Abstract

Laser emission is demonstrated at a wavelength of 3.766 μm in a cascaded Raman gain device. The laser cavity is made of two nested pairs of fiber Bragg gratings inscribed in a 2.8 m length of low-loss As2S3 fiber. An erbium-doped fluoride glass quasi-CW fiber laser emitting at 3.005 μm is used to pump the cascaded Raman cavity, which converts the pump wavelength successively to the first and second Stokes orders, respectively at 3.340 and 3.766 μm. A laser output peak power in excess of 100 mW is obtained with a lasing efficiency of about 8.3% with respect to the launched pump power. This represents the highest emission wavelength delivered by a fiber laser operating at room temperature.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2014 (1)

2013 (4)

V. R. Supradeepa and J. W. Nicholson, Opt. Lett. 38, 2538 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Bernier, V. Fortin, N. Caron, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Lett. 38, 127 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1502309 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, N. Caron, D. Faucher, M. El Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Eng. 52, 054202 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (3)

2011 (2)

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

B. Molocher, Proc. SPIE 5989, 598902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, Quantum Electron. 34, 695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

F. Tittel, D. Richter, and A. Fried, Top. Appl. Phys. 89, 458 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

S. D. Jackson and A. Lauto, Lasers Surg. Med. 30, 184 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

D. M. Bubb, J. S. Horwitz, J. H. Callahan, R. A. McGill, E. J. Houser, D. B. Chrisey, M. R. Papantonakis, R. F. Haglund, M. C. Galicia, and A. Vertes, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 2698 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

C. Carbonnier, H. Tobben, and U. B. Unrau, Electron. Lett. 34, 893 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1992 (1)

H. Tobben, Electron. Lett. 28, 1361 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2001).

Androz, G.

Baxter, G. W.

Bernier, M.

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1502309 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Bernier, V. Fortin, N. Caron, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Lett. 38, 127 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, N. Caron, D. Faucher, M. El Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Eng. 52, 054202 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, D. Faucher, J. Carrier, and R. Vallée, Opt. Express 20, 19412 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Bernier, M. El-Amraoui, J. F. Couillard, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Lett. 37, 3900 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, J. Carrier, and R. Vallée, Opt. Lett. 36, 4152 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Bernier, D. Faucher, R. Vallée, A. Saliminia, G. Androz, Y. Sheng, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Lett. 32, 454 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Faucher, N. Caron, M. Bernier, and R. Vallée, in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FTh4A.6.

Bubb, D. M.

D. M. Bubb, J. S. Horwitz, J. H. Callahan, R. A. McGill, E. J. Houser, D. B. Chrisey, M. R. Papantonakis, R. F. Haglund, M. C. Galicia, and A. Vertes, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 2698 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bufetov, I. A.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, Quantum Electron. 34, 695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Callahan, J. H.

D. M. Bubb, J. S. Horwitz, J. H. Callahan, R. A. McGill, E. J. Houser, D. B. Chrisey, M. R. Papantonakis, R. F. Haglund, M. C. Galicia, and A. Vertes, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 2698 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Carbonnier, C.

C. Carbonnier, H. Tobben, and U. B. Unrau, Electron. Lett. 34, 893 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Schneider, C. Carbonnier, and U. B. Unrau, Appl. Opt. 36, 8595 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Caron, N.

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, N. Caron, D. Faucher, M. El Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Eng. 52, 054202 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Bernier, V. Fortin, N. Caron, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Lett. 38, 127 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Faucher, N. Caron, M. Bernier, and R. Vallée, in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FTh4A.6.

Carrier, J.

Chin, S. L.

Chrisey, D. B.

D. M. Bubb, J. S. Horwitz, J. H. Callahan, R. A. McGill, E. J. Houser, D. B. Chrisey, M. R. Papantonakis, R. F. Haglund, M. C. Galicia, and A. Vertes, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 2698 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Collins, S. F.

Couillard, J. F.

Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, Quantum Electron. 34, 695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

El Amraoui, M.

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, N. Caron, D. Faucher, M. El Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Eng. 52, 054202 (2013).
[CrossRef]

El-Amraoui, M.

Faucher, D.

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, N. Caron, D. Faucher, M. El Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Eng. 52, 054202 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, D. Faucher, J. Carrier, and R. Vallée, Opt. Express 20, 19412 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Bernier, D. Faucher, R. Vallée, A. Saliminia, G. Androz, Y. Sheng, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Lett. 32, 454 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Faucher, N. Caron, M. Bernier, and R. Vallée, in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FTh4A.6.

Fortin, V.

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, N. Caron, D. Faucher, M. El Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Eng. 52, 054202 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1502309 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Bernier, V. Fortin, N. Caron, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Lett. 38, 127 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, D. Faucher, J. Carrier, and R. Vallée, Opt. Express 20, 19412 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, J. Carrier, and R. Vallée, Opt. Lett. 36, 4152 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fried, A.

F. Tittel, D. Richter, and A. Fried, Top. Appl. Phys. 89, 458 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Galicia, M. C.

D. M. Bubb, J. S. Horwitz, J. H. Callahan, R. A. McGill, E. J. Houser, D. B. Chrisey, M. R. Papantonakis, R. F. Haglund, M. C. Galicia, and A. Vertes, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 2698 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gur’yanov, A. N.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, Quantum Electron. 34, 695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Haglund, R. F.

D. M. Bubb, J. S. Horwitz, J. H. Callahan, R. A. McGill, E. J. Houser, D. B. Chrisey, M. R. Papantonakis, R. F. Haglund, M. C. Galicia, and A. Vertes, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 2698 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Henderson-Sapir, O.

Horwitz, J. S.

