Abstract

An experiment demonstrating lensless ghost imaging (GI) with sunlight has been performed. A narrow spectral line is first filtered out and its intensity correlation measured. With this true thermal light source, an object consisting of two holes is imaged. The realization of lensless GI with sunlight is a step forward toward the practical application of GI with ordinary daylight as the source of illumination.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, and R. W. Boyd, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 033601 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. D. Angelo, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Zhang, Y. H. Zhai, L. A. Wu, and X. H. Chen, Opt. Lett. 30, 2354 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Cheng and S. S. Han, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093903 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. G. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061106 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. Basano and P. Ottonello, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091109 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. X. H. Chen, Q. Liu, K. H. Luo, and L. A. Wu, Opt. Lett. 34, 695 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. Tian, Q. C. Guo, A. L. Wang, D. L. Xu, and L. Fu, Opt. Lett. 36, 3302 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Q. Zhao, W. L. Gong, M. L. Chen, E. R. Li, H. Wang, W. D. Xu, and S. S. Han, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. X. F. Liu, X. R. Yao, X. H. Chen, L. A. Wu, and G. J. Zhai, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 1922 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Karmakar, R. Meyers, and Y. H. Shih, Proc. SPIE 8518, 851805 (2012). In this work, a double-slit ghost image with sunlight is shown, but it is not explained how the image peak values could be obtained with the filter bandwidths used.
  16. R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, Nature 177, 27 (1956).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, Nature 178, 1046 (1956).
    [CrossRef]

2012

C. Q. Zhao, W. L. Gong, M. L. Chen, E. R. Li, H. Wang, W. D. Xu, and S. S. Han, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Karmakar, R. Meyers, and Y. H. Shih, Proc. SPIE 8518, 851805 (2012). In this work, a double-slit ghost image with sunlight is shown, but it is not explained how the image peak values could be obtained with the filter bandwidths used.

X. F. Liu, X. R. Yao, X. H. Chen, L. A. Wu, and G. J. Zhai, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 1922 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2009

2006

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Basano and P. Ottonello, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. D. Angelo, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. G. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Zhang, Y. H. Zhai, L. A. Wu, and X. H. Chen, Opt. Lett. 30, 2354 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, and R. W. Boyd, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 033601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Cheng and S. S. Han, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1995

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1956

R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, Nature 177, 27 (1956).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, Nature 178, 1046 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Angelo, M. D.

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. D. Angelo, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bache, M.

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Basano, L.

L. Basano and P. Ottonello, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bennink, R. S.

R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, and R. W. Boyd, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 033601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bentley, S. J.

R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, and R. W. Boyd, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 033601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Berardi, V.

G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, and R. W. Boyd, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 033601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brambilla, E.

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brown, R. H.

R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, Nature 178, 1046 (1956).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, Nature 177, 27 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Cao, D. Z.

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. G. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, M. L.

C. Q. Zhao, W. L. Gong, M. L. Chen, E. R. Li, H. Wang, W. D. Xu, and S. S. Han, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. H.

Cheng, J.

J. Cheng and S. S. Han, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ferri, F.

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fu, L.

Gatti, A.

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gong, W. L.

C. Q. Zhao, W. L. Gong, M. L. Chen, E. R. Li, H. Wang, W. D. Xu, and S. S. Han, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Guo, Q. C.

Han, S. S.

C. Q. Zhao, W. L. Gong, M. L. Chen, E. R. Li, H. Wang, W. D. Xu, and S. S. Han, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Cheng and S. S. Han, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Karmakar, S.

S. Karmakar, R. Meyers, and Y. H. Shih, Proc. SPIE 8518, 851805 (2012). In this work, a double-slit ghost image with sunlight is shown, but it is not explained how the image peak values could be obtained with the filter bandwidths used.

Li, E. R.

C. Q. Zhao, W. L. Gong, M. L. Chen, E. R. Li, H. Wang, W. D. Xu, and S. S. Han, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Q.

