Abstract

We report on volume holographic recording at a wavelength of 532 nm in photopolymerizable polymer nanocomposites that are incorporated with new hyperbranched polymers (HBPs) acting as transporting organic nanoparticles. Since HBPs possess an ultrahigh index of refraction of 1.82 due to the inclusion of triazine and aromatic ring units, high-contrast transmission volume holographic gratings with refractive index modulation amplitudes as large as 2.2×102 are recorded. This value enables us to realize a 10 μm thick transmission volume grating with the diffraction efficiency near 100% in the green.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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2014 (3)

2012 (1)

M. Fally, J. Klepp, and Y. Tomita, Appl. Phys. B 108, 89 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2009 (2)

I. Naydenova, J. Raghavendra, V. Toal, and S. Martin, Sens. Actuators, B 139, 35 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Nakamura, J. Nozaki, Y. Tomita, K. Ohmori, and T. Hidaka, J. Opt. A 11, 024010 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, K. Ishizu, A. Tanaka, M. Ozawa, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

Y. Tomita, N. Suzuki, K. Furushima, and Y. Endoh, Proc. SPIE 5939, 593909 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Tomita, N. Suzuki, and K. Chikama, Opt. Lett. 30, 839 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

N. Suzuki and Y. Tomita, Appl. Opt. 43, 2125 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. Gao and D. Yan, Prog. Polym. Sci. 29, 183 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (4)

K. Ishizu, K. Tsubaki, A. Mori, and S. Uchida, Prog. Polym. Sci. 28, 27 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. P. Crawford, Opt. Photonics News 14, 54 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. Tomita and H. Nishibiraki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 410 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Sato, M. Scepanovic, and R. Kostuk, Appl. Opt. 42, 778 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, and T. Kojima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4121 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

G. M. Karpov, V. V. Obukhovsky, T. N. Smirnova, and V. V. Lemsheko, Opt. Commun. 174, 391 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

L. Dhar, M. G. Schnoes, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

R. A. Lessard and G. Manivannan, Proc. SPIE 2405, 2 (1995).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

T. K. Gaylord and M. G. Moharam, Appl. Phys. B 28, 1 (1982).
[Crossref]

1981 (2)

1973 (1)

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[Crossref]

Akbari, H.

Bair, H.

L. Dhar, M. G. Schnoes, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[Crossref]

Beléndez, A.

Boyd, C.

L. Dhar, M. G. Schnoes, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[Crossref]

Cartwright, A. N.

T. Moein, D. Ji, X. Zheng, K. Liu, Q. Gan, and A. N. Cartwright, ACS Appl. Mater. Interface 6, 3081 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chikama, K.

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, K. Ishizu, A. Tanaka, M. Ozawa, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Tomita, N. Suzuki, and K. Chikama, Opt. Lett. 30, 839 (2005).
[Crossref]

Crawford, G. P.

G. P. Crawford, Opt. Photonics News 14, 54 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dhar, L.

L. Dhar, M. G. Schnoes, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[Crossref]

Endoh, Y.

Y. Tomita, N. Suzuki, K. Furushima, and Y. Endoh, Proc. SPIE 5939, 593909 (2005).
[Crossref]

Fally, M.

Femández, E.

Fujii, R.

Furushima, K.

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, K. Ishizu, A. Tanaka, M. Ozawa, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Tomita, N. Suzuki, K. Furushima, and Y. Endoh, Proc. SPIE 5939, 593909 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gallego, S.

Gan, Q.

T. Moein, D. Ji, X. Zheng, K. Liu, Q. Gan, and A. N. Cartwright, ACS Appl. Mater. Interface 6, 3081 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gao, C.

C. Gao and D. Yan, Prog. Polym. Sci. 29, 183 (2004).
[Crossref]

Garcia, C.

Gaylord, T. K.

Guo, J.

Hata, E.

Hidaka, M.

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, K. Ishizu, A. Tanaka, M. Ozawa, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hidaka, T.

T. Nakamura, J. Nozaki, Y. Tomita, K. Ohmori, and T. Hidaka, J. Opt. A 11, 024010 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ishizu, K.

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, K. Ishizu, A. Tanaka, M. Ozawa, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. Ishizu, K. Tsubaki, A. Mori, and S. Uchida, Prog. Polym. Sci. 28, 27 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ji, D.

