Abstract

We report the generation of transform-limited 4.3-cycle (23 fs) pulses at 1.6 μm from a degenerate doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator (OPO) pumped by a 1 GHz mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser. A χ(2) nonlinear envelope equation was used to inform the experimental implementation of intracavity group-delay dispersion compensation, resulting in resonant pulses with a 169 nm full width half-maximum spectral bandwidth, close to the bandwidth predicted by theory.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. F. Phillips, A. G. Glenday, C.-H. Li, C. Cramer, G. Furesz, G. Chang, A. J. Benedick, L.-J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, S. Korzennik, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, Opt. Express 20, 13711 (2012).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  24. D. E. Zelmon, D. L. Small, and D. Jundt, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 3319 (1997).
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2015 (3)

2014 (1)

S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, T. Ideguchi, M. Yan, S. Holzner, T. W. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, Laser Photon. Rev. 8, L86 (2014).

2013 (1)

M. W. Haakestad, A. Marandi, N. Leindecker, and K. L. Vodopyanov, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L93 (2013).

2012 (5)

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

M. Conforti, F. Baronio, and C. De Angelis, Phys. Rev. A 81, 053841 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (3)

2007 (3)

J. H. Sun, B. J. S. Gale, and D. T. Reid, Opt. Lett. 32, 1414 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and V. Mbele, Nature 445, 627 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 035107 (2007).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

X. P. Zhang, J. Hebling, A. Bartels, D. Nau, J. Kuhl, W. W. Rühle, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1873 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

K. Fradkin, A. Arie, A. Skliar, and G. Rosenman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 914 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

Arie, A.

K. Fradkin, A. Arie, A. Skliar, and G. Rosenman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 914 (1999).
[Crossref]

Balskus, K.

Baronio, F.

M. Conforti, F. Baronio, and C. De Angelis, Phys. Rev. A 81, 053841 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bartels, A.

R. Gebs, T. Dekorsy, S. A. Diddams, and A. Bartels, Opt. Express 16, 5397 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 035107 (2007).
[Crossref]

X. P. Zhang, J. Hebling, A. Bartels, D. Nau, J. Kuhl, W. W. Rühle, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1873 (2002).
[Crossref]

Benedick, A. J.

Byer, R. L.

Cerna, R.

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 035107 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chaitanya Kumar, S.

S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, T. Ideguchi, M. Yan, S. Holzner, T. W. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, Laser Photon. Rev. 8, L86 (2014).

Chang, G.

D. F. Phillips, A. G. Glenday, C.-H. Li, C. Cramer, G. Furesz, G. Chang, A. J. Benedick, L.-J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, S. Korzennik, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, Opt. Express 20, 13711 (2012).
[Crossref]

H.-W. Chen, G. Chang, S. Xu, Z. Yang, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 37, 3522 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Chao, M. Y. Sander, G. Chang, J. L. Morse, J. A. Cox, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Self-referenced erbium fiber laser frequency comb at a GHz repetition rate,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), March2012, paper OW1C.2.

Chao, D.

D. Chao, M. Y. Sander, G. Chang, J. L. Morse, J. A. Cox, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Self-referenced erbium fiber laser frequency comb at a GHz repetition rate,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), March2012, paper OW1C.2.

Chen, H.-W.

Chen, L.-J.

Conforti, M.

M. Conforti, F. Baronio, and C. De Angelis, Phys. Rev. A 81, 053841 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cox, J. A.

D. Chao, M. Y. Sander, G. Chang, J. L. Morse, J. A. Cox, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Self-referenced erbium fiber laser frequency comb at a GHz repetition rate,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), March2012, paper OW1C.2.

Cramer, C.

De Angelis, C.

M. Conforti, F. Baronio, and C. De Angelis, Phys. Rev. A 81, 053841 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dekorsy, T.

R. Gebs, T. Dekorsy, S. A. Diddams, and A. Bartels, Opt. Express 16, 5397 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 035107 (2007).
[Crossref]

Diddams, S.

Y. Kobayashi, D. Yoshitomi, K. Torizuka, T. Fortier, and S. Diddams, “Sub 6-fs pulses generated from a broadband 1-GHz Ti:sapphire oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), May2007, paper CTuC3.

Diddams, S. A.

Digonnet, M.

Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, T. Ideguchi, M. Yan, S. Holzner, T. W. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, Laser Photon. Rev. 8, L86 (2014).

O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, Opt. Express 17, 15635 (2009).
[Crossref]

Esteban-Martin, A.

S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, T. Ideguchi, M. Yan, S. Holzner, T. W. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, Laser Photon. Rev. 8, L86 (2014).

