Abstract

We propose a novel all-optical frequency upconversion technique for radio-over-fiber (RoF) systems based on cross-gain modulation (XGM) and cross-polarization modulation (XPolM) in a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA). A local oscillator signal is carried onto a continuous wave probe beam with orthogonally polarized single-sideband (SSB) modulation using a polarization modulator and a tunable optical filter. The intermediate frequency signal carried by a pump beam is only intensity modulated onto the sideband of the probe beam while the carrier of the probe beam is unmodulated thanks to the joint use of the XGM and XPolM effects in the SOA. This SSB upconversion scheme is inherently free from the chromatic-dispersion-induced power fading after transmission over single-mode fiber. The proposed scheme is theoretically analyzed and experimentally verified.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. J. P. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 314 (2009).
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  3. G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 45, 1410 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Yonenaga and N. Takachio, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 949 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. K. Sung, E. K. Lau, and M. C. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1005 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Shen, X. Zhang, and K. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1277 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. Li, N. H. Zhu, L. X. Wang, X. Q. Qi, and L. Xie, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 59, 2350 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y.-K. Seo, C.-S. Choi, and W.-Y. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1448 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H.-J. Song, J. S. Lee, and J.-I. Song, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 593 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Yu, M. F. Huang, Z. Jia, L. Chen, J. G. Yu, and G. K. Chang, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 2605 (2009).
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  11. J. Lu, Z. Dong, Z. Cao, L. Chen, S. Wen, and J. Yu, Opt. Express 17, 6962 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. W. Li, N. H. Zhu, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, X. Q. Qi, and L. Xie, Opt. Commun. 283, 5207 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H.-J. Kim and J.-I. Song, Opt. Express 17, 9810 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. H. Lee, H. J. Kim, and J. I. Song, Opt. Express 22, 183 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. L. Campillo, Opt. Lett. 32, 3152 (2007).
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  17. Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Calabretta, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 90 (2003).
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  18. B. Zhu, S. Pan, D. Zhu, and J. Yao, Opt. Lett. 38, 3496 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  19. T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2014

2013

2011

W. Li, N. H. Zhu, L. X. Wang, X. Q. Qi, and L. Xie, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 59, 2350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

W. Li, N. H. Zhu, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, X. Q. Qi, and L. Xie, Opt. Commun. 283, 5207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2007

H. K. Sung, E. K. Lau, and M. C. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1005 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Campillo, Opt. Lett. 32, 3152 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

Y. Shen, X. Zhang, and K. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

H.-J. Song, J. S. Lee, and J.-I. Song, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 593 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Calabretta, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 90 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

Y.-K. Seo, C.-S. Choi, and W.-Y. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1448 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

M. Ogusu, K. Inagaki, Y. Mizguchi, and T. Ohira, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 11, 290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 45, 1410 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993

K. Yonenaga and N. Takachio, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, Z.

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 45, 1410 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Calabretta, N.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Calabretta, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 90 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Campillo, A. L.

Cao, Z.

Capmany, J.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G. K.

Chen, K.

Y. Shen, X. Zhang, and K. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

Choi, C.-S.

Y.-K. Seo, C.-S. Choi, and W.-Y. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1448 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Choi, W.-Y.

Y.-K. Seo, C.-S. Choi, and W.-Y. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1448 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Danielsen, S. L.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942 (1996).
[CrossRef]

de Waardt, H.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Calabretta, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 90 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Z.

Dorren, H. J. S.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Calabretta, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 90 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Durhuus, T.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hill, M. T.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Calabretta, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 90 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M. F.

Inagaki, K.

M. Ogusu, K. Inagaki, Y. Mizguchi, and T. Ohira, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 11, 290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z.

Joergensen, C.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Khoe, G. D.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Calabretta, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 90 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. J.

Kim, H.-J.

Lau, E. K.

H. K. Sung, E. K. Lau, and M. C. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1005 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. S.

H.-J. Song, J. S. Lee, and J.-I. Song, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 593 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. H.

Li, W.

W. Li, N. H. Zhu, L. X. Wang, X. Q. Qi, and L. Xie, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 59, 2350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, N. H. Zhu, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, X. Q. Qi, and L. Xie, Opt. Commun. 283, 5207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. G.

W. Li, N. H. Zhu, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, X. Q. Qi, and L. Xie, Opt. Commun. 283, 5207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Calabretta, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 90 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lu, J.

Mikkelsen, B.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mizguchi, Y.

M. Ogusu, K. Inagaki, Y. Mizguchi, and T. Ohira, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 11, 290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Novak, D.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 45, 1410 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ogusu, M.

M. Ogusu, K. Inagaki, Y. Mizguchi, and T. Ohira, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 11, 290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ohira, T.

M. Ogusu, K. Inagaki, Y. Mizguchi, and T. Ohira, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 11, 290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pan, S.

