Abstract

All-fiber-integrated mid-infrared (mid-IR) supercontinuum (SC) generation in a single mode ZBLAN (ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AlF3-NaF) fiber with 13 W average output power and a spectrum extending from 1.9 to 4.3 μm is reported, which we believe is the highest output power for mid-IR SC generation in ZBLAN fibers. The overall optical conversion efficiency from the 790 nm pump light of the last stage Tm-doped fiber (TDF) amplifier to the total SC output was 20%, and the SC power for wavelengths longer than 2.5 μm was 6.85 W with a power ratio of 52.69% with respect to the total SC power. The mid-IR SC generation in ZBLAN fiber was pumped by a 2 μm master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) system, which is also very appropriate for high power 2–2.5 μm region SC generation. We also demonstrate high efficiency SC generation in the TDF amplifier with 62.1 W average power, 39.8% optical efficiency, and a spectrum extending from 1.9 to 2.7 μm.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (10)

2012 (9)

2011 (2)

O. P. Kulkarni, V. V. Alexander, M. Kumar, M. J. Freeman, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. Neelakandan, and A. Chan, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 2486 (2011).
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Chen, S. P.

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Cronin-Golomb, M.

Cumberland, B. A.

Deng, D.

Domachuk, P.

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Feehan, J. S.

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W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, Z. F. Jiang, and Z. J. Liu, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 055107 (2013).
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Lu, Q.

Lyngsø, J. K.

Manzur, T.

Mathieu, P.

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Maze, G.

Mazé, G.

Meola, J.

Messaddeq, Y.

Michalska, M.

J. Swiderski, F. Théberge, M. Michalska, P. Mathieu, and D. Vincent, Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 015106 (2014).
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J. Swiderski, M. Michalska, and G. Maze, Opt. Express 21, 7851 (2013).
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J. Swiderski and M. Michalska, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Moselund, P. M.

P. M. Moselund, C. Petersen, S. Dupont, C. Agger, O. Bang, and S. R. Keiding, Proc. SPIE 8381, 83811A (2012).
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Murphy, D.

R. H. Doremus, D. Murphy, N. P. Bansal, W. A. Lanford, and C. Burman, J. Mater. Sci. 20, 4445 (1985).
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Neelakandan, M.

Nguyen, D.

R. Thapa, D. Rhonehouse, D. Nguyen, K. Wiersma, C. Smith, J. Zong, and A. Chavez-Pirson, Proc. SPIE 8898, 889808 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, V. Q.

R. R. Gattass, L. B. Shaw, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, I. D. Aggarwal, and J. S. Sanghera, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 345 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

Ohishi, Y.

Omenetto, F. G.

Petersen, C.

Popov, S. V.

Price, J. H. V.

Pureza, P. C.

R. R. Gattass, L. B. Shaw, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, I. D. Aggarwal, and J. S. Sanghera, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 345 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rhonehouse, D.

R. Thapa, D. Rhonehouse, D. Nguyen, K. Wiersma, C. Smith, J. Zong, and A. Chavez-Pirson, Proc. SPIE 8898, 889808 (2013).
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Richardson, D. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

Sanghera, J. S.

R. R. Gattass, L. B. Shaw, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, I. D. Aggarwal, and J. S. Sanghera, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 345 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Saraji, M.

U. Willer, M. Saraji, A. Khorsandi, P. Geiser, and W. Schade, Opt. Lasers Eng. 44, 699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schade, W.

U. Willer, M. Saraji, A. Khorsandi, P. Geiser, and W. Schade, Opt. Lasers Eng. 44, 699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, L. B.

R. R. Gattass, L. B. Shaw, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, I. D. Aggarwal, and J. S. Sanghera, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 345 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Z.

Smith, C.

R. Thapa, D. Rhonehouse, D. Nguyen, K. Wiersma, C. Smith, J. Zong, and A. Chavez-Pirson, Proc. SPIE 8898, 889808 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Song, R.

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, R. Song, and Z. J. Liu, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 045106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Song, J. Hou, S. Chen, W. Yang, and Q. Lu, Opt. Lett. 37, 1529 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Stark, S. P.

Steffensen, H.

Suzuki, T.

Swiderski, J.

J. Swiderski, F. Théberge, M. Michalska, P. Mathieu, and D. Vincent, Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 015106 (2014).
[CrossRef]

J. Swiderski and M. Michalska, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Swiderski, M. Michalska, and G. Maze, Opt. Express 21, 7851 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Eckerle, C. Kieleck, J. Świderski, S. D. Jackson, G. Mazé, and M. Eichhorn, Opt. Lett. 37, 512 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Szalkowski, A. S.

Tan, F.

