Abstract

In this Letter, we report the addition of Pr3+ and Mg2+ in CSS:Ce3+, Mn2+ phosphor for improving the performances of white light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The additional trivalent Pr3+ will occupy the Ca2+ site in this host like the situation of Ce3+, its concentration can be enhanced by the addition of Mg2+ in Sc3+ site due to the substitution of Mg2+ for Sc3+ can compensate the charge mismatch between Pr3+ and Ca2+. Based on the efficient Ce3+Pr3+ and Mn2+Pr3+ energy transfers (ETs) and the compensation effect of Mg2+, the additional Pr3+ in our present phosphors exhibits an intense red-emission around 610 nm, which is significant for enhancing the color rendering property. In addition, we also find that the additional Mg2+ in Sc3+ site can markedly adjust the photoluminescence (PL) spectrum shape of our phosphor by controlling the distribution of Mn2+ at Ca2+ and Sc3+ sites. A new tunable full-color emission is obtained via the ETs (Ce3+Mn2+, Ce3+Pr3+ and Mn2+Pr3+) and the adjusting effect of Mg2+ in our present phosphors. Finally, a white LED with higher color rendering index of 90, lower correlated color temperature of 4980 K, and chromaticity coordinates of (0.34, 0.31) was obtained by combining the single CSS:0.08Ce3+, 0.01Pr3+, 0.3Mn2+, 0.2Mg2+ phosphor with a blue-emitting InGaN LED chip.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. F. Schubert and J. K. Kim, Science 308, 1274 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Bando, K. Sakano, Y. Noguchi, and Y. Shimizu, J. Light Visual Environ. 22, 2 (1998).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

X. F. Li, J. D. Budai, F. Liu, J. Y. Howe, J. H. Zhang, X. J. Wang, Z. J. Gu, C. J. Sun, R. S. Meltzer, and Z. W. Pan, Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e50 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

Y. F. Liu, X. Zhang, Z. D. Hao, Y. S. Luo, X. J. Wang, and J. H. Zhang, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 16379 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

K. V. Ivanovskikh, A. Meijerink, F. Piccinelli, A. Speghini, E. I. Zinin, C. Ronda, and M. Bettinelli, J. Lumin. 130, 893 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

R. Piramidowicz, K. Ławniczuk, M. Nakielska, J. Sarnecki, and M. Malinowski, J. Lumin. 128, 708 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimomura, T. Kurushima, M. Shigeiwa, and N. Kijima, J. Electrochem. Soc. 155, J45 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Li, T. Watanabe, N. Sakamoto, H. Wada, T. Setoyama, and M. Yoshimura, Chem. Mater. 20, 2095 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, D. Y. Jeon, and S. S. Kim, J. Lumin. 126, 371 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimomura, T. Honma, M. Shigeiwa, T. Akai, K. Okamoto, and N. Kijima, J. Electrochem. Soc. 154, J35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, T. Suehiro, F. F. Xu, and M. Mitomo, Chem. Mater. 18, 5578 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

E. F. Schubert and J. K. Kim, Science 308, 1274 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

S. Pinelli, S. Bigotta, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, E. Cavalli, and E. Bovero, Opt. Mater. 25, 91 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

K. Bando, K. Sakano, Y. Noguchi, and Y. Shimizu, J. Light Visual Environ. 22, 2 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Akai, T.

Y. Shimomura, T. Honma, M. Shigeiwa, T. Akai, K. Okamoto, and N. Kijima, J. Electrochem. Soc. 154, J35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bando, K.

K. Bando, K. Sakano, Y. Noguchi, and Y. Shimizu, J. Light Visual Environ. 22, 2 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bettinelli, M.

K. V. Ivanovskikh, A. Meijerink, F. Piccinelli, A. Speghini, E. I. Zinin, C. Ronda, and M. Bettinelli, J. Lumin. 130, 893 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bigotta, S.

S. Pinelli, S. Bigotta, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, E. Cavalli, and E. Bovero, Opt. Mater. 25, 91 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bovero, E.

S. Pinelli, S. Bigotta, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, E. Cavalli, and E. Bovero, Opt. Mater. 25, 91 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Budai, J. D.

X. F. Li, J. D. Budai, F. Liu, J. Y. Howe, J. H. Zhang, X. J. Wang, Z. J. Gu, C. J. Sun, R. S. Meltzer, and Z. W. Pan, Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e50 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Cavalli, E.

