H. E. Türeci, Phys. Rev. A 89, 033820 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Le Kien and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. A 90, 023805 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Mitsch, C. Sayrin, B. Albrecht, P. Schneeweiss, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Nat. Commun. 5, 5713 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Petersen, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Science 346, 1257671 (2014).

R. Yalla, M. Sadgrove, K. P. Nayak, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 143601 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Shomroni, S. Rosenblum, Y. Lovsky, O. Bechler, G. Guendelman, and B. Dayan, Science 345, 903 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. P. Nayak, P. Zhang, and K. Hakuta, Opt. Lett. 39, 232 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

C. Junge, D. O’shea, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 213604 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

R. Yalla, F. Le Kien, M. Morinaga, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 063602 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Goban, K. S. Choi, D. J. Alton, D. Ding, C. Lacroûte, M. Pototschnig, T. Thiele, N. P. Stern, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033603 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Wuttke, M. Becker, S. Brückner, M. Rothhardt, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Opt. Lett. 37, 1949 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

2010 (2)

E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Brambilla, J. Opt. 12, 043001 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

F. Warken, A. Rauschenbeutel, and T. Bartholomäus, Photon. Spectra 42, 3 (2008).

H. J. Kimble, Nature 453, 1023 (2008).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432 (1992).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

J. Parker and C. R. Stroud, Phys. Rev. A 35, 4226 (1987).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

M. Tavis and F. W. Cummings, Phys. Rev. 188, 692 (1969).
[Crossref]

Albrecht, B.

C. Sayrin, C. Junge, R. Mitsch, B. Albrecht, D. O’shea, P. Schneeweiss, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. X 5, 041036 (2015).

R. Mitsch, C. Sayrin, B. Albrecht, P. Schneeweiss, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Nat. Commun. 5, 5713 (2014).
[Crossref]

Alton, D. J.

A. Goban, K. S. Choi, D. J. Alton, D. Ding, C. Lacroûte, M. Pototschnig, T. Thiele, N. P. Stern, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033603 (2012).
[Crossref]

Aoki, T.

S. Kato and T. Aoki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 093603 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bartholomäus, T.

F. Warken, A. Rauschenbeutel, and T. Bartholomäus, Photon. Spectra 42, 3 (2008).

Bechler, O.

I. Shomroni, S. Rosenblum, Y. Lovsky, O. Bechler, G. Guendelman, and B. Dayan, Science 345, 903 (2014).
[Crossref]

Becker, M.

Berman, P.

P. Berman, Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics (Academic, 1994).

Birks, T. A.

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432 (1992).
[Crossref]

Brambilla, G.

M. Ding, P. Wang, T. Lee, and G. Brambilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 051105 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Brambilla, J. Opt. 12, 043001 (2010).
[Crossref]

Brückner, S.

Buhmann, S. Y.

S. Scheel, S. Y. Buhmann, C. Clausen, and P. Schneeweiss, Phys. Rev. A 92, 043819 (2015).
[Crossref]

Choi, K. S.

A. Goban, K. S. Choi, D. J. Alton, D. Ding, C. Lacroûte, M. Pototschnig, T. Thiele, N. P. Stern, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033603 (2012).
[Crossref]

Clausen, C.

S. Scheel, S. Y. Buhmann, C. Clausen, and P. Schneeweiss, Phys. Rev. A 92, 043819 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cummings, F. W.

M. Tavis and F. W. Cummings, Phys. Rev. 188, 692 (1969).
[Crossref]

Dawkins, S. T.

E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dayan, B.

I. Shomroni, S. Rosenblum, Y. Lovsky, O. Bechler, G. Guendelman, and B. Dayan, Science 345, 903 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ding, D.

A. Goban, K. S. Choi, D. J. Alton, D. Ding, C. Lacroûte, M. Pototschnig, T. Thiele, N. P. Stern, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033603 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ding, M.

M. Ding, P. Wang, T. Lee, and G. Brambilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 051105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Franson, J. D.

Goban, A.

A. Goban, K. S. Choi, D. J. Alton, D. Ding, C. Lacroûte, M. Pototschnig, T. Thiele, N. P. Stern, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033603 (2012).
[Crossref]

Goff, D. R.

D. R. Goff, Fiber Optic Reference Guide (Focal, 2013).

Gromov, A.

N. Schine, A. Ryou, A. Gromov, A. Sommer, and J. Simon, Nature 534, 671 (2016).
[Crossref]

Guendelman, G.

I. Shomroni, S. Rosenblum, Y. Lovsky, O. Bechler, G. Guendelman, and B. Dayan, Science 345, 903 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hakuta, K.

