Abstract

To improve the light harvesting efficiency in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC) the light scattering layer is important. In this Letter, we present ball/dumbbell-like structured micrometer-sized Sb2S3 particles for photon propagation in DSSCs and demonstrate their effective usage in photoelectrodes. The analysis of the photoelectrode by a UV-vis spectrophotometer indicates that the absorption wavelength of an electrode with scattering layer can be obviously promoted from ultraviolet to visible light. The synthesized Sb2S3 particle structures were also characterized by x-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. The photovoltaic performance of the ball/dumbbell-like structured Sb2S3 based cell exhibits excellent power conversion efficiency.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Xu, X. Tao, D. T. Wang, Y. Z. Zheng, and J. F. Chen, Electrochim. Acta 55, 2280 (2010).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  21. L. Chen, W. Zhu, Q. Han, X. Yang, L. Lu, and X. Wang, Mater. Lett. 63, 1258 (2009).
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  22. J. D. Desai and C. D. Lokhande, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 181, 70 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  23. Q. Lu, H. Zeng, Z. Wang, X. Cao, and L. Zhang, Nanotechnology 17, 2098 (2006).
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    [CrossRef]

2013 (2)

A. Darga, D. Mencaraglia, C. Longeaud, T. J. Savenije, B. O’Regan, S. Bourdais, T. Muto, B. Delatouche, and G. Dennler, J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 20525 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Wu, H. Xu, Q. Han, and X. Wang, J. Alloys Compd. 572, 56 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

D. P. Wu, F. Zhu, J. M. Li, H. Dong, Q. Li, K. Jiang, and D. S. Xu, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 11665 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Zhu, L. Pan, J. Yang, X. Liu, H. Sun, and Z. Sun, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 24326 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

A. Alemi, Y. Hanifehpour, and S. W. Joo, J. Nanomater. 2011, 414798 (2011).

2010 (1)

H. Xu, X. Tao, D. T. Wang, Y. Z. Zheng, and J. F. Chen, Electrochim. Acta 55, 2280 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

M. Gratzel, Acc. Chem. Res. 42, 1788 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Chen, W. Zhu, Q. Han, X. Yang, L. Lu, and X. Wang, Mater. Lett. 63, 1258 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

S. H. Kang, J. Y. Kim, H. S. Kim, H. D. Koh, J. S. Lee, and Y. E. Sung, J. Photochem. Photobiol., A 200, 294 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Koo, J. Park, B. Yoo, K. Yoo, K. Kim, and N. G. Park, Inorg. Chim. Acta 361, 677 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

K. H. Park, J. Choi, H. J. Kim, J. B. Lee, and S. U. Son, Chem. Mater. 19, 3861 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

Q. Lu, H. Zeng, Z. Wang, X. Cao, and L. Zhang, Nanotechnology 17, 2098 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Hore, C. Vetter, R. Kern, H. Smit, and A. Hinsch, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90, 1176 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

Z. S. Wang, H. Kawauchi, T. Kashima, and H. Arakawa, Coord. Chem. Rev. 248, 1381 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

H. Wang, Y. N. Lu, J. J. Zhu, and H. Y. Chen, Inorg. Chem. 42, 6404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

A. M. Salem and M. S. Selim, J. Phys. D 34, 12 (2001).

H. Y. Lee, J. K. Kim, and H. B. Chung, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 279, 209 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

A. Usami, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 62, 239 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

G. Rothenberger, P. Comte, and M. Gratzel, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 58, 321 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. Ferber and J. Luther, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 54, 265 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. P. Alivisatos, Science 271, 933 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

J. D. Desai and C. D. Lokhande, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 181, 70 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

O. Savadogo and K. C. Mandal, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 26, 117 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

B. O’Regan and M. Gratzel, Nature 353, 737 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

E. Montrimass and A. Pazera, Thin Solid Films 34, 65 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Alemi, A.

A. Alemi, Y. Hanifehpour, and S. W. Joo, J. Nanomater. 2011, 414798 (2011).

Alivisatos, A. P.

A. P. Alivisatos, Science 271, 933 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, H.

Z. S. Wang, H. Kawauchi, T. Kashima, and H. Arakawa, Coord. Chem. Rev. 248, 1381 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bourdais, S.

A. Darga, D. Mencaraglia, C. Longeaud, T. J. Savenije, B. O’Regan, S. Bourdais, T. Muto, B. Delatouche, and G. Dennler, J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 20525 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Cao, X.

Q. Lu, H. Zeng, Z. Wang, X. Cao, and L. Zhang, Nanotechnology 17, 2098 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. Y.

H. Wang, Y. N. Lu, J. J. Zhu, and H. Y. Chen, Inorg. Chem. 42, 6404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. F.