Qi, X. Q.

W. Li, N. H. Zhu, L. X. Wang, X. Q. Qi, and L. Xie, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 59, 2350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, N. H. Zhu, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, X. Q. Qi, and L. Xie, Opt. Commun. 283, 5207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Seo, Y.-K.

Y.-K. Seo, C.-S. Choi, and W.-Y. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1448 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

Y. Shen, X. Zhang, and K. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Smith, G. H.

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 45, 1410 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Song, H.-J.

H.-J. Song, J. S. Lee, and J.-I. Song, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 593 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Song, J. I.

Song, J.-I.

H.-J. Kim and J.-I. Song, Opt. Express 17, 9810 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H.-J. Song, J. S. Lee, and J.-I. Song, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 593 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stubkjaer, K. E.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sung, H. K.

H. K. Sung, E. K. Lau, and M. C. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1005 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Takachio, N.

K. Yonenaga and N. Takachio, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tangdiongga, E.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Calabretta, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 90 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. X.

W. Li, N. H. Zhu, L. X. Wang, X. Q. Qi, and L. Xie, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 59, 2350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, N. H. Zhu, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, X. Q. Qi, and L. Xie, Opt. Commun. 283, 5207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wen, S.

Wu, M. C.

H. K. Sung, E. K. Lau, and M. C. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1005 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xie, L.

W. Li, N. H. Zhu, L. X. Wang, X. Q. Qi, and L. Xie, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 59, 2350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, N. H. Zhu, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, X. Q. Qi, and L. Xie, Opt. Commun. 283, 5207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J.

Yao, J. P.

Yonenaga, K.

K. Yonenaga and N. Takachio, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

Yu, J. G.

Zhang, X.

Y. Shen, X. Zhang, and K. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, B.

Zhu, D.

Zhu, N. H.

W. Li, N. H. Zhu, L. X. Wang, X. Q. Qi, and L. Xie, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 59, 2350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, N. H. Zhu, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, X. Q. Qi, and L. Xie, Opt. Commun. 283, 5207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett.

M. Ogusu, K. Inagaki, Y. Mizguchi, and T. Ohira, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 11, 290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Calabretta, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 90 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Yonenaga and N. Takachio, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Sung, E. K. Lau, and M. C. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1005 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shen, X. Zhang, and K. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y.-K. Seo, C.-S. Choi, and W.-Y. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1448 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H.-J. Song, J. S. Lee, and J.-I. Song, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 593 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech.

W. Li, N. H. Zhu, L. X. Wang, X. Q. Qi, and L. Xie, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 59, 2350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 45, 1410 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nat. Photonics

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

W. Li, N. H. Zhu, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, X. Q. Qi, and L. Xie, Opt. Commun. 283, 5207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of (a) the proposed RoF link and (b) the optical spectra at different locations of the link.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Measured optical spectrum of the SSB modulated signal at the output of the polarizer for LO=20GHz and IF=6GHz. (b) CSRs of the optical carrier and sideband versus the frequency of LO signal.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured eye diagrams of the upconverted RF signals (a) before and (b) after transmission over 25 km fiber.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured BERs of the downconverted signal before and after transmission over 25 km fiber. Insets (a) and (b) show the eye diagrams of the downconverted signal before and after transmission over fiber, respectively.

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

EPolM(t)=[ExEy][expj(ωct+βcosωLOt)expj(ωctβcosωLOt)],
EPolM(t)=[ExEy]exp(jωct)[n=n=jn·Jn(β)exp(jnωLOt)n=n=jn·Jn(β)exp(jnωLOt)],
ETOF(t)=[ExEy][J0(β)exp(jωct)+jJ1(β)exp[j(ωc+ωLO)t]J0(β)exp(jωct)jJ1(β)exp[j(ωc+ωLO)t]].
ETOF(t)=[ExEy]=[J1(β)exp[j(ωc+ωLO)t+jπ/2]J0(β)exp(jωct)],
ESOA(t)=[ExEy][J0(β)exp(jωct+jφx)+J1(β)exp[j(ωc+ωLO)t+jπ/2+jφx]J0(β)exp(jωct+jφy)J1(β)exp[j(ωc+ωLO)t+jπ/2+jφy)],
P(t)=Pc(t)+Ps(t)Pc[1+cos(φxφy)]/2+Ps[1cos(φxφy)]/2,
P(t)=Pc(t)+Ps(t)Pc[1cos(mV(t))]/2+Ps[1cos(mV(t))]/2,
E(t)Acexp(jωct)+As0exp[j(ωc+ωLO)t]+As1exp[j(ωc+ωLO+ωIF)t]+As1exp[j(ωc+ωLOωIF)t],
i(t)E(t)E*(t)AcAs0cos(ωLOt)+AcAs1{cos[(ωLO+ωIF)t)]+cos[(ωLOωIF)t)]}.

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