Abstract

In spontaneous parametric downconversion (SPDC), a pump photon spontaneously splits into signal and idler photons in media with quadratic nonlinearity. This phenomenon is the most widely utilized source of entangled photons with multiple applications in quantum information technology. SPDC on a chip is usually treated as a local process, meaning that signal and idler photons are created in the same position at which the pump photon is destroyed. We reveal that this locality condition can be violated in an array of coupled waveguides. By utilizing higher-order modes of individual waveguides, it is possible to destroy a pump photon in one waveguide and to generate signal and idler photons in other waveguides. This phenomenon of nonlocal photon-pair generation opens new opportunities for the engineering of spatial photon entanglement.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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