Abstract

Complex refractive index sensing is proposed and experimentally demonstrated in optofluidic sensors based on silicon photonic crystal nanobeam cavities. The sensitivities are 58 and 139 nm/RIU, respectively, for the real part (n) and the imaginary part (κ) of the complex refractive index, and the corresponding detection limits are 1.8×105 RIU for n and 4.1×106 RIU for κ. Moreover, the capability of the complex refractive index sensing method to detect the concentration composition of the ternary mixture is demonstrated without the surface immobilization of functional groups, which is impossible to realize with the conventional refractive index sensing scheme.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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