Abstract

Optical properties of single diatom frustule valves from two different Coscinodiscus species (C. wailesii and C. centralis) are studied by transmission confocal hyperspectral imaging and numerical calculations. Light convergence, concentration, and trapping effects are observed and depend on both the wavelength and the valve orientation. These effects seem to occur independently of the incident light angle. From our results, a wavelength-dependent multifocal lens behavior can be explained by light diffraction related to the radial symmetry of the multiscaled 3D nanostructure.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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