S. Pinelli, S. Bigotta, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, E. Cavalli, and E. Bovero, Opt. Mater. 25, 91 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gu, Z. J.

X. F. Li, J. D. Budai, F. Liu, J. Y. Howe, J. H. Zhang, X. J. Wang, Z. J. Gu, C. J. Sun, R. S. Meltzer, and Z. W. Pan, Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e50 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hao, Z. D.

Y. F. Liu, X. Zhang, Z. D. Hao, Y. S. Luo, X. J. Wang, and J. H. Zhang, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 16379 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hirosaki, N.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, T. Suehiro, F. F. Xu, and M. Mitomo, Chem. Mater. 18, 5578 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Honma, T.

Y. Shimomura, T. Honma, M. Shigeiwa, T. Akai, K. Okamoto, and N. Kijima, J. Electrochem. Soc. 154, J35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Howe, J. Y.

X. F. Li, J. D. Budai, F. Liu, J. Y. Howe, J. H. Zhang, X. J. Wang, Z. J. Gu, C. J. Sun, R. S. Meltzer, and Z. W. Pan, Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e50 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Im, W. B.

H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, D. Y. Jeon, and S. S. Kim, J. Lumin. 126, 371 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ivanovskikh, K. V.

K. V. Ivanovskikh, A. Meijerink, F. Piccinelli, A. Speghini, E. I. Zinin, C. Ronda, and M. Bettinelli, J. Lumin. 130, 893 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jang, H. S.

H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, D. Y. Jeon, and S. S. Kim, J. Lumin. 126, 371 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, D. Y.

H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, D. Y. Jeon, and S. S. Kim, J. Lumin. 126, 371 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kijima, N.

Y. Shimomura, T. Kurushima, M. Shigeiwa, and N. Kijima, J. Electrochem. Soc. 155, J45 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimomura, T. Honma, M. Shigeiwa, T. Akai, K. Okamoto, and N. Kijima, J. Electrochem. Soc. 154, J35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. K.

E. F. Schubert and J. K. Kim, Science 308, 1274 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. S.

H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, D. Y. Jeon, and S. S. Kim, J. Lumin. 126, 371 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kurushima, T.

Y. Shimomura, T. Kurushima, M. Shigeiwa, and N. Kijima, J. Electrochem. Soc. 155, J45 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lawniczuk, K.

R. Piramidowicz, K. Ławniczuk, M. Nakielska, J. Sarnecki, and M. Malinowski, J. Lumin. 128, 708 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D. C.

H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, D. Y. Jeon, and S. S. Kim, J. Lumin. 126, 371 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, J. W.

J. W. Li, T. Watanabe, N. Sakamoto, H. Wada, T. Setoyama, and M. Yoshimura, Chem. Mater. 20, 2095 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. F.

X. F. Li, J. D. Budai, F. Liu, J. Y. Howe, J. H. Zhang, X. J. Wang, Z. J. Gu, C. J. Sun, R. S. Meltzer, and Z. W. Pan, Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e50 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liu, F.

X. F. Li, J. D. Budai, F. Liu, J. Y. Howe, J. H. Zhang, X. J. Wang, Z. J. Gu, C. J. Sun, R. S. Meltzer, and Z. W. Pan, Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e50 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. F.

Y. F. Liu, X. Zhang, Z. D. Hao, Y. S. Luo, X. J. Wang, and J. H. Zhang, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 16379 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Y. S.

Y. F. Liu, X. Zhang, Z. D. Hao, Y. S. Luo, X. J. Wang, and J. H. Zhang, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 16379 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Malinowski, M.

R. Piramidowicz, K. Ławniczuk, M. Nakielska, J. Sarnecki, and M. Malinowski, J. Lumin. 128, 708 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meijerink, A.

K. V. Ivanovskikh, A. Meijerink, F. Piccinelli, A. Speghini, E. I. Zinin, C. Ronda, and M. Bettinelli, J. Lumin. 130, 893 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Meltzer, R. S.

X. F. Li, J. D. Budai, F. Liu, J. Y. Howe, J. H. Zhang, X. J. Wang, Z. J. Gu, C. J. Sun, R. S. Meltzer, and Z. W. Pan, Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e50 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mitomo, M.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, T. Suehiro, F. F. Xu, and M. Mitomo, Chem. Mater. 18, 5578 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nakielska, M.

