Abstract

Direct carrier-envelope phase stabilization of an Yb:KGW MOPA laser system is demonstrated with a residual phase jitter reduced to below 100 mrad, which compares favorably with previous stabilization reports, both of amplified laser systems as well as of ytterbium-based oscillators. This novel stabilization scheme relies on a frequency synthesis scheme and a feed-forward approach. The direct stabilization of a sub-MHz frequency comb from a CPA amplifier not only reduces the phase noise but also greatly simplifies the stabilization setup.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2012 (2)

2011 (4)

2010 (1)

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photonics 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

M. Pawłowska, F. Ozimek, P. Fita, and C. Radzewicz, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 083101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2005 (2)

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Gohle, J. Rauschenberger, T. Fuji, T. Udem, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 30, 2487 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 972 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

S. T. Cundiff, J. Phys. D 35, R43 (2002).

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Amann, M. C.

Anderson, A.

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photonics 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Borchers, A. Anderson, and G. Steinmeyer, “On the role of shot noise in carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Laser Photon. Rev., doi:10.1002/lpor.201300163 (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Andriukaitis, G.

Apolonski, A.

Assion, A.

F. Lücking, A. Assion, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and G. Steinmeyer, Opt. Lett. 37, 2076 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photonics 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baer, C. R. E.

Balciunas, T.

Baltuška, A.

T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, P. Mišeikis, G. Andriukaitis, A. Pugžlys, L. Giniunas, R. Danielius, R. Holzwarth, and A. Baltuška, Opt. Lett. 36, 3242 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 972 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Boehm, G.

Borchers, B.

B. Borchers, S. Koke, A. Husakou, J. Herrmann, and G. Steinmeyer, Opt. Lett. 36, 4146 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Borchers, A. Anderson, and G. Steinmeyer, “On the role of shot noise in carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Laser Photon. Rev., doi:10.1002/lpor.201300163 (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Brons, J.

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff, J. Phys. D 35, R43 (2002).

Danielius, R.

Dunlop, A. E.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Emaury, F.

Fita, P.

M. Pawłowska, F. Ozimek, P. Fita, and C. Radzewicz, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 083101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Frei, H.

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photonics 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fuji, T.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Gohle, J. Rauschenberger, T. Fuji, T. Udem, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 30, 2487 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fujihira, Y.

Gademann, G.

Giniunas, L.

Gohle, C.

C. Gohle, J. Rauschenberger, T. Fuji, T. Udem, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 30, 2487 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Golling, M.

Goulielmakis, E.

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 972 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grasse, C.

Grebing, C.

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photonics 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Koke, C. Grebing, B. Manschwetus, and G. Steinmeyer, Opt. Lett. 33, 2545 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

C. Gohle, J. Rauschenberger, T. Fuji, T. Udem, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 30, 2487 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 972 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Heckl, O. H.

Herrmann, J.

Hoffmann, M.

Holzwarth, R.

Homma, T.

Husakou, A.

Kakehata, M.

Kalashnikov, V. L.

Keller, U.

Kienberger, R.

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 972 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, Y.

Koke, S.

Krausz, F.

F. Lücking, A. Assion, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and G. Steinmeyer, Opt. Lett. 37, 2076 (2012).
[CrossRef]

O. Pronin, J. Brons, C. Grasse, V. Pervak, G. Boehm, M. C. Amann, V. L. Kalashnikov, A. Apolonski, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 36, 4746 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Gohle, J. Rauschenberger, T. Fuji, T. Udem, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 30, 2487 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 972 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lücking, F.

Manschwetus, B.

Mišeikis, P.

Mücke, O. D.

Ozimek, F.

M. Pawłowska, F. Ozimek, P. Fita, and C. Radzewicz, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 083101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Paul, P. M.

Pawlowska, M.

M. Pawłowska, F. Ozimek, P. Fita, and C. Radzewicz, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 083101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pervak, V.

Plé, F.

Pronin, O.

Pugžlys, A.

Radzewicz, C.

M. Pawłowska, F. Ozimek, P. Fita, and C. Radzewicz, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 083101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rauschenberger, J.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Gohle, J. Rauschenberger, T. Fuji, T. Udem, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 30, 2487 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Saraceno, C. J.

Schriber, C.

Steinmeyer, G.

F. Lücking, A. Assion, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and G. Steinmeyer, Opt. Lett. 37, 2076 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Borchers, S. Koke, A. Husakou, J. Herrmann, and G. Steinmeyer, Opt. Lett. 36, 4146 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photonics 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Koke, C. Grebing, B. Manschwetus, and G. Steinmeyer, Opt. Lett. 33, 2545 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Borchers, A. Anderson, and G. Steinmeyer, “On the role of shot noise in carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Laser Photon. Rev., doi:10.1002/lpor.201300163 (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Stenger, J.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Südmeyer, T.

Sutter, D. H.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Takada, H.

Takahashi, H.

Telle, H. R.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tempea, G.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Torizuka, K.

Udem, T.

C. Gohle, J. Rauschenberger, T. Fuji, T. Udem, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 30, 2487 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 972 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Uiberacker, M.

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 972 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vrakking, M. J. J.

Yakovlev, V. S.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 972 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 972 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

S. T. Cundiff, J. Phys. D 35, R43 (2002).

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photonics 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

M. Pawłowska, F. Ozimek, P. Fita, and C. Radzewicz, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 083101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

B. Borchers, A. Anderson, and G. Steinmeyer, “On the role of shot noise in carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Laser Photon. Rev., doi:10.1002/lpor.201300163 (to be published).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

General scheme of the frequency synthesis for the stabilization of a sub-MHz frequency comb from a regenerative amplifier (RA). The dashed box indicates a part of the setup that is necessary only for an in-depth characterization of amplifier noise.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optical scheme of the in-line f2f interferometer based on white light generation (WLG) in a bulk sapphire crystal for beat-note detection. P, polarizer; SM, spherical mirror.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) A general scheme of the frequency synthesis for the stabilization of a sub-MHz frequency comb from a regenerative amplifier (RA). (b) The narrowband tunable frequency filter scheme.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Radio frequency spectrum after mixer M1, where the signal from the photodetector is upconverted by mixing it with a local oscillator. For comparison, a reference spectrum is shown where the f and 2f components are delayed, and the beat note is suppressed. Beat note visibility is 55 dB in a resolution bandwidth of 6 Hz.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Out-of-loop CEP jitter measurement after the amplifier. (b) Inset: f2f interferogram fringes. The spectrometer integration time was kept at a minimum and averaging is done over 6 laser pulses.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Phase noise spectrum density (PSD) and integrated phase noise measurement of an amplifier running at repetition rate famp=600kHz. The noise floor (gray line) is obtained by delaying the two colors in the f2f interferometer and represents the measurement sensitivity.

Equations (1)

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Δφtotal=Δφosc2+Δφcpa2.

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