Abstract

Soliton mode locking and femtosecond pulse generation have recently been demonstrated in high-Q optical microcavities and provide a new way to miniaturize frequency comb systems, as well as create integrated comb systems on a chip. However, triggering the mode-locking process is complicated by a well-known thermal hysteresis that can destabilize the solitons. Moreover, on a longer time scale, thermal drifting of the cavity resonant frequency relative to the pumping frequency causes loss of mode locking. In this Letter, an active feedback method is used both to capture specific soliton states and to stabilize the states indefinitely. The capture and stabilization method provides a reliable way to overcome thermal effects during soliton formation and to excite a desired number of circulating cavity solitons. It is also used to demonstrate a low pumping power of 22 mW for generation of microwave-repetition-rate solitons on a chip.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

Corrections

26 April 2016: A correction was made to the author listing.


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References

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2016 (1)

V. Brasch, M. Geiselmann, T. Herr, G. Lihachev, M. Pfeiffer, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Science 351, 357 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

X. Yi, Q.-F. Yang, K. Y. Yang, M.-G. Suh, and K. Vahala, Optica 2, 1078 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. G. Griffith, R. K. Lau, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, A. Mohanty, R. Fain, Y. H. D. Lee, M. Yu, C. T. Phare, C. B. Poitras, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Commun. 6, 6299 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

B. Hausmann, I. Bulu, V. Venkataraman, P. Deotare, and M. Lončar, Nat. Photonics 8, 369 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. Jost, I. Mirgorodskiy, G. Lihachev, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 123901 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Bao, L. Zhang, A. Matsko, Y. Yan, Z. Zhao, G. Xie, A. M. Agarwal, L. C. Kimerling, J. Michel, L. Maleki, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 39, 6126 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. Jost, C. Wang, N. Kondratiev, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 8, 145 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Commun. 4, 1345 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Jung, C. Xiong, K. Y. Fong, X. Zhang, and H. X. Tang, Opt. Lett. 38, 2810 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. B. Matsko and L. Maleki, Opt. Express 21, 28862 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

J. Li, H. Lee, T. Chen, and K. J. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 233901 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Nat. Photonics 6, 369 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

2010 (3)

J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Photonics 4, 37 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, M. Ferrera, R. Morandotti, S. Chu, B. Little, and D. Moss, Nat. Photonics 4, 41 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S.-P. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, Nat. Photonics 4, 471 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, I. Solomatine, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 093902 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

T. Carmon, L. Yang, and K. Vahala, Opt. Express 12, 4742 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Kippenberg, S. Spillane, and K. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 083904 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, D. Strekalov, M. Mohageg, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243905 (2004).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

V. Ilchenko and M. Gorodetskii, Laser Phys. 2, 1004 (1992).

Agarwal, A. M.

Arcizet, O.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bao, C.

C. Bao, L. Zhang, A. Matsko, Y. Yan, Z. Zhao, G. Xie, A. M. Agarwal, L. C. Kimerling, J. Michel, L. Maleki, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 39, 6126 (2014).
[Crossref]

P.-H. Wang, J. A. Jaramillo-Villegas, Y. Xuan, X. Xue, C. Bao, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Intracavity characterization of micro-comb generation in the single-soliton regime,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1603.03154 (2016).

Brasch, V.

V. Brasch, M. Geiselmann, T. Herr, G. Lihachev, M. Pfeiffer, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Science 351, 357 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. Jost, C. Wang, N. Kondratiev, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 8, 145 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. Jost, I. Mirgorodskiy, G. Lihachev, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 123901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bulu, I.

B. Hausmann, I. Bulu, V. Venkataraman, P. Deotare, and M. Lončar, Nat. Photonics 8, 369 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cardenas, J.

A. G. Griffith, R. K. Lau, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, A. Mohanty, R. Fain, Y. H. D. Lee, M. Yu, C. T. Phare, C. B. Poitras, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Commun. 6, 6299 (2015).
[Crossref]

Carmon, T.

Chen, T.

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Nat. Photonics 6, 369 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Lee, T. Chen, and K. J. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 233901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chu, S.

L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, M. Ferrera, R. Morandotti, S. Chu, B. Little, and D. Moss, Nat. Photonics 4, 41 (2010).
[Crossref]

Coen, S.

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S.-P. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, Nat. Photonics 4, 471 (2010).
[Crossref]

Del’Haye, P.

C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Commun. 4, 1345 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[Crossref]

Deotare, P.

