Abstract

Downconversion materials, which can convert one high-energy photon to two low-energy photons, have provided a promising avenue for the enhancement of solar cell efficiency. In this work, the Pr3+-Yb3+ codoped 25GeS2-35Ga2S3-40CsCl chalcohalide glasses were synthesized in a vacuumed silica ampoule by the melting–quenching technique. Under 474 nm excitation, the visible and near-IR emission spectra reveal the energy transfer from Pr3+ to Yb3+ ions, resulting in the intense 1008 nm near-IR emission for the c-Si solar cells. By tuning the excitation laser power, it is determined that one visible photon has been cut into two near-IR photons during the energy transfer process. With the help of an integrated sphere, the real quantum yields of near-IR emissions were calculated. For the 0.2Pr2S3-0.2Yb2S3 (in mol.%) codoped chalcohalide glass, the quantum yield equals 10.8%. Although this efficiency is still low, this result will open a new route to realize the efficient spectral modification of the solar spectrum.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2011 (4)

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[CrossRef]

B. Fan, C. Point, J.-L. Adam, X. Zhang, X. Fan, and H. Ma, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 113107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, X. Zhang, S. Dai, B. Fan, H. Ma, J.-L. Adam, J. Ren, and G. Chen, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 13056 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (6)

Y. Katayama and S. Tanabe, Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam) 33, 176 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, B. Zhu, Y. Zhuang, G. Chen, X. Liu, G. Zhang, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 654 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. Y. Zhang and X. Y. Huang, Prog. Mater Sci. 55, 353 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J.-M. Meijer, L. Aarts, B. M. van der Ende, T. J. H. Vlugt, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, Y. Yu, H. Lin, P. Huang, Z. Shan, and Y. Wang, Opt. Lett. 35, 220 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. T. van Wijngaarden, S. Scheidelaar, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. F. Reid, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 81, 155112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (2)

D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, P. Huang, and F. Weng, Opt. Lett. 33, 1884 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, P. Huang, and F. Weng, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 116105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

Q. Y. Zhang, G. F. Yang, and Z. H. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Shalav, B. S. Richards, and M. A. Green, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 91, 829 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

B. S. Richards, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90, 1189 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

P. Vergeer, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. H. F. Kox, M. I. den Hertog, J. P. J. M. van der Eerden, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 71, 014119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Aarts, L.

J.-M. Meijer, L. Aarts, B. M. van der Ende, T. J. H. Vlugt, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Adv. Mater. 21, 3073 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Adam, J.-L.

B. Fan, C. Point, J.-L. Adam, X. Zhang, X. Fan, and H. Ma, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 113107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, X. Zhang, S. Dai, B. Fan, H. Ma, J.-L. Adam, J. Ren, and G. Chen, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 13056 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Alombert-Goget, G.

B. Dieudonné, B. Boulard, G. Alombert-Goget, A. Chiasera, Y. Gao, S. Kodjikian, and M. Ferrari, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Biner, D.

E. van der Kolk, O. M. Ten Kate, J. W. Wiegman, D. Biner, and K. W. Krämer, Opt. Mater. 33, 1024 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Boulard, B.

B. Dieudonné, B. Boulard, G. Alombert-Goget, A. Chiasera, Y. Gao, S. Kodjikian, and M. Ferrari, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Cao, W.

Chen, D.

Chen, G.

Y. Xu, X. Zhang, S. Dai, B. Fan, H. Ma, J.-L. Adam, J. Ren, and G. Chen, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 13056 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, B. Zhu, Y. Zhuang, G. Chen, X. Liu, G. Zhang, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 654 (2010).
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Chen, Y.

Chiasera, A.

B. Dieudonné, B. Boulard, G. Alombert-Goget, A. Chiasera, Y. Gao, S. Kodjikian, and M. Ferrari, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 105 (2013).
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den Hertog, M. I.

P. Vergeer, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. H. F. Kox, M. I. den Hertog, J. P. J. M. van der Eerden, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 71, 014119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Deng, K.

Dieudonné, B.

B. Dieudonné, B. Boulard, G. Alombert-Goget, A. Chiasera, Y. Gao, S. Kodjikian, and M. Ferrari, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Dong, G.

L. Zhang, G. Dong, M. Peng, and J. Qiu, Spectrochim. Acta, Part A 93, 223 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Y. Teng, Y. Zhuang, J. Xie, Y. Qiao, G. Dong, D. Chen, and J. Qiu, Opt. Lett. 34, 3565 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Duan, Q.

Fan, B.

Y. Xu, X. Zhang, S. Dai, B. Fan, H. Ma, J.-L. Adam, J. Ren, and G. Chen, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 13056 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Fan, C. Point, J.-L. Adam, X. Zhang, X. Fan, and H. Ma, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 113107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fan, X.