Tayler, J. R.

J. M. Dudley and J. R. Tayler, Nat. Photonics 3, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tayor, J. R.

Terry, F. L.

M. Kumar, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, A. Chan, M. Neelakandan, and T. Manzur, Appl. Opt. 51, 2794 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Alexander, O. P. Kulkarni, M. Kumar, C. Xia, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Welsh, K. Ke, M. J. Freeman, M. Neelakandan, and A. Chan, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 349 (2012).
[CrossRef]

O. P. Kulkarni, V. V. Alexander, M. Kumar, M. J. Freeman, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. Neelakandan, and A. Chan, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 2486 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Xia, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, A. Zakel, and J. Mauricio, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thapa, R.

R. Thapa, D. Rhonehouse, D. Nguyen, K. Wiersma, C. Smith, J. Zong, and A. Chavez-Pirson, Proc. SPIE 8898, 889808 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Théberge, F.

J. Swiderski, F. Théberge, M. Michalska, P. Mathieu, and D. Vincent, Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 015106 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Thøgersen, J.

Thomsen, C. L.

Travers, J. C.

Vincent, D.

J. Swiderski, F. Théberge, M. Michalska, P. Mathieu, and D. Vincent, Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 015106 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Wang, A.

Wang, J. H.

S. P. Chen, J. H. Wang, H. W. Chen, Z. L. Chen, J. Hou, X. J. Xu, J. B. Chen, and Z. J. Liu, Laser Phys. 21, 519 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

Wang, Q.

Welsh, M. J.

V. V. Alexander, O. P. Kulkarni, M. Kumar, C. Xia, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Welsh, K. Ke, M. J. Freeman, M. Neelakandan, and A. Chan, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 349 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Ke, C. Xia, M. N. Islam, M. J. Welsh, and M. J. Freeeman, Opt. Express 17, 12627 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, K.

R. Thapa, D. Rhonehouse, D. Nguyen, K. Wiersma, C. Smith, J. Zong, and A. Chavez-Pirson, Proc. SPIE 8898, 889808 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Willer, U.

U. Willer, M. Saraji, A. Khorsandi, P. Geiser, and W. Schade, Opt. Lasers Eng. 44, 699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wolchover, N. A.

Xia, C.

V. V. Alexander, O. P. Kulkarni, M. Kumar, C. Xia, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Welsh, K. Ke, M. J. Freeman, M. Neelakandan, and A. Chan, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 349 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Xia, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, A. Zakel, and J. Mauricio, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Ke, C. Xia, M. N. Islam, M. J. Welsh, and M. J. Freeeman, Opt. Express 17, 12627 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, R.

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, R. Song, and Z. J. Liu, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 045106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, Z. F. Jiang, and Z. J. Liu, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 055107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Xu, X. J.

S. P. Chen, J. H. Wang, H. W. Chen, Z. L. Chen, J. Hou, X. J. Xu, J. B. Chen, and Z. J. Liu, Laser Phys. 21, 519 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

C. Xia, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, A. Zakel, and J. Mauricio, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, W.

Yang, W. Q.

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, R. Song, and Z. J. Liu, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 045106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, Z. F. Jiang, and Z. J. Liu, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 055107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yin, K.

Zadnik, J.

Zakel, A.

C. Xia, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, A. Zakel, and J. Mauricio, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, Z. F. Jiang, and Z. J. Liu, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 055107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Yang, B. Zhang, K. Yin, X. Zhou, and J. Hou, Opt. Express 21, 19732 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, R. Song, and Z. J. Liu, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 045106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, X.

Zong, J.

R. Thapa, D. Rhonehouse, D. Nguyen, K. Wiersma, C. Smith, J. Zong, and A. Chavez-Pirson, Proc. SPIE 8898, 889808 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Xia, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, A. Zakel, and J. Mauricio, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

R. H. Doremus, D. Murphy, N. P. Bansal, W. A. Lanford, and C. Burman, J. Mater. Sci. 20, 4445 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Laser Phys. (1)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the all-fiber mid-IR SC generation system.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spectrum of the SESAM passively mode-locked fiber laser. Insert shows the stable passively mode-locked pulse train with a repetition rate of 29.39 MHz.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output spectra of the second stage fiber amplifier at different output powers of 1.8, 2.9, and 3.2 W.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Average output power of the LMA TDFA versus the incident pump power. Insert shows the output spectra of the third stage LMA TDFA at different output powers.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Output power of the LMA TDFA, mode field adapter output power, ZBLAN output power, and ZBLAN output power for λ>2500nm versus the pump power of the LMA TDFA.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

ZBLAN output spectra at different output powers of 5.04, 7.14, and 13.0 W.

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