B. Hausmann, I. Bulu, V. Venkataraman, P. Deotare, and M. Lončar, Nat. Photonics 8, 369 (2014).
[Crossref]

Diddams, S.

T. J. Kippenberg, R. Holzwarth, and S. Diddams, Science 332, 555 (2011).
[Crossref]

Diddams, S. A.

S. B. Papp and S. A. Diddams, Phys. Rev. A 84, 053833 (2011).
[Crossref]

Duchesne, D.

L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, M. Ferrera, R. Morandotti, S. Chu, B. Little, and D. Moss, Nat. Photonics 4, 41 (2010).
[Crossref]

Emplit, P.

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S.-P. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, Nat. Photonics 4, 471 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fain, R.

A. G. Griffith, R. K. Lau, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, A. Mohanty, R. Fain, Y. H. D. Lee, M. Yu, C. T. Phare, C. B. Poitras, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Commun. 6, 6299 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ferrera, M.

L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, M. Ferrera, R. Morandotti, S. Chu, B. Little, and D. Moss, Nat. Photonics 4, 41 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fong, K. Y.

Foster, M. A.

J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Photonics 4, 37 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gaeta, A. L.

A. G. Griffith, R. K. Lau, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, A. Mohanty, R. Fain, Y. H. D. Lee, M. Yu, C. T. Phare, C. B. Poitras, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Commun. 6, 6299 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Photonics 4, 37 (2010).
[Crossref]

Geiselmann, M.

V. Brasch, M. Geiselmann, T. Herr, G. Lihachev, M. Pfeiffer, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Science 351, 357 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gondarenko, A.

J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Photonics 4, 37 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gorodetskii, M.

V. Ilchenko and M. Gorodetskii, Laser Phys. 2, 1004 (1992).

Gorodetsky, M.

V. Brasch, M. Geiselmann, T. Herr, G. Lihachev, M. Pfeiffer, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Science 351, 357 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. Jost, C. Wang, N. Kondratiev, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 8, 145 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. Jost, I. Mirgorodskiy, G. Lihachev, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 123901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gorodetsky, M. L.

M. Karpov, H. Guo, E. Lucas, A. Kordts, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Lichachev, V. E. Lobanov, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal dynamics and controlled switching of dissipative Kerr solitons in optical microresonators,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1601.05036 (2016).

Gorza, S.-P.

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S.-P. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, Nat. Photonics 4, 471 (2010).
[Crossref]

Griffith, A. G.

A. G. Griffith, R. K. Lau, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, A. Mohanty, R. Fain, Y. H. D. Lee, M. Yu, C. T. Phare, C. B. Poitras, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Commun. 6, 6299 (2015).
[Crossref]

Guo, H.

M. Karpov, H. Guo, E. Lucas, A. Kordts, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Lichachev, V. E. Lobanov, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal dynamics and controlled switching of dissipative Kerr solitons in optical microresonators,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1601.05036 (2016).

Haelterman, M.

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S.-P. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, Nat. Photonics 4, 471 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hänsch, T.

C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Commun. 4, 1345 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hausmann, B.

B. Hausmann, I. Bulu, V. Venkataraman, P. Deotare, and M. Lončar, Nat. Photonics 8, 369 (2014).
[Crossref]

Herr, T.

V. Brasch, M. Geiselmann, T. Herr, G. Lihachev, M. Pfeiffer, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Science 351, 357 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. Jost, C. Wang, N. Kondratiev, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 8, 145 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. Jost, I. Mirgorodskiy, G. Lihachev, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 123901 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Commun. 4, 1345 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hofer, J.

C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Commun. 4, 1345 (2013).
[Crossref]

Holzwarth, R.

C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Commun. 4, 1345 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. J. Kippenberg, R. Holzwarth, and S. Diddams, Science 332, 555 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ilchenko, V.

Ilchenko, V. S.

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, I. Solomatine, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 093902 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, D. Strekalov, M. Mohageg, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243905 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jaramillo-Villegas, J. A.

P.-H. Wang, J. A. Jaramillo-Villegas, Y. Xuan, X. Xue, C. Bao, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Intracavity characterization of micro-comb generation in the single-soliton regime,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1603.03154 (2016).

Jeon, S.

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Nat. Photonics 6, 369 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jost, J.

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. Jost, I. Mirgorodskiy, G. Lihachev, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 123901 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. Jost, C. Wang, N. Kondratiev, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 8, 145 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jung, H.

