Abstract

Dispersion-based spectroscopic techniques present many desirable features when compared with classical absorption spectroscopy implementations, such as the normalization-free operation and the extended dynamic range. In this Letter, we present a new sensor design based on direct optical processing for heterodyne conversion in tunable laser chirped dispersion spectroscopy that allows sensor implementations using low-speed photodetectors and low-cost FM demodulators. The performance of the new setup has been validated using as a target the ro-vibrational transition of methane at approximately 1650.96 nm.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

2012 (3)

M. Nikodem, D. Weidman, and G. Wysocki, Appl. Phys. B 109, 477 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Nikodem and G. Wysocki, Sensors 12, 16466 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Nikodem, D. Weidman, C. Smith, and G. Wysocki, Opt. Express 20, 644 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

1992 (1)

1986 (3)

1985 (1)

1983 (2)

W. Lenth, Opt. Lett. 8, 575 (1983).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Hastie, G. I. Mackay, T. Iguchi, B. A. Ridley, and H. I. Schiff, Environ. Sci. Technol. 17, 352A (1983).

1981 (1)

J. Reid and D. Labrie, Appl. Phys. B 26, 203 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (2)

1978 (1)

Amann, M. C.

Ballik, E. A.

Bjorklund, G. C.

Böhm, G.

Carlisle, C. B.

Cooper, D. E.

Davani, H. A.

Debernardi, P.

El-Sherbiny, M.

Gallagher, T. F.

Garside, B. K.

Gierl, C.

Grasse, C.

Gruendl, T.

Hanson, R. K.

Harris, G. W.

F. Slerm, G. W. Harris, D. R. Hastie, G. I. Mackay, and H. I. Schiff, J. Geophys. Res. 91D, 5371 (1986).

Hastie, D. R.

F. Slerm, G. W. Harris, D. R. Hastie, G. I. Mackay, and H. I. Schiff, J. Geophys. Res. 91D, 5371 (1986).

D. R. Hastie, G. I. Mackay, T. Iguchi, B. A. Ridley, and H. I. Schiff, Environ. Sci. Technol. 17, 352A (1983).

Iguchi, T.

D. R. Hastie, G. I. Mackay, T. Iguchi, B. A. Ridley, and H. I. Schiff, Environ. Sci. Technol. 17, 352A (1983).

Janik, G. R.

Jatta, S.

Jeffries, J. B.

Küppers, F.

Labrie, D.

J. Reid and D. Labrie, Appl. Phys. B 26, 203 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Lenth, W.

Mackay, G. I.

F. Slerm, G. W. Harris, D. R. Hastie, G. I. Mackay, and H. I. Schiff, J. Geophys. Res. 91D, 5371 (1986).

D. R. Hastie, G. I. Mackay, T. Iguchi, B. A. Ridley, and H. I. Schiff, Environ. Sci. Technol. 17, 352A (1983).

Meißner, P.

Nikodem, M.

M. Nikodem, G. Plant, Z. Wang, P. Prucnal, and G. Wysocki, Opt. Express 21, 14649 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Nikodem, D. Weidman, and G. Wysocki, Appl. Phys. B 109, 477 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Nikodem, D. Weidman, C. Smith, and G. Wysocki, Opt. Express 20, 644 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Nikodem and G. Wysocki, Sensors 12, 16466 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Nikodem, G. Plant, and G. Wysocki, in Renewable Energy and the Environment Optics and Photonics Congress, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper EM2D.2.

G. Plant, M. Nikodem, D. M. Sonnenfroh, and G. Wysocki, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2013 (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper JW2A.79.

Plant, G.

M. Nikodem, G. Plant, Z. Wang, P. Prucnal, and G. Wysocki, Opt. Express 21, 14649 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Plant, M. Nikodem, D. M. Sonnenfroh, and G. Wysocki, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2013 (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper JW2A.79.

M. Nikodem, G. Plant, and G. Wysocki, in Renewable Energy and the Environment Optics and Photonics Congress, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper EM2D.2.

Prucnal, P.

Reid, J.

Ridley, B. A.