R. Yalla, M. Sadgrove, K. P. Nayak, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 143601 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. P. Nayak, P. Zhang, and K. Hakuta, Opt. Lett. 39, 232 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Yalla, F. Le Kien, M. Morinaga, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 063602 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. P. Nayak, F. L. Kien, Y. Kawai, K. Hakuta, K. Nakajima, H. T. Miyazaki, and Y. Sugimoto, Opt. Express 19, 14040 (2011).
[Crossref]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, Waves and Fields in Optoelectronics (Prentice Hall, 1984), Vol. 1.

Hickman, G. T.

Hilico, A.

M. Scheucher, A. Hilico, E. Will, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Science (2016), doi: 10.1126/science.aaj2118.

Houck, A. A.

N. M. Sundaresan, Y. Liu, D. Sadri, L. J. Szöcs, D. L. Underwood, M. Malekakhlagh, H. E. Türeci, and A. A. Houck, Phys. Rev. X 5, 021035 (2015).

Jones, D. E.

Junge, C.

C. Sayrin, C. Junge, R. Mitsch, B. Albrecht, D. O’shea, P. Schneeweiss, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. X 5, 041036 (2015).

C. Junge, D. O’shea, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 213604 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kato, S.

S. Kato and T. Aoki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 093603 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kawai, Y.

Kien, F. L.

Kimble, H. J.

A. Goban, K. S. Choi, D. J. Alton, D. Ding, C. Lacroûte, M. Pototschnig, T. Thiele, N. P. Stern, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033603 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. J. Kimble, Nature 453, 1023 (2008).
[Crossref]

Krimer, D. O.

D. O. Krimer, M. Liertzer, S. Rotter, and H. E. Türeci, Phys. Rev. A 89, 033820 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lacroûte, C.

A. Goban, K. S. Choi, D. J. Alton, D. Ding, C. Lacroûte, M. Pototschnig, T. Thiele, N. P. Stern, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033603 (2012).
[Crossref]

Le Kien, F.

F. Le Kien and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. A 90, 023805 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Yalla, F. Le Kien, M. Morinaga, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 063602 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lee, T.

M. Ding, P. Wang, T. Lee, and G. Brambilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 051105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. W.

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432 (1992).
[Crossref]

Liertzer, M.

D. O. Krimer, M. Liertzer, S. Rotter, and H. E. Türeci, Phys. Rev. A 89, 033820 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

N. M. Sundaresan, Y. Liu, D. Sadri, L. J. Szöcs, D. L. Underwood, M. Malekakhlagh, H. E. Türeci, and A. A. Houck, Phys. Rev. X 5, 021035 (2015).

Lodahl, P.

P. Lodahl, S. Mahmoodian, S. Stobbe, P. Schneeweiss, J. Volz, A. Rauschenbeutel, H. Pichler, and P. Zoller, “Chiral quantum optics,” arXiv:1608.00446 (2016).

Lovsky, Y.

I. Shomroni, S. Rosenblum, Y. Lovsky, O. Bechler, G. Guendelman, and B. Dayan, Science 345, 903 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mahmoodian, S.

P. Lodahl, S. Mahmoodian, S. Stobbe, P. Schneeweiss, J. Volz, A. Rauschenbeutel, H. Pichler, and P. Zoller, “Chiral quantum optics,” arXiv:1608.00446 (2016).

Malekakhlagh, M.

N. M. Sundaresan, Y. Liu, D. Sadri, L. J. Szöcs, D. L. Underwood, M. Malekakhlagh, H. E. Türeci, and A. A. Houck, Phys. Rev. X 5, 021035 (2015).

Mitsch, R.

C. Sayrin, C. Junge, R. Mitsch, B. Albrecht, D. O’shea, P. Schneeweiss, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. X 5, 041036 (2015).

R. Mitsch, C. Sayrin, B. Albrecht, P. Schneeweiss, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Nat. Commun. 5, 5713 (2014).
[Crossref]

Miyazaki, H. T.

Morinaga, M.

R. Yalla, F. Le Kien, M. Morinaga, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 063602 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nakajima, K.

Nayak, K. P.

O’shea, D.

C. Sayrin, C. Junge, R. Mitsch, B. Albrecht, D. O’shea, P. Schneeweiss, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. X 5, 041036 (2015).

C. Junge, D. O’shea, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 213604 (2013).
[Crossref]

Parker, J.

J. Parker and C. R. Stroud, Phys. Rev. A 35, 4226 (1987).
[Crossref]

Petersen, J.

J. Petersen, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Science 346, 1257671 (2014).

Pichler, H.

P. Lodahl, S. Mahmoodian, S. Stobbe, P. Schneeweiss, J. Volz, A. Rauschenbeutel, H. Pichler, and P. Zoller, “Chiral quantum optics,” arXiv:1608.00446 (2016).

Pittman, T. B.

Pototschnig, M.

