Abstract

The first demonstration, to the best of our knowledge, of distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) and monolithic distributed feedback (DFB) lasers in photothermorefractive glass doped with rare-earth ions is reported. The lasers were produced by incorporation of the volume Bragg gratings into the laser gain elements. A monolithic single-frequency solid-state laser with a linewidth of 250 kHz and output power of 150 mW at 1066 nm is demonstrated.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Kogelnik and C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 152 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. V. Shank, J. E. Bjorkholm, and H. Kogelnik, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 395 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Nakamura, A. Yariv, H. W. Yen, S. Somekh, and H. L. Garvin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 224 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. M. Lammert, J. E. Ungar, S. W. Oj, H. Qi, J. S. Chen, and N. Bar Chaim, Electron. Lett. 34, 1663 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Wenzel, J. Fricke, A. Klehr, A. Knauer, and G. Erbert, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 737 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. Ligeret, F.-J. Vermersch, S. Bansropun, M. Lecomte, M. Calligaro, O. Parillaud, and M. Krakowski, Proc. SPIE 6184, 61840A (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Process for production of high efficiency volume diffractive elements in photo-thermorefractive glass,” U.S. patent6,586,141 (July1, 2003).
  8. L. B. Glebov, J. Holography Speckle 5, 1 (2008).
  9. L. Glebov, Rev. Laser Eng. 41, 684 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. Glebova, J. Lumeau, and L. B. Glebov, Opt. Mater. 33, 1970 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Sato, T. Taira, V. Smirnov, L. Glebova, and L. Glebov, Opt. Lett. 36, 2257 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, and H. P. Andre, Appl. Opt. 41, 1864 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Deubener, H. Bornhöft, S. Reinsch, R. Müller, J. Lumeau, L. N. Glebova, and L. B. Glebov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 126 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

L. Glebov, Rev. Laser Eng. 41, 684 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

L. Glebova, J. Lumeau, and L. B. Glebov, Opt. Mater. 33, 1970 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sato, T. Taira, V. Smirnov, L. Glebova, and L. Glebov, Opt. Lett. 36, 2257 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

J. Deubener, H. Bornhöft, S. Reinsch, R. Müller, J. Lumeau, L. N. Glebova, and L. B. Glebov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 126 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

L. B. Glebov, J. Holography Speckle 5, 1 (2008).

2006 (2)

H. Wenzel, J. Fricke, A. Klehr, A. Knauer, and G. Erbert, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 737 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Ligeret, F.-J. Vermersch, S. Bansropun, M. Lecomte, M. Calligaro, O. Parillaud, and M. Krakowski, Proc. SPIE 6184, 61840A (2006).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

1998 (1)

R. M. Lammert, J. E. Ungar, S. W. Oj, H. Qi, J. S. Chen, and N. Bar Chaim, Electron. Lett. 34, 1663 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

M. Nakamura, A. Yariv, H. W. Yen, S. Somekh, and H. L. Garvin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 224 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1971 (2)

H. Kogelnik and C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 152 (1971).
[CrossRef]

C. V. Shank, J. E. Bjorkholm, and H. Kogelnik, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 395 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Andre, H. P.

Bansropun, S.

V. Ligeret, F.-J. Vermersch, S. Bansropun, M. Lecomte, M. Calligaro, O. Parillaud, and M. Krakowski, Proc. SPIE 6184, 61840A (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bar Chaim, N.

R. M. Lammert, J. E. Ungar, S. W. Oj, H. Qi, J. S. Chen, and N. Bar Chaim, Electron. Lett. 34, 1663 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

C. V. Shank, J. E. Bjorkholm, and H. Kogelnik, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 395 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Bornhöft, H.

J. Deubener, H. Bornhöft, S. Reinsch, R. Müller, J. Lumeau, L. N. Glebova, and L. B. Glebov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 126 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Calligaro, M.

V. Ligeret, F.-J. Vermersch, S. Bansropun, M. Lecomte, M. Calligaro, O. Parillaud, and M. Krakowski, Proc. SPIE 6184, 61840A (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. S.

R. M. Lammert, J. E. Ungar, S. W. Oj, H. Qi, J. S. Chen, and N. Bar Chaim, Electron. Lett. 34, 1663 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Deubener, J.

