Abstract

We study the formation of 2D self-trapped beams in nanodisordered potassium-sodium-tantalate-niobate (KNTN) cooled below the dynamic glass transition. Supercooling is shown to accelerate the photorefractive response and enhance steady-state anisotropy. Effects in the excited state are attributed to the anomalous slim-loop polarization curve typical of relaxors dominated by non-interacting polar-nano-regions.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. G. A. Samara, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15, R367 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. A. Bokov and Z.-G. Ye, J. Mater. Sci. 41, 31 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Burns and F. H. Dacol, Phys. Rev. B 28, 2527 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. B. Ishai, C. E. M. de Oliveira, Y. Ryabov, Y. Feldman, and A. J. Agranat, Phys. Rev. B 70, 132104 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. Donth, The Glass Transition (Springer-Verlag, 2001).
  6. L. Leuzzi and T. M. Nieuwenhuizen, Thermodynamics of the Glassy State (Taylor & Francis, 2008).
  7. W. Ruan, G. Li, J. Zeng, L. S. Kamzina, H. Zeng, K. Zhao, L. Zheng, and A. Ding, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 074109 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Gumennik, Y. Kurzweil-Segev, and A. J. Agranat, Opt. Mater. Express 1, 332 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Chang, C. Wang, S. Yin, R. C. Hoffman, and A. G. Mott, Opt. Lett. 38, 4574 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Chang, C. Wang, S. Yin, R. C. Hoffman, and A. G. Mott, Opt. Express 21, 17760 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  11. E. DelRe, E. Spinozzi, A. J. Agranat, and C. Conti, Nat. Photonics 5, 39 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Parravicini, F. Di Mei, C. Conti, A. J. Agranat, and E. DelRe, Opt. Express 19, 24109 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Parravicini, C. Conti, A. J. Agranat, and E. DelRe, Opt. Express 20, 27382 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Parravicini, C. Conti, A. J. Agranat, and E. DelRe, Opt. Lett. 37, 2355 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. F. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. F. Shih, P. Leach, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, G. Salamo, and G. C. Valley, Opt. Lett. 21, 324 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Z. Chen, M. Segev, and D. Christodoulides, Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 086401 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Morin, G. Duree, G. Salamo, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 20, 2066 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Asaro, M. Sheldon, Z. G. Chen, O. Ostroverkhova, and W. E. Moerner, Opt. Lett. 30, 519 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. D’Ercole, E. Palange, E. DelRe, A. Ciattoni, B. Crosignani, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2679 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  21. A. D’Ercole, A. Pierangelo, E. Palange, A. Ciattoni, A. J. Agranat, and E. DelRe, Opt. Express 16, 12002 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  22. L. Al Fares, F. Devaux, B. Guichardaz, and M. Chauvet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 041111 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. Parravicini, D. Pierangeli, F. Di Mei, A. J. Agranat, C. Conti, and E. DelRe, Opt. Express 21, 30573 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. Toulouse, Ferroelectrics 369, 203 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  25. V. V. Shvartsman and D. C. Lupascu, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 95, 1 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  26. E. DelRe, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Prog. Opt. 53, 153 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  27. B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, A. Degasperis, M. Segev, and S. Trillo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 3078 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  28. M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  29. E. DelRe, M. Tamburrini, M. Segev, E. Refaeli, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 16 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  30. Z. G. Chen, M. Asaro, O. Ostroverkhova, and W. E. Moerner, Opt. Lett. 28, 2509 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  31. E. DelRe, A. Ciattoni, and A. J. Agranat, Opt. Lett. 26, 908 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  32. E. DelRe, G. De Masi, A. Ciattoni, and E. Palange, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5499 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  33. A. Pierangelo, E. DelRe, E. Palange, A. Ciattoni, Y. Garcia, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121123 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  34. M. Chauvet, A. Guo, G. Fu, and G. Salamo, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 113107 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  35. D. M. Radheep, D. Mohan, P. Sarkar, S. Arumugam, and P. Mandal, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 092406 (2013).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (5)

