Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a novel integrated passive optical network (PON) and indoor visible light communication (VLC) system based on Nyquist single carrier frequency domain equalization (N-SC-FDE) modulation with direct detection. In this system, a directly modulated laser and a commercially available red light emitting diode are served as the transmitters of the PON and VLC, respectively. To enable high spectral efficiency, high-speed transmission, and flexible multiple access with simplified optical network unit-side digital signal processing, multilevel, multiband quadrature amplitude modulations 128/64/16 are implemented here. VLC N-SC-FDE signals are successfully delivered a further 30 cm indoor distance after transmitting over a span of 40 km single mode fiber (SMF) together with 3 sub-band PON signals. As a proof of concept, a 10Gb/s PON and 500Mb/s VLC integrated system for three wired users and one wireless user is successfully achieved, which shows the promising potential and feasibility of this proposal to extend multiple services from metropolitan to suburban areas.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013

2012

2011

2008

Buettner, A.

J. Vučić, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, K. Habel, A. Buettner, K. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OThH.3.

Chen, C.

F. Wu, C. Liu, C. Wei, C. Chen, Z. Chen, and K. Huang, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh1G.4.

Chen, Z.

F. Wu, C. Liu, C. Wei, C. Chen, Z. Chen, and K. Huang, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh1G.4.

Chi, N.

J. Zhang, J. Yu, F. Li, N. Chi, Z. Dong, and X. Li, Opt. Express 21, 18842 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, N. Chi, Y. Wang, R. Li, X. Huang, C. Yang, and Z. Zhang, Opt. Express 21, 27558 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Y. Wang, N. Chi, J. Yu, and H. Shang, Opt. Express 21, 1203 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Y. Shao, H. Shang, X. Lu, Y. Wang, J. Yu, and N. Chi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh1G.3.

Choudhury, P.

Ciaramella, E.

Corsini, R.

Cossu, G.

Dong, Z.

García Larrodé, M.

Habel, K.

J. Vučić, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, K. Habel, A. Buettner, K. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OThH.3.

Huang, K.

F. Wu, C. Liu, C. Wei, C. Chen, Z. Chen, and K. Huang, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh1G.4.

Huang, X.

Khalid, A. M.

Komine, T.

T. Komine and M. Nakagawa, in 13th IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC) (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 4, pp. 1762–1766.

Koonen, A. M. J.

Kottke, C.

J. Vučić, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, K. Habel, A. Buettner, K. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OThH.3.

Langer, K.

J. Vučić, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, K. Habel, A. Buettner, K. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OThH.3.

Li, F.

Li, R.

Li, X.

Lim, C.

Liu, C.

F. Wu, C. Liu, C. Wei, C. Chen, Z. Chen, and K. Huang, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh1G.4.

Lu, X.

Y. Wang, Y. Shao, H. Shang, X. Lu, Y. Wang, J. Yu, and N. Chi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh1G.3.

Nakagawa, M.

T. Komine and M. Nakagawa, in 13th IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC) (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 4, pp. 1762–1766.

Nerreter, S.

J. Vučić, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, K. Habel, A. Buettner, K. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OThH.3.

Nirmalathas, A.

Shang, H.

Y. Wang, Y. Wang, N. Chi, J. Yu, and H. Shang, Opt. Express 21, 1203 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Y. Shao, H. Shang, X. Lu, Y. Wang, J. Yu, and N. Chi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh1G.3.

Shao, Y.

Y. Wang, Y. Shao, H. Shang, X. Lu, Y. Wang, J. Yu, and N. Chi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh1G.3.

Skafidas, E.

Vucic, J.

J. Vučić, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, K. Habel, A. Buettner, K. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OThH.3.

Walewski, J. W.

J. Vučić, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, K. Habel, A. Buettner, K. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OThH.3.

Wang, K.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, Y. Wang, N. Chi, J. Yu, and H. Shang, Opt. Express 21, 1203 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Y. Wang, N. Chi, J. Yu, and H. Shang, Opt. Express 21, 1203 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, N. Chi, Y. Wang, R. Li, X. Huang, C. Yang, and Z. Zhang, Opt. Express 21, 27558 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, N. Chi, Y. Wang, R. Li, X. Huang, C. Yang, and Z. Zhang, Opt. Express 21, 27558 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Y. Shao, H. Shang, X. Lu, Y. Wang, J. Yu, and N. Chi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh1G.3.

Y. Wang, Y. Shao, H. Shang, X. Lu, Y. Wang, J. Yu, and N. Chi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh1G.3.

Wei, C.

F. Wu, C. Liu, C. Wei, C. Chen, Z. Chen, and K. Huang, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh1G.4.

Wu, F.

F. Wu, C. Liu, C. Wei, C. Chen, Z. Chen, and K. Huang, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh1G.4.

Yang, C.

Yu, J.

Y. Wang, Y. Wang, N. Chi, J. Yu, and H. Shang, Opt. Express 21, 1203 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, J. Yu, F. Li, N. Chi, Z. Dong, and X. Li, Opt. Express 21, 18842 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Y. Shao, H. Shang, X. Lu, Y. Wang, J. Yu, and N. Chi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh1G.3.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, Z.

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Other

Y. Wang, Y. Shao, H. Shang, X. Lu, Y. Wang, J. Yu, and N. Chi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh1G.3.

F. Wu, C. Liu, C. Wei, C. Chen, Z. Chen, and K. Huang, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh1G.4.

T. Komine and M. Nakagawa, in 13th IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC) (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 4, pp. 1762–1766.

J. Vučić, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, K. Habel, A. Buettner, K. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OThH.3.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Block diagram and experimental setup of the proposed integrated PON and VLC system based on N-SC-FDE modulation. ONUs, optical network units; DML, directly modulated laser; PD, photodiode; APD, avalanche photodiode; SMF, single mode fiber; TA, tunable attenuator; P/S, parallel to serial; S/P, serial to parallel; EA, electrical amplifier; LPF, low-pass filter; CP, cyclic prefix.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spectra of (a) traditional single-carrier modulation and (b) Nyquist single-carrier modulation.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured electrical spectra in the case of (a) after 40 km fiber transmission, (b) after 40 km fiber transmission and low-pass filter, and (c) after 40 km fiber and 30 cm VLC transmission.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) BER results versus received optical power for each sub-band of PON at BTB and after 40 km fiber transmission. (b) BER results versus VLC transmission distance for sub-band 1 with and without fiber transmission.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) BER results versus received optical power for each sub-band of PON with and without sub-band 1 transmission. (b) BER results versus transmission distance of VLC with and without PON sub-band 2–4 transmission.

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