Abstract

We investigate the symmetry of transmission spectra in a photonic crystal (PhC) waveguide with a side-coupled cavity and a partially transmitting element (PTE). We demonstrate, through numerical calculations, that by varying the cavity-PTE distance the spectra vary from being asymmetric with the minimum blueshifted relative to the maximum, to being symmetric (Lorentzian), to being asymmetric with the minimum redshifted relative to the maximum. For cavity-PTE distances larger than five PhC lattice constants, we show that the transmission spectrum is accurately described as the transmission spectrum of a Fabry–Perot etalon with a single propagating Bloch mode and that the symmetry of the transmission spectrum correlates with the Fabry–Perot round-trip phase.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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