Abstract

We demonstrated a compact tunable multibandpass filter with a short size of about 9 mm and a high wavelength-tuning sensitivity of up to 2.194nm/°C by means of filling a liquid with a high refractive index of 1.700 into the air holes of a photonic crystal fiber (PCF). Such a PCF-based filter maintains an almost constant bandwidth and a large extinction ratio of more than 40 dB within the whole wavelength tuning range of more than 100 nm. Moreover, the transmission spectrum of the PCF-based filter is insensitive to the stretch force and the curvature of the fiber.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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Bartelt, H.

Bassi, P.

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Y. J. Rao, X. K. Zeng, Y. P. Wang, T. Zhu, Z. L. Ran, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, in 15th Optical Fiber Sensors Conference Technical Digest (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 1, pp. 207–210.

Berkoff, T. A.

Bhatia, V.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Borelli, E.

Brueckner, S.

Chai, L.

B.-W. Liu, M.-L. Hu, X.-H. Fang, Y.-F. Li, L. Chai, J.-Y. Li, W. Chen, and C.-Y. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 581 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

B.-W. Liu, M.-L. Hu, X.-H. Fang, Y.-F. Li, L. Chai, J.-Y. Li, W. Chen, and C.-Y. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 581 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dabrowski, R.

M. M. Tefelska, S. Ertman, T. Woliński, R. Dąbrowski, and P. Mergo, Photonics Lett. Pol. 5, 14 (2013).
[CrossRef]

de Sterke, C. M.

P. Steinvurzel, B. J. Eggleton, C. M. de Sterke, and M. J. Steel, Electron. Lett. 41, 463 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Demokan, M. S.

Deng, Y.

Ecke, W.

Eggleton, B. J.

P. Steinvurzel, B. J. Eggleton, C. M. de Sterke, and M. J. Steel, Electron. Lett. 41, 463 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Erdogan, T.

T. Erdogan, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1760 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ertman, S.

M. M. Tefelska, S. Ertman, T. Woliński, R. Dąbrowski, and P. Mergo, Photonics Lett. Pol. 5, 14 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fang, X.-H.

B.-W. Liu, M.-L. Hu, X.-H. Fang, Y.-F. Li, L. Chai, J.-Y. Li, W. Chen, and C.-Y. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 581 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Geng, Y.

Ho, H. L.

Hong, X.

Hoo, Y. L.

Hou, J.

Hu, M.-L.

B.-W. Liu, M.-L. Hu, X.-H. Fang, Y.-F. Li, L. Chai, J.-Y. Li, W. Chen, and C.-Y. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 581 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Z.

Jiang, W.

X. Tan, L. Zhang, W. Jiang, Q. Zhang, and J. Zhou, Opt. Eng. 52, 015010 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y.

C. Tang and Y. Jiang, Opt. Eng. 48, 114401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jin, L.

Jin, W.

Ju, J.

Judkins, J. B.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kersey, A. D.

Kim, K. T.

Knight, J. C.

J. C. Knight, Nature 424, 847 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kobelke, J.

Lægsgaard, J.

Lehmann, H.

W. Yiping, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, H. Lehmann, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, R. Spittel, S. Liye, S. Brueckner, J. Wei, T. Xiaoling, and J. Long, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 164 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lemaire, P. J.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

Li, J.-Y.

B.-W. Liu, M.-L. Hu, X.-H. Fang, Y.-F. Li, L. Chai, J.-Y. Li, W. Chen, and C.-Y. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 581 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Li, Y.-F.

B.-W. Liu, M.-L. Hu, X.-H. Fang, Y.-F. Li, L. Chai, J.-Y. Li, W. Chen, and C.-Y. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 581 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, B.-W.

B.-W. Liu, M.-L. Hu, X.-H. Fang, Y.-F. Li, L. Chai, J.-Y. Li, W. Chen, and C.-Y. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 581 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S.

Liye, S.

W. Yiping, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, H. Lehmann, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, R. Spittel, S. Liye, S. Brueckner, J. Wei, T. Xiaoling, and J. Long, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 164 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Long, J.