2012 (4)

V. V. Shvartsman and D. C. Lupascu, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 95, 1 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Parravicini, C. Conti, A. J. Agranat, and E. DelRe, Opt. Express 20, 27382 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Parravicini, C. Conti, A. J. Agranat, and E. DelRe, Opt. Lett. 37, 2355 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, M. Segev, and D. Christodoulides, Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 086401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (4)

W. Ruan, G. Li, J. Zeng, L. S. Kamzina, H. Zeng, K. Zhao, L. Zheng, and A. Ding, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 074109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Gumennik, Y. Kurzweil-Segev, and A. J. Agranat, Opt. Mater. Express 1, 332 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. DelRe, E. Spinozzi, A. J. Agranat, and C. Conti, Nat. Photonics 5, 39 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Parravicini, F. Di Mei, C. Conti, A. J. Agranat, and E. DelRe, Opt. Express 19, 24109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

E. DelRe, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Prog. Opt. 53, 153 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2006 (3)

A. Pierangelo, E. DelRe, E. Palange, A. Ciattoni, Y. Garcia, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Chauvet, A. Guo, G. Fu, and G. Salamo, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 113107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Bokov and Z.-G. Ye, J. Mater. Sci. 41, 31 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (3)

A. D’Ercole, E. Palange, E. DelRe, A. Ciattoni, B. Crosignani, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2679 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Ishai, C. E. M. de Oliveira, Y. Ryabov, Y. Feldman, and A. J. Agranat, Phys. Rev. B 70, 132104 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. DelRe, G. De Masi, A. Ciattoni, and E. Palange, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5499 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

2001 (1)

1998 (1)

E. DelRe, M. Tamburrini, M. Segev, E. Refaeli, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1995 (2)

M. Morin, G. Duree, G. Salamo, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 20, 2066 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

G. Burns and F. H. Dacol, Phys. Rev. B 28, 2527 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Agranat, A. J.

J. Parravicini, D. Pierangeli, F. Di Mei, A. J. Agranat, C. Conti, and E. DelRe, Opt. Express 21, 30573 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Parravicini, C. Conti, A. J. Agranat, and E. DelRe, Opt. Express 20, 27382 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Parravicini, C. Conti, A. J. Agranat, and E. DelRe, Opt. Lett. 37, 2355 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Parravicini, F. Di Mei, C. Conti, A. J. Agranat, and E. DelRe, Opt. Express 19, 24109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. DelRe, E. Spinozzi, A. J. Agranat, and C. Conti, Nat. Photonics 5, 39 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Gumennik, Y. Kurzweil-Segev, and A. J. Agranat, Opt. Mater. Express 1, 332 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. D’Ercole, A. Pierangelo, E. Palange, A. Ciattoni, A. J. Agranat, and E. DelRe, Opt. Express 16, 12002 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Pierangelo, E. DelRe, E. Palange, A. Ciattoni, Y. Garcia, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. D’Ercole, E. Palange, E. DelRe, A. Ciattoni, B. Crosignani, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2679 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Ishai, C. E. M. de Oliveira, Y. Ryabov, Y. Feldman, and A. J. Agranat, Phys. Rev. B 70, 132104 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. DelRe, A. Ciattoni, and A. J. Agranat, Opt. Lett. 26, 908 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. DelRe, M. Tamburrini, M. Segev, E. Refaeli, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Al Fares, L.

L. Al Fares, F. Devaux, B. Guichardaz, and M. Chauvet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 041111 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Arumugam, S.

D. M. Radheep, D. Mohan, P. Sarkar, S. Arumugam, and P. Mandal, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 092406 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Asaro, M.

Bokov, A. A.

A. A. Bokov and Z.-G. Ye, J. Mater. Sci. 41, 31 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Burns, G.

G. Burns and F. H. Dacol, Phys. Rev. B 28, 2527 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y.

Chauvet, M.