O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, Opt. Express 17, 15635 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fermann, M.

Ferreiro, T. I.

Fortier, T.

Y. Kobayashi, D. Yoshitomi, K. Torizuka, T. Fortier, and S. Diddams, “Sub 6-fs pulses generated from a broadband 1-GHz Ti:sapphire oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), May2007, paper CTuC3.

Fradkin, K.

K. Fradkin, A. Arie, A. Skliar, and G. Rosenman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 914 (1999).
[Crossref]

Furesz, G.

Gale, B. J. S.

Gebs, R.

Giessen, H.

X. P. Zhang, J. Hebling, A. Bartels, D. Nau, J. Kuhl, W. W. Rühle, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1873 (2002).
[Crossref]

Glenday, A. G.

Haakestad, M. W.

M. W. Haakestad, A. Marandi, N. Leindecker, and K. L. Vodopyanov, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L93 (2013).

Halonen, L.

Hänsch, T. W.

S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, T. Ideguchi, M. Yan, S. Holzner, T. W. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, Laser Photon. Rev. 8, L86 (2014).

Hartl, I.

Hebling, J.

X. P. Zhang, J. Hebling, A. Bartels, D. Nau, J. Kuhl, W. W. Rühle, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1873 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hollberg, L.

S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and V. Mbele, Nature 445, 627 (2007).
[Crossref]

Holzner, S.

S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, T. Ideguchi, M. Yan, S. Holzner, T. W. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, Laser Photon. Rev. 8, L86 (2014).

Hudert, F.

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 035107 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ideguchi, T.

S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, T. Ideguchi, M. Yan, S. Holzner, T. W. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, Laser Photon. Rev. 8, L86 (2014).

Ingold, K. A.

Ippen, E. P.

D. Chao, M. Y. Sander, G. Chang, J. L. Morse, J. A. Cox, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Self-referenced erbium fiber laser frequency comb at a GHz repetition rate,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), March2012, paper OW1C.2.

Janke, C.

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 035107 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jiang, J.

Jundt, D.

Kärtner, F. X.

D. F. Phillips, A. G. Glenday, C.-H. Li, C. Cramer, G. Furesz, G. Chang, A. J. Benedick, L.-J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, S. Korzennik, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, Opt. Express 20, 13711 (2012).
[Crossref]

H.-W. Chen, G. Chang, S. Xu, Z. Yang, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 37, 3522 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Chao, M. Y. Sander, G. Chang, J. L. Morse, J. A. Cox, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Self-referenced erbium fiber laser frequency comb at a GHz repetition rate,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), March2012, paper OW1C.2.

Keller, U.

Kistner, C.

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 035107 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, Y.

Y. Kobayashi, D. Yoshitomi, K. Torizuka, T. Fortier, and S. Diddams, “Sub 6-fs pulses generated from a broadband 1-GHz Ti:sapphire oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), May2007, paper CTuC3.

Kokabee, O.

Kolodziejski, L. A.

D. Chao, M. Y. Sander, G. Chang, J. L. Morse, J. A. Cox, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Self-referenced erbium fiber laser frequency comb at a GHz repetition rate,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), March2012, paper OW1C.2.

Korzennik, S.

Kuhl, J.

X. P. Zhang, J. Hebling, A. Bartels, D. Nau, J. Kuhl, W. W. Rühle, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1873 (2002).
[Crossref]

Leindecker, N.

Leitch, S. M.

Li, C.-H.

Liu, J.

Marandi, A.

Mbele, V.

S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and V. Mbele, Nature 445, 627 (2007).
[Crossref]

McCracken, R. A.

Merimaa, M.

Morse, J. L.

D. Chao, M. Y. Sander, G. Chang, J. L. Morse, J. A. Cox, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Self-referenced erbium fiber laser frequency comb at a GHz repetition rate,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), March2012, paper OW1C.2.

Nau, D.

X. P. Zhang, J. Hebling, A. Bartels, D. Nau, J. Kuhl, W. W. Rühle, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1873 (2002).
[Crossref]

Oehler, A. E. H.

Petrich, G. S.

D. Chao, M. Y. Sander, G. Chang, J. L. Morse, J. A. Cox, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Self-referenced erbium fiber laser frequency comb at a GHz repetition rate,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), March2012, paper OW1C.2.

Phillips, D. F.

Picqué, N.

S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, T. Ideguchi, M. Yan, S. Holzner, T. W. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, Laser Photon. Rev. 8, L86 (2014).

Plettner, T.

Reid, D. T.

Rosenman, G.

K. Fradkin, A. Arie, A. Skliar, and G. Rosenman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 914 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rudy, C. W.

