Abstract

We report the first excitation of surface plasmon waves at near-infrared telecommunication wavelengths using polymer optical fibers (POFs) made of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA). For this, weakly tilted fiber-Bragg gratings (TFBGs) have been photo-inscribed in the core of step-index POFs and the fiber coated with a thin gold layer. Surface plasmon resonance is excited with radially polarized modes and is spectrally observed as a singular extinction of some cladding-mode resonances in the transmitted amplitude spectrum of gold-coated TFBGs. The refractometric sensitivity can reach 550nm/RIU (refractive index unit) with a figure of merit of more than 2000 and intrinsic temperature self-compensation. This kind of sensor is particularly relevant to in situ operation.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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