H. Xu, X. Tao, D. T. Wang, Y. Z. Zheng, and J. F. Chen, Electrochim. Acta 55, 2280 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

L. Chen, W. Zhu, Q. Han, X. Yang, L. Lu, and X. Wang, Mater. Lett. 63, 1258 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Choi, J.

K. H. Park, J. Choi, H. J. Kim, J. B. Lee, and S. U. Son, Chem. Mater. 19, 3861 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chung, H. B.

H. Y. Lee, J. K. Kim, and H. B. Chung, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 279, 209 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Comte, P.

G. Rothenberger, P. Comte, and M. Gratzel, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 58, 321 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Darga, A.

A. Darga, D. Mencaraglia, C. Longeaud, T. J. Savenije, B. O’Regan, S. Bourdais, T. Muto, B. Delatouche, and G. Dennler, J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 20525 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Delatouche, B.

A. Darga, D. Mencaraglia, C. Longeaud, T. J. Savenije, B. O’Regan, S. Bourdais, T. Muto, B. Delatouche, and G. Dennler, J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 20525 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Dennler, G.

A. Darga, D. Mencaraglia, C. Longeaud, T. J. Savenije, B. O’Regan, S. Bourdais, T. Muto, B. Delatouche, and G. Dennler, J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 20525 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Desai, J. D.

J. D. Desai and C. D. Lokhande, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 181, 70 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dong, H.

D. P. Wu, F. Zhu, J. M. Li, H. Dong, Q. Li, K. Jiang, and D. S. Xu, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 11665 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ferber, J.

J. Ferber and J. Luther, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 54, 265 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gratzel, M.

M. Gratzel, Acc. Chem. Res. 42, 1788 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Rothenberger, P. Comte, and M. Gratzel, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 58, 321 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. O’Regan and M. Gratzel, Nature 353, 737 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Han, Q.

L. Wu, H. Xu, Q. Han, and X. Wang, J. Alloys Compd. 572, 56 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Chen, W. Zhu, Q. Han, X. Yang, L. Lu, and X. Wang, Mater. Lett. 63, 1258 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hanifehpour, Y.

A. Alemi, Y. Hanifehpour, and S. W. Joo, J. Nanomater. 2011, 414798 (2011).

Hinsch, A.

S. Hore, C. Vetter, R. Kern, H. Smit, and A. Hinsch, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90, 1176 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hore, S.

S. Hore, C. Vetter, R. Kern, H. Smit, and A. Hinsch, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90, 1176 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, K.

D. P. Wu, F. Zhu, J. M. Li, H. Dong, Q. Li, K. Jiang, and D. S. Xu, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 11665 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Joo, S. W.

A. Alemi, Y. Hanifehpour, and S. W. Joo, J. Nanomater. 2011, 414798 (2011).

Kang, S. H.

S. H. Kang, J. Y. Kim, H. S. Kim, H. D. Koh, J. S. Lee, and Y. E. Sung, J. Photochem. Photobiol., A 200, 294 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kashima, T.

Z. S. Wang, H. Kawauchi, T. Kashima, and H. Arakawa, Coord. Chem. Rev. 248, 1381 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kawauchi, H.

Z. S. Wang, H. Kawauchi, T. Kashima, and H. Arakawa, Coord. Chem. Rev. 248, 1381 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kern, R.

S. Hore, C. Vetter, R. Kern, H. Smit, and A. Hinsch, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90, 1176 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. J.

K. H. Park, J. Choi, H. J. Kim, J. B. Lee, and S. U. Son, Chem. Mater. 19, 3861 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. S.

S. H. Kang, J. Y. Kim, H. S. Kim, H. D. Koh, J. S. Lee, and Y. E. Sung, J. Photochem. Photobiol., A 200, 294 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. K.

H. Y. Lee, J. K. Kim, and H. B. Chung, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 279, 209 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. Y.

S. H. Kang, J. Y. Kim, H. S. Kim, H. D. Koh, J. S. Lee, and Y. E. Sung, J. Photochem. Photobiol., A 200, 294 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

H. J. Koo, J. Park, B. Yoo, K. Yoo, K. Kim, and N. G. Park, Inorg. Chim. Acta 361, 677 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Koh, H. D.

S. H. Kang, J. Y. Kim, H. S. Kim, H. D. Koh, J. S. Lee, and Y. E. Sung, J. Photochem. Photobiol., A 200, 294 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Koo, H. J.

H. J. Koo, J. Park, B. Yoo, K. Yoo, K. Kim, and N. G. Park, Inorg. Chim. Acta 361, 677 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. Y.

