Abstract

We report the development of a high average power, picosecond-pulse, mid-infrared source based on difference-frequency generation (DFG) of two synchronous master oscillator power fiber amplifier systems. The generated idler can be tuned over the range 3.28–3.45 μm delivering greater than 3.4 W of average power, with a maximum pump to total DFG power conversion efficiency of 78%. The benefits of a synchronously pumped scheme, compared to CW seeding of DFG sources, are discussed.

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References

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M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and S. Chaitanya Kumar, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 624 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Guha, J. O. Barnes, and L. P. Gonzalez, Opt. Lett. 39, 5018 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Steinle, A. Steinmann, R. Hegenbarth, and H. Giessen, Opt. Express 22, 9567 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Sorokin, D. Klimentov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and I. T. Sorokina, Appl. Phys. B 117, 1009 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

Y. Yao, A. J. Hoffman, and C. F. Gmachl, Nat. Photonics 6, 432 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Xuan, Y. Zou, S. Wang, H. Han, Z. Wang, and Z. Wei, Appl. Phys. B 108, 571 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, and I. T. Sorokina, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 690 (2005).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

Adler, F.

Akimov, V. A.

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553 (2010).
[Crossref]

Alam, S.-u.

Arie, A.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
[Crossref]

Barnes, J. O.

Belden, P.

Biegert, J.

Chaitanya Kumar, S.

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and S. Chaitanya Kumar, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 624 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chan, H.-Y.

Chen, D.

Cossel, K. C.

Duering, M. W.

Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and S. Chaitanya Kumar, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 624 (2014).
[Crossref]

Erny, C.

Fedorov, V. V.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 292 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fermann, M. E.

Fried, A.

F. K. Tittel, D. Richter, and A. Fried, in Solid-State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources, I. T. Sorokina and K. L. Vodopyanov, eds. (Springer, 2003), pp. 458–529.

Frolov, M. P.

E. Sorokin, D. Klimentov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and I. T. Sorokina, Appl. Phys. B 117, 1009 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553 (2010).
[Crossref]

Galun, E.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gayer, O.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
[Crossref]

Giessen, H.

Gmachl, C. F.

Y. Yao, A. J. Hoffman, and C. F. Gmachl, Nat. Photonics 6, 432 (2012).
[Crossref]

Godard, A.

A. Godard, C. R. Phys. 8, 1100 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gonzalez, L. P.

Guha, S.

Han, H.

H. Xuan, Y. Zou, S. Wang, H. Han, Z. Wang, and Z. Wei, Appl. Phys. B 108, 571 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hartl, I.

Hegenbarth, R.

Hoffman, A. J.

Y. Yao, A. J. Hoffman, and C. F. Gmachl, Nat. Photonics 6, 432 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jundt, D. H.

Keller, U.

Klimentov, D.

E. Sorokin, D. Klimentov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and I. T. Sorokina, Appl. Phys. B 117, 1009 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kolev, V. Z.

Korostelin, Yu. V.

E. Sorokin, D. Klimentov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and I. T. Sorokina, Appl. Phys. B 117, 1009 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kozlovsky, V. I.

E. Sorokin, D. Klimentov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and I. T. Sorokina, Appl. Phys. B 117, 1009 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kühlke, D.

Landman, A. I.

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553 (2010).
[Crossref]

Leitenstorfer, A.

Luther-Davies, B.

Martovitsky, V. P.

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553 (2010).
[Crossref]

Martyshkin, D.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 292 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mirov, M.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 292 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mirov, S. B.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 292 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mislavskii, V. V.

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553 (2010).
[Crossref]

Moskalev, I. S.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 292 (2015).
[Crossref]

Moutzouris, K.

Naumov, S.

E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, and I. T. Sorokina, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 690 (2005).
[Crossref]

Petrov, V.

V. Petrov, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 193 (2015).
[Crossref]

Podmar’kov, Yu. P.

E. Sorokin, D. Klimentov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and I. T. Sorokina, Appl. Phys. B 117, 1009 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553 (2010).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

Richter, D.

F. K. Tittel, D. Richter, and A. Fried, in Solid-State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources, I. T. Sorokina and K. L. Vodopyanov, eds. (Springer, 2003), pp. 458–529.

