Abstract

We report on the first experimental observation of stable-vector vortex solitons in nonlocal nonlinear media with a reorientational response, such as nematic liquid crystals. These solitons consist of two co-polarized, mutually trapped beams of different colors, a bright fundamental spatial soliton, and a nonlinear optical vortex. The nonlinear vortex component, which is normally unstable in nonlinear media, is stabilized and confined here by the highly nonlocal refractive potential induced by the soliton.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (3)

G. Assanto and N. F. Smyth, J. Lasers Opt. Photon. 1, 1000105 (2014).

G. Assanto, A. A. Minzoni, and N. F. Smyth, Phys. Rev. A 89, 013827 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Assanto, A. A. Minzoni, and N. F. Smyth, Opt. Lett. 39, 509 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

R. Barboza, U. Bortolozzo, G. Assanto, E. Vidal-Henriquez, M. G. Clerc, and S. Residori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 093902 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Brasselet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 087801 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Peccianti and G. Assanto, Phys. Rep. 516, 147 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. V. Izdebskaya, J. Rebling, A. S. Desyatnikov, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Express 37, 767 (2012).

2011 (6)

2010 (2)

V. G. Shvedov, A. V. Rode, Y. V. Izdebskaya, A. S. Desyatnikov, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 118103 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. G. Shvedov, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. V. Rode, Y. V. Izdebskaya, W. Z. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. A 100, 327 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

A. A. Minzoni, N. F. Smyth, Z. Xu, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. A 79, 063808 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. D. Skuse and N. F. Smyth, Phys. Rev. A 79, 063806 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. Xu, N. F. Smyth, A. A. Minzoni, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 34, 1414 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

G. Assanto, N. F. Smyth, and A. L. Worthy, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013832 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

A. Fratalocchi, A. Piccardi, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. A 75, 063835 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Fratalocchi, A. Piccardi, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Opt. Lett. 32, 1447 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

Y. V. Kartashov, L. Torner, V. A. Vysloukh, and D. Mihalache, Opt. Lett. 31, 1483 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Alberucci, M. Peccianti, G. Assanto, A. Dyadyusha, and M. Kaczmarek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 153903 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. Xu, Y. V. Kartashov, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. E 73, 055601 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

A. I. Yakimenko, Y. A. Zaliznyak, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. E 71, 065603 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. Rotschild, O. Cohen, O. Manela, M. Segev, and T. Carmon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213904 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. Briedis, D. E. Petersen, D. Edmundson, W. Krolikowski, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 13, 435 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

D. G. Grier, Nature 424, 810 (2003).
[Crossref]

C. Conti, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. E 91, 073901 (2003).

2000 (1)

W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, C. Weilnau, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, Y. S. Kivshar, C. Denz, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1424 (2000).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

J. F. Nye and M. V. Berry, Proc. R. Soc. London A 336, 165 (1974).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G. P.

Y. S. Kivshar and G. P. Agrawal, Optical Solitons: From Fibers to Photonic Crystals (Academic, 2003).

Ahmed, N.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Alberucci, A.

A. Alberucci, M. Peccianti, G. Assanto, A. Dyadyusha, and M. Kaczmarek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 153903 (2006).
[Crossref]

Assanto, G.

G. Assanto and N. F. Smyth, J. Lasers Opt. Photon. 1, 1000105 (2014).

G. Assanto, A. A. Minzoni, and N. F. Smyth, Opt. Lett. 39, 509 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Assanto, A. A. Minzoni, and N. F. Smyth, Phys. Rev. A 89, 013827 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Barboza, U. Bortolozzo, G. Assanto, E. Vidal-Henriquez, M. G. Clerc, and S. Residori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 093902 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Peccianti and G. Assanto, Phys. Rep. 516, 147 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. V. Izdebskaya, A. S. Desyatnikov, G. Assanto, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 36, 184 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. V. Izdebskaya, A. S. Desyatnikov, G. Assanto, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Express 19, 21457 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Assanto, N. F. Smyth, and A. L. Worthy, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013832 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Fratalocchi, A. Piccardi, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Opt. Lett. 32, 1447 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Fratalocchi, A. Piccardi, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. A 75, 063835 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Alberucci, M. Peccianti, G. Assanto, A. Dyadyusha, and M. Kaczmarek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 153903 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Conti, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. E 91, 073901 (2003).

G. Assanto and N. F. Smyth, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2015), in press.

Bang, O.

Barboza, R.

R. Barboza, U. Bortolozzo, G. Assanto, E. Vidal-Henriquez, M. G. Clerc, and S. Residori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 093902 (2013).
[Crossref]

Berry, M. V.

J. F. Nye and M. V. Berry, Proc. R. Soc. London A 336, 165 (1974).
[Crossref]

Bortolozzo, U.