D. M. Bubb, J. S. Horwitz, J. H. Callahan, R. A. McGill, E. J. Houser, D. B. Chrisey, M. R. Papantonakis, R. F. Haglund, M. C. Galicia, and A. Vertes, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 2698 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Houser, E. J.

D. M. Bubb, J. S. Horwitz, J. H. Callahan, R. A. McGill, E. J. Houser, D. B. Chrisey, M. R. Papantonakis, R. F. Haglund, M. C. Galicia, and A. Vertes, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 2698 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, S. D.

S. D. Jackson, Nat. Photonics 6, 423 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson, Opt. Lett. 34, 2327 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jones, R.

Khopin, V. F.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, Quantum Electron. 34, 695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kitcher, D. J.

Mashinsky, V. M.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, Quantum Electron. 34, 695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McGill, R. A.

D. M. Bubb, J. S. Horwitz, J. H. Callahan, R. A. McGill, E. J. Houser, D. B. Chrisey, M. R. Papantonakis, R. F. Haglund, M. C. Galicia, and A. Vertes, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 2698 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Medvedkov, O. I.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, Quantum Electron. 34, 695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Melkumov, M. A.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, Quantum Electron. 34, 695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Messaddeq, Y.

M. Bernier, V. Fortin, N. Caron, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Lett. 38, 127 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1502309 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, N. Caron, D. Faucher, M. El Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Eng. 52, 054202 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Bernier, M. El-Amraoui, J. F. Couillard, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Lett. 37, 3900 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Molocher, B.

B. Molocher, Proc. SPIE 5989, 598902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Monro, T. M.

Munch, J.

Nand, A.

Neustruev, V. B.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, Quantum Electron. 34, 695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nicholson, J. W.

Ottaway, D. J.

Papantonakis, M. R.

D. M. Bubb, J. S. Horwitz, J. H. Callahan, R. A. McGill, E. J. Houser, D. B. Chrisey, M. R. Papantonakis, R. F. Haglund, M. C. Galicia, and A. Vertes, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 2698 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Richter, D.

F. Tittel, D. Richter, and A. Fried, Top. Appl. Phys. 89, 458 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Saliminia, A.

Schneider, J.

Sheng, Y.

Shubin, A. V.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, Quantum Electron. 34, 695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Supradeepa, V. R.

Tittel, F.

F. Tittel, D. Richter, and A. Fried, Top. Appl. Phys. 89, 458 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tobben, H.

C. Carbonnier, H. Tobben, and U. B. Unrau, Electron. Lett. 34, 893 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Tobben, Electron. Lett. 28, 1361 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Unrau, U. B.

C. Carbonnier, H. Tobben, and U. B. Unrau, Electron. Lett. 34, 893 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Schneider, C. Carbonnier, and U. B. Unrau, Appl. Opt. 36, 8595 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vallée, R.

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, N. Caron, D. Faucher, M. El Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Eng. 52, 054202 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Bernier, V. Fortin, N. Caron, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Lett. 38, 127 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1502309 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Bernier, M. El-Amraoui, J. F. Couillard, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Lett. 37, 3900 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, D. Faucher, J. Carrier, and R. Vallée, Opt. Express 20, 19412 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, J. Carrier, and R. Vallée, Opt. Lett. 36, 4152 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Bernier, D. Faucher, R. Vallée, A. Saliminia, G. Androz, Y. Sheng, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Lett. 32, 454 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Faucher, N. Caron, M. Bernier, and R. Vallée, in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FTh4A.6.

Vertes, A.

D. M. Bubb, J. S. Horwitz, J. H. Callahan, R. A. McGill, E. J. Houser, D. B. Chrisey, M. R. Papantonakis, R. F. Haglund, M. C. Galicia, and A. Vertes, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 2698 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wade, S. A.

White, R. T.

Yashkov, M. V.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, Quantum Electron. 34, 695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (2)

C. Carbonnier, H. Tobben, and U. B. Unrau, Electron. Lett. 34, 893 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Tobben, Electron. Lett. 28, 1361 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1502309 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A (1)

D. M. Bubb, J. S. Horwitz, J. H. Callahan, R. A. McGill, E. J. Houser, D. B. Chrisey, M. R. Papantonakis, R. F. Haglund, M. C. Galicia, and A. Vertes, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 2698 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lasers Surg. Med. (1)

S. D. Jackson and A. Lauto, Lasers Surg. Med. 30, 184 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. D. Jackson, Nat. Photonics 6, 423 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, N. Caron, D. Faucher, M. El Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Eng. 52, 054202 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (8)

Proc. SPIE (1)

B. Molocher, Proc. SPIE 5989, 598902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, Quantum Electron. 34, 695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Top. Appl. Phys. (1)

F. Tittel, D. Richter, and A. Fried, Top. Appl. Phys. 89, 458 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2001).

D. Faucher, N. Caron, M. Bernier, and R. Vallée, in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FTh4A.6.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the As2S3-based 3.77 μm cascaded RFL. F1, long-pass filter at 2.95 μm; F2, long-pass filter at 3.50 μm; L1 and L2, aspheric lenses; ICs, cavity input couplers; OCs, cavity output couplers.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Transmission spectra of the FBGs (dashed lines) forming the (a) pump, (b) Stokes 1, and (c) Stokes 2 cavities along with the corresponding output laser spectra when operated close the threshold (blue curves) and at a maximum launched peak pump power of 3.9 W (red curves).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Average 3.766 μm Stokes output power (left y axis) and estimated peak power (right y axis) as a function of the average launched pump power for three OCs having peak reflectivities of 98% (blue dots), 92% (green dots), and 80% (red dots). The black curves correspond to modeling based on [19].

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Residual pump power as a function of the average launched pump power for three OCs having maximum reflectivities of 98% (blue dots), 92% (green dots), and 80% (red dots).

Metrics