Abstract

We demonstrate a room-temperature high-power frequency comb source covering the spectral region from 2 to 2.15 μm. The source is based on a femtosecond erbium-fiber laser operating at 1.55 μm with a repetition rate of 250 MHz, wavelength-shifted up to 2.06 μm by the solitonic Raman effect, seeding a large-mode-area holmium (Ho) fiber amplifier pumped by a thulium (Tm) fiber laser emitting at 1.94 μm. The frequency comb has an integrated power of 2 W, with overall power fluctuations as low as 0.3%. The beatnote between the comb and a high-spectral-purity, single-frequency Tm–Ho laser has a linewidth of 32 kHz over 1 ms observation time, with a signal-to-noise ratio in excess of 30 dB.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (4)

2012 (6)

2011 (1)

2009 (1)

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Yu. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 661 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

L. Grüner-Nielsen and B. Pálsdóttir, Proc. SPIE 6873, 68731B (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Engelbrecht, F. Haxsen, A. Ruehl, D. Wandt, and D. Kracht, Opt. Lett. 33, 690 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, B. R. Washburn, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, Appl. Phys. B 77, 269 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Adler, F.

Bennetts, S.

Bliss, D.

Brida, D.

Byer, R. L.

Carter, A.

Cassinerio, M.

Coen, S.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, B. R. Washburn, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, Appl. Phys. B 77, 269 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Coluccelli, N.

Corwin, K. L.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, B. R. Washburn, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, Appl. Phys. B 77, 269 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Davidson, A.

Demirbas, U.

Di Lieto, A.

Diddams, S. A.

T. W. Neely, T. A. Johnson, and S. A. Diddams, Opt. Lett. 38, 2757 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Adler and S. A. Diddams, Opt. Lett. 37, 1400 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, B. R. Washburn, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, Appl. Phys. B 77, 269 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, B. R. Washburn, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, Appl. Phys. B 77, 269 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Yu. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 661 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Engelbrecht, M.

Fehrenbacher, D.

Fejer, M. M.

Fermann, M.

Fermann, M. E.

Galzerano, G.

Gambetta, A.

Gatti, D.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

L. Grüner-Nielsen and B. Pálsdóttir, Proc. SPIE 6873, 68731B (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Harris, J. S.

Hartl, I.

Haub, J.

Haxsen, F.

Hemming, A.

Imeshev, G.

Jackson, S. D.

S. D. Jackson, Nat. Photonics 6, 423 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, J.

Johnson, T. A.

Kracht, D.

Krauss, G.

Kumkar, S.

Kurkov, A. S.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Yu. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 661 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Langrock, C.

Laporta, P.

Leindecker, N.

Leitenstorfer, A.

Lin, A. C.

Lynch, C.

Marakulin, A. V.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Yu. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 661 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Marandi, A.

Marangoni, M.

Medvedkov, O. I.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Yu. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 661 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Minashina, L. A.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Yu. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 661 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mohr, C.

Neely, T. W.

Newbury, N. R.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, B. R. Washburn, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, Appl. Phys. B 77, 269 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pálsdóttir, B.

L. Grüner-Nielsen and B. Pálsdóttir, Proc. SPIE 6873, 68731B (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, C. R.

Picqué, N.

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pyrkov, Yu. N.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Yu. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 661 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ruehl, A.

Schliesser, A.

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Schunemann, P. G.

Sholokhov, E. M.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Yu. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 661 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Simakov, N.

Snure, M.

Tonelli, M.

Tsvetkov, V. B.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Yu. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 661 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Wandt, D.

Washburn, B. R.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, B. R. Washburn, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, Appl. Phys. B 77, 269 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Weber, K.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, B. R. Washburn, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, Appl. Phys. B 77, 269 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, B. R. Washburn, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, Appl. Phys. B 77, 269 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wunram, M.

Yu, X.

Zhu, M.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, B. R. Washburn, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, Appl. Phys. B 77, 269 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Yu. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 661 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (3)

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, Nat. Photonics 7, 868 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson, Nat. Photonics 6, 423 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Proc. SPIE (1)

L. Grüner-Nielsen and B. Pálsdóttir, Proc. SPIE 6873, 68731B (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Scheme of the comb system based on the Tm-pumped Ho-fiber amplifier. (b) Spectra of the supercontinuum radiation at the output of the Raman fiber embedded in the Er-fiber oscillator (orange trace); and after the external HNL fiber (blue trace). The powers indicated refer to the shaded areas.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Output power of the LMA Ho-fiber amplifier as a function of incident power. (b) Spectra of the seeding and amplified radiation at full pump power on a power-per-mode scale (seeding spectrum not to scale).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) FROG trace of the femtosecond pulses at the output of the Ho amplifier at full pump power. Intensity and phase of amplified pulses in the (b) time and the (c) frequency domains as retrieved by a FROG inversion algorithm; the measured spectrum (green line) is also reported for comparison.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) RIN traces of: pump radiation (orange), soliton centered at 1.92 μm generated by the Raman fiber embedded in the Er-fiber oscillator (green); seeding soliton at 2.06 μm after the external HNL fiber (black); amplified pulse at full pump power (blue); noise floor (red). (b) Corresponding integrated intensity noise (note that the pump noise is divided by 3).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Setup employed for full stabilization of the frequency comb: PD, photodiode; DDS, direct digital synthesizer; PID, proportional–integral–derivative controller. (b) RF spectrum of the comb offset frequency and (c) beatnote between the single-frequency Er-fiber laser and comb in locked conditions (hertz-level linewidth can be observed using smaller RBW). (d) Beatnote between the single-frequency Tm–Ho laser at 2.09 μm and amplified comb in locked (red line) and unlocked conditions (blue line).

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