Abstract

We report on an improvement of idler beam quality in a singly resonant optical parametric oscillator (OPO), where the resonant signal is converted to the idler via an additional difference frequency generation (DFG) process. The two processes are phase matched simultaneously by a quasi-periodically poled nonlinear crystal. Whereas back-conversion of the signal and idler to the pump frequency distorts the idler beam in a standard OPO, in a quasi-periodic OPO the DFG process reduces the signal intensity, leading to suppression of back-conversion and, hence, improvement in idler beam quality. Indeed, the experimental results show under the same pump power a significant improvement in idler beam quality for the quasi-periodic OPO (1M22.1) as compared with the standard OPO (3.2M25.3).

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013

T. Chen, B. Wu, P. Jiang, D. Yang, and Y. Shen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 2000 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

A. Godard, M. Raybaut, M. Lefebvre, A.-M. Michel, and M. Péalat, Appl. Phys. B 109, 567 (2012).
[CrossRef]

O. P. Naraniya, M. R. Shenoy, and K. Thyagarajan, Appl. Opt. 51, 1312 (2012).
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2010

2008

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

W. Zhang, Opt. Commun. 274, 451 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

R. Lifshitz, A. Arie, and A. Bahabad, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 133901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

2002

2001

A. V. Smith and M. S. Bowers, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 706 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Anstett, G. Göritz, D. Kabs, R. Urschel, R. Wallenstein, and A. Borsutzky, Appl. Phys. B 72, 583 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

R. Urschel, A. Borsutzky, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. B 70, 203 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

1998

1997

I. Shoji, T. Kondo, A. Kitamoto, M. Shirane, and R. Ito, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Nabors and G. Frangineas, Adv. Solid-State Lasers 10, 90 (1997).

S. Zhu, Science 278, 843 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

1993

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1969

Y. S. Kim, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4637 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1964

R. C. Miller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 17 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Alford, W. J.

Anstett, G.

G. Anstett, G. Göritz, D. Kabs, R. Urschel, R. Wallenstein, and A. Borsutzky, Appl. Phys. B 72, 583 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Arie, A.

G. Porat, O. Gayer, and A. Arie, Opt. Lett. 35, 1401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sacks, O. Gayer, E. Tal, and A. Arie, Opt. Express 18, 12669 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Lifshitz, A. Arie, and A. Bahabad, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 133901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, D. J.

Artigas, D.

Bahabad, A.

R. Lifshitz, A. Arie, and A. Bahabad, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 133901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Borsutzky, A.

G. Anstett, G. Göritz, D. Kabs, R. Urschel, R. Wallenstein, and A. Borsutzky, Appl. Phys. B 72, 583 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Urschel, A. Borsutzky, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. B 70, 203 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, M. S.

Chen, T.

T. Chen, B. Wu, P. Jiang, D. Yang, and Y. Shen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 2000 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Cheungy, E. C.

Dearborn, M. E.

Diels, J. C.

Ehrlich, Y.

Fastig, S.

Frangineas, G.

C. D. Nabors and G. Frangineas, Adv. Solid-State Lasers 10, 90 (1997).

Galun, E.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gayer, O.

Gehr, R. J.

Godard, A.

A. Godard, M. Raybaut, M. Lefebvre, A.-M. Michel, and M. Péalat, Appl. Phys. B 109, 567 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Göritz, G.

G. Anstett, G. Göritz, D. Kabs, R. Urschel, R. Wallenstein, and A. Borsutzky, Appl. Phys. B 72, 583 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ito, R.

Jiang, P.

T. Chen, B. Wu, P. Jiang, D. Yang, and Y. Shen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 2000 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, T. Y.

Kabs, D.

G. Anstett, G. Göritz, D. Kabs, R. Urschel, R. Wallenstein, and A. Borsutzky, Appl. Phys. B 72, 583 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y. S.

Y. S. Kim, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4637 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Kitamoto, A.

Koch, K.

Kondo, T.

Lefebvre, M.

A. Godard, M. Raybaut, M. Lefebvre, A.-M. Michel, and M. Péalat, Appl. Phys. B 109, 567 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lifshitz, R.

R. Lifshitz, A. Arie, and A. Bahabad, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 133901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Michel, A.-M.