A. Goban, K. S. Choi, D. J. Alton, D. Ding, C. Lacroûte, M. Pototschnig, T. Thiele, N. P. Stern, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033603 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rauschenbeutel, A.

C. Sayrin, C. Junge, R. Mitsch, B. Albrecht, D. O’shea, P. Schneeweiss, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. X 5, 041036 (2015).

R. Mitsch, C. Sayrin, B. Albrecht, P. Schneeweiss, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Nat. Commun. 5, 5713 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Petersen, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Science 346, 1257671 (2014).

F. Le Kien and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. A 90, 023805 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Junge, D. O’shea, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 213604 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Wuttke, M. Becker, S. Brückner, M. Rothhardt, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Opt. Lett. 37, 1949 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Warken, A. Rauschenbeutel, and T. Bartholomäus, Photon. Spectra 42, 3 (2008).

P. Lodahl, S. Mahmoodian, S. Stobbe, P. Schneeweiss, J. Volz, A. Rauschenbeutel, H. Pichler, and P. Zoller, “Chiral quantum optics,” arXiv:1608.00446 (2016).

M. Scheucher, A. Hilico, E. Will, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Science (2016), doi: 10.1126/science.aaj2118.

Reitz, D.

E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rosenblum, S.

I. Shomroni, S. Rosenblum, Y. Lovsky, O. Bechler, G. Guendelman, and B. Dayan, Science 345, 903 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rothhardt, M.

Rotter, S.

D. O. Krimer, M. Liertzer, S. Rotter, and H. E. Türeci, Phys. Rev. A 89, 033820 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ryou, A.

N. Schine, A. Ryou, A. Gromov, A. Sommer, and J. Simon, Nature 534, 671 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sadgrove, M.

R. Yalla, M. Sadgrove, K. P. Nayak, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 143601 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sadri, D.

N. M. Sundaresan, Y. Liu, D. Sadri, L. J. Szöcs, D. L. Underwood, M. Malekakhlagh, H. E. Türeci, and A. A. Houck, Phys. Rev. X 5, 021035 (2015).

Sagué, G.

E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sayrin, C.

C. Sayrin, C. Junge, R. Mitsch, B. Albrecht, D. O’shea, P. Schneeweiss, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. X 5, 041036 (2015).

R. Mitsch, C. Sayrin, B. Albrecht, P. Schneeweiss, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Nat. Commun. 5, 5713 (2014).
[Crossref]

Scheel, S.

S. Scheel, S. Y. Buhmann, C. Clausen, and P. Schneeweiss, Phys. Rev. A 92, 043819 (2015).
[Crossref]

Scheucher, M.

M. Scheucher, A. Hilico, E. Will, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Science (2016), doi: 10.1126/science.aaj2118.

Schine, N.

N. Schine, A. Ryou, A. Gromov, A. Sommer, and J. Simon, Nature 534, 671 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, R.

E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schneeweiss, P.

C. Sayrin, C. Junge, R. Mitsch, B. Albrecht, D. O’shea, P. Schneeweiss, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. X 5, 041036 (2015).

S. Scheel, S. Y. Buhmann, C. Clausen, and P. Schneeweiss, Phys. Rev. A 92, 043819 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Mitsch, C. Sayrin, B. Albrecht, P. Schneeweiss, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Nat. Commun. 5, 5713 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Lodahl, S. Mahmoodian, S. Stobbe, P. Schneeweiss, J. Volz, A. Rauschenbeutel, H. Pichler, and P. Zoller, “Chiral quantum optics,” arXiv:1608.00446 (2016).

Shomroni, I.

I. Shomroni, S. Rosenblum, Y. Lovsky, O. Bechler, G. Guendelman, and B. Dayan, Science 345, 903 (2014).
[Crossref]

Simon, J.

N. Schine, A. Ryou, A. Gromov, A. Sommer, and J. Simon, Nature 534, 671 (2016).
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N. Schine, A. Ryou, A. Gromov, A. Sommer, and J. Simon, Nature 534, 671 (2016).
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A. Goban, K. S. Choi, D. J. Alton, D. Ding, C. Lacroûte, M. Pototschnig, T. Thiele, N. P. Stern, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033603 (2012).
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Stobbe, S.

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Szöcs, L. J.

N. M. Sundaresan, Y. Liu, D. Sadri, L. J. Szöcs, D. L. Underwood, M. Malekakhlagh, H. E. Türeci, and A. A. Houck, Phys. Rev. X 5, 021035 (2015).

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M. Tavis and F. W. Cummings, Phys. Rev. 188, 692 (1969).
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A. Goban, K. S. Choi, D. J. Alton, D. Ding, C. Lacroûte, M. Pototschnig, T. Thiele, N. P. Stern, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033603 (2012).
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N. M. Sundaresan, Y. Liu, D. Sadri, L. J. Szöcs, D. L. Underwood, M. Malekakhlagh, H. E. Türeci, and A. A. Houck, Phys. Rev. X 5, 021035 (2015).