J. Deubener, H. Bornhöft, S. Reinsch, R. Müller, J. Lumeau, L. N. Glebova, and L. B. Glebov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 126 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Efimov, O. M.

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, and H. P. Andre, Appl. Opt. 41, 1864 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Process for production of high efficiency volume diffractive elements in photo-thermorefractive glass,” U.S. patent6,586,141 (July1, 2003).

Erbert, G.

H. Wenzel, J. Fricke, A. Klehr, A. Knauer, and G. Erbert, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 737 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fricke, J.

H. Wenzel, J. Fricke, A. Klehr, A. Knauer, and G. Erbert, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 737 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Garvin, H. L.

M. Nakamura, A. Yariv, H. W. Yen, S. Somekh, and H. L. Garvin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 224 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Glebov, L.

Glebov, L. B.

L. Glebova, J. Lumeau, and L. B. Glebov, Opt. Mater. 33, 1970 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Deubener, H. Bornhöft, S. Reinsch, R. Müller, J. Lumeau, L. N. Glebova, and L. B. Glebov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 126 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Glebov, J. Holography Speckle 5, 1 (2008).

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, and H. P. Andre, Appl. Opt. 41, 1864 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Process for production of high efficiency volume diffractive elements in photo-thermorefractive glass,” U.S. patent6,586,141 (July1, 2003).

Glebova, L.

L. Glebova, J. Lumeau, and L. B. Glebov, Opt. Mater. 33, 1970 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sato, T. Taira, V. Smirnov, L. Glebova, and L. Glebov, Opt. Lett. 36, 2257 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Glebova, L. N.

J. Deubener, H. Bornhöft, S. Reinsch, R. Müller, J. Lumeau, L. N. Glebova, and L. B. Glebov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 126 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Process for production of high efficiency volume diffractive elements in photo-thermorefractive glass,” U.S. patent6,586,141 (July1, 2003).

Klehr, A.

H. Wenzel, J. Fricke, A. Klehr, A. Knauer, and G. Erbert, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 737 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Knauer, A.

H. Wenzel, J. Fricke, A. Klehr, A. Knauer, and G. Erbert, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 737 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik and C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 152 (1971).
[CrossRef]

C. V. Shank, J. E. Bjorkholm, and H. Kogelnik, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 395 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Krakowski, M.

V. Ligeret, F.-J. Vermersch, S. Bansropun, M. Lecomte, M. Calligaro, O. Parillaud, and M. Krakowski, Proc. SPIE 6184, 61840A (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lammert, R. M.

R. M. Lammert, J. E. Ungar, S. W. Oj, H. Qi, J. S. Chen, and N. Bar Chaim, Electron. Lett. 34, 1663 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lecomte, M.

V. Ligeret, F.-J. Vermersch, S. Bansropun, M. Lecomte, M. Calligaro, O. Parillaud, and M. Krakowski, Proc. SPIE 6184, 61840A (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ligeret, V.

V. Ligeret, F.-J. Vermersch, S. Bansropun, M. Lecomte, M. Calligaro, O. Parillaud, and M. Krakowski, Proc. SPIE 6184, 61840A (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lumeau, J.

L. Glebova, J. Lumeau, and L. B. Glebov, Opt. Mater. 33, 1970 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Deubener, H. Bornhöft, S. Reinsch, R. Müller, J. Lumeau, L. N. Glebova, and L. B. Glebov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 126 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Müller, R.

J. Deubener, H. Bornhöft, S. Reinsch, R. Müller, J. Lumeau, L. N. Glebova, and L. B. Glebov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 126 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, M.

M. Nakamura, A. Yariv, H. W. Yen, S. Somekh, and H. L. Garvin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 224 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Oj, S. W.

R. M. Lammert, J. E. Ungar, S. W. Oj, H. Qi, J. S. Chen, and N. Bar Chaim, Electron. Lett. 34, 1663 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Parillaud, O.

V. Ligeret, F.-J. Vermersch, S. Bansropun, M. Lecomte, M. Calligaro, O. Parillaud, and M. Krakowski, Proc. SPIE 6184, 61840A (2006).
[CrossRef]

Qi, H.

