Abstract

Efficient conversion of ultraviolet-laser output to visible radiation has been demonstrated with multiple Stokes Raman amplification in hydrogen gas using an oscillator–amplifier combination. Initial experiments with the third harmonic of a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser at 355 nm yielded nearly complete pump depletion in a 2-m amplifier, whereas photon-conversion efficiencies of 49 and 51% have been observed for the first and second Stokes orders, respectively.

© 1979 Optical Society of America

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Corrections

H. Komine and E. A. Stappaerts, "Efficient higher-Stokes-order Raman conversion in molecular gases: errata," Opt. Lett. 5, 78-78 (1980)
https://www.osapublishing.org/ol/abstract.cfm?uri=ol-5-2-78

References

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  1. R. Burnham, N. Djeu, “Efficient Raman conversion of XeCl-laser radiation in metal vapors”, Opt. Lett. 3, 215–217 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. Cotter, W. Zapka, “Efficient Raman conversion of XeCl excimer laser radiation in Ba Vapor”, Opt. Commun. 26, 251–255 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. R. Loree, R. C. Sze, D. L. Barker, “Efficient Raman shifting of ArF and KrF laser wavelengths”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 37–39 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. von der Linde, M. Maier, W. Kaiser, “Quantitative investigations of the stimulated Raman effect using subnanosecond light pulses”, Phys. Rev. 178, 11–17 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. Bloembergen, G. Bret, P. Lallemand, A. Pine, P. Simova, “Controlled stimulated Raman amplification and oscillation in hydrogen gas”, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 197–201 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. W. Minck, R. W. Terhune, W. G. Rado, “Laser-stimulated Raman effect and resonant four-photon interactions in gases H2, D2, and CH4”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 3, 181–184 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Z. Grasyuk, “Raman lasers (review)”, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 269–282 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. A. Korolev, O. M. Vokhnik, V. I. Odintsov, “Signal gain in stimulated scattering with broad-band pumping”, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 2, 86–87 (1976).

1978 (2)

D. Cotter, W. Zapka, “Efficient Raman conversion of XeCl excimer laser radiation in Ba Vapor”, Opt. Commun. 26, 251–255 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. Burnham, N. Djeu, “Efficient Raman conversion of XeCl-laser radiation in metal vapors”, Opt. Lett. 3, 215–217 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1977 (1)

T. R. Loree, R. C. Sze, D. L. Barker, “Efficient Raman shifting of ArF and KrF laser wavelengths”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 37–39 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

F. A. Korolev, O. M. Vokhnik, V. I. Odintsov, “Signal gain in stimulated scattering with broad-band pumping”, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 2, 86–87 (1976).

1974 (1)

A. Z. Grasyuk, “Raman lasers (review)”, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 269–282 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

D. von der Linde, M. Maier, W. Kaiser, “Quantitative investigations of the stimulated Raman effect using subnanosecond light pulses”, Phys. Rev. 178, 11–17 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

N. Bloembergen, G. Bret, P. Lallemand, A. Pine, P. Simova, “Controlled stimulated Raman amplification and oscillation in hydrogen gas”, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 197–201 (1967).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

R. W. Minck, R. W. Terhune, W. G. Rado, “Laser-stimulated Raman effect and resonant four-photon interactions in gases H2, D2, and CH4”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 3, 181–184 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Barker, D. L.

T. R. Loree, R. C. Sze, D. L. Barker, “Efficient Raman shifting of ArF and KrF laser wavelengths”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 37–39 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

N. Bloembergen, G. Bret, P. Lallemand, A. Pine, P. Simova, “Controlled stimulated Raman amplification and oscillation in hydrogen gas”, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 197–201 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Bret, G.

N. Bloembergen, G. Bret, P. Lallemand, A. Pine, P. Simova, “Controlled stimulated Raman amplification and oscillation in hydrogen gas”, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 197–201 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Burnham, R.

Cotter, D.

D. Cotter, W. Zapka, “Efficient Raman conversion of XeCl excimer laser radiation in Ba Vapor”, Opt. Commun. 26, 251–255 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Djeu, N.

Grasyuk, A. Z.

A. Z. Grasyuk, “Raman lasers (review)”, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 269–282 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, W.

D. von der Linde, M. Maier, W. Kaiser, “Quantitative investigations of the stimulated Raman effect using subnanosecond light pulses”, Phys. Rev. 178, 11–17 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Korolev, F. A.

