Abstract

We propose a simple scheme using an unbalanced Mach–Zehnder interferometer to directly measure the entangled beams with correlation of amplitude quadratures and anticorrelation of phase quadratures. In the experiment, we use two fibers with lengths of 2 and 50 m to construct the interferometer. The correlation variances of amplitude difference and phase sum of the entangled beams from a nondegenerate optical parametric amplifier are simultaneously measured to be 1.79 and 1.62 dB below the shot noise limit, respectively. Such a simple and convenient method has potential applications in quantum measurements.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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