H. Y. Lee, J. K. Kim, and H. B. Chung, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 279, 209 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. B.

K. H. Park, J. Choi, H. J. Kim, J. B. Lee, and S. U. Son, Chem. Mater. 19, 3861 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. S.

S. H. Kang, J. Y. Kim, H. S. Kim, H. D. Koh, J. S. Lee, and Y. E. Sung, J. Photochem. Photobiol., A 200, 294 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, J. M.

D. P. Wu, F. Zhu, J. M. Li, H. Dong, Q. Li, K. Jiang, and D. S. Xu, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 11665 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, Q.

D. P. Wu, F. Zhu, J. M. Li, H. Dong, Q. Li, K. Jiang, and D. S. Xu, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 11665 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

G. Zhu, L. Pan, J. Yang, X. Liu, H. Sun, and Z. Sun, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 24326 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lokhande, C. D.

J. D. Desai and C. D. Lokhande, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 181, 70 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Longeaud, C.

A. Darga, D. Mencaraglia, C. Longeaud, T. J. Savenije, B. O’Regan, S. Bourdais, T. Muto, B. Delatouche, and G. Dennler, J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 20525 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lu, L.

L. Chen, W. Zhu, Q. Han, X. Yang, L. Lu, and X. Wang, Mater. Lett. 63, 1258 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Q.

Q. Lu, H. Zeng, Z. Wang, X. Cao, and L. Zhang, Nanotechnology 17, 2098 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y. N.

H. Wang, Y. N. Lu, J. J. Zhu, and H. Y. Chen, Inorg. Chem. 42, 6404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Luther, J.

J. Ferber and J. Luther, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 54, 265 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mandal, K. C.

O. Savadogo and K. C. Mandal, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 26, 117 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mencaraglia, D.

A. Darga, D. Mencaraglia, C. Longeaud, T. J. Savenije, B. O’Regan, S. Bourdais, T. Muto, B. Delatouche, and G. Dennler, J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 20525 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Montrimass, E.

E. Montrimass and A. Pazera, Thin Solid Films 34, 65 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Muto, T.

A. Darga, D. Mencaraglia, C. Longeaud, T. J. Savenije, B. O’Regan, S. Bourdais, T. Muto, B. Delatouche, and G. Dennler, J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 20525 (2013).
[CrossRef]

O’Regan, B.

A. Darga, D. Mencaraglia, C. Longeaud, T. J. Savenije, B. O’Regan, S. Bourdais, T. Muto, B. Delatouche, and G. Dennler, J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 20525 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. O’Regan and M. Gratzel, Nature 353, 737 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Pan, L.

G. Zhu, L. Pan, J. Yang, X. Liu, H. Sun, and Z. Sun, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 24326 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.

H. J. Koo, J. Park, B. Yoo, K. Yoo, K. Kim, and N. G. Park, Inorg. Chim. Acta 361, 677 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Park, K. H.

K. H. Park, J. Choi, H. J. Kim, J. B. Lee, and S. U. Son, Chem. Mater. 19, 3861 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, N. G.

H. J. Koo, J. Park, B. Yoo, K. Yoo, K. Kim, and N. G. Park, Inorg. Chim. Acta 361, 677 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pazera, A.

E. Montrimass and A. Pazera, Thin Solid Films 34, 65 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Rothenberger, G.

G. Rothenberger, P. Comte, and M. Gratzel, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 58, 321 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Salem, A. M.

A. M. Salem and M. S. Selim, J. Phys. D 34, 12 (2001).

Savadogo, O.

O. Savadogo and K. C. Mandal, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 26, 117 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Savenije, T. J.

A. Darga, D. Mencaraglia, C. Longeaud, T. J. Savenije, B. O’Regan, S. Bourdais, T. Muto, B. Delatouche, and G. Dennler, J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 20525 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Selim, M. S.

A. M. Salem and M. S. Selim, J. Phys. D 34, 12 (2001).

Smit, H.

S. Hore, C. Vetter, R. Kern, H. Smit, and A. Hinsch, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90, 1176 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Son, S. U.

K. H. Park, J. Choi, H. J. Kim, J. B. Lee, and S. U. Son, Chem. Mater. 19, 3861 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H.

G. Zhu, L. Pan, J. Yang, X. Liu, H. Sun, and Z. Sun, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 24326 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Z.

G. Zhu, L. Pan, J. Yang, X. Liu, H. Sun, and Z. Sun, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 24326 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sung, Y. E.

S. H. Kang, J. Y. Kim, H. S. Kim, H. D. Koh, J. S. Lee, and Y. E. Sung, J. Photochem. Photobiol., A 200, 294 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tao, X.

