Abstract

We demonstrate for the first time to our knowledge a Raman random fiber laser (RRFL) based on a long random fiber Bragg grating (RFBG-RRFL). Unlike other recently demonstrated random fiber lasers that rely on incoherent Rayleigh scattering feedback, the present scheme uses randomly distributed phase shifts inside a fiber-meter long Bragg grating as a random coherent feedback mechanism. The laser is pumped at 1480 nm and emits a CW signal at 1576 nm. The emission spectrum is dependent on pump intensity and is shown to exhibit single and multi-mode characteristics. The RRFL shows a relatively low threshold (2.2 W) and a 430kHz FWHM linewidth.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (1)

2013 (2)

2012 (4)

J. Shi, S. Alam, and M. Ibsen, Opt. Express 20, 5082 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Shi, S. Alam, and M. Ibsen, Opt. Lett. 37, 1544 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 253901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Bliokh, E. I. Chaikina, N. Lizárraga, E. R. Méndez, V. Freilikher, and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. B 86, 054204 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

2010 (2)

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. A 82, 033828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

Y. Hu and N. G. R. Broderick, Opt. Commun. 282, 3356 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Gagné and R. Kashyap, Opt. Express 17, 19067 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

C. J. S. de Matos, L. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

H. Cao, Waves Random Media 13, R1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 38 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Abedin, K. S.

Abu Bakar, M. H.

Alam, S.

Ania-Castanon, J. D.

A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 36, 130 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. A 82, 033828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ania-Castañón, J. D.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Babin, S. A.

A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 36, 130 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. A 82, 033828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bakar, A. A. A.

Balachandran, R. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bao, X.

Bliokh, Y.

Y. Bliokh, E. I. Chaikina, N. Lizárraga, E. R. Méndez, V. Freilikher, and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. B 86, 054204 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bojor, L.

Brito-Silva, A. M.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Broderick, N. G. R.

Y. Hu and N. G. R. Broderick, Opt. Commun. 282, 3356 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cao, H.

H. Cao, Waves Random Media 13, R1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chaikina, E. I.

Y. Bliokh, E. I. Chaikina, N. Lizárraga, E. R. Méndez, V. Freilikher, and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. B 86, 054204 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

Chen, Y.

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 253901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Churkin, D. V.

S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, and D. V. Churkin, Opt. Express 21, 16466 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 36, 130 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. A 82, 033828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

de Araújo, C. B.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

de Matos, C. J. S.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Derickson, D.

D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement (Prentice Hall, 1998).

El-Taher, A. E.

A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 36, 130 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. A 82, 033828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, B.

Freilikher, V.

Y. Bliokh, E. I. Chaikina, N. Lizárraga, E. R. Méndez, V. Freilikher, and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. B 86, 054204 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Q.

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 253901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gagné, M.

Gomes, A. S. L.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Harper, P.

A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 36, 130 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. A 82, 033828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Y.

Y. Hu and N. G. R. Broderick, Opt. Commun. 282, 3356 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Z.

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 253901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

Kablukov, S. I.

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. A 82, 033828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Karalekas, V.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. A 82, 033828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

Kremp, T.

Lawandy, N. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lizárraga, N.

Y. Bliokh, E. I. Chaikina, N. Lizárraga, E. R. Méndez, V. Freilikher, and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. B 86, 054204 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Y.

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 253901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Maciejko, R.

Mahamd Adikan, F. R.

Mahdi, M. A.

Martinez Gámez, M. A.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Méndez, E. R.

Y. Bliokh, E. I. Chaikina, N. Lizárraga, E. R. Méndez, V. Freilikher, and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. B 86, 054204 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Menezes, L.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Miao, B.

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 253901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ming, H.

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 253901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nicholson, J. W.

Nori, F.

Y. Bliokh, E. I. Chaikina, N. Lizárraga, E. R. Méndez, V. Freilikher, and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. B 86, 054204 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pang, M.

Perlin, V. E.

V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 38 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Podivilov, E. V.

A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 36, 130 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. A 82, 033828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Porque, J.

Sarmani, A. R.

Sauvain, E.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shapira, O.

Shi, J.

Shu, X.

Sugavanam, S.

Tarasov, N.

Turitsyn, S. K.

A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 36, 130 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. A 82, 033828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 253901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Westbrook, P. S.

Winful, H. G.

V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 38 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D.

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 253901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 253901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 253901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zou, G.

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 253901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 38 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. Hu and N. G. R. Broderick, Opt. Commun. 282, 3356 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. A 82, 033828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

Y. Bliokh, E. I. Chaikina, N. Lizárraga, E. R. Méndez, V. Freilikher, and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. B 86, 054204 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

C. J. S. de Matos, L. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 253901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Waves Random Media (1)

H. Cao, Waves Random Media 13, R1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement (Prentice Hall, 1998).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Random FBG phase profile sample over 50 mm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Transmission spectrum of (a) 26 mm, (b) 100 mm, and (c) 1000 mm random FBG. Note that the transmission dip of the 1000 mm RFBG spectrum is limited by the resolution of the swept wavelength source (SWS) and exceeds the apparent 50dB shown in the figure.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

RFBG-RRFL experimental setup.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Laser output power as a function of the injected pump power.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Forward emission spectra of the RFBG-RRFL at different pump powers.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Delayed self-heterodyne RF spectra of the Raman random FBG laser for a pump power of 3 W.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

RIN spectrum over a 6 GHz span.

Metrics