Liu, X. F.

Lugiato, L. A.

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Luo, K. H.

Magatti, D.

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Meyers, R.

S. Karmakar, R. Meyers, and Y. H. Shih, Proc. SPIE 8518, 851805 (2012). In this work, a double-slit ghost image with sunlight is shown, but it is not explained how the image peak values could be obtained with the filter bandwidths used.

Ottonello, P.

L. Basano and P. Ottonello, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pittman, T. B.

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Scarcelli, G.

G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. D. Angelo, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sergienko, A. V.

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shih, Y. H.

S. Karmakar, R. Meyers, and Y. H. Shih, Proc. SPIE 8518, 851805 (2012). In this work, a double-slit ghost image with sunlight is shown, but it is not explained how the image peak values could be obtained with the filter bandwidths used.

G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. D. Angelo, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Strekalov, D. V.

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tian, N.

Twiss, R. Q.

R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, Nature 177, 27 (1956).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, Nature 178, 1046 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Valencia, A.

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. D. Angelo, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, A. L.

Wang, H.

C. Q. Zhao, W. L. Gong, M. L. Chen, E. R. Li, H. Wang, W. D. Xu, and S. S. Han, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, K. G.

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. G. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, L. A.

Xiong, J.

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. G. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, D. L.

Xu, W. D.

C. Q. Zhao, W. L. Gong, M. L. Chen, E. R. Li, H. Wang, W. D. Xu, and S. S. Han, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yao, X. R.

Zhai, G. J.

Zhai, Y. H.

Zhang, D.

Zhao, C. Q.

C. Q. Zhao, W. L. Gong, M. L. Chen, E. R. Li, H. Wang, W. D. Xu, and S. S. Han, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Basano and P. Ottonello, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Q. Zhao, W. L. Gong, M. L. Chen, E. R. Li, H. Wang, W. D. Xu, and S. S. Han, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Nature

R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, Nature 177, 27 (1956).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, Nature 178, 1046 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. G. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, and R. W. Boyd, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 033601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. D. Angelo, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Cheng and S. S. Han, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

S. Karmakar, R. Meyers, and Y. H. Shih, Proc. SPIE 8518, 851805 (2012). In this work, a double-slit ghost image with sunlight is shown, but it is not explained how the image peak values could be obtained with the filter bandwidths used.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Narrowband filter setup. IF, interference filter; Glan1 and Glan2, Glan prisms; FADOF, Faraday anomalous dispersion optical filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup of HBT measurement of sunlight. MEADE, Meade astronomical telescope; filter, FADOF setup of Fig. 1; BS, 5050 beam splitter; C1, C2, fiber collimators; TCSPC, time-correlated single-photon counting module. The distances from the secondary source S to the collimators are both z=31cm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Coincidence counts as a function of the arrival-time difference between photons at the two detectors. Black squares, experimental data; Solid curve, Gaussian fit.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental setup of lensless GI with sunlight. Sunlight is collected by the Meade astronomical telescope and multimode fiber as in the HBT experiment. BS: 5050 beam splitter. Obj: object shown in bottom left, consisting of a mask with two holes. The distances from the secondary source, S, to the collimator and object are both z=31cm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Lensless GI image of the two-hole mask illuminated with sunlight. Horizontal axis: distance x scanned by collimator C1. Vertical axis: intensity correlation function g(2)(x). Black points, experimental data; solid curve, Gaussian fit.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Dependence of the intensity correlation function on the filter bandwidths. The time resolution tr of the detection system is taken as 450 ps.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

lc=λzd=0.32mm.
τc=1Δν=λ2cΔλ=0.2ns,
g(2)(Δt=0)=C(Δt=0)C(Δt),
g(2)(x)=C(x,Δt=0)C(x,Δt)
g(2)(Δt=0)=1+2τc1τc2τc12+τc22τc12+τc22+tr2,
τc1=λ2cΔλ1,τc2=λ2cΔλ2.

Metrics