Abstract

The Dyakonov–Tamm wave was experimentally excited along the periodically corrugated interface of magnesium fluoride as the isotropic homogeneous partnering material and a zinc–selenide chiral sculptured thin film (STF) as the anisotropic and periodically nonhomogeneous partnering material. The total transmittance of a p-polarized 633 nm laser beam was measured as a function of the angle of incidence for several thicknesses of the chiral STF to identify those dips in total transmittance that are indicative of the excitation of a Dyakonov–Tamm wave.

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References

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  1. J. A. Polo, T. G. Mackay, and A. Lakhtakia, Electromagnetic Surface Waves: A Modern Perspective (Elsevier, 2013).
  2. J. A. Polo and A. Lakhtakia, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 234 (2011).
  3. J. A. Homola, ed., Surface Plasmon Resonance Based Sensors (Springer, 2006).
  4. S. E. Swiontek, D. P. Pulsifer, and A. Lakhtakia, Sci. Rep. 3, 1409 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Shinn and W. M. Robertson, Sens. Actuators B 105, 360 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. N. Konopsky and E. V. Alieva, Anal. Chem. 79, 4729 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. Yeatman and E. A. Ash, Electron. Lett. 23, 1091 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, Nat. Mater. 9, 205 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. S. Sekhon and S. S. Verma, Curr. Sci. India 101, 484 (2011).
  10. O. Takayama, L. C. Crasovan, S. K. Johansen, D. Mihalache, D. Artigas, and L. Torner, Electromagnetics 28, 126 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. P. Pulsifer, M. Faryad, and A. Lakhtakia, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 243902 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. H. Ritchie, Phys. Rev. 106, 874 (1957).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Turbadar, Proc. Phys. Soc. London 73, 40 (1959).
    [CrossRef]
  14. E. Kretschmann and H. Raether, Z. Naturforsch. A 23, 2135 (1968).
  15. A. Otto, Z. Phys. 216, 398 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  16. P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and C. S. Hong, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 423 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  17. I. Tamm, Z. Phys. 76, 849 (1932).
    [CrossRef]
  18. P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and A. Y. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 104 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  19. V. N. Konopsky, T. Karakouz, E. V. Alieva, C. Vicario, S. K. Sekatskii, and G. Dietler, Sensors 13, 2566 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. I. D’yakonov, Sov. Phys. JETP 67, 714 (1988).
  21. O. Takayama, L. Crasovan, D. Artigas, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043903 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. Lakhtakia and J. A. Polo, J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Pub. 2, 07021 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. H. Park, P. Nagpal, K. M. McPeak, N. C. Lindquist, S. Oh, and D. J. Norris, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 9701 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  24. A. V. Kavokin, I. A. Shelykh, and G. Malpuech, Phys. Rev. B 72, 233102 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  25. H. Maab, M. Faryad, and A. Lakhtakia, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1204 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (4)

S. E. Swiontek, D. P. Pulsifer, and A. Lakhtakia, Sci. Rep. 3, 1409 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Pulsifer, M. Faryad, and A. Lakhtakia, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 243902 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Konopsky, T. Karakouz, E. V. Alieva, C. Vicario, S. K. Sekatskii, and G. Dietler, Sensors 13, 2566 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Park, P. Nagpal, K. M. McPeak, N. C. Lindquist, S. Oh, and D. J. Norris, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 9701 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

H. Maab, M. Faryad, and A. Lakhtakia, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1204 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Polo and A. Lakhtakia, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 234 (2011).

