Abstract

This Letter presents the evaluation and demonstration of an optical free-space (FS) multicasting system for multi-Gigabits-per-second (multi-Gbps) indoor transmission. These simultaneous line-of-sight links are formed by infrared beams and are beam-steered using a passive diffraction grating. The experiment has resulted in error-free links (bit error rate <109 at 2.5 Gbps on–off keying) and is scalable to support higher data rates. This system is proposed for short-range optical wireless communication and can be seamlessly integrated in in-building fiber networks.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014

2013

W. Guo, P. R. A. Binetti, C. Althouse, M. L. Mašanović, H. P. M. M. Ambrosius, L. A. Johansson, and L. A. Coldren, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 610021 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2011

A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. Van Den Boom, E. Ortego Martinez, A. Pizzinat, P. Guignard, B. Lannoo, C. M. Okonkwo, and E. Tangdiongga, Opt. Express 19, B399 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Elgala, R. Mesleh, and H. Haas, IEEE Commun. Mag. 49(9), 56 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Wang, A. Nirmalathas, and C. Lim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 519 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009

L. Yang, ACM SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. 39, 56 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. Cherry, IEEE Spectrum 41, 58 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1997

J. M. Kahn and J. R. Barry, Proc. IEEE 85, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Althouse, C.

W. Guo, P. R. A. Binetti, C. Althouse, M. L. Mašanović, H. P. M. M. Ambrosius, L. A. Johansson, and L. A. Coldren, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 610021 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ambrosius, H. P. M. M.

W. Guo, P. R. A. Binetti, C. Althouse, M. L. Mašanović, H. P. M. M. Ambrosius, L. A. Johansson, and L. A. Coldren, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 610021 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

K. Van Acoleyen, K. Komorowska, W. Bogaerts, and R. Baets, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OSA, 2013), pp. 6–8.

Barry, J. R.

J. M. Kahn and J. R. Barry, Proc. IEEE 85, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Binetti, P. R. A.

W. Guo, P. R. A. Binetti, C. Althouse, M. L. Mašanović, H. P. M. M. Ambrosius, L. A. Johansson, and L. A. Coldren, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 610021 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

K. Van Acoleyen, K. Komorowska, W. Bogaerts, and R. Baets, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OSA, 2013), pp. 6–8.

Chen, C.

F. Wu, C. Lin, C. Wei, C. Chen, Z. Chen, and H. Huang, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OSA, 2013), paper OTh1G.4.

Chen, Z.

F. Wu, C. Lin, C. Wei, C. Chen, Z. Chen, and H. Huang, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OSA, 2013), paper OTh1G.4.

Cherry, S.

S. Cherry, IEEE Spectrum 41, 58 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Coldren, L. A.

W. Guo, P. R. A. Binetti, C. Althouse, M. L. Mašanović, H. P. M. M. Ambrosius, L. A. Johansson, and L. A. Coldren, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 610021 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Elgala, H.

H. Elgala, R. Mesleh, and H. Haas, IEEE Commun. Mag. 49(9), 56 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Guignard, P.

Guo, W.

W. Guo, P. R. A. Binetti, C. Althouse, M. L. Mašanović, H. P. M. M. Ambrosius, L. A. Johansson, and L. A. Coldren, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 610021 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Haas, H.

H. Elgala, R. Mesleh, and H. Haas, IEEE Commun. Mag. 49(9), 56 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, H.

F. Wu, C. Lin, C. Wei, C. Chen, Z. Chen, and H. Huang, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OSA, 2013), paper OTh1G.4.

Johansson, L. A.

W. Guo, P. R. A. Binetti, C. Althouse, M. L. Mašanović, H. P. M. M. Ambrosius, L. A. Johansson, and L. A. Coldren, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 610021 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kahn, J. M.

J. M. Kahn and J. R. Barry, Proc. IEEE 85, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Komorowska, K.

K. Van Acoleyen, K. Komorowska, W. Bogaerts, and R. Baets, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OSA, 2013), pp. 6–8.

Koonen, A. M. J.

Lannoo, B.

Lim, C.

K. Wang, A. Nirmalathas, and C. Lim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 519 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

F. Wu, C. Lin, C. Wei, C. Chen, Z. Chen, and H. Huang, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OSA, 2013), paper OTh1G.4.

Mašanovic, M. L.

W. Guo, P. R. A. Binetti, C. Althouse, M. L. Mašanović, H. P. M. M. Ambrosius, L. A. Johansson, and L. A. Coldren, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 610021 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mesleh, R.

H. Elgala, R. Mesleh, and H. Haas, IEEE Commun. Mag. 49(9), 56 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nirmalathas, A.

K. Wang, A. Nirmalathas, and C. Lim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 519 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Okonkwo, C. M.

Ortego Martinez, E.

Pizzinat, A.

Tangdiongga, E.

Van Acoleyen, K.

K. Van Acoleyen, K. Komorowska, W. Bogaerts, and R. Baets, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OSA, 2013), pp. 6–8.

Van Den Boom, H. P. A.

Wang, K.

K. Wang, A. Nirmalathas, and C. Lim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 519 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wei, C.

F. Wu, C. Lin, C. Wei, C. Chen, Z. Chen, and H. Huang, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OSA, 2013), paper OTh1G.4.

Wu, F.

F. Wu, C. Lin, C. Wei, C. Chen, Z. Chen, and H. Huang, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OSA, 2013), paper OTh1G.4.

Yang, L.

L. Yang, ACM SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. 39, 56 (2009).
[CrossRef]

ACM SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev.

L. Yang, ACM SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. 39, 56 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag.

H. Elgala, R. Mesleh, and H. Haas, IEEE Commun. Mag. 49(9), 56 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

W. Guo, P. R. A. Binetti, C. Althouse, M. L. Mašanović, H. P. M. M. Ambrosius, L. A. Johansson, and L. A. Coldren, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 610021 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

K. Wang, A. Nirmalathas, and C. Lim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 519 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Spectrum

S. Cherry, IEEE Spectrum 41, 58 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Proc. IEEE

J. M. Kahn and J. R. Barry, Proc. IEEE 85, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other

E. Savitz, “The solution to the wireless spectrum shortage: more wires,” Forbes (2013), http://www.forbes.com/sites/ciocentral/2012/03/23/the-solution-to-the-wireless-spectrum-shortage-more-wires/ .

G. Parodi, Radio spectrum shortage prompts a growing number of initiatives, LÁtelier (2013), http://www.atelier.net/en/trends/articles/radio-spectrum-shortage-prompts-growing-number-initiatives_422770 .

The internet of things, Cisco (2011), http://share.cisco.com/internet-of-things.html .

K. Van Acoleyen, K. Komorowska, W. Bogaerts, and R. Baets, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OSA, 2013), pp. 6–8.

F. Wu, C. Lin, C. Wei, C. Chen, Z. Chen, and H. Huang, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OSA, 2013), paper OTh1G.4.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Fiber—wireless equipped home with beam-steering modules, where BSM stands for beam-steering module and CCC stands for central communication controller.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Diffraction grating beam-steering concept for multicasting system.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

BER performance of links with varied FS distances of 25 cm, 50 cm, 75 cm, and 1 m for 2.5 Gbps system.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Link performance in relation to transmitted power and receiver sensitivity for 2.5 Gbps system.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Experiment setup for: (a) BtB measurement; (b) FS propagation with mirrored reflection; (c) FS propagation with diffracted beams.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

BER performance of SMF, FS with mirror reflection and diffracted beams for 1.5 and 2.5 Gbps.

Equations (1)

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mλ=d(n1sinθi±n2sinθm),

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