Abstract

We report a novel polarimetric optical frequency domain reflectometer (P-OFDR) that can simultaneously measure both space-resolved transverse stresses and light back-reflections along an optic fiber with sub-mm spatial resolution. By inducing transversal stresses and optical back-reflections at multiple points along a length of optic fiber, we demonstrate that our system can unambiguously distinguish the stresses from the back-reflections of a fiber with a fiber length longer than 800 m, a spatial resolution of 0.5 mm, a maximum stress level of up to 200 kpsi (1379 Mpa), a minimum stress of about 10 kpsi (69 Mpa), and a stress measurement uncertainty of 10%. We show that our P-OFDR can clearly identify the locations and magnitudes of the stresses inside a fiber coil induced during a fiber winding process. The P-OFDR can be used for fiber health monitoring for critical fiber links, fiber gyro coil characterization, and other distributed fiber sensing applications.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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