J. S. Sekhon and S. S. Verma, Curr. Sci. India 101, 484 (2011).

2010 (1)

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, Nat. Mater. 9, 205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

O. Takayama, L. Crasovan, D. Artigas, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043903 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

O. Takayama, L. C. Crasovan, S. K. Johansen, D. Mihalache, D. Artigas, and L. Torner, Electromagnetics 28, 126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

V. N. Konopsky and E. V. Alieva, Anal. Chem. 79, 4729 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Lakhtakia and J. A. Polo, J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Pub. 2, 07021 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

A. V. Kavokin, I. A. Shelykh, and G. Malpuech, Phys. Rev. B 72, 233102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinn and W. M. Robertson, Sens. Actuators B 105, 360 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

M. I. D’yakonov, Sov. Phys. JETP 67, 714 (1988).

1987 (1)

E. Yeatman and E. A. Ash, Electron. Lett. 23, 1091 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and A. Y. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 104 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

1968 (2)

E. Kretschmann and H. Raether, Z. Naturforsch. A 23, 2135 (1968).

A. Otto, Z. Phys. 216, 398 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1959 (1)

T. Turbadar, Proc. Phys. Soc. London 73, 40 (1959).
[CrossRef]

1957 (1)

R. H. Ritchie, Phys. Rev. 106, 874 (1957).
[CrossRef]

1932 (1)

I. Tamm, Z. Phys. 76, 849 (1932).
[CrossRef]

Alieva, E. V.

V. N. Konopsky, T. Karakouz, E. V. Alieva, C. Vicario, S. K. Sekatskii, and G. Dietler, Sensors 13, 2566 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Konopsky and E. V. Alieva, Anal. Chem. 79, 4729 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Artigas, D.

O. Takayama, L. Crasovan, D. Artigas, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043903 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Takayama, L. C. Crasovan, S. K. Johansen, D. Mihalache, D. Artigas, and L. Torner, Electromagnetics 28, 126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ash, E. A.

E. Yeatman and E. A. Ash, Electron. Lett. 23, 1091 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Atwater, H. A.

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, Nat. Mater. 9, 205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cho, A. Y.

P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and A. Y. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 104 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Crasovan, L.

O. Takayama, L. Crasovan, D. Artigas, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043903 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Crasovan, L. C.

O. Takayama, L. C. Crasovan, S. K. Johansen, D. Mihalache, D. Artigas, and L. Torner, Electromagnetics 28, 126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D’yakonov, M. I.

M. I. D’yakonov, Sov. Phys. JETP 67, 714 (1988).

Dietler, G.

V. N. Konopsky, T. Karakouz, E. V. Alieva, C. Vicario, S. K. Sekatskii, and G. Dietler, Sensors 13, 2566 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Faryad, M.

D. P. Pulsifer, M. Faryad, and A. Lakhtakia, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 243902 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Maab, M. Faryad, and A. Lakhtakia, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1204 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hong, C. S.

Johansen, S. K.

O. Takayama, L. C. Crasovan, S. K. Johansen, D. Mihalache, D. Artigas, and L. Torner, Electromagnetics 28, 126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Karakouz, T.

V. N. Konopsky, T. Karakouz, E. V. Alieva, C. Vicario, S. K. Sekatskii, and G. Dietler, Sensors 13, 2566 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kavokin, A. V.

A. V. Kavokin, I. A. Shelykh, and G. Malpuech, Phys. Rev. B 72, 233102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Konopsky, V. N.

V. N. Konopsky, T. Karakouz, E. V. Alieva, C. Vicario, S. K. Sekatskii, and G. Dietler, Sensors 13, 2566 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Konopsky and E. V. Alieva, Anal. Chem. 79, 4729 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kretschmann, E.

E. Kretschmann and H. Raether, Z. Naturforsch. A 23, 2135 (1968).

Lakhtakia, A.

D. P. Pulsifer, M. Faryad, and A. Lakhtakia, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 243902 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Swiontek, D. P. Pulsifer, and A. Lakhtakia, Sci. Rep. 3, 1409 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Polo and A. Lakhtakia, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 234 (2011).

H. Maab, M. Faryad, and A. Lakhtakia, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1204 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Lakhtakia and J. A. Polo, J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Pub. 2, 07021 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Polo, T. G. Mackay, and A. Lakhtakia, Electromagnetic Surface Waves: A Modern Perspective (Elsevier, 2013).