R. Barboza, U. Bortolozzo, G. Assanto, E. Vidal-Henriquez, M. G. Clerc, and S. Residori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 093902 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bowman, R.

M. Padgett and R. Bowman, Nat. Photonics 5, 343 (2011).
[Crossref]

Brasselet, E.

E. Brasselet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 087801 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Brasselet and C. Loussert, Opt. Lett. 36, 719 (2011).
[Crossref]

Briedis, D.

Carmon, T.

C. Rotschild, O. Cohen, O. Manela, M. Segev, and T. Carmon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213904 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Y. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. Nie, C. Li, H. Chen, K. Lu, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 093904 (2011).
[Crossref]

Clerc, M. G.

R. Barboza, U. Bortolozzo, G. Assanto, E. Vidal-Henriquez, M. G. Clerc, and S. Residori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 093902 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cohen, O.

C. Rotschild, O. Cohen, O. Manela, M. Segev, and T. Carmon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213904 (2005).
[Crossref]

Conti, C.

C. Conti, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. E 91, 073901 (2003).

Denz, C.

W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, C. Weilnau, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, Y. S. Kivshar, C. Denz, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1424 (2000).
[Crossref]

Desyatnikov, A. S.

Y. V. Izdebskaya, J. Rebling, A. S. Desyatnikov, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Express 37, 767 (2012).

Y. V. Izdebskaya, A. S. Desyatnikov, G. Assanto, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 36, 184 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. V. Izdebskaya, A. S. Desyatnikov, G. Assanto, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Express 19, 21457 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. G. Shvedov, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. V. Rode, Y. V. Izdebskaya, W. Z. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. A 100, 327 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. G. Shvedov, A. V. Rode, Y. V. Izdebskaya, A. S. Desyatnikov, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 118103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dolinar, S.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dyadyusha, A.

A. Alberucci, M. Peccianti, G. Assanto, A. Dyadyusha, and M. Kaczmarek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 153903 (2006).
[Crossref]

Edmundson, D.

Fazal, I. M.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fratalocchi, A.

A. Fratalocchi, A. Piccardi, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. A 75, 063835 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Fratalocchi, A. Piccardi, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Opt. Lett. 32, 1447 (2007).
[Crossref]

Geisser, M.

W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, C. Weilnau, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, Y. S. Kivshar, C. Denz, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1424 (2000).
[Crossref]

Grier, D. G.

D. G. Grier, Nature 424, 810 (2003).
[Crossref]

Huang, H.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Izdebskaya, Y. V.

Y. V. Izdebskaya, J. Rebling, A. S. Desyatnikov, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Express 37, 767 (2012).

Y. V. Izdebskaya, A. S. Desyatnikov, G. Assanto, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 36, 184 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. V. Izdebskaya, A. S. Desyatnikov, G. Assanto, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Express 19, 21457 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. G. Shvedov, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. V. Rode, Y. V. Izdebskaya, W. Z. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. A 100, 327 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. G. Shvedov, A. V. Rode, Y. V. Izdebskaya, A. S. Desyatnikov, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 118103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kaczmarek, M.

A. Alberucci, M. Peccianti, G. Assanto, A. Dyadyusha, and M. Kaczmarek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 153903 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kartashov, Y. V.

Kivshar, Y. S.

Y. V. Izdebskaya, J. Rebling, A. S. Desyatnikov, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Express 37, 767 (2012).

Y. V. Izdebskaya, A. S. Desyatnikov, G. Assanto, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Express 19, 21457 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. V. Izdebskaya, A. S. Desyatnikov, G. Assanto, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 36, 184 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. G. Shvedov, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. V. Rode, Y. V. Izdebskaya, W. Z. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. A 100, 327 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. G. Shvedov, A. V. Rode, Y. V. Izdebskaya, A. S. Desyatnikov, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 118103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Xu, N. F. Smyth, A. A. Minzoni, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 34, 1414 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. A. Minzoni, N. F. Smyth, Z. Xu, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. A 79, 063808 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. I. Yakimenko, Y. A. Zaliznyak, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. E 71, 065603 (2005).
[Crossref]

W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, C. Weilnau, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, Y. S. Kivshar, C. Denz, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1424 (2000).
[Crossref]

Y. S. Kivshar and G. P. Agrawal, Optical Solitons: From Fibers to Photonic Crystals (Academic, 2003).

Krolikowski, W.

V. G. Shvedov, A. V. Rode, Y. V. Izdebskaya, A. S. Desyatnikov, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 118103 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Briedis, D. E. Petersen, D. Edmundson, W. Krolikowski, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 13, 435 (2005).
[Crossref]

W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, C. Weilnau, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, Y. S. Kivshar, C. Denz, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1424 (2000).
[Crossref]

Krolikowski, W. Z.

