Abstract

See-through-wall coherent microwave scattering from resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) for rotational temperature measurements of molecular oxygen has been developed and demonstrated in a flow reactor at atmospheric pressure. Through limited, single-ended optical access, a laser beam was focused to generate local ionization of molecular oxygen in a heated quartz flow reactor enclosed by ceramic heating elements. Coherent microwaves were transmitted, and the subsequent scattering off the laser-induced plasma was received, through the optically opaque ceramic heater walls and used to acquire rotational spectra of molecular oxygen and to determine temperature. Both axial and radial air-temperature profiles were obtained in the flow reactor with an accuracy of ±20  K(±5%). The experimental results show good agreement with a steady-state computational heat transfer model. This technique shows great potential for non-invasive, high-fidelity measurement of spatially localized temperature and radical species concentration in combustion kinetic experiments and confined combustors constructed of advanced ceramic materials in which limited or non-existing optical access hinders usage of conventional optical diagnostic techniques to quantify thermal non-uniformity.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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