Abstract

We demonstrate the direct generation of a vector doughnut mode from an internal mirror He–Ne laser using the spot defect method. A circular-shaped spot defect of 30μm in diameter with low reflectivity created on the inner surface of a cavity mirror by laser ablation suppressed the oscillation of a Gaussian beam resulting in the oscillation of a doughnut beam. Polarization investigation showed that the generated beam was a vector hybrid mode.

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2013 (1)

2012 (1)

K. Kano, Y. Kozawa, and S. Sato, Int. J. Opt. 2012, 359141 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

T. Züchner, A. V. Failla, and A. J. Meixner, Agne. Chem. Int. 50, 5274 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

D. P. Rhodes, D. M. Gherardi, J. Livesey, D. McGloin, H. Melville, T. Freegrade, and K. Dholakia, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 547 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

A. Ben-Yakar and R. L. Byer, J. Opt. Phys. 96, 5316 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Török and P. R. T. Munro, Opt. Express 12, 3605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

P. N. Puntambekar, H. S. Dahiya, and V. T. Chitnis, Opt. Commun. 41, 191 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

D. Lenstra, Phys. Rep. 59, 299 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

E. K. Hasle, Opt. Commun. 31, 206 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

W. Van Haerigen, Phys. Rev. 158, 256 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Allen, L.

L. Allen, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, Optical Angular Momentum (Institute of Physics, 2003).

Aoki, N.

Barnett, S. M.

L. Allen, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, Optical Angular Momentum (Institute of Physics, 2003).

Ben-Yakar, A.

A. Ben-Yakar and R. L. Byer, J. Opt. Phys. 96, 5316 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

A. Ben-Yakar and R. L. Byer, J. Opt. Phys. 96, 5316 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chitnis, V. T.

P. N. Puntambekar, H. S. Dahiya, and V. T. Chitnis, Opt. Commun. 41, 191 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Chujo, K.

Dahiya, H. S.

P. N. Puntambekar, H. S. Dahiya, and V. T. Chitnis, Opt. Commun. 41, 191 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Dedecker, P.

Dholakia, K.

D. P. Rhodes, D. M. Gherardi, J. Livesey, D. McGloin, H. Melville, T. Freegrade, and K. Dholakia, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 547 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Enderlein, J.

Failla, A. V.

T. Züchner, A. V. Failla, and A. J. Meixner, Agne. Chem. Int. 50, 5274 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Freegrade, T.

D. P. Rhodes, D. M. Gherardi, J. Livesey, D. McGloin, H. Melville, T. Freegrade, and K. Dholakia, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 547 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gherardi, D. M.

D. P. Rhodes, D. M. Gherardi, J. Livesey, D. McGloin, H. Melville, T. Freegrade, and K. Dholakia, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 547 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hasle, E. K.

E. K. Hasle, Opt. Commun. 31, 206 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Hofkens, J.

Hotta, J. I.

Ito, A.

Kano, K.

K. Kano, Y. Kozawa, and S. Sato, Int. J. Opt. 2012, 359141 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kozawa, Y.

Lenstra, D.

D. Lenstra, Phys. Rep. 59, 299 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Livesey, J.

D. P. Rhodes, D. M. Gherardi, J. Livesey, D. McGloin, H. Melville, T. Freegrade, and K. Dholakia, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 547 (2006).
[CrossRef]

McGloin, D.

D. P. Rhodes, D. M. Gherardi, J. Livesey, D. McGloin, H. Melville, T. Freegrade, and K. Dholakia, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 547 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Meixner, A. J.

T. Züchner, A. V. Failla, and A. J. Meixner, Agne. Chem. Int. 50, 5274 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Melville, H.

D. P. Rhodes, D. M. Gherardi, J. Livesey, D. McGloin, H. Melville, T. Freegrade, and K. Dholakia, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 547 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Miyamoto, K.

Morita, R.

Muls, B.

Munro, P. R. T.

Nakamura, K.

Okida, M.

Omatsu, T.

Padgett, M. J.

L. Allen, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, Optical Angular Momentum (Institute of Physics, 2003).

Puntambekar, P. N.

P. N. Puntambekar, H. S. Dahiya, and V. T. Chitnis, Opt. Commun. 41, 191 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Rhodes, D. P.

D. P. Rhodes, D. M. Gherardi, J. Livesey, D. McGloin, H. Melville, T. Freegrade, and K. Dholakia, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 547 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sato, S.

Török, P.

Van Haerigen, W.

W. Van Haerigen, Phys. Rev. 158, 256 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Vyas, S.

Zhan, Q.

Züchner, T.

T. Züchner, A. V. Failla, and A. J. Meixner, Agne. Chem. Int. 50, 5274 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Agne. Chem. Int. (1)

T. Züchner, A. V. Failla, and A. J. Meixner, Agne. Chem. Int. 50, 5274 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Opt. (1)

K. Kano, Y. Kozawa, and S. Sato, Int. J. Opt. 2012, 359141 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

D. P. Rhodes, D. M. Gherardi, J. Livesey, D. McGloin, H. Melville, T. Freegrade, and K. Dholakia, J. Mod. Opt. 53, 547 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Phys. (1)

A. Ben-Yakar and R. L. Byer, J. Opt. Phys. 96, 5316 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

E. K. Hasle, Opt. Commun. 31, 206 (1979).
[CrossRef]

P. N. Puntambekar, H. S. Dahiya, and V. T. Chitnis, Opt. Commun. 41, 191 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Phys. Rep. (1)

D. Lenstra, Phys. Rep. 59, 299 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

W. Van Haerigen, Phys. Rev. 158, 256 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

L. Allen, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, Optical Angular Momentum (Institute of Physics, 2003).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Optical microscope image of the circular spot defect created on the inner surface of the rear mirror of the He–Ne laser cavity.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Intensity distributions of the vector doughnut He–Ne laser beam. (a) Total intensity distribution. (b)–(d) Polarization distributions after passage through a linear polarizer. Each arrow indicates the direction of the polarizer.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Intensity profiles of the vector beam corresponding to Fig. 2(a). (a) and (b) are for horizontal and vertical directions, respectively. Dotted lines and thin solid lines are experimental and fitted results, respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Intensity distributions of a periodically observed output beam from the same laser cavity. (a) Total intensity distribution and (b)–(d) polarization distributions after passage through a linear polarizer. Each arrow indicates the direction of the polarizer.

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