L. Al Fares, F. Devaux, B. Guichardaz, and M. Chauvet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 041111 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Chauvet, A. Guo, G. Fu, and G. Salamo, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 113107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

Z. Chen, M. Segev, and D. Christodoulides, Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 086401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z. G.

Christodoulides, D.

Z. Chen, M. Segev, and D. Christodoulides, Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 086401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ciattoni, A.

A. D’Ercole, A. Pierangelo, E. Palange, A. Ciattoni, A. J. Agranat, and E. DelRe, Opt. Express 16, 12002 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Pierangelo, E. DelRe, E. Palange, A. Ciattoni, Y. Garcia, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. DelRe, G. De Masi, A. Ciattoni, and E. Palange, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5499 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. D’Ercole, E. Palange, E. DelRe, A. Ciattoni, B. Crosignani, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2679 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. DelRe, A. Ciattoni, and A. J. Agranat, Opt. Lett. 26, 908 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Conti, C.

Crosignani, B.

E. DelRe, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Prog. Opt. 53, 153 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. D’Ercole, E. Palange, E. DelRe, A. Ciattoni, B. Crosignani, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2679 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, A. Degasperis, M. Segev, and S. Trillo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 3078 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D’Ercole, A.

A. D’Ercole, A. Pierangelo, E. Palange, A. Ciattoni, A. J. Agranat, and E. DelRe, Opt. Express 16, 12002 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. D’Ercole, E. Palange, E. DelRe, A. Ciattoni, B. Crosignani, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2679 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dacol, F. H.

G. Burns and F. H. Dacol, Phys. Rev. B 28, 2527 (1983).
[CrossRef]

De Masi, G.

E. DelRe, G. De Masi, A. Ciattoni, and E. Palange, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5499 (2004).
[CrossRef]

de Oliveira, C. E. M.

P. B. Ishai, C. E. M. de Oliveira, Y. Ryabov, Y. Feldman, and A. J. Agranat, Phys. Rev. B 70, 132104 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Degasperis, A.

DelRe, E.

J. Parravicini, D. Pierangeli, F. Di Mei, A. J. Agranat, C. Conti, and E. DelRe, Opt. Express 21, 30573 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Parravicini, C. Conti, A. J. Agranat, and E. DelRe, Opt. Lett. 37, 2355 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Parravicini, C. Conti, A. J. Agranat, and E. DelRe, Opt. Express 20, 27382 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Parravicini, F. Di Mei, C. Conti, A. J. Agranat, and E. DelRe, Opt. Express 19, 24109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. DelRe, E. Spinozzi, A. J. Agranat, and C. Conti, Nat. Photonics 5, 39 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. DelRe, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Prog. Opt. 53, 153 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. D’Ercole, A. Pierangelo, E. Palange, A. Ciattoni, A. J. Agranat, and E. DelRe, Opt. Express 16, 12002 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Pierangelo, E. DelRe, E. Palange, A. Ciattoni, Y. Garcia, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. DelRe, G. De Masi, A. Ciattoni, and E. Palange, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5499 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. D’Ercole, E. Palange, E. DelRe, A. Ciattoni, B. Crosignani, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2679 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. DelRe, A. Ciattoni, and A. J. Agranat, Opt. Lett. 26, 908 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. DelRe, M. Tamburrini, M. Segev, E. Refaeli, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, F.

L. Al Fares, F. Devaux, B. Guichardaz, and M. Chauvet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 041111 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Di Mei, F.

Di Porto, P.

E. DelRe, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Prog. Opt. 53, 153 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, A. Degasperis, M. Segev, and S. Trillo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 3078 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ding, A.

W. Ruan, G. Li, J. Zeng, L. S. Kamzina, H. Zeng, K. Zhao, L. Zheng, and A. Ding, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 074109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

DiPorto, P.

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Donth, E.

E. Donth, The Glass Transition (Springer-Verlag, 2001).

Duree, G.

Feldman, Y.