D. R. Hastie, G. I. Mackay, T. Iguchi, B. A. Ridley, and H. I. Schiff, Environ. Sci. Technol. 17, 352A (1983).

Rieker, G. B.

Schiff, H. I.

F. Slerm, G. W. Harris, D. R. Hastie, G. I. Mackay, and H. I. Schiff, J. Geophys. Res. 91D, 5371 (1986).

D. R. Hastie, G. I. Mackay, T. Iguchi, B. A. Ridley, and H. I. Schiff, Environ. Sci. Technol. 17, 352A (1983).

Shewchun, J.

Silver, J. A.

Slerm, F.

F. Slerm, G. W. Harris, D. R. Hastie, G. I. Mackay, and H. I. Schiff, J. Geophys. Res. 91D, 5371 (1986).

Smith, C.

Sonnenfroh, D. M.

G. Plant, M. Nikodem, D. M. Sonnenfroh, and G. Wysocki, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2013 (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper JW2A.79.

Wang, Z.

Watjen, J. P.

Weidman, D.

Wysocki, G.

M. Nikodem, G. Plant, Z. Wang, P. Prucnal, and G. Wysocki, Opt. Express 21, 14649 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Nikodem, D. Weidman, and G. Wysocki, Appl. Phys. B 109, 477 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Nikodem, D. Weidman, C. Smith, and G. Wysocki, Opt. Express 20, 644 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Nikodem and G. Wysocki, Sensors 12, 16466 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Wysocki and D. Weidman, Opt. Express 18, 26123 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Nikodem, G. Plant, and G. Wysocki, in Renewable Energy and the Environment Optics and Photonics Congress, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper EM2D.2.

G. Plant, M. Nikodem, D. M. Sonnenfroh, and G. Wysocki, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2013 (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper JW2A.79.

Zogal, K.

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

M. Nikodem, D. Weidman, and G. Wysocki, Appl. Phys. B 109, 477 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Reid and D. Labrie, Appl. Phys. B 26, 203 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Environ. Sci. Technol. (1)

D. R. Hastie, G. I. Mackay, T. Iguchi, B. A. Ridley, and H. I. Schiff, Environ. Sci. Technol. 17, 352A (1983).

J. Geophys. Res. (1)

F. Slerm, G. W. Harris, D. R. Hastie, G. I. Mackay, and H. I. Schiff, J. Geophys. Res. 91D, 5371 (1986).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Sensors (1)

M. Nikodem and G. Wysocki, Sensors 12, 16466 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

M. Nikodem, G. Plant, and G. Wysocki, in Renewable Energy and the Environment Optics and Photonics Congress, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper EM2D.2.

G. Plant, M. Nikodem, D. M. Sonnenfroh, and G. Wysocki, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2013 (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper JW2A.79.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Block diagram of the proposed configuration for laser dispersion spectroscopy. The optical spectra at different points of the system are also shown (see text for details).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Recovered chirped dispersion spectrum for S=150MHz/μs and an integration time of 1 s. Measurement has been carried out in the ro-vibrational transition of methane at approximately 1650.96 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Signal-to-noise ratio as a function of the power of the carrier signal measured at the photodetector. A small degradation of the SNR can be observed for values of power close to the sensitivity of the receiver.

Equations (10)

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E1=A1cos[ω0(tΔt1)+12S(tΔt1)2],
E2=A2cos[(ω0+Ω1)(tΔt2)+12S(tΔt2)2],
E3=A3cos[(ω0Ω1)(tΔt3)+12S(tΔt3)2],
Δt1=L[n(ω)1]c,
Δt2=L[n(ω+Ω1)1]c,
Δt3=L[n(ωΩ1)1]c.
E4=A4cos[(ω0+Ω2)(tΔt1)+12S(tΔt1)2],
E5=A5cos[(ω0Ω2)(tΔt1)+12S(tΔt1)2].
φ(t)=[Ω1Ω2+S2(Δt3Δt2)]t+ω02(Δt3Δt2)14S(Δt32Δt22)+Ω2Δt1Ω12(Δt2+Δt3).
f(ω)=Ω1Ω2+SLω2c(dndω|ω+Ω1dndω|ωΩ1).

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