Abstract

A real-time switchable and reconfigurable multiwavelength laser has been experimentally carried out. The laser cavity is based on a random distributed mirror and a novel real-time reconfigurable filter mirror structure. The proposed laser has been demonstrated to generate any combination of wavelengths at the 50 and 100 GHz International Telecommunications Union (ITU) grids specifications. By simultaneously using Er-doped fiber and Raman amplification, a 15 nm wide lasing window at the C band can be utilized to create up to 18 different lasing wavelengths into the ITU grid that can be switched automatically and in real time when desired.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. Y. J. Rao and W. L. Zhang, in Proceedings of Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN) (IEEE, 2013), paper 6617202.
  2. S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. A. Babin and I. D. Vatnik, Optoelectron. Instrum. Data Process. 49, 323 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. A. Perez-Herrera and M. Lopez-Amo, in Current Developments in Optical Fiber Technology, S. W. Harun, ed. (Intech Open, 2013), pp. 449–479.
  5. A. M. R. Pinto, O. Frazão, J. Santos, and M. Lopez-Amo, Appl. Phys. B 99, 391 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. M. R. Pinto and M. Lopez-Amo, Appl. Phys. B 103, 771 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. M. R. Pinto, O. Frazão, J. L. Santos, and M. Lopez-Amo, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 1482 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. M. R. Pinto, M. Bravo, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, J. Kobelke, and K. Schuster, Opt. Express 19, 11906 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, B. Babin, D. Churkin, E. Podivilov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 36, 130 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Sugavanam, Z. Yan, V. Kamynin, A. S. Kurkov, L. Zhang, and D. V. Churkin, Opt. Express 22, 2839 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Bravo, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, and M. Lopez-Amo, Opt. Lett. 38, 9 (2013).
  12. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, and S. A. Babin, Opt. Express 20, 28033 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. E. El-Taher, M. Alcon-Camas, S. A. Babin, P. Harper, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 35, 1100 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Martins, M. B. Marques, and O. Frazão, Opt. Express 19, 19 (2012).
  15. R. Schmogrow, S. Ben-Ezra, P. C. Schindler, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 2570 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. A. Perez-Herrera, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, S. Diaz, M. A. Quintela, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 205 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. A. Perez-Herrera, S. Diaz, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, M. A. Quintela, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 7503, 75031Y (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2014 (1)

2013 (3)

M. Bravo, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, and M. Lopez-Amo, Opt. Lett. 38, 9 (2013).

S. A. Babin and I. D. Vatnik, Optoelectron. Instrum. Data Process. 49, 323 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Schmogrow, S. Ben-Ezra, P. C. Schindler, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 2570 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

H. Martins, M. B. Marques, and O. Frazão, Opt. Express 19, 19 (2012).

D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, and S. A. Babin, Opt. Express 20, 28033 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (4)

2010 (4)

A. E. El-Taher, M. Alcon-Camas, S. A. Babin, P. Harper, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 35, 1100 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. M. R. Pinto, O. Frazão, J. Santos, and M. Lopez-Amo, Appl. Phys. B 99, 391 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Perez-Herrera, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, S. Diaz, M. A. Quintela, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

R. A. Perez-Herrera, S. Diaz, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, M. A. Quintela, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 7503, 75031Y (2009).
[CrossRef]

Alcon-Camas, M.

Ania-Castañón, J. D.

Babin, B.

Babin, S. A.

S. A. Babin and I. D. Vatnik, Optoelectron. Instrum. Data Process. 49, 323 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, and S. A. Babin, Opt. Express 20, 28033 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. E. El-Taher, M. Alcon-Camas, S. A. Babin, P. Harper, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 35, 1100 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ben-Ezra, S.

Bravo, M.

Churkin, D.

Churkin, D. V.

S. Sugavanam, Z. Yan, V. Kamynin, A. S. Kurkov, L. Zhang, and D. V. Churkin, Opt. Express 22, 2839 (2014).
[CrossRef]

D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, and S. A. Babin, Opt. Express 20, 28033 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Diaz, S.

R. A. Perez-Herrera, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, S. Diaz, M. A. Quintela, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Perez-Herrera, S. Diaz, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, M. A. Quintela, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 7503, 75031Y (2009).
[CrossRef]

El-Taher, A. E.

Fernandez-Vallejo, M.

M. Bravo, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, and M. Lopez-Amo, Opt. Lett. 38, 9 (2013).

A. M. R. Pinto, M. Bravo, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, J. Kobelke, and K. Schuster, Opt. Express 19, 11906 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Perez-Herrera, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, S. Diaz, M. A. Quintela, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Perez-Herrera, S. Diaz, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, M. A. Quintela, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 7503, 75031Y (2009).
[CrossRef]

Frazão, O.

H. Martins, M. B. Marques, and O. Frazão, Opt. Express 19, 19 (2012).

A. M. R. Pinto, O. Frazão, J. L. Santos, and M. Lopez-Amo, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 1482 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. M. R. Pinto, O. Frazão, J. Santos, and M. Lopez-Amo, Appl. Phys. B 99, 391 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Freude, W.

