Abstract

We present a femtosecond laser system delivering up to 100 W of average power at 343 nm. The laser system employs a Yb-based femtosecond fiber laser and subsequent second- and third-harmonic generation in beta barium borate (BBO) crystals. Thermal gradients within these BBO crystals are mitigated by sapphire heat spreaders directly bonded to the front and back surface of the crystals. Thus, a nearly diffraction-limited beam quality (M2<1.4) is achieved, despite the high thermal load to the nonlinear crystals. This laser source is expected to push many industrial and scientific applications in the future.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Feuer, C. Kunz, M. Kraus, V. Onuseit, R. Weber, T. Graf, D. Ingildeev, and F. Hermanutz, Proc. SPIE 8967, 89670H (2014).
  2. H. Wang, Y. Xu, S. Ulonska, J. S. Robinson, P. Ranitovic, and R. A. Kaindl, Nat. Commun. 6, 7459 (2015).
    [Crossref]
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  4. C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, A. Diebold, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 106 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  5. J.-P. Negel, A. Loescher, A. Voss, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, A. Killi, M. A. Ahmed, and T. Graf, Opt. Express 23, 21064 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  6. T. Nubbemeyer, M. Gorjan, A. Alismail, M. Ueffing, H. G. Barros, T. Metzger, D. Sutter, Z. Major, and F. Krausz, in High Average Power kW-scale Yb:YAG Thin-disk Regenerative Amplifier (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CA_P_1P.
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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  13. J. Rothhardt, S. Demmler, S. Hädrich, T. Peschel, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 38, 763 (2013).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  16. Kyocera Corporation, Single Crystal Sapphire (2010).
  17. A. Smith, “SNLO,” http://www.as-photonics.com/snlo .
  18. M. J. Dodge, Refractive Index (CRC Press, 1986), p. 30.
  19. V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, Opt. Lett. 32, 1183 (2007).
    [Crossref]

2015 (4)

H. Wang, Y. Xu, S. Ulonska, J. S. Robinson, P. Ranitovic, and R. A. Kaindl, Nat. Commun. 6, 7459 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, A. Diebold, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 106 (2015).
[Crossref]

J.-P. Negel, A. Loescher, A. Voss, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, A. Killi, M. A. Ahmed, and T. Graf, Opt. Express 23, 21064 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Apurv Chaitanya, A. Aadhi, M. V. Jabir, and G. K. Samanta, Opt. Lett. 40, 4269 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

2013 (2)

2010 (2)

2007 (1)

1991 (1)

D. N. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. A 52, 359 (1991).
[Crossref]

Aadhi, A.

Ahmed, M. A.

Alismail, A.

T. Nubbemeyer, M. Gorjan, A. Alismail, M. Ueffing, H. G. Barros, T. Metzger, D. Sutter, Z. Major, and F. Krausz, in High Average Power kW-scale Yb:YAG Thin-disk Regenerative Amplifier (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CA_P_1P.

Andersen, T. V.

Apolonski, A.

Apurv Chaitanya, N.

Barros, H. G.

T. Nubbemeyer, M. Gorjan, A. Alismail, M. Ueffing, H. G. Barros, T. Metzger, D. Sutter, Z. Major, and F. Krausz, in High Average Power kW-scale Yb:YAG Thin-disk Regenerative Amplifier (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CA_P_1P.

Bauer, D.

Breitkopf, S.

Demmler, S.

A. Klenke, S. Hädrich, T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, M. Kienel, S. Demmler, T. Gottschall, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 39, 6875 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, S. Demmler, S. Hädrich, T. Peschel, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 38, 763 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, M. Tschernajew, R. Klas, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, in mW Average Power Narrowband High Harmonic Sources (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper HM6B.5.

Diebold, A.

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, A. Diebold, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dodge, M. J.

M. J. Dodge, Refractive Index (CRC Press, 1986), p. 30.

Eberhardt, R.

Eidam, T.

Emaury, F.

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, A. Diebold, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fermann, M. E.

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, and M. E. Fermann, in 12  μJ, 1.2  W Femtosecond Pulse Generation at 346  nm from a Frequency-Tripled Yb Cubicon Fiber Amplifier (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CPDB1.

Feuer, A.

A. Feuer, C. Kunz, M. Kraus, V. Onuseit, R. Weber, T. Graf, D. Ingildeev, and F. Hermanutz, Proc. SPIE 8967, 89670H (2014).

Gabler, T.

Golling, M.

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, A. Diebold, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gorjan, M.

T. Nubbemeyer, M. Gorjan, A. Alismail, M. Ueffing, H. G. Barros, T. Metzger, D. Sutter, Z. Major, and F. Krausz, in High Average Power kW-scale Yb:YAG Thin-disk Regenerative Amplifier (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CA_P_1P.