T. Moein, D. Ji, X. Zheng, K. Liu, Q. Gan, and A. N. Cartwright, ACS Appl. Mater. Interface 6, 3081 (2014).
[Crossref]

Karpov, G. M.

G. M. Karpov, V. V. Obukhovsky, T. N. Smirnova, and V. V. Lemsheko, Opt. Commun. 174, 391 (2000).
[Crossref]

Klepp, J.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[Crossref]

Kojima, T.

N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, and T. Kojima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4121 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kostuk, R.

Lemsheko, V. V.

G. M. Karpov, V. V. Obukhovsky, T. N. Smirnova, and V. V. Lemsheko, Opt. Commun. 174, 391 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lessard, R. A.

R. A. Lessard and G. Manivannan, Proc. SPIE 2405, 2 (1995).
[Crossref]

Liu, K.

T. Moein, D. Ji, X. Zheng, K. Liu, Q. Gan, and A. N. Cartwright, ACS Appl. Mater. Interface 6, 3081 (2014).
[Crossref]

Manivannan, G.

R. A. Lessard and G. Manivannan, Proc. SPIE 2405, 2 (1995).
[Crossref]

Márquez, A.

Martin, S.

H. Akbari, I. Naydenova, and S. Martin, Appl. Opt. 53, 1343 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Naydenova, J. Raghavendra, V. Toal, and S. Martin, Sens. Actuators, B 139, 35 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mitsube, K.

Moein, T.

T. Moein, D. Ji, X. Zheng, K. Liu, Q. Gan, and A. N. Cartwright, ACS Appl. Mater. Interface 6, 3081 (2014).
[Crossref]

Moharam, M. G.

Momose, K.

Mori, A.

K. Ishizu, K. Tsubaki, A. Mori, and S. Uchida, Prog. Polym. Sci. 28, 27 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, T.

T. Nakamura, J. Nozaki, Y. Tomita, K. Ohmori, and T. Hidaka, J. Opt. A 11, 024010 (2009).
[Crossref]

Naydenova, I.

H. Akbari, I. Naydenova, and S. Martin, Appl. Opt. 53, 1343 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Naydenova, J. Raghavendra, V. Toal, and S. Martin, Sens. Actuators, B 139, 35 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nishibiraki, H.

Y. Tomita and H. Nishibiraki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 410 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nozaki, J.

T. Nakamura, J. Nozaki, Y. Tomita, K. Ohmori, and T. Hidaka, J. Opt. A 11, 024010 (2009).
[Crossref]

Obukhovsky, V. V.

G. M. Karpov, V. V. Obukhovsky, T. N. Smirnova, and V. V. Lemsheko, Opt. Commun. 174, 391 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ochi, K.

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, K. Ishizu, A. Tanaka, M. Ozawa, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ohmori, K.

T. Nakamura, J. Nozaki, Y. Tomita, K. Ohmori, and T. Hidaka, J. Opt. A 11, 024010 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ortuño, M.

Ozawa, M.

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, K. Ishizu, A. Tanaka, M. Ozawa, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Pascual, I.

Pruner, C.

Raghavendra, J.

I. Naydenova, J. Raghavendra, V. Toal, and S. Martin, Sens. Actuators, B 139, 35 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sato, A.

Scepanovic, M.

Schilling, M.

L. Dhar, M. G. Schnoes, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[Crossref]

Schnoes, M. G.

L. Dhar, M. G. Schnoes, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[Crossref]

Smirnova, T. N.

G. M. Karpov, V. V. Obukhovsky, T. N. Smirnova, and V. V. Lemsheko, Opt. Commun. 174, 391 (2000).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, N.

Y. Tomita, N. Suzuki, K. Furushima, and Y. Endoh, Proc. SPIE 5939, 593909 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Tomita, N. Suzuki, and K. Chikama, Opt. Lett. 30, 839 (2005).
[Crossref]

N. Suzuki and Y. Tomita, Appl. Opt. 43, 2125 (2004).
[Crossref]

N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, and T. Kojima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4121 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, A.

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, K. Ishizu, A. Tanaka, M. Ozawa, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Toal, V.

I. Naydenova, J. Raghavendra, V. Toal, and S. Martin, Sens. Actuators, B 139, 35 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tomita, Y.

