Abstract

Shear-wave imaging optical coherence elastography (SWI-OCE) is an emerging method for 3D quantitative assessment of tissue local mechanical properties based on imaging and analysis of elastic wave propagation. Current methods for SWI-OCE involve multiple temporal optical coherence tomography scans (M-mode) at different spatial locations across tissue surface (B- and C-modes). This requires an excitation for each measurement position leading to clinically unacceptable long acquisition times up to tens of minutes. In this Letter, we demonstrate, for the first time, noncontact true kilohertz frame-rate OCE by combining a Fourier domain mode-locked swept source laser with an A-scan rate of 1.5MHz and a focused air-pulse as an elastic wave excitation source. The propagation of the elastic wave in the sample was imaged at a frame rate of 7.3kHz. Therefore, to quantify the elastic wave propagation velocity in a single direction, only a single excitation was needed. This method was validated by quantifying the elasticity of tissue-mimicking agar phantoms as well as of a porcine cornea ex vivo at different intraocular pressures. The results demonstrate that this method can reduce the acquisition time of an elastogram to milliseconds.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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