R. Piramidowicz, K. Ławniczuk, M. Nakielska, J. Sarnecki, and M. Malinowski, J. Lumin. 128, 708 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Noguchi, Y.

K. Bando, K. Sakano, Y. Noguchi, and Y. Shimizu, J. Light Visual Environ. 22, 2 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

Y. Shimomura, T. Honma, M. Shigeiwa, T. Akai, K. Okamoto, and N. Kijima, J. Electrochem. Soc. 154, J35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Z. W.

X. F. Li, J. D. Budai, F. Liu, J. Y. Howe, J. H. Zhang, X. J. Wang, Z. J. Gu, C. J. Sun, R. S. Meltzer, and Z. W. Pan, Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e50 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Piccinelli, F.

K. V. Ivanovskikh, A. Meijerink, F. Piccinelli, A. Speghini, E. I. Zinin, C. Ronda, and M. Bettinelli, J. Lumin. 130, 893 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pinelli, S.

S. Pinelli, S. Bigotta, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, E. Cavalli, and E. Bovero, Opt. Mater. 25, 91 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Piramidowicz, R.

R. Piramidowicz, K. Ławniczuk, M. Nakielska, J. Sarnecki, and M. Malinowski, J. Lumin. 128, 708 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ronda, C.

K. V. Ivanovskikh, A. Meijerink, F. Piccinelli, A. Speghini, E. I. Zinin, C. Ronda, and M. Bettinelli, J. Lumin. 130, 893 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sakamoto, N.

J. W. Li, T. Watanabe, N. Sakamoto, H. Wada, T. Setoyama, and M. Yoshimura, Chem. Mater. 20, 2095 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sakano, K.

K. Bando, K. Sakano, Y. Noguchi, and Y. Shimizu, J. Light Visual Environ. 22, 2 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sarnecki, J.

R. Piramidowicz, K. Ławniczuk, M. Nakielska, J. Sarnecki, and M. Malinowski, J. Lumin. 128, 708 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schubert, E. F.

E. F. Schubert and J. K. Kim, Science 308, 1274 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Setoyama, T.

J. W. Li, T. Watanabe, N. Sakamoto, H. Wada, T. Setoyama, and M. Yoshimura, Chem. Mater. 20, 2095 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shigeiwa, M.

Y. Shimomura, T. Kurushima, M. Shigeiwa, and N. Kijima, J. Electrochem. Soc. 155, J45 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimomura, T. Honma, M. Shigeiwa, T. Akai, K. Okamoto, and N. Kijima, J. Electrochem. Soc. 154, J35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, Y.

K. Bando, K. Sakano, Y. Noguchi, and Y. Shimizu, J. Light Visual Environ. 22, 2 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shimomura, Y.

Y. Shimomura, T. Kurushima, M. Shigeiwa, and N. Kijima, J. Electrochem. Soc. 155, J45 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimomura, T. Honma, M. Shigeiwa, T. Akai, K. Okamoto, and N. Kijima, J. Electrochem. Soc. 154, J35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Speghini, A.

K. V. Ivanovskikh, A. Meijerink, F. Piccinelli, A. Speghini, E. I. Zinin, C. Ronda, and M. Bettinelli, J. Lumin. 130, 893 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Suehiro, T.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, T. Suehiro, F. F. Xu, and M. Mitomo, Chem. Mater. 18, 5578 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C. J.

X. F. Li, J. D. Budai, F. Liu, J. Y. Howe, J. H. Zhang, X. J. Wang, Z. J. Gu, C. J. Sun, R. S. Meltzer, and Z. W. Pan, Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e50 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Toncelli, A.

S. Pinelli, S. Bigotta, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, E. Cavalli, and E. Bovero, Opt. Mater. 25, 91 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tonelli, M.

S. Pinelli, S. Bigotta, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, E. Cavalli, and E. Bovero, Opt. Mater. 25, 91 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wada, H.

J. W. Li, T. Watanabe, N. Sakamoto, H. Wada, T. Setoyama, and M. Yoshimura, Chem. Mater. 20, 2095 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. J.

X. F. Li, J. D. Budai, F. Liu, J. Y. Howe, J. H. Zhang, X. J. Wang, Z. J. Gu, C. J. Sun, R. S. Meltzer, and Z. W. Pan, Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e50 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Liu, X. Zhang, Z. D. Hao, Y. S. Luo, X. J. Wang, and J. H. Zhang, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 16379 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, T.