W. Yiping, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, H. Lehmann, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, R. Spittel, S. Liye, S. Brueckner, J. Wei, T. Xiaoling, and J. Long, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 164 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Q.

Mergo, P.

M. M. Tefelska, S. Ertman, T. Woliński, R. Dąbrowski, and P. Mergo, Photonics Lett. Pol. 5, 14 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Moerl, K.

W. Yiping, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, H. Lehmann, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, R. Spittel, S. Liye, S. Brueckner, J. Wei, T. Xiaoling, and J. Long, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 164 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, W. Jin, L. Jin, X. Tan, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, K. Schroeder, R. Spittel, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, L. Shan, and S. Brueckner, Opt. Lett. 34, 3683 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Morey, W. W.

Mörl, K.

Noordegraaf, D.

Peng, Y.

Pickrell, G.

B. Yu, G. Pickrell, and W. Anbo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ran, Z. L.

Y. J. Rao, X. K. Zeng, Y. P. Wang, T. Zhu, Z. L. Ran, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, in 15th Optical Fiber Sensors Conference Technical Digest (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 1, pp. 207–210.

Rao, Y. J.

Y. J. Rao, X. K. Zeng, Y. P. Wang, T. Zhu, Z. L. Ran, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, in 15th Optical Fiber Sensors Conference Technical Digest (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 1, pp. 207–210.

Rothhardt, M.

Russell, P.

P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schroeder, K.

W. Yiping, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, H. Lehmann, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, R. Spittel, S. Liye, S. Brueckner, J. Wei, T. Xiaoling, and J. Long, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 164 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, W. Jin, L. Jin, X. Tan, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, K. Schroeder, R. Spittel, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, L. Shan, and S. Brueckner, Opt. Lett. 34, 3683 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Scolari, L.

Shan, L.

Sipe, J. E.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sohn, K. R.

Song, K.

Spittel, R.

W. Yiping, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, H. Lehmann, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, R. Spittel, S. Liye, S. Brueckner, J. Wei, T. Xiaoling, and J. Long, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 164 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, W. Jin, L. Jin, X. Tan, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, K. Schroeder, R. Spittel, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, L. Shan, and S. Brueckner, Opt. Lett. 34, 3683 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Steel, M. J.

P. Steinvurzel, B. J. Eggleton, C. M. de Sterke, and M. J. Steel, Electron. Lett. 41, 463 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Steinvurzel, P.

P. Steinvurzel, B. J. Eggleton, C. M. de Sterke, and M. J. Steel, Electron. Lett. 41, 463 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tan, X.

Tang, C.

C. Tang and Y. Jiang, Opt. Eng. 48, 114401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tartarini, G.

Tefelska, M. M.

M. M. Tefelska, S. Ertman, T. Woliński, R. Dąbrowski, and P. Mergo, Photonics Lett. Pol. 5, 14 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Tong, W.

Vengsarkar, A. M.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.-Y.

B.-W. Liu, M.-L. Hu, X.-H. Fang, Y.-F. Li, L. Chai, J.-Y. Li, W. Chen, and C.-Y. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 581 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D.

Wang, Y.

Wang, Y. P.

Y. J. Rao, X. K. Zeng, Y. P. Wang, T. Zhu, Z. L. Ran, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, in 15th Optical Fiber Sensors Conference Technical Digest (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 1, pp. 207–210.

Wei, H.

Wei, J.

W. Yiping, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, H. Lehmann, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, R. Spittel, S. Liye, S. Brueckner, J. Wei, T. Xiaoling, and J. Long, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 164 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Willsch, R.

Wolinski, T.

M. M. Tefelska, S. Ertman, T. Woliński, R. Dąbrowski, and P. Mergo, Photonics Lett. Pol. 5, 14 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.-T.

Xiao, L.

Xiao, R.

Xiaoling, T.

W. Yiping, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, H. Lehmann, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, R. Spittel, S. Liye, S. Brueckner, J. Wei, T. Xiaoling, and J. Long, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 164 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xuan, H.

Ying, D.

Yiping, W.

