Abstract

In this Letter, an intensity-modulation direct-detection mode group multiplexing system is investigated. The system does not use highly modally selective optics: multiplexing and demultiplexing is done in commercial multimode couplers and modal diversity is enhanced by modulation rates far beyond the length–bandwidth product of the fiber. Experimental and theoretical results shown for OM1 and OM2 fibers fully confirm this theory.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2011 (4)

2006 (1)

C. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. Huijskens, and A. Koonen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2359 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. R. Stuart, Science 289, 281 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

Astruc, M.

Berdague, S.

Bigo, S.

Bolle, C. A.

Boutin, A.

Brindel, P.

Buchali, F.

B. Franz, D. Suikat, R. Dischler, F. Buchali, and H. Buelow, in 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2010), paper Tu.3.C.4.

Buelow, H.

B. Franz, D. Suikat, R. Dischler, F. Buchali, and H. Buelow, in 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2010), paper Tu.3.C.4.

Carpenter, J.

K. Shi, G. Gordon, M. Paskov, J. Carpenter, T. Wilkinson, and B. Thomsen, IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series (IEEE, 2013), pp. 141–142.

Cerou, F.

Charlet, G.

Dischler, R.

B. Franz, D. Suikat, R. Dischler, F. Buchali, and H. Buelow, in 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2010), paper Tu.3.C.4.

Essiambre, R.-J.

Facq, P.

Franz, B.

B. Franz, D. Suikat, R. Dischler, F. Buchali, and H. Buelow, in 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2010), paper Tu.3.C.4.

Gnauck, A. H.

Gordon, G.

K. Shi, G. Gordon, M. Paskov, J. Carpenter, T. Wilkinson, and B. Thomsen, IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series (IEEE, 2013), pp. 141–142.

Huijskens, F.

C. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. Huijskens, and A. Koonen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2359 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Koebele, C.

Koonen, A.

C. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. Huijskens, and A. Koonen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2359 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kowalczyk, M.

M. Kowalczyk and J. Siuzdak, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 53, 502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lingle, R.

Mardoyan, H.

Martinez, A.

C. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. Huijskens, and A. Koonen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2359 (2006).
[CrossRef]

McCurdy, A.

Mori, T.

Paskov, M.

K. Shi, G. Gordon, M. Paskov, J. Carpenter, T. Wilkinson, and B. Thomsen, IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series (IEEE, 2013), pp. 141–142.

Peckham, D. W.

Provost, L.

Randel, S.

Rosenkranz, W.

S. Schoellmann and W. Rosenkranz, in 33rd European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2007).

Ryf, R.

Sakamoto, T.

Salsi, M.

Schoellmann, S.

S. Schoellmann and W. Rosenkranz, in 33rd European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2007).

Shi, K.

K. Shi, G. Gordon, M. Paskov, J. Carpenter, T. Wilkinson, and B. Thomsen, IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series (IEEE, 2013), pp. 141–142.

Sierra, A.

Sillard, P.

Siuzdak, J.

M. Kowalczyk and J. Siuzdak, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 53, 502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sperti, D.

Stuart, H. R.

H. R. Stuart, Science 289, 281 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Suikat, D.

B. Franz, D. Suikat, R. Dischler, F. Buchali, and H. Buelow, in 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2010), paper Tu.3.C.4.

Thomsen, B.

B. Thomsen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OThM6.

K. Shi, G. Gordon, M. Paskov, J. Carpenter, T. Wilkinson, and B. Thomsen, IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series (IEEE, 2013), pp. 141–142.

Tomita, S.

Tran, P.

Tsekrekos, C.

C. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. Huijskens, and A. Koonen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2359 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Verluise, F.

Wilkinson, T.

K. Shi, G. Gordon, M. Paskov, J. Carpenter, T. Wilkinson, and B. Thomsen, IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series (IEEE, 2013), pp. 141–142.

Winzer, P. J.

Yamamoto, T.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. Huijskens, and A. Koonen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2359 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Kowalczyk and J. Siuzdak, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 53, 502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Science (1)

H. R. Stuart, Science 289, 281 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

S. Schoellmann and W. Rosenkranz, in 33rd European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2007).

K. Shi, G. Gordon, M. Paskov, J. Carpenter, T. Wilkinson, and B. Thomsen, IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series (IEEE, 2013), pp. 141–142.

B. Thomsen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OThM6.

B. Franz, D. Suikat, R. Dischler, F. Buchali, and H. Buelow, in 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2010), paper Tu.3.C.4.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured cross-correlation of the send and received symbol sequences for the OM1 fiber at 2×4Gbit/s.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Equalizer structure.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Influence of MIMO power matrix and (b) difference in impulse responses on the transmission quality.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured Q2 [dB] for different bit rates.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Average Q2 [dB] versus receiver input power for OM2 at 3Gbit/s per channel.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Measured Q2 [dB] histogram for OM2 at 3Gbit/s with relative time changes recorded for 35 minutes.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Measured Output Powers (dBm) for Different Inputs in a 4.4 km Link in (a) OM1 and (b) OM2 Fiber

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

H=(0.440.360.560.64),
yi(n)=j=12l=0L11wijf(l)xj(nl)j=12l=1L2wijb(l)y^j(nl),
H=(ρ1ρ1ρρ).

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