Gottschall, T.

Graf, T.

J.-P. Negel, A. Loescher, A. Voss, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, A. Killi, M. A. Ahmed, and T. Graf, Opt. Express 23, 21064 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Feuer, C. Kunz, M. Kraus, V. Onuseit, R. Weber, T. Graf, D. Ingildeev, and F. Hermanutz, Proc. SPIE 8967, 89670H (2014).

Hädrich, S.

Hanf, S.

Hartl, I.

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, and M. E. Fermann, in 12  μJ, 1.2  W Femtosecond Pulse Generation at 346  nm from a Frequency-Tripled Yb Cubicon Fiber Amplifier (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CPDB1.

Hermanutz, F.

A. Feuer, C. Kunz, M. Kraus, V. Onuseit, R. Weber, T. Graf, D. Ingildeev, and F. Hermanutz, Proc. SPIE 8967, 89670H (2014).

Hoffmann, H. D.

Hoffmann, M.

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, A. Diebold, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Imeshev, G.

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, and M. E. Fermann, in 12  μJ, 1.2  W Femtosecond Pulse Generation at 346  nm from a Frequency-Tripled Yb Cubicon Fiber Amplifier (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CPDB1.

Ingildeev, D.

A. Feuer, C. Kunz, M. Kraus, V. Onuseit, R. Weber, T. Graf, D. Ingildeev, and F. Hermanutz, Proc. SPIE 8967, 89670H (2014).

Jabir, M. V.

Kaindl, R. A.

H. Wang, Y. Xu, S. Ulonska, J. S. Robinson, P. Ranitovic, and R. A. Kaindl, Nat. Commun. 6, 7459 (2015).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, A. Diebold, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kienel, M.

Killi, A.

Klas, R.

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, M. Tschernajew, R. Klas, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, in mW Average Power Narrowband High Harmonic Sources (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper HM6B.5.

Klenke, A.

Kraus, M.

A. Feuer, C. Kunz, M. Kraus, V. Onuseit, R. Weber, T. Graf, D. Ingildeev, and F. Hermanutz, Proc. SPIE 8967, 89670H (2014).

Krausz, F.

V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, Opt. Lett. 32, 1183 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Nubbemeyer, M. Gorjan, A. Alismail, M. Ueffing, H. G. Barros, T. Metzger, D. Sutter, Z. Major, and F. Krausz, in High Average Power kW-scale Yb:YAG Thin-disk Regenerative Amplifier (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CA_P_1P.

Kunz, C.

A. Feuer, C. Kunz, M. Kraus, V. Onuseit, R. Weber, T. Graf, D. Ingildeev, and F. Hermanutz, Proc. SPIE 8967, 89670H (2014).

Limpert, J.

Liu, Z.

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, and M. E. Fermann, in 12  μJ, 1.2  W Femtosecond Pulse Generation at 346  nm from a Frequency-Tripled Yb Cubicon Fiber Amplifier (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CPDB1.

Loescher, A.

Major, Z.

T. Nubbemeyer, M. Gorjan, A. Alismail, M. Ueffing, H. G. Barros, T. Metzger, D. Sutter, Z. Major, and F. Krausz, in High Average Power kW-scale Yb:YAG Thin-disk Regenerative Amplifier (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CA_P_1P.

Mans, T.

Metzger, T.

T. Nubbemeyer, M. Gorjan, A. Alismail, M. Ueffing, H. G. Barros, T. Metzger, D. Sutter, Z. Major, and F. Krausz, in High Average Power kW-scale Yb:YAG Thin-disk Regenerative Amplifier (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CA_P_1P.

Negel, J.-P.

Nikogosyan, D. N.

D. N. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. A 52, 359 (1991).
[Crossref]

Nubbemeyer, T.

T. Nubbemeyer, M. Gorjan, A. Alismail, M. Ueffing, H. G. Barros, T. Metzger, D. Sutter, Z. Major, and F. Krausz, in High Average Power kW-scale Yb:YAG Thin-disk Regenerative Amplifier (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CA_P_1P.

Onuseit, V.

A. Feuer, C. Kunz, M. Kraus, V. Onuseit, R. Weber, T. Graf, D. Ingildeev, and F. Hermanutz, Proc. SPIE 8967, 89670H (2014).

Pervak, V.

Peschel, T.

Poprawe, R.

Ranitovic, P.

H. Wang, Y. Xu, S. Ulonska, J. S. Robinson, P. Ranitovic, and R. A. Kaindl, Nat. Commun. 6, 7459 (2015).
[Crossref]

Robinson, J. S.

H. Wang, Y. Xu, S. Ulonska, J. S. Robinson, P. Ranitovic, and R. A. Kaindl, Nat. Commun. 6, 7459 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rothhardt, C.