A. Godard, M. Raybaut, M. Lefebvre, A.-M. Michel, and M. Péalat, Appl. Phys. B 109, 567 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Miller, R. C.

R. C. Miller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 17 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Moore, G. T.

Nabors, C. D.

C. D. Nabors and G. Frangineas, Adv. Solid-State Lasers 10, 90 (1997).

Nada, N.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Naraniya, O. P.

Péalat, M.

A. Godard, M. Raybaut, M. Lefebvre, A.-M. Michel, and M. Péalat, Appl. Phys. B 109, 567 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pearl, S.

Porat, G.

Raybaut, M.

A. Godard, M. Raybaut, M. Lefebvre, A.-M. Michel, and M. Péalat, Appl. Phys. B 109, 567 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Raymond, T. D.

Reid, D. T.

Rosenwaks, S.

Sacks, Z.

Z. Sacks, O. Gayer, E. Tal, and A. Arie, Opt. Express 18, 12669 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Saitoh, M.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

T. Chen, B. Wu, P. Jiang, D. Yang, and Y. Shen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 2000 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Shenoy, M. R.

Shirane, M.

Shoji, I.

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, in DPSS (Diode Pumped Solid State) Lasers: Applications and Issues, M. Dowley, ed., Vol. 17 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper MQ1.

Smith, A. V.

Tal, E.

Thyagarajan, K.

Tillman, K. A.

Urschel, R.

G. Anstett, G. Göritz, D. Kabs, R. Urschel, R. Wallenstein, and A. Borsutzky, Appl. Phys. B 72, 583 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Urschel, A. Borsutzky, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. B 70, 203 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

G. Anstett, G. Göritz, D. Kabs, R. Urschel, R. Wallenstein, and A. Borsutzky, Appl. Phys. B 72, 583 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Urschel, A. Borsutzky, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. B 70, 203 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, K.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B.

T. Chen, B. Wu, P. Jiang, D. Yang, and Y. Shen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 2000 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D.

T. Chen, B. Wu, P. Jiang, D. Yang, and Y. Shen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 2000 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang, Opt. Commun. 274, 451 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S.

S. Zhu, Science 278, 843 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Solid-State Lasers

C. D. Nabors and G. Frangineas, Adv. Solid-State Lasers 10, 90 (1997).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

A. Godard, M. Raybaut, M. Lefebvre, A.-M. Michel, and M. Péalat, Appl. Phys. B 109, 567 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Anstett, G. Göritz, D. Kabs, R. Urschel, R. Wallenstein, and A. Borsutzky, Appl. Phys. B 72, 583 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Urschel, A. Borsutzky, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. B 70, 203 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Miller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 17 (1964).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

T. Chen, B. Wu, P. Jiang, D. Yang, and Y. Shen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 2000 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

Y. S. Kim, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4637 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

W. Zhang, Opt. Commun. 274, 451 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

R. Lifshitz, A. Arie, and A. Bahabad, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 133901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Science

S. Zhu, Science 278, 843 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. E. Siegman, in DPSS (Diode Pumped Solid State) Lasers: Applications and Issues, M. Dowley, ed., Vol. 17 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper MQ1.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Measured results for the idler output power of standard (blue) and quasi-periodic (red) OPOs as a function of input pump power. The solid lines are linear fits to the measured results. (b) Experimental spatial intensity profiles of periodic (top row) and quasi-periodic (bottom row) OPO idler radiation.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Simulations of the temporal behavior of both (a) standard and (b) quasi-periodic OPOs with 53μJ pump pulse energy (corresponding to 500 mW average power): normalized power profile (red) and beam quality factor M2 (blue) as a function of time. Inset: spatial intensity profiles at a specific time.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Comparison between standard (blue) and quasi-periodic (red) measured divergence: square of beam width as a function of the distance from the waist in the two orthogonal axes x (solid stars) and y (open circles). The dashed curves are fits to the experimental values indicated by the markers. Input pump power was 1000 mW.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Comparison between standard and quasi-periodic OPO idler beam quality as a function of input pump power. (a) Experiment and (b) simulation.

Equations (1)

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Wx2(z)=W0x2+Mx4·(λπW0x)(zz0x)2,

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