W. Yiping, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, H. Lehmann, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, R. Spittel, S. Liye, S. Brueckner, J. Wei, T. Xiaoling, and J. Long, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 164 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yu, B.

B. Yu, G. Pickrell, and W. Anbo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y.

Zeng, X. K.

Y. J. Rao, X. K. Zeng, Y. P. Wang, T. Zhu, Z. L. Ran, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, in 15th Optical Fiber Sensors Conference Technical Digest (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 1, pp. 207–210.

Zhang, L.

X. Tan, L. Zhang, W. Jiang, Q. Zhang, and J. Zhou, Opt. Eng. 52, 015010 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Rao, X. K. Zeng, Y. P. Wang, T. Zhu, Z. L. Ran, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, in 15th Optical Fiber Sensors Conference Technical Digest (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 1, pp. 207–210.

Zhang, Q.

X. Tan, L. Zhang, W. Jiang, Q. Zhang, and J. Zhou, Opt. Eng. 52, 015010 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, C.-L.

Zhou, J.

X. Tan, L. Zhang, W. Jiang, Q. Zhang, and J. Zhou, Opt. Eng. 52, 015010 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, T.

Y. J. Rao, X. K. Zeng, Y. P. Wang, T. Zhu, Z. L. Ran, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, in 15th Optical Fiber Sensors Conference Technical Digest (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 1, pp. 207–210.

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. Steinvurzel, B. J. Eggleton, C. M. de Sterke, and M. J. Steel, Electron. Lett. 41, 463 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

W. Yiping, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, H. Lehmann, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, R. Spittel, S. Liye, S. Brueckner, J. Wei, T. Xiaoling, and J. Long, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 164 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B.-W. Liu, M.-L. Hu, X.-H. Fang, Y.-F. Li, L. Chai, J.-Y. Li, W. Chen, and C.-Y. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 581 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Yu, G. Pickrell, and W. Anbo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Nature (1)

J. C. Knight, Nature 424, 847 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (2)

C. Tang and Y. Jiang, Opt. Eng. 48, 114401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Tan, L. Zhang, W. Jiang, Q. Zhang, and J. Zhou, Opt. Eng. 52, 015010 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Photonics Lett. Pol. (1)

M. M. Tefelska, S. Ertman, T. Woliński, R. Dąbrowski, and P. Mergo, Photonics Lett. Pol. 5, 14 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Y. J. Rao, X. K. Zeng, Y. P. Wang, T. Zhu, Z. L. Ran, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, in 15th Optical Fiber Sensors Conference Technical Digest (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 1, pp. 207–210.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Cross-sectional image of the PCF employed, (b) transmission spectra of the filled and unfilled PCF, side images of (c) the unfilled PCF and (d) the fully filled PCF, and (e) the fusion joint of the PCF with a single mode fiber. G1, bandgap 1; G2, bandgap 2; G3, bandgap 3; G4, bandgap 4; G5, bandgap 5.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Transmission spectrum evolution of the liquid-filled PCF with the rise in temperature from 30°C to 100°C with steps of 10°C, (b) wavelengths, corresponding to a transmission of 25dB, at the left and right edges of the three bandgaps, i.e., G2, G3, and G4, and (c) bandwidth of each bandgap versus temperature. Note that the bandwidth in Figs. 2(c), 3(c), and 4(c) is defined as the wavelength difference between the left and right edges of each bandgap at a transmission of 25dB.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Transmission spectrum evolution of the liquid-filled PCF with the increase in curvature, (b) wavelengths, corresponding to a transmission of 25dB, at the left and right edges of the three bandgaps, and (c) the bandwidth of each bandgap versus the curvature.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Transmission spectrum evolution of the liquid-filled PCF with the increase in the tensile strain from 0 to 500με with steps of 50με, (b) the wavelengths, corresponding to a transmission of 25dB, at the left and right edges of the three bandgaps, and (c) the bandwidth of each bandgap versus the tensile strain.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Calculated bandgap maps and measured transmission spectra of the liquid-filled PCF at a temperature of (a) 23°C and (b) 100°C.

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