H. Xu, X. Tao, D. T. Wang, Y. Z. Zheng, and J. F. Chen, Electrochim. Acta 55, 2280 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Usami, A.

A. Usami, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 62, 239 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vetter, C.

S. Hore, C. Vetter, R. Kern, H. Smit, and A. Hinsch, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90, 1176 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D. T.

H. Xu, X. Tao, D. T. Wang, Y. Z. Zheng, and J. F. Chen, Electrochim. Acta 55, 2280 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

H. Wang, Y. N. Lu, J. J. Zhu, and H. Y. Chen, Inorg. Chem. 42, 6404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

L. Wu, H. Xu, Q. Han, and X. Wang, J. Alloys Compd. 572, 56 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Chen, W. Zhu, Q. Han, X. Yang, L. Lu, and X. Wang, Mater. Lett. 63, 1258 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Q. Lu, H. Zeng, Z. Wang, X. Cao, and L. Zhang, Nanotechnology 17, 2098 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. S.

Z. S. Wang, H. Kawauchi, T. Kashima, and H. Arakawa, Coord. Chem. Rev. 248, 1381 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, D. P.

D. P. Wu, F. Zhu, J. M. Li, H. Dong, Q. Li, K. Jiang, and D. S. Xu, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 11665 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wu, L.

L. Wu, H. Xu, Q. Han, and X. Wang, J. Alloys Compd. 572, 56 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Xu, D. S.

D. P. Wu, F. Zhu, J. M. Li, H. Dong, Q. Li, K. Jiang, and D. S. Xu, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 11665 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H.

L. Wu, H. Xu, Q. Han, and X. Wang, J. Alloys Compd. 572, 56 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Xu, X. Tao, D. T. Wang, Y. Z. Zheng, and J. F. Chen, Electrochim. Acta 55, 2280 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

G. Zhu, L. Pan, J. Yang, X. Liu, H. Sun, and Z. Sun, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 24326 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X.

L. Chen, W. Zhu, Q. Han, X. Yang, L. Lu, and X. Wang, Mater. Lett. 63, 1258 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, B.

H. J. Koo, J. Park, B. Yoo, K. Yoo, K. Kim, and N. G. Park, Inorg. Chim. Acta 361, 677 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, K.

H. J. Koo, J. Park, B. Yoo, K. Yoo, K. Kim, and N. G. Park, Inorg. Chim. Acta 361, 677 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H.

Q. Lu, H. Zeng, Z. Wang, X. Cao, and L. Zhang, Nanotechnology 17, 2098 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

Q. Lu, H. Zeng, Z. Wang, X. Cao, and L. Zhang, Nanotechnology 17, 2098 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Y. Z.

H. Xu, X. Tao, D. T. Wang, Y. Z. Zheng, and J. F. Chen, Electrochim. Acta 55, 2280 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, F.

D. P. Wu, F. Zhu, J. M. Li, H. Dong, Q. Li, K. Jiang, and D. S. Xu, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 11665 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, G.

G. Zhu, L. Pan, J. Yang, X. Liu, H. Sun, and Z. Sun, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 24326 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, J. J.

H. Wang, Y. N. Lu, J. J. Zhu, and H. Y. Chen, Inorg. Chem. 42, 6404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, W.

L. Chen, W. Zhu, Q. Han, X. Yang, L. Lu, and X. Wang, Mater. Lett. 63, 1258 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Acc. Chem. Res. (1)

M. Gratzel, Acc. Chem. Res. 42, 1788 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (1)

K. H. Park, J. Choi, H. J. Kim, J. B. Lee, and S. U. Son, Chem. Mater. 19, 3861 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Coord. Chem. Rev. (1)

Z. S. Wang, H. Kawauchi, T. Kashima, and H. Arakawa, Coord. Chem. Rev. 248, 1381 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Electrochim. Acta (1)

H. Xu, X. Tao, D. T. Wang, Y. Z. Zheng, and J. F. Chen, Electrochim. Acta 55, 2280 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Inorg. Chem. (1)

H. Wang, Y. N. Lu, J. J. Zhu, and H. Y. Chen, Inorg. Chem. 42, 6404 (2003).
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Inorg. Chim. Acta (1)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

XRD pattern of Sb2S3 powder prepared using a conventional hydrothermal method.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) SEM image and (b) EDXA spectra of Sb2S3 powder.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) TEM image and (b) UV-visible absorbance spectra of Sb2S3 powder.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Reflectance spectra of Sb2S3 powder and (b) I–V curve of the DSSCs fabricated using different weight percent Sb2S3 as a scattering layer.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Photovoltaic Performance of the DSSCs Prepared Using Sb2S3 as a Scattering Layer

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