Lindquist, N. C.

J. H. Park, P. Nagpal, K. M. McPeak, N. C. Lindquist, S. Oh, and D. J. Norris, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 9701 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Maab, H.

Mackay, T. G.

J. A. Polo, T. G. Mackay, and A. Lakhtakia, Electromagnetic Surface Waves: A Modern Perspective (Elsevier, 2013).

Malpuech, G.

A. V. Kavokin, I. A. Shelykh, and G. Malpuech, Phys. Rev. B 72, 233102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McPeak, K. M.

J. H. Park, P. Nagpal, K. M. McPeak, N. C. Lindquist, S. Oh, and D. J. Norris, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 9701 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mihalache, D.

O. Takayama, L. C. Crasovan, S. K. Johansen, D. Mihalache, D. Artigas, and L. Torner, Electromagnetics 28, 126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nagpal, P.

J. H. Park, P. Nagpal, K. M. McPeak, N. C. Lindquist, S. Oh, and D. J. Norris, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 9701 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Norris, D. J.

J. H. Park, P. Nagpal, K. M. McPeak, N. C. Lindquist, S. Oh, and D. J. Norris, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 9701 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Oh, S.

J. H. Park, P. Nagpal, K. M. McPeak, N. C. Lindquist, S. Oh, and D. J. Norris, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 9701 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Otto, A.

A. Otto, Z. Phys. 216, 398 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Park, J. H.

J. H. Park, P. Nagpal, K. M. McPeak, N. C. Lindquist, S. Oh, and D. J. Norris, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 9701 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, Nat. Mater. 9, 205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Polo, J. A.

J. A. Polo and A. Lakhtakia, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 234 (2011).

A. Lakhtakia and J. A. Polo, J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Pub. 2, 07021 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Polo, T. G. Mackay, and A. Lakhtakia, Electromagnetic Surface Waves: A Modern Perspective (Elsevier, 2013).

Pulsifer, D. P.

S. E. Swiontek, D. P. Pulsifer, and A. Lakhtakia, Sci. Rep. 3, 1409 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Pulsifer, M. Faryad, and A. Lakhtakia, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 243902 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Raether, H.

E. Kretschmann and H. Raether, Z. Naturforsch. A 23, 2135 (1968).

Ritchie, R. H.

R. H. Ritchie, Phys. Rev. 106, 874 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, W. M.

M. Shinn and W. M. Robertson, Sens. Actuators B 105, 360 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sekatskii, S. K.

V. N. Konopsky, T. Karakouz, E. V. Alieva, C. Vicario, S. K. Sekatskii, and G. Dietler, Sensors 13, 2566 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sekhon, J. S.

J. S. Sekhon and S. S. Verma, Curr. Sci. India 101, 484 (2011).

Shelykh, I. A.

A. V. Kavokin, I. A. Shelykh, and G. Malpuech, Phys. Rev. B 72, 233102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shinn, M.

M. Shinn and W. M. Robertson, Sens. Actuators B 105, 360 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Swiontek, S. E.

S. E. Swiontek, D. P. Pulsifer, and A. Lakhtakia, Sci. Rep. 3, 1409 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Takayama, O.

O. Takayama, L. Crasovan, D. Artigas, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043903 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Takayama, L. C. Crasovan, S. K. Johansen, D. Mihalache, D. Artigas, and L. Torner, Electromagnetics 28, 126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tamm, I.

I. Tamm, Z. Phys. 76, 849 (1932).
[CrossRef]

Torner, L.

O. Takayama, L. Crasovan, D. Artigas, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043903 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Takayama, L. C. Crasovan, S. K. Johansen, D. Mihalache, D. Artigas, and L. Torner, Electromagnetics 28, 126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Turbadar, T.

T. Turbadar, Proc. Phys. Soc. London 73, 40 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Verma, S. S.

J. S. Sekhon and S. S. Verma, Curr. Sci. India 101, 484 (2011).

Vicario, C.

