Angled laser diodes based on the longitudinal photonic band crystal (PBC) waveguide are first proposed and fabricated at a wavelength of 905 nm. Tilted sidewalls are utilized to reflect the light downward, thus enlarging the transverse mode size. In the experiment, continuous wave (CW) output power of is achieved, and stable and narrow divergence angles are obtained in the fast and slow axes, simultaneously. The transverse angle is reduced by 44% compared with that of the conventional broad area (BA) laser based on the same wafer, and the lateral angle is only 1.65° with on-axis main-lobe emission. This device shows a promising future for laser emission with ultra-narrow divergence and easy fabrication.
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Lianping Hou, Mohsin Haji, Jehan Akbar, Bocang Qiu, and A. Catrina Bryce
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