Karpov, M.

M. Karpov, H. Guo, E. Lucas, A. Kordts, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Lichachev, V. E. Lobanov, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal dynamics and controlled switching of dissipative Kerr solitons in optical microresonators,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1601.05036 (2016).

Kimerling, L. C.

Kippenberg, T.

V. Brasch, M. Geiselmann, T. Herr, G. Lihachev, M. Pfeiffer, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Science 351, 357 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. Jost, C. Wang, N. Kondratiev, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 8, 145 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. Jost, I. Mirgorodskiy, G. Lihachev, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 123901 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Kippenberg, S. Spillane, and K. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 083904 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kippenberg, T. J.

C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Commun. 4, 1345 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. J. Kippenberg, R. Holzwarth, and S. Diddams, Science 332, 555 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Karpov, H. Guo, E. Lucas, A. Kordts, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Lichachev, V. E. Lobanov, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal dynamics and controlled switching of dissipative Kerr solitons in optical microresonators,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1601.05036 (2016).

Kockaert, P.

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S.-P. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, Nat. Photonics 4, 471 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kondratiev, N.

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. Jost, C. Wang, N. Kondratiev, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 8, 145 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kordts, A.

M. Karpov, H. Guo, E. Lucas, A. Kordts, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Lichachev, V. E. Lobanov, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal dynamics and controlled switching of dissipative Kerr solitons in optical microresonators,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1601.05036 (2016).

Lau, R. K.

A. G. Griffith, R. K. Lau, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, A. Mohanty, R. Fain, Y. H. D. Lee, M. Yu, C. T. Phare, C. B. Poitras, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Commun. 6, 6299 (2015).
[Crossref]

Leaird, D. E.

P.-H. Wang, J. A. Jaramillo-Villegas, Y. Xuan, X. Xue, C. Bao, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Intracavity characterization of micro-comb generation in the single-soliton regime,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1603.03154 (2016).

Lee, H.

J. Li, H. Lee, T. Chen, and K. J. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 233901 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Nat. Photonics 6, 369 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y. H. D.

A. G. Griffith, R. K. Lau, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, A. Mohanty, R. Fain, Y. H. D. Lee, M. Yu, C. T. Phare, C. B. Poitras, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Commun. 6, 6299 (2015).
[Crossref]

Leo, F.

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S.-P. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, Nat. Photonics 4, 471 (2010).
[Crossref]

Levy, J. S.

J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Photonics 4, 37 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

J. Li, H. Lee, T. Chen, and K. J. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 233901 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Nat. Photonics 6, 369 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liang, W.

Lichachev, G.

M. Karpov, H. Guo, E. Lucas, A. Kordts, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Lichachev, V. E. Lobanov, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal dynamics and controlled switching of dissipative Kerr solitons in optical microresonators,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1601.05036 (2016).

Lihachev, G.

V. Brasch, M. Geiselmann, T. Herr, G. Lihachev, M. Pfeiffer, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Science 351, 357 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. Jost, I. Mirgorodskiy, G. Lihachev, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 123901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lipson, M.

A. G. Griffith, R. K. Lau, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, A. Mohanty, R. Fain, Y. H. D. Lee, M. Yu, C. T. Phare, C. B. Poitras, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Commun. 6, 6299 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Photonics 4, 37 (2010).
[Crossref]

Little, B.

L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, M. Ferrera, R. Morandotti, S. Chu, B. Little, and D. Moss, Nat. Photonics 4, 41 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lobanov, V. E.

M. Karpov, H. Guo, E. Lucas, A. Kordts, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Lichachev, V. E. Lobanov, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal dynamics and controlled switching of dissipative Kerr solitons in optical microresonators,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1601.05036 (2016).

Loncar, M.

B. Hausmann, I. Bulu, V. Venkataraman, P. Deotare, and M. Lončar, Nat. Photonics 8, 369 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lucas, E.

M. Karpov, H. Guo, E. Lucas, A. Kordts, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Lichachev, V. E. Lobanov, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal dynamics and controlled switching of dissipative Kerr solitons in optical microresonators,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1601.05036 (2016).

Maleki, L.

Matsko, A.

Matsko, A. B.

A. B. Matsko and L. Maleki, Opt. Express 21, 28862 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, I. Solomatine, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 093902 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, D. Strekalov, M. Mohageg, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243905 (2004).
[Crossref]

Michel, J.

Mirgorodskiy, I.