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N. M. Sundaresan, Y. Liu, D. Sadri, L. J. Szöcs, D. L. Underwood, M. Malekakhlagh, H. E. Türeci, and A. A. Houck, Phys. Rev. X 5, 021035 (2015).

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E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
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Volz, J.

C. Sayrin, C. Junge, R. Mitsch, B. Albrecht, D. O’shea, P. Schneeweiss, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. X 5, 041036 (2015).

J. Petersen, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Science 346, 1257671 (2014).

C. Junge, D. O’shea, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 213604 (2013).
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P. Lodahl, S. Mahmoodian, S. Stobbe, P. Schneeweiss, J. Volz, A. Rauschenbeutel, H. Pichler, and P. Zoller, “Chiral quantum optics,” arXiv:1608.00446 (2016).

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M. Ding, P. Wang, T. Lee, and G. Brambilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 051105 (2011).
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R. Mitsch, C. Sayrin, B. Albrecht, P. Schneeweiss, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Nat. Commun. 5, 5713 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

N. Schine, A. Ryou, A. Gromov, A. Sommer, and J. Simon, Nature 534, 671 (2016).
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H. J. Kimble, Nature 453, 1023 (2008).
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Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Photon. Spectra (1)

F. Warken, A. Rauschenbeutel, and T. Bartholomäus, Photon. Spectra 42, 3 (2008).

Phys. Rev. (1)

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Phys. Rev. A (4)

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R. Yalla, F. Le Kien, M. Morinaga, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 063602 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Goban, K. S. Choi, D. J. Alton, D. Ding, C. Lacroûte, M. Pototschnig, T. Thiele, N. P. Stern, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033603 (2012).
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Phys. Rev. X (2)

C. Sayrin, C. Junge, R. Mitsch, B. Albrecht, D. O’shea, P. Schneeweiss, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. X 5, 041036 (2015).

N. M. Sundaresan, Y. Liu, D. Sadri, L. J. Szöcs, D. L. Underwood, M. Malekakhlagh, H. E. Türeci, and A. A. Houck, Phys. Rev. X 5, 021035 (2015).

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J. Petersen, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Science 346, 1257671 (2014).

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P. Lodahl, S. Mahmoodian, S. Stobbe, P. Schneeweiss, J. Volz, A. Rauschenbeutel, H. Pichler, and P. Zoller, “Chiral quantum optics,” arXiv:1608.00446 (2016).

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M. Scheucher, A. Hilico, E. Will, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Science (2016), doi: 10.1126/science.aaj2118.

P. Berman, Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics (Academic, 1994).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Sketch of the experimental setup: a tapered optical fiber with a nanofiber waist forms a fiber ring resonator. An adjustable fiber beam splitter allows one to couple light into and out of the resonator. The characterization of the system is carried out by recording transmission spectra through the coupling fiber around a center wavelength of about 850 nm. The polarization of the input light field can be adjusted using a half and a quarter wave plate. (b) Schematic of the tapered optical fiber section with a nanofiber waist. A waist with a diameter of 500 nm and a length of 5 mm was used in the experiment. (c) Normalized intensity profile of a quasi-linearly polarized nanofiber-guided light field. The pronounced evanescent part of the guided light allows efficient interfacing with optical emitters (parameters: nanofiber radius 250 nm; vacuum optical wavelength 852 nm; and fiber refractive index 1.45).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured coupling fiber transmission (gray) as a function of the laser detuning for the (a) undercoupled regime ( κ ext < κ 0 ), (b) critically coupling ( κ ext = κ 0 ), and (c) overcoupled regime ( κ ext > κ 0 ). The red dashed lines are Lorentzian fits to the data.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Transmission through the coupling fiber as a function of the total field decay rate of the resonator κ = κ ext + κ 0 . From small to large values of κ , the regimes of undercoupling, critical coupling, and overcoupling are observed. The curve is a fit using Eq. (1). Error bars, indicating the standard deviation of the { κ , T r } fit values, are small and hardly visible. (b) Expected collective coupling strength g coll (blue dashed line), free spectral range ν FSR (red dashed-dotted line), and cooperativity C coll (black solid line) of the TFR resonator as a function of the resonator length. The plot is calculated for fiber losses of 1.5 dB/km for optical fibers at a wavelength of about 850 nm [24] and for the case of a state-of-the-art nanofiber trap loaded with 2000 atoms [3]. The dashed vertical line indicates the length at which the g coll exceeds the free spectral range, and the atom-resonator system enters the regime of multimode strong coupling.

Equations (1)

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t = κ 0 κ ext + i ( ω ω 0 ) κ 0 + κ ext + i ( ω ω 0 ) ,

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