J. W. Li, T. Watanabe, N. Sakamoto, H. Wada, T. Setoyama, and M. Yoshimura, Chem. Mater. 20, 2095 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xie, R. J.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, T. Suehiro, F. F. Xu, and M. Mitomo, Chem. Mater. 18, 5578 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, F. F.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, T. Suehiro, F. F. Xu, and M. Mitomo, Chem. Mater. 18, 5578 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yoshimura, M.

J. W. Li, T. Watanabe, N. Sakamoto, H. Wada, T. Setoyama, and M. Yoshimura, Chem. Mater. 20, 2095 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. H.

X. F. Li, J. D. Budai, F. Liu, J. Y. Howe, J. H. Zhang, X. J. Wang, Z. J. Gu, C. J. Sun, R. S. Meltzer, and Z. W. Pan, Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e50 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Liu, X. Zhang, Z. D. Hao, Y. S. Luo, X. J. Wang, and J. H. Zhang, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 16379 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Y. F. Liu, X. Zhang, Z. D. Hao, Y. S. Luo, X. J. Wang, and J. H. Zhang, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 16379 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zinin, E. I.

K. V. Ivanovskikh, A. Meijerink, F. Piccinelli, A. Speghini, E. I. Zinin, C. Ronda, and M. Bettinelli, J. Lumin. 130, 893 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (2)

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, T. Suehiro, F. F. Xu, and M. Mitomo, Chem. Mater. 18, 5578 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Li, T. Watanabe, N. Sakamoto, H. Wada, T. Setoyama, and M. Yoshimura, Chem. Mater. 20, 2095 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Electrochem. Soc. (2)

Y. Shimomura, T. Honma, M. Shigeiwa, T. Akai, K. Okamoto, and N. Kijima, J. Electrochem. Soc. 154, J35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimomura, T. Kurushima, M. Shigeiwa, and N. Kijima, J. Electrochem. Soc. 155, J45 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Light Visual Environ. (1)

K. Bando, K. Sakano, Y. Noguchi, and Y. Shimizu, J. Light Visual Environ. 22, 2 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (3)

R. Piramidowicz, K. Ławniczuk, M. Nakielska, J. Sarnecki, and M. Malinowski, J. Lumin. 128, 708 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Ivanovskikh, A. Meijerink, F. Piccinelli, A. Speghini, E. I. Zinin, C. Ronda, and M. Bettinelli, J. Lumin. 130, 893 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, D. Y. Jeon, and S. S. Kim, J. Lumin. 126, 371 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

Y. F. Liu, X. Zhang, Z. D. Hao, Y. S. Luo, X. J. Wang, and J. H. Zhang, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 16379 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Light: Sci. Appl. (1)

X. F. Li, J. D. Budai, F. Liu, J. Y. Howe, J. H. Zhang, X. J. Wang, Z. J. Gu, C. J. Sun, R. S. Meltzer, and Z. W. Pan, Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e50 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. (1)

S. Pinelli, S. Bigotta, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, E. Cavalli, and E. Bovero, Opt. Mater. 25, 91 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

E. F. Schubert and J. K. Kim, Science 308, 1274 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

PLE and PL spectra for (a) CSS:0.05Ce3+, (b) CSS:0.2Mn2+, and (c) CSS:0.01Pr3+; PL spectra for (d) CSS:0.05Ce3+, 0.01Pr3+ and (e) CSS:0.2Mn2+, xPr3+ (x=0, 0.01).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) PL spectra for CSS:0.05Ce3+, 0.01Pr3+, 0.3Mn2+, yMg2+ and (b) the schematic for ETs in schematic crystal structure of present phosphors under excitation by blue light.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

PL spectra for (a) CSS:0.05Ce3+, yMg2+, (b) CSS:0.01Pr3+, yMg2+, and (c) CSS:0.3Mn2+, yMg2+.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Temperature dependence of integral PL intensity of YAG:0.06Ce3+, CSS:0.05Ce3+, and CSS:0.05Ce3+, 0.01Pr3+, 0.3Mn2+, yMg2+ under excitation at 450 nm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Emission spectrum for the white LED fabricated by using the single CSS:0.08Ce3+, 0.01Pr3+, 0.3Mn2+, 0.2Mg2+ phosphor and an InGaN LED (λ=445nm) chip. The current is 20 mA.

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