P. B. Ishai, C. E. M. de Oliveira, Y. Ryabov, Y. Feldman, and A. J. Agranat, Phys. Rev. B 70, 132104 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fu, G.

M. Chauvet, A. Guo, G. Fu, and G. Salamo, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 113107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, Y.

A. Pierangelo, E. DelRe, E. Palange, A. Ciattoni, Y. Garcia, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Garrett, M. H.

Guichardaz, B.

L. Al Fares, F. Devaux, B. Guichardaz, and M. Chauvet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 041111 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Gumennik, A.

Guo, A.

M. Chauvet, A. Guo, G. Fu, and G. Salamo, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 113107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hoffman, R. C.

Ishai, P. B.

P. B. Ishai, C. E. M. de Oliveira, Y. Ryabov, Y. Feldman, and A. J. Agranat, Phys. Rev. B 70, 132104 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kamzina, L. S.

W. Ruan, G. Li, J. Zeng, L. S. Kamzina, H. Zeng, K. Zhao, L. Zheng, and A. Ding, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 074109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kurzweil-Segev, Y.

Leach, P.

Leuzzi, L.

L. Leuzzi and T. M. Nieuwenhuizen, Thermodynamics of the Glassy State (Taylor & Francis, 2008).

Li, G.

W. Ruan, G. Li, J. Zeng, L. S. Kamzina, H. Zeng, K. Zhao, L. Zheng, and A. Ding, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 074109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lupascu, D. C.

V. V. Shvartsman and D. C. Lupascu, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 95, 1 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mandal, P.

D. M. Radheep, D. Mohan, P. Sarkar, S. Arumugam, and P. Mandal, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 092406 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Moerner, W. E.

Mohan, D.

D. M. Radheep, D. Mohan, P. Sarkar, S. Arumugam, and P. Mandal, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 092406 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Morin, M.

Mott, A. G.

Nieuwenhuizen, T. M.

L. Leuzzi and T. M. Nieuwenhuizen, Thermodynamics of the Glassy State (Taylor & Francis, 2008).

Ostroverkhova, O.

Palange, E.

A. D’Ercole, A. Pierangelo, E. Palange, A. Ciattoni, A. J. Agranat, and E. DelRe, Opt. Express 16, 12002 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Pierangelo, E. DelRe, E. Palange, A. Ciattoni, Y. Garcia, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. DelRe, G. De Masi, A. Ciattoni, and E. Palange, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5499 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. D’Ercole, E. Palange, E. DelRe, A. Ciattoni, B. Crosignani, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2679 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Parravicini, J.

Pierangeli, D.

Pierangelo, A.

A. D’Ercole, A. Pierangelo, E. Palange, A. Ciattoni, A. J. Agranat, and E. DelRe, Opt. Express 16, 12002 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Pierangelo, E. DelRe, E. Palange, A. Ciattoni, Y. Garcia, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Radheep, D. M.

D. M. Radheep, D. Mohan, P. Sarkar, S. Arumugam, and P. Mandal, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 092406 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Refaeli, E.

E. DelRe, M. Tamburrini, M. Segev, E. Refaeli, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ruan, W.

W. Ruan, G. Li, J. Zeng, L. S. Kamzina, H. Zeng, K. Zhao, L. Zheng, and A. Ding, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 074109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ryabov, Y.

P. B. Ishai, C. E. M. de Oliveira, Y. Ryabov, Y. Feldman, and A. J. Agranat, Phys. Rev. B 70, 132104 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Salamo, G.

M. Chauvet, A. Guo, G. Fu, and G. Salamo, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 113107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Shih, P. Leach, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, G. Salamo, and G. C. Valley, Opt. Lett. 21, 324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Morin, G. Duree, G. Salamo, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 20, 2066 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Samara, G. A.

G. A. Samara, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15, R367 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sarkar, P.

D. M. Radheep, D. Mohan, P. Sarkar, S. Arumugam, and P. Mandal, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 092406 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Segev, M.

