A new polarimeter for the simultaneous measurement of all Stokes parameters in a single shot is presented. It consists of only a gradient index (GRIN) lens, a polarizer, an imaging lens, and a CCD, without mechanical movements, electrical signal modulation, or the division of amplitude components. This design takes advantage of the continuous spatial distributions of birefringence value and the fast axis direction of a GRIN lens and derives the state of polarization (SOP) of the incident beam from the characteristic patterns on the CCD images. Tests show that this polarimeter is very accurate even with low-resolution images. It is versatile and adapts to light sources of different wavelengths. It is also very stable, robust, low cost, and simple to use.
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