R. M. Lammert, J. E. Ungar, S. W. Oj, H. Qi, J. S. Chen, and N. Bar Chaim, Electron. Lett. 34, 1663 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Reinsch, S.

J. Deubener, H. Bornhöft, S. Reinsch, R. Müller, J. Lumeau, L. N. Glebova, and L. B. Glebov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 126 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sato, Y.

Shank, C. V.

C. V. Shank, J. E. Bjorkholm, and H. Kogelnik, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 395 (1971).
[CrossRef]

H. Kogelnik and C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 152 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, V.

Smirnov, V. I.

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Process for production of high efficiency volume diffractive elements in photo-thermorefractive glass,” U.S. patent6,586,141 (July1, 2003).

Somekh, S.

M. Nakamura, A. Yariv, H. W. Yen, S. Somekh, and H. L. Garvin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 224 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Taira, T.

Ungar, J. E.

R. M. Lammert, J. E. Ungar, S. W. Oj, H. Qi, J. S. Chen, and N. Bar Chaim, Electron. Lett. 34, 1663 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vermersch, F.-J.

V. Ligeret, F.-J. Vermersch, S. Bansropun, M. Lecomte, M. Calligaro, O. Parillaud, and M. Krakowski, Proc. SPIE 6184, 61840A (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wenzel, H.

H. Wenzel, J. Fricke, A. Klehr, A. Knauer, and G. Erbert, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 737 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

M. Nakamura, A. Yariv, H. W. Yen, S. Somekh, and H. L. Garvin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 224 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Yen, H. W.

M. Nakamura, A. Yariv, H. W. Yen, S. Somekh, and H. L. Garvin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 224 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

H. Kogelnik and C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 152 (1971).
[CrossRef]

C. V. Shank, J. E. Bjorkholm, and H. Kogelnik, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 395 (1971).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakamura, A. Yariv, H. W. Yen, S. Somekh, and H. L. Garvin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 224 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

R. M. Lammert, J. E. Ungar, S. W. Oj, H. Qi, J. S. Chen, and N. Bar Chaim, Electron. Lett. 34, 1663 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

H. Wenzel, J. Fricke, A. Klehr, A. Knauer, and G. Erbert, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 737 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Holography Speckle (1)

L. B. Glebov, J. Holography Speckle 5, 1 (2008).

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

J. Deubener, H. Bornhöft, S. Reinsch, R. Müller, J. Lumeau, L. N. Glebova, and L. B. Glebov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 126 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

L. Glebova, J. Lumeau, and L. B. Glebov, Opt. Mater. 33, 1970 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

V. Ligeret, F.-J. Vermersch, S. Bansropun, M. Lecomte, M. Calligaro, O. Parillaud, and M. Krakowski, Proc. SPIE 6184, 61840A (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Laser Eng. (1)

L. Glebov, Rev. Laser Eng. 41, 684 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Process for production of high efficiency volume diffractive elements in photo-thermorefractive glass,” U.S. patent6,586,141 (July1, 2003).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Emission spectra of PTR glasses with 2% of Nd ions (a) and 2% of Yb ions (b) under Xe lamp excitation.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setups of DBR (a) and DFB (b) lasers. 1, dichroic mirror with high transmission for pumping radiation and high reflection for signal at normal incidence (a) or at 45° (b); 2, lens; 3, Nd- or Yb-doped PTR glass slab with a 99% diffraction efficiency Bragg mirror.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output parameters of a Nd:PTR glass DBR laser. (a) shows peak power versus absorbed pump power. (b) Emission spectrum at 28.7 W of absorbed pump power. (c) Emission spectra at different values of absorbed pump power: 1, 17.1 W; 2, 18.6 W; 3, 20 W; 4, 21.5 W; 5, 24.4 W; 6, 25.8 W; 7, 27.2 W; 8, 28.7 W; 9, 30 W; 10, 31.3 W.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output parameters of Yb:DFB laser. (a) Output power versus absorbed pump power for backward (1) and forward (2) lasing. (b) Emission spectra at different levels of absorbed pump power: 1, 3.6 W; 2, 4.2 W; 3, 4.7 W; 4, 5.2 W; 5, 5.6 W; 6, 6 W; 7, 6.5 W; 8, 7 W; 9, 7.5 W; 10, 8 W; 11, 8.5 W.

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