Rothhardt, J.

Russbueldt, P.

Samanta, G. K.

Saraceno, C. J.

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, A. Diebold, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schreiber, T.

Schriber, C.

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, A. Diebold, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Seise, E.

Shah, L.

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, and M. E. Fermann, in 12  μJ, 1.2  W Femtosecond Pulse Generation at 346  nm from a Frequency-Tripled Yb Cubicon Fiber Amplifier (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CPDB1.

Südmeyer, T.

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, A. Diebold, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sutter, D.

J.-P. Negel, A. Loescher, A. Voss, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, A. Killi, M. A. Ahmed, and T. Graf, Opt. Express 23, 21064 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Nubbemeyer, M. Gorjan, A. Alismail, M. Ueffing, H. G. Barros, T. Metzger, D. Sutter, Z. Major, and F. Krausz, in High Average Power kW-scale Yb:YAG Thin-disk Regenerative Amplifier (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CA_P_1P.

Tschernajew, M.

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, M. Tschernajew, R. Klas, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, in mW Average Power Narrowband High Harmonic Sources (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper HM6B.5.

Tünnermann, A.

Ueffing, M.

T. Nubbemeyer, M. Gorjan, A. Alismail, M. Ueffing, H. G. Barros, T. Metzger, D. Sutter, Z. Major, and F. Krausz, in High Average Power kW-scale Yb:YAG Thin-disk Regenerative Amplifier (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CA_P_1P.

Ulonska, S.

H. Wang, Y. Xu, S. Ulonska, J. S. Robinson, P. Ranitovic, and R. A. Kaindl, Nat. Commun. 6, 7459 (2015).
[Crossref]

Voss, A.

Wang, H.

H. Wang, Y. Xu, S. Ulonska, J. S. Robinson, P. Ranitovic, and R. A. Kaindl, Nat. Commun. 6, 7459 (2015).
[Crossref]

Weber, R.

A. Feuer, C. Kunz, M. Kraus, V. Onuseit, R. Weber, T. Graf, D. Ingildeev, and F. Hermanutz, Proc. SPIE 8967, 89670H (2014).

Weitenberg, J.

Wirth, C.

Xu, Y.

H. Wang, Y. Xu, S. Ulonska, J. S. Robinson, P. Ranitovic, and R. A. Kaindl, Nat. Commun. 6, 7459 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. A (1)

D. N. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. A 52, 359 (1991).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, A. Diebold, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

H. Wang, Y. Xu, S. Ulonska, J. S. Robinson, P. Ranitovic, and R. A. Kaindl, Nat. Commun. 6, 7459 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. Feuer, C. Kunz, M. Kraus, V. Onuseit, R. Weber, T. Graf, D. Ingildeev, and F. Hermanutz, Proc. SPIE 8967, 89670H (2014).

Other (6)

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, M. Tschernajew, R. Klas, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, in mW Average Power Narrowband High Harmonic Sources (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper HM6B.5.

T. Nubbemeyer, M. Gorjan, A. Alismail, M. Ueffing, H. G. Barros, T. Metzger, D. Sutter, Z. Major, and F. Krausz, in High Average Power kW-scale Yb:YAG Thin-disk Regenerative Amplifier (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CA_P_1P.

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, and M. E. Fermann, in 12  μJ, 1.2  W Femtosecond Pulse Generation at 346  nm from a Frequency-Tripled Yb Cubicon Fiber Amplifier (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CPDB1.

Kyocera Corporation, Single Crystal Sapphire (2010).

A. Smith, “SNLO,” http://www.as-photonics.com/snlo .

M. J. Dodge, Refractive Index (CRC Press, 1986), p. 30.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the experimental setup. A fiber-chirped-pulse amplification system (FCPA) delivers femtosecond pulses at 1030 nm wavelength. A half-wave plate (HWP) and a thin-film polarizer (TFP) are used to attenuate the fundamental laser beam. An additional HWP is used to rotate the linear polarization plane in front of the two crystals for SHG and THG.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Beam quality versus average power of the third harmonic generated with 290 fs IR pulses at 10 MHz repetition rate. Insets: measured intensity profiles at the focus.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic drawing of the hybrid structure for THG.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Dots, measured cross-correlation between the infrared pulses and the generated ultraviolet pulses at 51 W of average power; line, Gaussian fit; inset, measured spectrum of the generated third harmonic.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Beam quality versus average power of the third harmonic generated with 990 fs IR pulses at 3.5 MHz repetition rate. Insets: measured intensity profiles at the focus.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Dots, measured cross-correlation between the infrared pulses and the generated ultraviolet pulses at 100 W of average power; line, Gaussian fit; inset, measured spectrum of the generated third harmonic.

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