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. Jost, I. Mirgorodskiy, G. Lihachev, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 123901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mohageg, M.

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, D. Strekalov, M. Mohageg, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243905 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mohanty, A.

A. G. Griffith, R. K. Lau, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, A. Mohanty, R. Fain, Y. H. D. Lee, M. Yu, C. T. Phare, C. B. Poitras, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Commun. 6, 6299 (2015).
[Crossref]

Morandotti, R.

L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, M. Ferrera, R. Morandotti, S. Chu, B. Little, and D. Moss, Nat. Photonics 4, 41 (2010).
[Crossref]

Moss, D.

L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, M. Ferrera, R. Morandotti, S. Chu, B. Little, and D. Moss, Nat. Photonics 4, 41 (2010).
[Crossref]

Okawachi, Y.

A. G. Griffith, R. K. Lau, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, A. Mohanty, R. Fain, Y. H. D. Lee, M. Yu, C. T. Phare, C. B. Poitras, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Commun. 6, 6299 (2015).
[Crossref]

Painter, O.

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Nat. Photonics 6, 369 (2012).
[Crossref]

Papp, S. B.

S. B. Papp and S. A. Diddams, Phys. Rev. A 84, 053833 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pfeiffer, M.

V. Brasch, M. Geiselmann, T. Herr, G. Lihachev, M. Pfeiffer, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Science 351, 357 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pfeiffer, M. H. P.

M. Karpov, H. Guo, E. Lucas, A. Kordts, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Lichachev, V. E. Lobanov, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal dynamics and controlled switching of dissipative Kerr solitons in optical microresonators,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1601.05036 (2016).

Phare, C. T.

A. G. Griffith, R. K. Lau, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, A. Mohanty, R. Fain, Y. H. D. Lee, M. Yu, C. T. Phare, C. B. Poitras, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Commun. 6, 6299 (2015).
[Crossref]

Picqué, N.

C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Commun. 4, 1345 (2013).
[Crossref]

Poitras, C. B.

A. G. Griffith, R. K. Lau, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, A. Mohanty, R. Fain, Y. H. D. Lee, M. Yu, C. T. Phare, C. B. Poitras, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Commun. 6, 6299 (2015).
[Crossref]

Qi, M.

P.-H. Wang, J. A. Jaramillo-Villegas, Y. Xuan, X. Xue, C. Bao, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Intracavity characterization of micro-comb generation in the single-soliton regime,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1603.03154 (2016).

Razzari, L.

L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, M. Ferrera, R. Morandotti, S. Chu, B. Little, and D. Moss, Nat. Photonics 4, 41 (2010).
[Crossref]

Savchenkov, A.

Savchenkov, A. A.

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, I. Solomatine, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 093902 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, D. Strekalov, M. Mohageg, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243905 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schliesser, A.

C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Commun. 4, 1345 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[Crossref]

Seidel, D.

Solomatine, I.

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, I. Solomatine, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 093902 (2008).
[Crossref]

Spillane, S.

T. Kippenberg, S. Spillane, and K. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 083904 (2004).
[Crossref]

Strekalov, D.

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, D. Strekalov, M. Mohageg, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243905 (2004).
[Crossref]

Suh, M.-G.

Tang, H. X.

Turner-Foster, A. C.

J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Photonics 4, 37 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vahala, K.

Vahala, K. J.

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Nat. Photonics 6, 369 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Lee, T. Chen, and K. J. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 233901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Venkataraman, V.

B. Hausmann, I. Bulu, V. Venkataraman, P. Deotare, and M. Lončar, Nat. Photonics 8, 369 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. Jost, C. Wang, N. Kondratiev, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 8, 145 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, C. Y.

C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Commun. 4, 1345 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.-H.

P.-H. Wang, J. A. Jaramillo-Villegas, Y. Xuan, X. Xue, C. Bao, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Intracavity characterization of micro-comb generation in the single-soliton regime,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1603.03154 (2016).

Weiner, A. M.

P.-H. Wang, J. A. Jaramillo-Villegas, Y. Xuan, X. Xue, C. Bao, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Intracavity characterization of micro-comb generation in the single-soliton regime,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1603.03154 (2016).

Wilken, T.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[Crossref]

Willner, A. E.

Xie, G.

Xiong, C.

Xuan, Y.

P.-H. Wang, J. A. Jaramillo-Villegas, Y. Xuan, X. Xue, C. Bao, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Intracavity characterization of micro-comb generation in the single-soliton regime,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1603.03154 (2016).

