Abstract

A novel (to our knowledge) 3D microstructure manufactured by a femtosecond laser in fiber Bragg grating (FBG) fiber cladding is proposed. The special spiral parameters including single thread and double thread with certain pitches of 60 and 80 μm are controlled by the feed and rotation speed of a rotary fixture. Moreover, supermagnetostrictive TbDyFe film with a thickness of nearly 6 μm is deposited on microgrooves of a FBG by magnetron sputtering technology to form the magnetic field sensing probe. Experimental results demonstrate that a FBG with a double-thread microstructure has a sensitivity of 1.1pm/mT responding to a magnetic field, and in a theoretical situation, it is approximately six times higher than the original optical fiber grating (approximately 0.2pm/mT). This new microstructure and method show great prospect in the magnetic field sensing domain.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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C. Liao, L. Xu, C. Wang, Y. Wang, and K. Li, Opt. Lett. 38, 2 (2013).

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[CrossRef]

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C. Liao, L. Xu, C. Wang, Y. Wang, and K. Li, Opt. Lett. 38, 2 (2013).

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M. H. Yang, Y. Sun, D. S. Zhang, and D. S. Jiang, Sens. Lett. 7, 576 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Yang, J. X. Dai, C. M. Zhou, and D. S. Jiang, Opt. Express 17, 20777 (2009).

Zhang, A. P.

A. P. Zhang, B. O. Guan, X. M. Tao, and H. Y. Tam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 92 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D. S.

M. H. Yang, Y. Sun, D. S. Zhang, and D. S. Jiang, Sens. Lett. 7, 576 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, C. M.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

E. N. Glezer and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 882 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, and T. Mitsuyu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Mora, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1680 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Zhang, B. O. Guan, X. M. Tao, and H. Y. Tam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 92 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Sens. Actuators A

H. Liu, S. W. Or, and H. Y. Tam, Sens. Actuators A 173, 1 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Lett.

M. H. Yang, Y. Sun, D. S. Zhang, and D. S. Jiang, Sens. Lett. 7, 576 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sensors

S. M. M. Quintero, A. M. B. Braga, and H. I. Weber, Sensors 10, 8119 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Relationship between the magnetic field and deformation of a magnetostrictive material.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of the FBG magnetic field sensing probe.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic of the femtosecond laser.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Illustration of the fabricated FBG (SMF-28).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

SEM image of a fabricated single-thread microstructure.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

SEM of microstructure. (a) Double thread and (b) single thread.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Schematic of the magnetic field experiment.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Wavelength shift of the microstructural sensing probe (Samples SS-6 and O-1).

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Wavelength shift of double-thread magnetic sensing probe. (a) Thread pitch 80 μm and (b) thread pitch 60 μm.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Center wavelength shift of the single-thread microstructure responding to the changed magnetic field.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Wavelength shift of different types and pitches of microstructures under the magnetic field.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Parameters for Microstructural Samples

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δλλ=(1Pε)ε.
ε=f(H).
Δλλ=(1Pε)ε=(1Pε)f(H).
H=f1(Δλλ(1Pε)).

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