Abstract

Achromatic grating shearing interferometry method for wave front sensing is developed. Two Fresnel diffraction patterns formed by grating three lowest diffraction orders are recorded. The beam-splitter grating is displaced laterally by half its period between exposures. Calculating the sum of two patterns results in a two-beam interferogram free of inherent light propagation direction and observation plane contrast modulations imposed by the self-imaging phenomenon (Talbot effect). Single-frame automatic fringe pattern processing provides the interferogram phase distribution. The technique enables continuous shear variations suitable for dynamic range sensing. Experimental works corroborate enhanced capabilities of the proposed approach.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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