F. A. Korolev, O. M. Vokhnik, V. I. Odintsov, “Signal gain in stimulated scattering with broad-band pumping”, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 2, 86–87 (1976).

Lallemand, P.

N. Bloembergen, G. Bret, P. Lallemand, A. Pine, P. Simova, “Controlled stimulated Raman amplification and oscillation in hydrogen gas”, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 197–201 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Loree, T. R.

T. R. Loree, R. C. Sze, D. L. Barker, “Efficient Raman shifting of ArF and KrF laser wavelengths”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 37–39 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Maier, M.

D. von der Linde, M. Maier, W. Kaiser, “Quantitative investigations of the stimulated Raman effect using subnanosecond light pulses”, Phys. Rev. 178, 11–17 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Minck, R. W.

R. W. Minck, R. W. Terhune, W. G. Rado, “Laser-stimulated Raman effect and resonant four-photon interactions in gases H2, D2, and CH4”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 3, 181–184 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Odintsov, V. I.

F. A. Korolev, O. M. Vokhnik, V. I. Odintsov, “Signal gain in stimulated scattering with broad-band pumping”, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 2, 86–87 (1976).

Pine, A.

N. Bloembergen, G. Bret, P. Lallemand, A. Pine, P. Simova, “Controlled stimulated Raman amplification and oscillation in hydrogen gas”, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 197–201 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Rado, W. G.

R. W. Minck, R. W. Terhune, W. G. Rado, “Laser-stimulated Raman effect and resonant four-photon interactions in gases H2, D2, and CH4”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 3, 181–184 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Simova, P.

N. Bloembergen, G. Bret, P. Lallemand, A. Pine, P. Simova, “Controlled stimulated Raman amplification and oscillation in hydrogen gas”, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 197–201 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Sze, R. C.

T. R. Loree, R. C. Sze, D. L. Barker, “Efficient Raman shifting of ArF and KrF laser wavelengths”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 37–39 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Terhune, R. W.

R. W. Minck, R. W. Terhune, W. G. Rado, “Laser-stimulated Raman effect and resonant four-photon interactions in gases H2, D2, and CH4”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 3, 181–184 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Vokhnik, O. M.

F. A. Korolev, O. M. Vokhnik, V. I. Odintsov, “Signal gain in stimulated scattering with broad-band pumping”, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 2, 86–87 (1976).

von der Linde, D.

D. von der Linde, M. Maier, W. Kaiser, “Quantitative investigations of the stimulated Raman effect using subnanosecond light pulses”, Phys. Rev. 178, 11–17 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Zapka, W.

D. Cotter, W. Zapka, “Efficient Raman conversion of XeCl excimer laser radiation in Ba Vapor”, Opt. Commun. 26, 251–255 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

T. R. Loree, R. C. Sze, D. L. Barker, “Efficient Raman shifting of ArF and KrF laser wavelengths”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 37–39 (1977).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Minck, R. W. Terhune, W. G. Rado, “Laser-stimulated Raman effect and resonant four-photon interactions in gases H2, D2, and CH4”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 3, 181–184 (1963).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. Bloembergen, G. Bret, P. Lallemand, A. Pine, P. Simova, “Controlled stimulated Raman amplification and oscillation in hydrogen gas”, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 197–201 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Cotter, W. Zapka, “Efficient Raman conversion of XeCl excimer laser radiation in Ba Vapor”, Opt. Commun. 26, 251–255 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. (1)

D. von der Linde, M. Maier, W. Kaiser, “Quantitative investigations of the stimulated Raman effect using subnanosecond light pulses”, Phys. Rev. 178, 11–17 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Z. Grasyuk, “Raman lasers (review)”, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 269–282 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. A. Korolev, O. M. Vokhnik, V. I. Odintsov, “Signal gain in stimulated scattering with broad-band pumping”, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 2, 86–87 (1976).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Multiple Stokes Raman amplifier experimental layout.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Multiple Stokes Raman oscillator: energy-conversion efficiency versus pump energy for S1, S2, and S3 in H2 gas (10 amagats).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Multiple Stokes Raman amplifier: normalized energy output versus pump energy.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Amplified Stokes pulse shape and pump depletion: P, pump pulse without injected Stokes; P′, depleted pump pulse with injected Stokes.

Equations (1)

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d I n d z = g n - 1 I n I n - 1 - g n - 1 I n I n + 1 ,

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