Xue, X.

P.-H. Wang, J. A. Jaramillo-Villegas, Y. Xuan, X. Xue, C. Bao, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Intracavity characterization of micro-comb generation in the single-soliton regime,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1603.03154 (2016).

Yan, Y.

Yang, K. Y.

X. Yi, Q.-F. Yang, K. Y. Yang, M.-G. Suh, and K. Vahala, Optica 2, 1078 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Nat. Photonics 6, 369 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, L.

Yang, Q.-F.

Yi, X.

Yu, M.

A. G. Griffith, R. K. Lau, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, A. Mohanty, R. Fain, Y. H. D. Lee, M. Yu, C. T. Phare, C. B. Poitras, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Commun. 6, 6299 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, X.

Zhao, Z.

Laser Phys. (1)

V. Ilchenko and M. Gorodetskii, Laser Phys. 2, 1004 (1992).

Nat. Commun. (2)

C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Commun. 4, 1345 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. G. Griffith, R. K. Lau, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, A. Mohanty, R. Fain, Y. H. D. Lee, M. Yu, C. T. Phare, C. B. Poitras, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Commun. 6, 6299 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (6)

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S.-P. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, Nat. Photonics 4, 471 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Nat. Photonics 6, 369 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Hausmann, I. Bulu, V. Venkataraman, P. Deotare, and M. Lončar, Nat. Photonics 8, 369 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Photonics 4, 37 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, M. Ferrera, R. Morandotti, S. Chu, B. Little, and D. Moss, Nat. Photonics 4, 41 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. Jost, C. Wang, N. Kondratiev, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 8, 145 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. B. Papp and S. A. Diddams, Phys. Rev. A 84, 053833 (2011).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, I. Solomatine, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 093902 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Lee, T. Chen, and K. J. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 233901 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Kippenberg, S. Spillane, and K. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 083904 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, D. Strekalov, M. Mohageg, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243905 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. Jost, I. Mirgorodskiy, G. Lihachev, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 123901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Science (2)

T. J. Kippenberg, R. Holzwarth, and S. Diddams, Science 332, 555 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. Brasch, M. Geiselmann, T. Herr, G. Lihachev, M. Pfeiffer, M. Gorodetsky, and T. Kippenberg, Science 351, 357 (2016).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

P.-H. Wang, J. A. Jaramillo-Villegas, Y. Xuan, X. Xue, C. Bao, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Intracavity characterization of micro-comb generation in the single-soliton regime,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1603.03154 (2016).

M. Karpov, H. Guo, E. Lucas, A. Kordts, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Lichachev, V. E. Lobanov, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal dynamics and controlled switching of dissipative Kerr solitons in optical microresonators,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1601.05036 (2016).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Simulated intracavity power in which the pump laser scans over the resonance from the blue side to the red side. The steps on the red-detuned side indicate soliton formation. (b) Schematic of experimental setup. (c) Four phases of feedback-controlled soliton excitation: (I) pump laser scans into cavity resonance from the blue-detuned side; (II) laser scan stops and pump power is reduced ( 10    μs ) to trigger solitons, and then increased ( 100    μs ) to extend soliton existence range; (III) servo control is engaged to actively lock the soliton power by feedback control of laser frequency; (IV) lock sustains and solitons are fully stabilized. The cavity-pump detuning (vertical axis) is relative to the hot cavity resonant frequency.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Demonstration of capture and locking of a soliton state. (a) Soliton excitation with “power kicking,” but no active locking is shown. The soliton state destabilizes around 22 ms due to thermal transients. Soliton power is shown in red, and a MZI reference is in blue. (b) Soliton excitation with active locking is shown with conditions similar to panel (a). (c) Zoom-in view of panel (b). The four phases are indicated using the same background color scheme as in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Controlled excitation of different soliton states. (a) Excitation sequence for single- and two-soliton states. The locking point of the comb power for the two-soliton state is set to twice that of the single-soliton state. Soliton power is shown in red. A MZI reference trace (blue) is used to infer the pump laser frequency. The servo locking point is indicated by an arrow. (b) Optical spectra of the single- and two-soliton states. (c) Intensity autocorrelation of the single- and two-soliton states.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Single-soliton optical spectrum at a 22 GHz repetition frequency stabilized at a low pumping power of 22 mW.

Equations (1)

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P sol = 2 η A eff n 2 Q 2 n c β 2 δ ω ,

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