V. G. Shvedov, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. V. Rode, Y. V. Izdebskaya, W. Z. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. A 100, 327 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

Y. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. Nie, C. Li, H. Chen, K. Lu, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 093904 (2011).
[Crossref]

Loussert, C.

Lu, K.

Y. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. Nie, C. Li, H. Chen, K. Lu, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 093904 (2011).
[Crossref]

Luther-Davies, B.

W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, C. Weilnau, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, Y. S. Kivshar, C. Denz, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1424 (2000).
[Crossref]

Manela, O.

C. Rotschild, O. Cohen, O. Manela, M. Segev, and T. Carmon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213904 (2005).
[Crossref]

McCarthy, G.

W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, C. Weilnau, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, Y. S. Kivshar, C. Denz, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1424 (2000).
[Crossref]

Mihalache, D.

Minzoni, A. A.

G. Assanto, A. A. Minzoni, and N. F. Smyth, Opt. Lett. 39, 509 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Assanto, A. A. Minzoni, and N. F. Smyth, Phys. Rev. A 89, 013827 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Xu, N. F. Smyth, A. A. Minzoni, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 34, 1414 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. A. Minzoni, N. F. Smyth, Z. Xu, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. A 79, 063808 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nie, Z.

Y. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. Nie, C. Li, H. Chen, K. Lu, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 093904 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nye, J. F.

J. F. Nye and M. V. Berry, Proc. R. Soc. London A 336, 165 (1974).
[Crossref]

Ostrovskaya, E. A.

W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, C. Weilnau, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, Y. S. Kivshar, C. Denz, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1424 (2000).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M.

M. Padgett and R. Bowman, Nat. Photonics 5, 343 (2011).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M. J.

Peccianti, M.

M. Peccianti and G. Assanto, Phys. Rep. 516, 147 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Fratalocchi, A. Piccardi, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Opt. Lett. 32, 1447 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Fratalocchi, A. Piccardi, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. A 75, 063835 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Alberucci, M. Peccianti, G. Assanto, A. Dyadyusha, and M. Kaczmarek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 153903 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Conti, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. E 91, 073901 (2003).

Petersen, D. E.

Piccardi, A.

A. Fratalocchi, A. Piccardi, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. A 75, 063835 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Fratalocchi, A. Piccardi, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Opt. Lett. 32, 1447 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rebling, J.

Y. V. Izdebskaya, J. Rebling, A. S. Desyatnikov, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Express 37, 767 (2012).

Ren, Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Residori, S.

R. Barboza, U. Bortolozzo, G. Assanto, E. Vidal-Henriquez, M. G. Clerc, and S. Residori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 093902 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rode, A. V.

V. G. Shvedov, A. V. Rode, Y. V. Izdebskaya, A. S. Desyatnikov, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 118103 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. G. Shvedov, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. V. Rode, Y. V. Izdebskaya, W. Z. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. A 100, 327 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rotschild, C.

C. Rotschild, O. Cohen, O. Manela, M. Segev, and T. Carmon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213904 (2005).
[Crossref]

Segev, M.

C. Rotschild, O. Cohen, O. Manela, M. Segev, and T. Carmon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213904 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shvedov, V. G.

V. G. Shvedov, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. V. Rode, Y. V. Izdebskaya, W. Z. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. A 100, 327 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. G. Shvedov, A. V. Rode, Y. V. Izdebskaya, A. S. Desyatnikov, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 118103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Skuse, B. D.

B. D. Skuse and N. F. Smyth, Phys. Rev. A 79, 063806 (2009).
[Crossref]

Smyth, N. F.

G. Assanto and N. F. Smyth, J. Lasers Opt. Photon. 1, 1000105 (2014).

G. Assanto, A. A. Minzoni, and N. F. Smyth, Opt. Lett. 39, 509 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Assanto, A. A. Minzoni, and N. F. Smyth, Phys. Rev. A 89, 013827 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Xu, N. F. Smyth, A. A. Minzoni, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 34, 1414 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. A. Minzoni, N. F. Smyth, Z. Xu, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. A 79, 063808 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. D. Skuse and N. F. Smyth, Phys. Rev. A 79, 063806 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Assanto, N. F. Smyth, and A. L. Worthy, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013832 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Assanto and N. F. Smyth, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2015), in press.

Swartzlander, G. A.

G. A. Swartzlander, Optical Vortices (CRC Press, 2014).

Torner, L.

Tur, M.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vidal-Henriquez, E.

R. Barboza, U. Bortolozzo, G. Assanto, E. Vidal-Henriquez, M. G. Clerc, and S. Residori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 093902 (2013).
[Crossref]

Vysloukh, V. A.