Rode, A. V.

Sacks, Z.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shepherd, D. P.

Skasyrsky, Ya. K.

E. Sorokin, D. Klimentov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and I. T. Sorokina, Appl. Phys. B 117, 1009 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sorokin, E.

E. Sorokin, D. Klimentov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and I. T. Sorokina, Appl. Phys. B 117, 1009 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, and I. T. Sorokina, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 690 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sorokina, I. T.

E. Sorokin, D. Klimentov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and I. T. Sorokina, Appl. Phys. B 117, 1009 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, and I. T. Sorokina, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 690 (2005).
[Crossref]

Steinle, T.

Steinmann, A.

Teodoro, F. D.

Thorpe, M. J.

Tittel, F. K.

F. K. Tittel, D. Richter, and A. Fried, in Solid-State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources, I. T. Sorokina and K. L. Vodopyanov, eds. (Springer, 2003), pp. 458–529.

Vasilyev, S.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 292 (2015).
[Crossref]

Voronov, A. A.

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

H. Xuan, Y. Zou, S. Wang, H. Han, Z. Wang, and Z. Wei, Appl. Phys. B 108, 571 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

H. Xuan, Y. Zou, S. Wang, H. Han, Z. Wang, and Z. Wei, Appl. Phys. B 108, 571 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wei, Z.

H. Xuan, Y. Zou, S. Wang, H. Han, Z. Wang, and Z. Wei, Appl. Phys. B 108, 571 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, L.

Xuan, H.

H. Xuan, Y. Zou, S. Wang, H. Han, Z. Wang, and Z. Wei, Appl. Phys. B 108, 571 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yao, Y.

Y. Yao, A. J. Hoffman, and C. F. Gmachl, Nat. Photonics 6, 432 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ye, J.

Zou, Y.

H. Xuan, Y. Zou, S. Wang, H. Han, Z. Wang, and Z. Wei, Appl. Phys. B 108, 571 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

E. Sorokin, D. Klimentov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and I. T. Sorokina, Appl. Phys. B 117, 1009 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Xuan, Y. Zou, S. Wang, H. Han, Z. Wang, and Z. Wei, Appl. Phys. B 108, 571 (2012).
[Crossref]

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. R. Phys. (1)

A. Godard, C. R. Phys. 8, 1100 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (4)

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 292 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, and I. T. Sorokina, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 690 (2005).
[Crossref]

V. Petrov, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 193 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and S. Chaitanya Kumar, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 624 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

Y. Yao, A. J. Hoffman, and C. F. Gmachl, Nat. Photonics 6, 432 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Status Solidi B (1)

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553 (2010).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

F. K. Tittel, D. Richter, and A. Fried, in Solid-State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources, I. T. Sorokina and K. L. Vodopyanov, eds. (Springer, 2003), pp. 458–529.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Mid-IR DFG configuration. See body text for abbreviation definitions.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) and (b): Pump; and (c) and (d): signal; spectral and temporal characteristics at MOPFA outputs (23.0 W and 2.1 W, respectively).
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Maximum idler average powers across tuning range. (b) Idler wavelength tuning through signal wavelength scanning. (c) Idler spectrum at 3.334 μm. (d) Calculated phase-matching curves (blue) for signal/idler wavelengths at a pump wavelength of 1.063 μm and a grating pitch of 29.98 μm, experimental signal/idler wavelengths overlaid (orange circles). (e) Typical idler power stability.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Signal (blue), idler (orange), and total (signal plus idler—green) powers generated for a given pump average (bottom axis)/peak-power (top axis), with pulse energy shown on right-hand axis. (b) Signal, idler, and total pump power conversion. Connecting lines to guide the eye only, circles represent experimental data.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a)–(f) Temporal evolution of pump pulse with increasing pump power after the crystal. Annotations in each figure indicate the pulse duration (FWHM) and average pump power level at the input crystal face. All pulse intensities are normalized.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. (a) Generated idler and amplified signal powers against input signal power; (b) signal gain against input signal power. In both figures, the maximum available pump power of 17.1 W was used. Connecting lines to guide the eye only.

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