V. N. Konopsky, T. Karakouz, E. V. Alieva, C. Vicario, S. K. Sekatskii, and G. Dietler, Sensors 13, 2566 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and A. Y. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 104 (1978).
[CrossRef]

P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and C. S. Hong, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 423 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Yeatman, E.

E. Yeatman and E. A. Ash, Electron. Lett. 23, 1091 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P.

P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and A. Y. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 104 (1978).
[CrossRef]

P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and C. S. Hong, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 423 (1977).
[CrossRef]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

J. H. Park, P. Nagpal, K. M. McPeak, N. C. Lindquist, S. Oh, and D. J. Norris, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 9701 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chem. (1)

V. N. Konopsky and E. V. Alieva, Anal. Chem. 79, 4729 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and A. Y. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 104 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Sci. India (1)

J. S. Sekhon and S. S. Verma, Curr. Sci. India 101, 484 (2011).

Electromagnetics (1)

O. Takayama, L. C. Crasovan, S. K. Johansen, D. Mihalache, D. Artigas, and L. Torner, Electromagnetics 28, 126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

E. Yeatman and E. A. Ash, Electron. Lett. 23, 1091 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Pub. (1)

A. Lakhtakia and J. A. Polo, J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Pub. 2, 07021 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

J. A. Polo and A. Lakhtakia, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 234 (2011).

Nat. Mater. (1)

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, Nat. Mater. 9, 205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

R. H. Ritchie, Phys. Rev. 106, 874 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

A. V. Kavokin, I. A. Shelykh, and G. Malpuech, Phys. Rev. B 72, 233102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

O. Takayama, L. Crasovan, D. Artigas, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043903 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Pulsifer, M. Faryad, and A. Lakhtakia, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 243902 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Phys. Soc. London (1)

T. Turbadar, Proc. Phys. Soc. London 73, 40 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Rep. (1)

S. E. Swiontek, D. P. Pulsifer, and A. Lakhtakia, Sci. Rep. 3, 1409 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B (1)

M. Shinn and W. M. Robertson, Sens. Actuators B 105, 360 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sensors (1)

V. N. Konopsky, T. Karakouz, E. V. Alieva, C. Vicario, S. K. Sekatskii, and G. Dietler, Sensors 13, 2566 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

M. I. D’yakonov, Sov. Phys. JETP 67, 714 (1988).

Z. Naturforsch. A (1)

E. Kretschmann and H. Raether, Z. Naturforsch. A 23, 2135 (1968).

Z. Phys. (2)

A. Otto, Z. Phys. 216, 398 (1968).
[CrossRef]

I. Tamm, Z. Phys. 76, 849 (1932).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J. A. Homola, ed., Surface Plasmon Resonance Based Sensors (Springer, 2006).

J. A. Polo, T. G. Mackay, and A. Lakhtakia, Electromagnetic Surface Waves: A Modern Perspective (Elsevier, 2013).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic representation of the grating-coupled configuration used to excite a Dyakonov–Tamm wave guided by the interface of a homogeneous dielectric layer of magnesium–fluoride and a zinc–selenide chiral STF.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Photographs and top-view SEM images of the sequence of replicated gratings. (a) Photograph of the original silicon grating; (b) SEM image of the original silicon grating; (c) photograph of the gold grating replicated from the original silicon grating; (d) SEM image of the gold grating; (e) photograph of the magnesium–fluoride grating replicated from the gold grating; and (f) SEM image of the magnesium–fluoride grating.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Cross-sectional SEM image of the entire magnesium–fluoride/zinc–selenide structure and (b) a close-up of the periodically corrugated magnesium–fluoride/zinc–selenide chiral STF interface.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured values of the total transmittance versus the angle of incidence θinc for Np=5 (red dashed curve), 6 (blue dotted–dashed curve), and 7 (black curve). The vertical arrow indicates the excitation of a Dyakonov–Tamm wave at θinc18deg. The incident light was p-polarized.

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