B. Fan, C. Point, J.-L. Adam, X. Zhang, X. Fan, and H. Ma, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 113107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, M.

B. Dieudonné, B. Boulard, G. Alombert-Goget, A. Chiasera, Y. Gao, S. Kodjikian, and M. Ferrari, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Gao, Y.

B. Dieudonné, B. Boulard, G. Alombert-Goget, A. Chiasera, Y. Gao, S. Kodjikian, and M. Ferrari, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Gong, T.

Green, M. A.

A. Shalav, B. S. Richards, and M. A. Green, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 91, 829 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guille, A.

Hu, L.

Huang, P.

Huang, X. Y.

Q. Y. Zhang and X. Y. Huang, Prog. Mater Sci. 55, 353 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z. H.

Q. Y. Zhang, G. F. Yang, and Z. H. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Katayama, Y.

Y. Katayama and S. Tanabe, Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam) 33, 176 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kodjikian, S.

B. Dieudonné, B. Boulard, G. Alombert-Goget, A. Chiasera, Y. Gao, S. Kodjikian, and M. Ferrari, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kox, M. H. F.

P. Vergeer, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. H. F. Kox, M. I. den Hertog, J. P. J. M. van der Eerden, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 71, 014119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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E. van der Kolk, O. M. Ten Kate, J. W. Wiegman, D. Biner, and K. W. Krämer, Opt. Mater. 33, 1024 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.

Liu, X.

Q. Zhang, B. Zhu, Y. Zhuang, G. Chen, X. Liu, G. Zhang, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 654 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Y. Teng, Y. Zhuang, J. Xie, Y. Qiao, G. Dong, D. Chen, and J. Qiu, Opt. Lett. 34, 3565 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ma, H.

B. Fan, C. Point, J.-L. Adam, X. Zhang, X. Fan, and H. Ma, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 113107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, X. Zhang, S. Dai, B. Fan, H. Ma, J.-L. Adam, J. Ren, and G. Chen, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 13056 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Martinet, C.

Meijer, J.-M.

J.-M. Meijer, L. Aarts, B. M. van der Ende, T. J. H. Vlugt, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Meijerink, A.

J.-M. Meijer, L. Aarts, B. M. van der Ende, T. J. H. Vlugt, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. T. van Wijngaarden, S. Scheidelaar, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. F. Reid, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 81, 155112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Adv. Mater. 21, 3073 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Vergeer, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. H. F. Kox, M. I. den Hertog, J. P. J. M. van der Eerden, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 71, 014119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moine, B.

Peng, M.

L. Zhang, G. Dong, M. Peng, and J. Qiu, Spectrochim. Acta, Part A 93, 223 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pereira, A.

Point, C.

B. Fan, C. Point, J.-L. Adam, X. Zhang, X. Fan, and H. Ma, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 113107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, Y.

Qin, F.

Qiu, J.

L. Zhang, G. Dong, M. Peng, and J. Qiu, Spectrochim. Acta, Part A 93, 223 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, B. Zhu, Y. Zhuang, G. Chen, X. Liu, G. Zhang, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 654 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Y. Teng, Y. Zhuang, J. Xie, Y. Qiao, G. Dong, D. Chen, and J. Qiu, Opt. Lett. 34, 3565 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Reid, M. F.

J. T. van Wijngaarden, S. Scheidelaar, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. F. Reid, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 81, 155112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ren, J.

Y. Xu, X. Zhang, S. Dai, B. Fan, H. Ma, J.-L. Adam, J. Ren, and G. Chen, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 13056 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Richards, B. S.

A. Shalav, B. S. Richards, and M. A. Green, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 91, 829 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Richards, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90, 1189 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Scheidelaar, S.

J. T. van Wijngaarden, S. Scheidelaar, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. F. Reid, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 81, 155112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shalav, A.

A. Shalav, B. S. Richards, and M. A. Green, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 91, 829 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shan, Z.

Tanabe, S.

Y. Katayama and S. Tanabe, Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam) 33, 176 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ten Kate, O. M.

E. van der Kolk, O. M. Ten Kate, J. W. Wiegman, D. Biner, and K. W. Krämer, Opt. Mater. 33, 1024 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Teng, Y.

van der Eerden, J. P. J. M.

P. Vergeer, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. H. F. Kox, M. I. den Hertog, J. P. J. M. van der Eerden, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 71, 014119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

van der Ende, B. M.

J.-M. Meijer, L. Aarts, B. M. van der Ende, T. J. H. Vlugt, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Adv. Mater. 21, 3073 (2009).
[CrossRef]

van der Kolk, E.

E. van der Kolk, O. M. Ten Kate, J. W. Wiegman, D. Biner, and K. W. Krämer, Opt. Mater. 33, 1024 (2011).
[CrossRef]

van Wijngaarden, J. T.

J. T. van Wijngaarden, S. Scheidelaar, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. F. Reid, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 81, 155112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vergeer, P.

