Abstract

This work presents a novel method for fabricating repeatable, uniform, large-area, highly sensitive, surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering (SERRS) substrates combined with silicon nanopillar arrays and silver nanoparticles. The proposed method consists of two steps: (1) induce periodic ripples in deionized water using a linearly polarized femtosecond laser; and (2) generate dense 80-nm-diameter nanopillar arrays with silver nanoparticles in silver nitrate solution with a 90° rotated polarization, femtosecond double-pulse train. As the pulse delay increases from 0 to 1000 fs, the mean size of the silver nanoparticles reduces, and the average number of nanoparticles increases, which, in turn, increases the enhancement factor of SERRS signals up to 1.1×109. Furthermore, melamine (down to 125 ppb) was detected by the fabricated SERRS substrates.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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