Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a technique for the generation of an optical comb with tunable line spacing in a periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) waveguide. The technique is implemented with four input continuous waves (CWs), which generate a 19-line comb tuned to the spacing of 25 and 20 GHz. We show that each additional CW switched on out of the quasi phase-matching band at the PPLN waveguide input generates the growth of six new lines. The performance of the comb is tested modulating the lines with a 40  Gb/s differential quadrature phase shift keying data, demonstrating error-free operation. Nonuniform spacing of the input seed CWs improves the efficiency of the line generation process.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. La Rochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 453 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  2. X. Yi, N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, and S. J. B. Yoo, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 2054 (2010).
  3. J. S. Parker, A. Bhardwaj, P. R. A. Binetti, Y. Hung, and L. A. Coldren, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 131 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. M. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, R. Maher, M. D. Gutierrez Pascual, F. Smyth, V. Vujicic, and L. P. Barry, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh3I.8.
  5. C. Chen, C. Zhang, D. Liu, K. Qiu, and S. Liu, Opt. Lett. 37, 3954 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. J. Metcalf, V. Torres-Company, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 19, 3500306 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. K. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, I. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 701 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, Opt. Express 20, 3331 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, and S. Radic, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5C.1.
  10. J. Pfeifle, M. Lauermann, D. Wegner, J. Li, K. Hartinger, V. Brasch, T. Herr, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schimmel, R. Holzwarth, T. J. Kippenberg, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW3C.2.
  11. H. Han, Y. Zhao, Q. Zhang, H. Teng, and Z. Wei, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CMY3.
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    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (2)

A. J. Metcalf, V. Torres-Company, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 19, 3500306 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, I. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 701 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (3)

2011 (2)

C. R. Phillips, C. Langrock, J. S. Pelc, M. M. Fejer, J. Jiang, M. E. Fermann, and I. Hartl, Opt. Lett. 36, 3912 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. La Rochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 453 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

1980 (1)

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Alic, N.

Anandarajah, P. M.

P. M. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, R. Maher, M. D. Gutierrez Pascual, F. Smyth, V. Vujicic, and L. P. Barry, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh3I.8.

Ataie, V.

V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, and S. Radic, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5C.1.

Barry, L. P.

P. M. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, R. Maher, M. D. Gutierrez Pascual, F. Smyth, V. Vujicic, and L. P. Barry, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh3I.8.

Besnard, P.

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. La Rochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 453 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bhardwaj, A.

J. S. Parker, A. Bhardwaj, P. R. A. Binetti, Y. Hung, and L. A. Coldren, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 131 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Binetti, P. R. A.

J. S. Parker, A. Bhardwaj, P. R. A. Binetti, Y. Hung, and L. A. Coldren, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 131 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Borgne, E.

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. La Rochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 453 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bramerie, L.

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. La Rochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 453 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Brasch, V.

J. Pfeifle, M. Lauermann, D. Wegner, J. Li, K. Hartinger, V. Brasch, T. Herr, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schimmel, R. Holzwarth, T. J. Kippenberg, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW3C.2.

Chen, C.

Coldren, L. A.

J. S. Parker, A. Bhardwaj, P. R. A. Binetti, Y. Hung, and L. A. Coldren, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 131 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Fermann, M. E.

Fontaine, N. K.

Freude, W.

A. K. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, I. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 701 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Pfeifle, M. Lauermann, D. Wegner, J. Li, K. Hartinger, V. Brasch, T. Herr, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schimmel, R. Holzwarth, T. J. Kippenberg, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW3C.2.

Gutierrez Pascual, M. D.

P. M. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, R. Maher, M. D. Gutierrez Pascual, F. Smyth, V. Vujicic, and L. P. Barry, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh3I.8.

Han, H.

H. Han, Y. Zhao, Q. Zhang, H. Teng, and Z. Wei, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CMY3.

Hartinger, K.

J. Pfeifle, M. Lauermann, D. Wegner, J. Li, K. Hartinger, V. Brasch, T. Herr, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schimmel, R. Holzwarth, T. J. Kippenberg, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW3C.2.

Hartl, I.

Herr, T.

J. Pfeifle, M. Lauermann, D. Wegner, J. Li, K. Hartinger, V. Brasch, T. Herr, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schimmel, R. Holzwarth, T. J. Kippenberg, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW3C.2.

Hillerkuss, D.

A. K. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, I. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 701 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Pfeifle, M. Lauermann, D. Wegner, J. Li, K. Hartinger, V. Brasch, T. Herr, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schimmel, R. Holzwarth, T. J. Kippenberg, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW3C.2.

Holzwarth, R.

J. Pfeifle, M. Lauermann, D. Wegner, J. Li, K. Hartinger, V. Brasch, T. Herr, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schimmel, R. Holzwarth, T. J. Kippenberg, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW3C.2.

Hung, Y.

J. S. Parker, A. Bhardwaj, P. R. A. Binetti, Y. Hung, and L. A. Coldren, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 131 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, J.

Kikuchi, K.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kippenberg, T. J.

J. Pfeifle, M. Lauermann, D. Wegner, J. Li, K. Hartinger, V. Brasch, T. Herr, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schimmel, R. Holzwarth, T. J. Kippenberg, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW3C.2.

Koos, C.