P. Vergeer, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. H. F. Kox, M. I. den Hertog, J. P. J. M. van der Eerden, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 71, 014119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vlugt, T. J. H.

J. T. van Wijngaarden, S. Scheidelaar, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. F. Reid, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 81, 155112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J.-M. Meijer, L. Aarts, B. M. van der Ende, T. J. H. Vlugt, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Vergeer, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. H. F. Kox, M. I. den Hertog, J. P. J. M. van der Eerden, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 71, 014119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Wei, X.

Weng, F.

D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, P. Huang, and F. Weng, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 116105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, P. Huang, and F. Weng, Opt. Lett. 33, 1884 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wiegman, J. W.

E. van der Kolk, O. M. Ten Kate, J. W. Wiegman, D. Biner, and K. W. Krämer, Opt. Mater. 33, 1024 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xie, J.

Xu, Y.

Y. Xu, X. Zhang, S. Dai, B. Fan, H. Ma, J.-L. Adam, J. Ren, and G. Chen, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 13056 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, G. F.

Q. Y. Zhang, G. F. Yang, and Z. H. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yin, M.

Yu, Y.

Zhang, G.

Q. Zhang, B. Zhu, Y. Zhuang, G. Chen, X. Liu, G. Zhang, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 654 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, G. Dong, M. Peng, and J. Qiu, Spectrochim. Acta, Part A 93, 223 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

Q. Zhang, B. Zhu, Y. Zhuang, G. Chen, X. Liu, G. Zhang, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 654 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q. Y.

Q. Y. Zhang and X. Y. Huang, Prog. Mater Sci. 55, 353 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. Y. Zhang, G. F. Yang, and Z. H. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

B. Fan, C. Point, J.-L. Adam, X. Zhang, X. Fan, and H. Ma, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 113107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, X. Zhang, S. Dai, B. Fan, H. Ma, J.-L. Adam, J. Ren, and G. Chen, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 13056 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

Zhu, B.

Q. Zhang, B. Zhu, Y. Zhuang, G. Chen, X. Liu, G. Zhang, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 654 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhuang, Y.

Q. Zhang, B. Zhu, Y. Zhuang, G. Chen, X. Liu, G. Zhang, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 654 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Y. Teng, Y. Zhuang, J. Xie, Y. Qiao, G. Dong, D. Chen, and J. Qiu, Opt. Lett. 34, 3565 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Adv. Mater. 21, 3073 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Q. Y. Zhang, G. F. Yang, and Z. H. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

Q. Zhang, B. Zhu, Y. Zhuang, G. Chen, X. Liu, G. Zhang, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 654 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

B. Fan, C. Point, J.-L. Adam, X. Zhang, X. Fan, and H. Ma, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 113107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, P. Huang, and F. Weng, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 116105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

B. Dieudonné, B. Boulard, G. Alombert-Goget, A. Chiasera, Y. Gao, S. Kodjikian, and M. Ferrari, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

Y. Xu, X. Zhang, S. Dai, B. Fan, H. Ma, J.-L. Adam, J. Ren, and G. Chen, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 13056 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Mater. (1)

E. van der Kolk, O. M. Ten Kate, J. W. Wiegman, D. Biner, and K. W. Krämer, Opt. Mater. 33, 1024 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam) (1)

Y. Katayama and S. Tanabe, Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam) 33, 176 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

J.-M. Meijer, L. Aarts, B. M. van der Ende, T. J. H. Vlugt, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Vergeer, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. H. F. Kox, M. I. den Hertog, J. P. J. M. van der Eerden, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 71, 014119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. T. van Wijngaarden, S. Scheidelaar, T. J. H. Vlugt, M. F. Reid, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 81, 155112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Mater Sci. (1)

Q. Y. Zhang and X. Y. Huang, Prog. Mater Sci. 55, 353 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (2)

B. S. Richards, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90, 1189 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Shalav, B. S. Richards, and M. A. Green, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 91, 829 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim. Acta, Part A (1)

L. Zhang, G. Dong, M. Peng, and J. Qiu, Spectrochim. Acta, Part A 93, 223 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

AM1.5G spectrum showing (a) the response curve of c-Si solar cells, (b) a typical excitation spectrum at 980 nm, and (c) the emission spectrum under 474 nm excitation for Pr3+-Yb3+ ions.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Absorption spectra of Pr3+ and Yb3+ co-doped chalcohalide glass samples.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Visible emission spectra of glass samples under 474 nm laser excitation.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Near-IR emission spectra of glass samples under 474 nm laser excitation.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Log–log plot for dependency of 1008 nm near-IR emission intensity on pumping power for Pr3+-Yb3+ ions codoped chalcohalide glass.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Visible quantum yield of Pr3+-Yb3+ co-doped chalcogenide glasses.

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