Abstract

A grating-coupled double-layer graphene hybrid system is proposed to investigate the plasmon-induced transparency effect at far-infrared frequencies. Based on the guided mode resonance principle, a diffractive grating is used to couple the normally incident waves and excite the plasmonic resonances on two graphene films separated by a spacer, thereby avoiding the need for patterning graphene. It is found that the origin of the observed transparency window transforms from Autler–Townes splitting to electromagnetically induced transparency with the increase of the separation distance between the two graphene films. The tunability of this hybrid system is also investigated via varying the Fermi energy in graphene. The proposed hybrid system has potential applications in tunable switches, sensors, and slow light devices and may open up new avenues for constructing easy-to-fabricate graphene-based plasmonic devices.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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