Abstract

We propose an active photonic phase drift cancellation scheme for frequency transfer over optical fiber based on a linear photonic RF phase shifter. The photonic RF phase shifter consists of a dual parallel Mach–Zehnder modulator and optical filter with the assistance of the local microwave signal. The phase drift induced by fiber transmission can be compensated by simply tuning the bias voltage of the modulator. The principle of the phase cancellation scheme based on the photonic phase shifter is demonstrated and validated experimentally by transferring a 0.5 GHz reference signal over a 20 km single-mode fiber with a root mean square jitter of less than 0.5 ps.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. M. Forma, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. Marra, R. Slavík, H. S. Margolis, S. N. Lea, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, and P. Gill, Opt. Lett. 36, 511 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  3. O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. X. Zhang, Y. T. Dai, F. F. Yin, T. P. Ren, K. Xu, J. Q. Li, Y. F. Ji, T. Lin, and G. S. Tang, Opt. Lett. 38, 2419 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, T. Gotoh, and M. Hosokawa, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1223 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
  7. L. M. Zhang, L. Chang, Y. Dong, W. L. Xie, H. He, and W. S. Hu, Opt. Lett. 36, 873 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. Ning, D. Hou, T. L. Zheng, and J. Y. Zhao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1551 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. G. Shen, G. L. Wu, W. W. Zou, R. H. Chen, and J. P. Chen, Appl. Opt. 52, 8332 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  11. U. Gliese, S. Norskov, and T. N. Nielsen, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Technol. 44, 1716 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. G. Shen, G. L. Wu, W. W. Zou, and J. P. Chen, Appl. Phys. Express 5, 072502 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. Hraimel, X. P. Zhang, Y. Q. Pei, K. Wu, T. J. Liu, T. F. Xie, and Q. H. Nie, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 775 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. Gao, B. Wang, W. L. Chen, Y. Bai, J. Miao, X. Zhu, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Opt. Lett. 37, 4690 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2013

2012

C. Gao, B. Wang, W. L. Chen, Y. Bai, J. Miao, X. Zhu, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Opt. Lett. 37, 4690 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).

J. G. Shen, G. L. Wu, W. W. Zou, and J. P. Chen, Appl. Phys. Express 5, 072502 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, T. Gotoh, and M. Hosokawa, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

S. M. Forma, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1996

U. Gliese, S. Norskov, and T. N. Nielsen, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Technol. 44, 1716 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Amy-Klein, A.

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bai, Y.

C. Gao, B. Wang, W. L. Chen, Y. Bai, J. Miao, X. Zhu, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Opt. Lett. 37, 4690 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).

Bize, S.

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang, L.

Chardonnet, C.

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. P.

J. G. Shen, G. L. Wu, W. W. Zou, R. H. Chen, and J. P. Chen, Appl. Opt. 52, 8332 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Shen, G. L. Wu, W. W. Zou, and J. P. Chen, Appl. Phys. Express 5, 072502 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, R. H.

Chen, W. L.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).

C. Gao, B. Wang, W. L. Chen, Y. Bai, J. Miao, X. Zhu, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Opt. Lett. 37, 4690 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Clairon, A.

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dai, Y. T.

Daussy, C.

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Y.

Feng, Y. Y.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).

Forma, S. M.

S. M. Forma, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fujieda, M.

M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, T. Gotoh, and M. Hosokawa, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gao, C.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).

C. Gao, B. Wang, W. L. Chen, Y. Bai, J. Miao, X. Zhu, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Opt. Lett. 37, 4690 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gill, P.

Gliese, U.

U. Gliese, S. Norskov, and T. N. Nielsen, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Technol. 44, 1716 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gotoh, T.

M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, T. Gotoh, and M. Hosokawa, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

He, H.

Holman, K. W.

S. M. Forma, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hosokawa, M.

M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, T. Gotoh, and M. Hosokawa, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hou, D.

B. Ning, D. Hou, T. L. Zheng, and J. Y. Zhao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1551 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hraimel, B.

Hu, W. S.

Hudson, D. D.

S. M. Forma, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ji, Y. F.

Jones, D. J.

S. M. Forma, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kumagai, M.

M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, T. Gotoh, and M. Hosokawa, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lea, S. N.