Wang, J.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Y. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. Nie, C. Li, H. Chen, K. Lu, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 093904 (2011).
[Crossref]

Weilnau, C.

W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, C. Weilnau, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, Y. S. Kivshar, C. Denz, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1424 (2000).
[Crossref]

Willner, A. E.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Worthy, A. L.

G. Assanto, N. F. Smyth, and A. L. Worthy, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013832 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xiao, M.

Y. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. Nie, C. Li, H. Chen, K. Lu, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 093904 (2011).
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Xu, Z.

Z. Xu, N. F. Smyth, A. A. Minzoni, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 34, 1414 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. A. Minzoni, N. F. Smyth, Z. Xu, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. A 79, 063808 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. Xu, Y. V. Kartashov, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. E 73, 055601 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yakimenko, A. I.

A. I. Yakimenko, Y. A. Zaliznyak, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. E 71, 065603 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yan, Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.-Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yao, A. M.

Yue, Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zaliznyak, Y. A.

A. I. Yakimenko, Y. A. Zaliznyak, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. E 71, 065603 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. Nie, C. Li, H. Chen, K. Lu, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 093904 (2011).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Appl. Phys. A (1)

V. G. Shvedov, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. V. Rode, Y. V. Izdebskaya, W. Z. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. A 100, 327 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Lasers Opt. Photon. (1)

G. Assanto and N. F. Smyth, J. Lasers Opt. Photon. 1, 1000105 (2014).

Nat. Photonics (2)

M. Padgett and R. Bowman, Nat. Photonics 5, 343 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

D. G. Grier, Nature 424, 810 (2003).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rep. (1)

M. Peccianti and G. Assanto, Phys. Rep. 516, 147 (2012).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (5)

A. A. Minzoni, N. F. Smyth, Z. Xu, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. A 79, 063808 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Assanto, A. A. Minzoni, and N. F. Smyth, Phys. Rev. A 89, 013827 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. D. Skuse and N. F. Smyth, Phys. Rev. A 79, 063806 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Fratalocchi, A. Piccardi, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. A 75, 063835 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Assanto, N. F. Smyth, and A. L. Worthy, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013832 (2008).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E (3)

Z. Xu, Y. V. Kartashov, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. E 73, 055601 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Conti, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. E 91, 073901 (2003).

A. I. Yakimenko, Y. A. Zaliznyak, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. E 71, 065603 (2005).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

C. Rotschild, O. Cohen, O. Manela, M. Segev, and T. Carmon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213904 (2005).
[Crossref]

E. Brasselet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 087801 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Barboza, U. Bortolozzo, G. Assanto, E. Vidal-Henriquez, M. G. Clerc, and S. Residori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 093902 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. G. Shvedov, A. V. Rode, Y. V. Izdebskaya, A. S. Desyatnikov, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 118103 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, C. Weilnau, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, Y. S. Kivshar, C. Denz, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1424 (2000).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. Nie, C. Li, H. Chen, K. Lu, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 093904 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Alberucci, M. Peccianti, G. Assanto, A. Dyadyusha, and M. Kaczmarek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 153903 (2006).
[Crossref]

Proc. R. Soc. London A (1)

J. F. Nye and M. V. Berry, Proc. R. Soc. London A 336, 165 (1974).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

G. A. Swartzlander, Optical Vortices (CRC Press, 2014).

Y. S. Kivshar and G. P. Agrawal, Optical Solitons: From Fibers to Photonic Crystals (Academic, 2003).

G. Assanto and N. F. Smyth, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2015), in press.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup: L 1 , 2 are the green ( λ 1 = 671 nm ) and red ( λ 2 = 532 nm ) cw lasers. λ / 2 : half-wave plates; BS: beam splitters; DH: vortex hologram; M: mirrors; MO 1 : 10 × microscope objective; MO 2 : 20 × microscope objective; NLC: sample; RF: red bandpass filter; CCD: charge-coupled device camera. Insets (a) and (b) show the transverse intensity distributions of the input vortex and Gaussian beams, respectively.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental results depicting the behavior of each vector beam component, i.e., a Gaussian (left, green) or a single-charge vortex (right, red) propagating separately in the NLC cell. (a), (b) Input profiles of each component. (c)–(f) Output profiles of beam components for various levels of input powers P g and P r for the Gaussian (green) and the vortex (red) components, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimentally observed output intensity distribution of the vortex component of the composite beam in the NLC cell for various input powers of the fundamental (Gaussian) component P g . (a), (b) Azimuthal instability of the vortex and its breakup into a dipole-like structure for low powers of the fundamental (Gaussian) component. (c) Stable propagation of the vortex beam as the component of the stable vector nematicon. (d) Corresponding interferogram confirming its vortex nature.

Equations (1)

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Γ = Δ ϵ ( n ^ · E ) ( n ^ E ) .

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