R. Fujii, J. Guo, J. Klepp, C. Pruner, M. Fally, and Y. Tomita, Opt. Lett. 39, 3453 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Fally, J. Klepp, and Y. Tomita, Appl. Phys. B 108, 89 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Hata, K. Mitsube, K. Momose, and Y. Tomita, Opt. Mater. Express 1, 207 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Nakamura, J. Nozaki, Y. Tomita, K. Ohmori, and T. Hidaka, J. Opt. A 11, 024010 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, K. Ishizu, A. Tanaka, M. Ozawa, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Tomita, N. Suzuki, K. Furushima, and Y. Endoh, Proc. SPIE 5939, 593909 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Tomita, N. Suzuki, and K. Chikama, Opt. Lett. 30, 839 (2005).
[Crossref]

N. Suzuki and Y. Tomita, Appl. Opt. 43, 2125 (2004).
[Crossref]

Y. Tomita and H. Nishibiraki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 410 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, and T. Kojima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4121 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tsubaki, K.

K. Ishizu, K. Tsubaki, A. Mori, and S. Uchida, Prog. Polym. Sci. 28, 27 (2003).
[Crossref]

Uchida, N.

Uchida, S.

K. Ishizu, K. Tsubaki, A. Mori, and S. Uchida, Prog. Polym. Sci. 28, 27 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wysocki, T. L.

L. Dhar, M. G. Schnoes, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[Crossref]

Yan, D.

C. Gao and D. Yan, Prog. Polym. Sci. 29, 183 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zheng, X.

T. Moein, D. Ji, X. Zheng, K. Liu, Q. Gan, and A. N. Cartwright, ACS Appl. Mater. Interface 6, 3081 (2014).
[Crossref]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interface (1)

T. Moein, D. Ji, X. Zheng, K. Liu, Q. Gan, and A. N. Cartwright, ACS Appl. Mater. Interface 6, 3081 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

T. K. Gaylord and M. G. Moharam, Appl. Phys. B 28, 1 (1982).
[Crossref]

M. Fally, J. Klepp, and Y. Tomita, Appl. Phys. B 108, 89 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, K. Ishizu, A. Tanaka, M. Ozawa, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[Crossref]

N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, and T. Kojima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4121 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. Dhar, M. G. Schnoes, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[Crossref]

Y. Tomita and H. Nishibiraki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 410 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. A (1)

T. Nakamura, J. Nozaki, Y. Tomita, K. Ohmori, and T. Hidaka, J. Opt. A 11, 024010 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. M. Karpov, V. V. Obukhovsky, T. N. Smirnova, and V. V. Lemsheko, Opt. Commun. 174, 391 (2000).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Opt. Photonics News (1)

G. P. Crawford, Opt. Photonics News 14, 54 (2003).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (2)

R. A. Lessard and G. Manivannan, Proc. SPIE 2405, 2 (1995).
[Crossref]

Y. Tomita, N. Suzuki, K. Furushima, and Y. Endoh, Proc. SPIE 5939, 593909 (2005).
[Crossref]

Prog. Polym. Sci. (2)

C. Gao and D. Yan, Prog. Polym. Sci. 29, 183 (2004).
[Crossref]

K. Ishizu, K. Tsubaki, A. Mori, and S. Uchida, Prog. Polym. Sci. 28, 27 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sens. Actuators, B (1)

I. Naydenova, J. Raghavendra, V. Toal, and S. Martin, Sens. Actuators, B 139, 35 (2009).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Molecular structure of the synthesized HBP.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Spectral absorption coefficients of an NPC film sample with 22 vol.% HBP dispersion.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Photograph of a recorded plane-wave transmission grating under white light illumination.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Buildup dynamics of η at a readout wavelength of 633 nm. The inset is η sat as a function of Δ θ B , where the solid curve corresponds to the least-squares fit of the theoretical formula to the measured data (open circles).
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Buildup dynamics of Δ n at 532 nm for NPC film samples dispersed with 25 vol.% HBP (red solid curve), 34 vol.% SiO 2 inorganic nanoparticles (blue dashed curve), 34 vol.% HPEMA organic nanoparticles (black chain curve), and 34 vol.% HPS organic nanoparticles (black dotted curve) at their optimum recording intensities of 200, 100, 100, and 200    mW / cm 2 , respectively.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Dependences of Δ n sat at 532 nm on HBP concentration at different values for I 0 .

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