Harper, P.

Kablukov, S. I.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kamynin, V.

Karalekas, V.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kobelke, J.

Koos, C.

Kurkov, A. S.

Leuthold, J.

Lopez-Amo, M.

M. Bravo, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, and M. Lopez-Amo, Opt. Lett. 38, 9 (2013).

A. M. R. Pinto, M. Bravo, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, J. Kobelke, and K. Schuster, Opt. Express 19, 11906 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. M. R. Pinto, O. Frazão, J. L. Santos, and M. Lopez-Amo, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 1482 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. M. R. Pinto and M. Lopez-Amo, Appl. Phys. B 103, 771 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. M. R. Pinto, O. Frazão, J. Santos, and M. Lopez-Amo, Appl. Phys. B 99, 391 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Perez-Herrera, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, S. Diaz, M. A. Quintela, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Perez-Herrera, S. Diaz, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, M. A. Quintela, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 7503, 75031Y (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Perez-Herrera and M. Lopez-Amo, in Current Developments in Optical Fiber Technology, S. W. Harun, ed. (Intech Open, 2013), pp. 449–479.

Lopez-Higuera, J. M.

R. A. Perez-Herrera, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, S. Diaz, M. A. Quintela, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Perez-Herrera, S. Diaz, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, M. A. Quintela, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 7503, 75031Y (2009).
[CrossRef]

Marques, M. B.

H. Martins, M. B. Marques, and O. Frazão, Opt. Express 19, 19 (2012).

Martins, H.

H. Martins, M. B. Marques, and O. Frazão, Opt. Express 19, 19 (2012).

Nebendahl, B.

Perez-Herrera, R. A.

R. A. Perez-Herrera, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, S. Diaz, M. A. Quintela, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Perez-Herrera, S. Diaz, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, M. A. Quintela, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 7503, 75031Y (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Perez-Herrera and M. Lopez-Amo, in Current Developments in Optical Fiber Technology, S. W. Harun, ed. (Intech Open, 2013), pp. 449–479.

Pinto, A. M. R.

Podivilov, E.

Podivilov, E. V.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Quintela, M. A.

R. A. Perez-Herrera, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, S. Diaz, M. A. Quintela, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Perez-Herrera, S. Diaz, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, M. A. Quintela, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 7503, 75031Y (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rao, Y. J.

Y. J. Rao and W. L. Zhang, in Proceedings of Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN) (IEEE, 2013), paper 6617202.

Santos, J.

A. M. R. Pinto, O. Frazão, J. Santos, and M. Lopez-Amo, Appl. Phys. B 99, 391 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Santos, J. L.

Schindler, P. C.

Schmogrow, R.

Schuster, K.

Sugavanam, S.

Turitsyn, S. K.

Vatnik, D.

Vatnik, I. D.

S. A. Babin and I. D. Vatnik, Optoelectron. Instrum. Data Process. 49, 323 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yan, Z.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, W. L.

Y. J. Rao and W. L. Zhang, in Proceedings of Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN) (IEEE, 2013), paper 6617202.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

A. M. R. Pinto, O. Frazão, J. Santos, and M. Lopez-Amo, Appl. Phys. B 99, 391 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. M. R. Pinto and M. Lopez-Amo, Appl. Phys. B 103, 771 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

R. A. Perez-Herrera, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, S. Diaz, M. A. Quintela, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Optoelectron. Instrum. Data Process. (1)

S. A. Babin and I. D. Vatnik, Optoelectron. Instrum. Data Process. 49, 323 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

R. A. Perez-Herrera, S. Diaz, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, M. A. Quintela, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 7503, 75031Y (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

Y. J. Rao and W. L. Zhang, in Proceedings of Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN) (IEEE, 2013), paper 6617202.

R. A. Perez-Herrera and M. Lopez-Amo, in Current Developments in Optical Fiber Technology, S. W. Harun, ed. (Intech Open, 2013), pp. 449–479.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic setup for the proposed switchable and reconfigurable multiwavelength random fiber laser. WS: WaveShaper programmable filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Maximum number of emission lines for 100 GHz line separation when it is not equalized. (b) Maximum number of emission lines for 50 GHz line separation, either equalized. (c) Attenuation profile to equalize the spectrum depicted in (a) with the result illustrated in Fig. 3(a). (d) High-resolution reading of the lasing wavelengths developed by the BOSA.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Equalized results for the 100 GHz ITU grid measured in points “B” (a) and “A” (b) labeled in red in Fig. 1. Different emission lines configurations measured in B: (c) single wavelength; (d) 4 wavelengths; (e) 10 wavelengths; and (f) 11 wavelengths.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Output power evolution versus pump power variation. (b) Stability power difference variation for the best and worst cases.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Multiwavelength random laser stability in comparison with linear cavity laser stability and (b) two emission lines’ power evolution when the filter configuration was changed.

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