Rühle, W. W.

X. P. Zhang, J. Hebling, A. Bartels, D. Nau, J. Kuhl, W. W. Rühle, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1873 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sander, M. Y.

D. Chao, M. Y. Sander, G. Chang, J. L. Morse, J. A. Cox, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Self-referenced erbium fiber laser frequency comb at a GHz repetition rate,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), March2012, paper OW1C.2.

Sasselov, D.

Schunemann, P. G.

Skliar, A.

K. Fradkin, A. Arie, A. Skliar, and G. Rosenman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 914 (1999).
[Crossref]

Small, D. L.

Südmeyer, T.

Sun, J.

Sun, J. H.

Szentgyorgyi, A.

Thoma, A.

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 035107 (2007).
[Crossref]

Torizuka, K.

Y. Kobayashi, D. Yoshitomi, K. Torizuka, T. Fortier, and S. Diddams, “Sub 6-fs pulses generated from a broadband 1-GHz Ti:sapphire oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), May2007, paper CTuC3.

Urbanek, K.

Vainio, M.

Vodopyanov, K.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Walsworth, R. L.

Wan, P.

Weingarten, K. J.

Wolf, S. J.

Wong, S. T.

Xu, S.

Yan, M.

S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, T. Ideguchi, M. Yan, S. Holzner, T. W. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, Laser Photon. Rev. 8, L86 (2014).

Yang, L.

Yang, Z.

Yoshitomi, D.

Y. Kobayashi, D. Yoshitomi, K. Torizuka, T. Fortier, and S. Diddams, “Sub 6-fs pulses generated from a broadband 1-GHz Ti:sapphire oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), May2007, paper CTuC3.

Zelmon, D. E.

Zhang, X. P.

X. P. Zhang, J. Hebling, A. Bartels, D. Nau, J. Kuhl, W. W. Rühle, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1873 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

X. P. Zhang, J. Hebling, A. Bartels, D. Nau, J. Kuhl, W. W. Rühle, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1873 (2002).
[Crossref]

K. Fradkin, A. Arie, A. Skliar, and G. Rosenman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 914 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Photon. Rev. (2)

M. W. Haakestad, A. Marandi, N. Leindecker, and K. L. Vodopyanov, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L93 (2013).

S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, T. Ideguchi, M. Yan, S. Holzner, T. W. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, Laser Photon. Rev. 8, L86 (2014).

Nature (1)

S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and V. Mbele, Nature 445, 627 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (11)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. Conforti, F. Baronio, and C. De Angelis, Phys. Rev. A 81, 053841 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 035107 (2007).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

Y. Kobayashi, D. Yoshitomi, K. Torizuka, T. Fortier, and S. Diddams, “Sub 6-fs pulses generated from a broadband 1-GHz Ti:sapphire oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), May2007, paper CTuC3.

D. Chao, M. Y. Sander, G. Chang, J. L. Morse, J. A. Cox, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Self-referenced erbium fiber laser frequency comb at a GHz repetition rate,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), March2012, paper OW1C.2.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Phase-matching diagrams for (a) 1.0 mm of PPLN [21] and (b) 0.6 mm of PPKTP. White lines indicate phase-matching efficiencies of > 50 % and are drawn as a visual guide. The color scale corresponds to sinc 2 ( Δ k L / 2 ) , which is a direct measure of the phase-matching efficiency.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Left: color-map representation of the intensity of the participating intracavity pulses as the OPO builds up to a steady-state condition after approximately 100 round trips, with the main fields being the pump + OPO sum-frequency light near 500 nm, the pump at 800 nm, and the OPO around 1600 nm. The round trip cavity reflectivity used in the model is represented in white. Right: power contained in the OPO field, evaluated in the range of 1000–2000 nm.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Optical and electronic layout of the degenerate 1 GHz PPKTP OPO. HPF, high-pass filter; LPF, low-pass filter; PD, photodiode; PZT, piezoelectric transducer.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Output power of the OPO as the cavity length was scanned. The spacing between oscillation peaks corresponds to one pump wavelength. While both peaks A and B were found to be degenerate, the broadest bandwidth was obtainable from peak B.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Modeled spectra of the OPO operated without (green) and with (blue) a 1 mm fused-silica intracavity wedge. (b) Experimental spectra obtained without (green) and with (blue) an intracavity fused-silica wedge. (c) Two-photon autocorrelation of the OPO pulses generated using the intracavity fused-silica wedge. The red line shows the autocorrelation envelope derived by Fourier transforming the blue spectrum in (b), illustrating that the pulses are transform-limited directly from the OPO cavity. Full width half-maximum bandwidths are shown in (a) and (b).

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