Li, J. Q.

Li, T. C.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).

C. Gao, B. Wang, W. L. Chen, Y. Bai, J. Miao, X. Zhu, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Opt. Lett. 37, 4690 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lin, T.

Liu, T. J.

Lopez, O.

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lours, M.

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Margolis, H. S.

Marra, G.

Miao, J.

C. Gao, B. Wang, W. L. Chen, Y. Bai, J. Miao, X. Zhu, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Opt. Lett. 37, 4690 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).

Narbonneau, F.

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nie, Q. H.

Nielsen, T. N.

U. Gliese, S. Norskov, and T. N. Nielsen, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Technol. 44, 1716 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ning, B.

B. Ning, D. Hou, T. L. Zheng, and J. Y. Zhao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1551 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Norskov, S.

U. Gliese, S. Norskov, and T. N. Nielsen, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Technol. 44, 1716 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pei, Y. Q.

Petropoulos, P.

Ren, T. P.

Richardson, D. J.

Santarelli, G.

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shen, J. G.

J. G. Shen, G. L. Wu, W. W. Zou, R. H. Chen, and J. P. Chen, Appl. Opt. 52, 8332 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Shen, G. L. Wu, W. W. Zou, and J. P. Chen, Appl. Phys. Express 5, 072502 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Slavík, R.

Tang, G. S.

Wang, B.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).

C. Gao, B. Wang, W. L. Chen, Y. Bai, J. Miao, X. Zhu, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Opt. Lett. 37, 4690 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. J.

C. Gao, B. Wang, W. L. Chen, Y. Bai, J. Miao, X. Zhu, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Opt. Lett. 37, 4690 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).

Wu, G. L.

J. G. Shen, G. L. Wu, W. W. Zou, R. H. Chen, and J. P. Chen, Appl. Opt. 52, 8332 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Shen, G. L. Wu, W. W. Zou, and J. P. Chen, Appl. Phys. Express 5, 072502 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wu, K.

Xie, T. F.

Xie, W. L.

Xu, K.

Ye, J.

S. M. Forma, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yin, F. F.

Zhang, A. X.

Zhang, J. W.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).

Zhang, L. M.

Zhang, X. P.

Zhao, J. Y.

B. Ning, D. Hou, T. L. Zheng, and J. Y. Zhao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1551 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, T. L.

B. Ning, D. Hou, T. L. Zheng, and J. Y. Zhao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1551 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).

C. Gao, B. Wang, W. L. Chen, Y. Bai, J. Miao, X. Zhu, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Opt. Lett. 37, 4690 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zou, W. W.

J. G. Shen, G. L. Wu, W. W. Zou, R. H. Chen, and J. P. Chen, Appl. Opt. 52, 8332 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Shen, G. L. Wu, W. W. Zou, and J. P. Chen, Appl. Phys. Express 5, 072502 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express

J. G. Shen, G. L. Wu, W. W. Zou, and J. P. Chen, Appl. Phys. Express 5, 072502 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

B. Ning, D. Hou, T. L. Zheng, and J. Y. Zhao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1551 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.

M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, T. Gotoh, and M. Hosokawa, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Technol.

U. Gliese, S. Norskov, and T. N. Nielsen, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Technol. 44, 1716 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Lett.

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

S. M. Forma, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Rep.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the phase drift cancellation based on photonic RF phase shifter. DPMZM, dual parallel Mach–Zehnder modulator; PC, polarization controller; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; OBPF, optical bandpass filter; PD, photodetector; FRM, Farad rotation mirror; EBPF, electrical bandpass filter; U-C, upconverter; LF, loop filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Performance of the photonic phase shifter: (a) optical spectrum at the output of the OBPF and (b) measured phase shift and power variation as the bias voltage tuning.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Timing jitters of 20 km optical link with and without phase compensation.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Phase noise spectrum of back-to-back link (blue) and 20 km link with compensation (red) and without compensation (black).

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

EA(t)A2exp[j(ωct+(ωL+ωr)t+φre+φc2)]+A1exp[j(ωct+ωLtφc2)],
V1cos(ωrt+φc+φre).
V3cos(ωrt+φc+φre+φp),
V2cos(ωrt+φc+φre+2φp).
φerror=2(φc+φp).

Metrics