A. K. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, I. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 701 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Pfeifle, M. Lauermann, D. Wegner, J. Li, K. Hartinger, V. Brasch, T. Herr, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schimmel, R. Holzwarth, T. J. Kippenberg, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW3C.2.

Kuo, B. P. P.

Kuo, B. P.-P.

V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, and S. Radic, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5C.1.

La Rochelle, S.

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. La Rochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 453 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Langrock, C.

Lauermann, M.

J. Pfeifle, M. Lauermann, D. Wegner, J. Li, K. Hartinger, V. Brasch, T. Herr, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schimmel, R. Holzwarth, T. J. Kippenberg, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW3C.2.

Le, Q. T.

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. La Rochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 453 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Leaird, D. E.

A. J. Metcalf, V. Torres-Company, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 19, 3500306 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lelarge, F.

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. La Rochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 453 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

A. K. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, I. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 701 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Pfeifle, M. Lauermann, D. Wegner, J. Li, K. Hartinger, V. Brasch, T. Herr, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schimmel, R. Holzwarth, T. J. Kippenberg, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW3C.2.

Li, J.

J. Pfeifle, M. Lauermann, D. Wegner, J. Li, K. Hartinger, V. Brasch, T. Herr, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schimmel, R. Holzwarth, T. J. Kippenberg, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW3C.2.

Liu, D.

Liu, S.

M’Sallem, Y. B.

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. La Rochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 453 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Maher, R.

P. M. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, R. Maher, M. D. Gutierrez Pascual, F. Smyth, V. Vujicic, and L. P. Barry, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh3I.8.

Metcalf, A. J.

A. J. Metcalf, V. Torres-Company, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 19, 3500306 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mishra, A. K.

A. K. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, I. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 701 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Myslivets, E.

E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, Opt. Express 20, 3331 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, and S. Radic, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5C.1.

Nakayama, A.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, Q.-T.

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. La Rochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 453 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Okoshi, T.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Parker, J. S.

J. S. Parker, A. Bhardwaj, P. R. A. Binetti, Y. Hung, and L. A. Coldren, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 131 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pelc, J. S.

Pfeifle, J.

J. Pfeifle, M. Lauermann, D. Wegner, J. Li, K. Hartinger, V. Brasch, T. Herr, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schimmel, R. Holzwarth, T. J. Kippenberg, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW3C.2.

Phillips, C. R.

Qiu, K.

Radic, S.

E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, Opt. Express 20, 3331 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, and S. Radic, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5C.1.

Rusch, L. A.

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. La Rochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 453 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schimmel, T.

J. Pfeifle, M. Lauermann, D. Wegner, J. Li, K. Hartinger, V. Brasch, T. Herr, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schimmel, R. Holzwarth, T. J. Kippenberg, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW3C.2.

Schmogrow, R.

A. K. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, I. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 701 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Pfeifle, M. Lauermann, D. Wegner, J. Li, K. Hartinger, V. Brasch, T. Herr, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schimmel, R. Holzwarth, T. J. Kippenberg, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW3C.2.

Scott, R. P.

Shen, A.

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. La Rochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 453 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Simon, J.-C.

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. La Rochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 453 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Smyth, F.

P. M. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, R. Maher, M. D. Gutierrez Pascual, F. Smyth, V. Vujicic, and L. P. Barry, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh3I.8.

Teng, H.

H. Han, Y. Zhao, Q. Zhang, H. Teng, and Z. Wei, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CMY3.

Tomkos, I.

A. K. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, I. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 701 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Torres-Company, V.

A. J. Metcalf, V. Torres-Company, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 19, 3500306 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Vujicic, V.

P. M. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, R. Maher, M. D. Gutierrez Pascual, F. Smyth, V. Vujicic, and L. P. Barry, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh3I.8.

Wegner, D.

J. Pfeifle, M. Lauermann, D. Wegner, J. Li, K. Hartinger, V. Brasch, T. Herr, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schimmel, R. Holzwarth, T. J. Kippenberg, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW3C.2.

Wei, Z.

H. Han, Y. Zhao, Q. Zhang, H. Teng, and Z. Wei, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CMY3.

Weiner, A. M.

A. J. Metcalf, V. Torres-Company, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 19, 3500306 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yi, X.

Yoo, S. J. B.

Zhang, C.

Zhang, Q.

H. Han, Y. Zhao, Q. Zhang, H. Teng, and Z. Wei, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CMY3.

Zhao, Y.

H. Han, Y. Zhao, Q. Zhang, H. Teng, and Z. Wei, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CMY3.

Zhou, R.

P. M. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, R. Maher, M. D. Gutierrez Pascual, F. Smyth, V. Vujicic, and L. P. Barry, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh3I.8.

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

A. J. Metcalf, V. Torres-Company, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 19, 3500306 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

A. K. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, I. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 701 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. La Rochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 453 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Parker, A. Bhardwaj, P. R. A. Binetti, Y. Hung, and L. A. Coldren, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 131 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (4)

V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, and S. Radic, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5C.1.

J. Pfeifle, M. Lauermann, D. Wegner, J. Li, K. Hartinger, V. Brasch, T. Herr, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schimmel, R. Holzwarth, T. J. Kippenberg, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW3C.2.

H. Han, Y. Zhao, Q. Zhang, H. Teng, and Z. Wei, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CMY3.

P. M. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, R. Maher, M. D. Gutierrez Pascual, F. Smyth, V. Vujicic, and L. P. Barry, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh3I.8.

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