Abstract

We study elliptical vortex Hermite–Gaussian (vHG) beams, which are described by the complex amplitude proportional to the nth-order Hermite polynomial whose argument is a function of a real parameter a. At |a|<1, on the vertical axis of the beam cross section, there are n isolated optical nulls that produce optical vortices with topological charge +1(a<0) or 1(a>0). At |a|>1, similar isolated optical nulls of the vHG beams are found on the horizontal axis. At a=0, the vHG beam becomes identical to the HG mode of the order (0,n). We derive the orbital angular momentum (OAM) of the vHG beams, which depends on the parameter a and an ellipticity parameter of the Gaussian beam. The derived equation allows the transverse intensity of the vHG-beam to be changed without changing its OAM. The experimental and theoretical results are in good agreement.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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