Z. Chen, M. Segev, and D. Christodoulides, Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 086401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. DelRe, M. Tamburrini, M. Segev, E. Refaeli, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, A. Degasperis, M. Segev, and S. Trillo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 3078 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Shih, P. Leach, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, G. Salamo, and G. C. Valley, Opt. Lett. 21, 324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Morin, G. Duree, G. Salamo, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 20, 2066 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sheldon, M.

Shih, M. F.

M. F. Shih, P. Leach, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, G. Salamo, and G. C. Valley, Opt. Lett. 21, 324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shvartsman, V. V.

V. V. Shvartsman and D. C. Lupascu, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 95, 1 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Spinozzi, E.

E. DelRe, E. Spinozzi, A. J. Agranat, and C. Conti, Nat. Photonics 5, 39 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tamburrini, M.

E. DelRe, M. Tamburrini, M. Segev, E. Refaeli, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Toulouse, J.

J. Toulouse, Ferroelectrics 369, 203 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Trillo, S.

Valley, G. C.

M. F. Shih, P. Leach, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, G. Salamo, and G. C. Valley, Opt. Lett. 21, 324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

Yariv, A.

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Z.-G.

A. A. Bokov and Z.-G. Ye, J. Mater. Sci. 41, 31 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yin, S.

Zeng, H.

W. Ruan, G. Li, J. Zeng, L. S. Kamzina, H. Zeng, K. Zhao, L. Zheng, and A. Ding, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 074109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, J.

W. Ruan, G. Li, J. Zeng, L. S. Kamzina, H. Zeng, K. Zhao, L. Zheng, and A. Ding, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 074109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, K.

W. Ruan, G. Li, J. Zeng, L. S. Kamzina, H. Zeng, K. Zhao, L. Zheng, and A. Ding, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 074109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, L.

W. Ruan, G. Li, J. Zeng, L. S. Kamzina, H. Zeng, K. Zhao, L. Zheng, and A. Ding, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 074109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

A. D’Ercole, E. Palange, E. DelRe, A. Ciattoni, B. Crosignani, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2679 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Al Fares, F. Devaux, B. Guichardaz, and M. Chauvet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 041111 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. DelRe, M. Tamburrini, M. Segev, E. Refaeli, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. DelRe, G. De Masi, A. Ciattoni, and E. Palange, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5499 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Pierangelo, E. DelRe, E. Palange, A. Ciattoni, Y. Garcia, and A. J. Agranat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Radheep, D. Mohan, P. Sarkar, S. Arumugam, and P. Mandal, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 092406 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. F. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ferroelectrics (1)

J. Toulouse, Ferroelectrics 369, 203 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

V. V. Shvartsman and D. C. Lupascu, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 95, 1 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

M. Chauvet, A. Guo, G. Fu, and G. Salamo, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 113107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Ruan, G. Li, J. Zeng, L. S. Kamzina, H. Zeng, K. Zhao, L. Zheng, and A. Ding, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 074109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

A. A. Bokov and Z.-G. Ye, J. Mater. Sci. 41, 31 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

G. A. Samara, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15, R367 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

E. DelRe, E. Spinozzi, A. J. Agranat, and C. Conti, Nat. Photonics 5, 39 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

G. Burns and F. H. Dacol, Phys. Rev. B 28, 2527 (1983).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Ishai, C. E. M. de Oliveira, Y. Ryabov, Y. Feldman, and A. J. Agranat, Phys. Rev. B 70, 132104 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Opt. (1)

E. DelRe, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Prog. Opt. 53, 153 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

Z. Chen, M. Segev, and D. Christodoulides, Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 086401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

E. Donth, The Glass Transition (Springer-Verlag, 2001).

L. Leuzzi and T. M. Nieuwenhuizen, Thermodynamics of the Glassy State (Taylor & Francis, 2008).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Low-frequency (1 KHz) measurement (circles) of the real part of the dielectric constant of the KNTN sample manifesting marked thermal hysteresis (arrows indicate cooling/heating curves) below T* and a breaking of Curie–Weiss mean-field behavior (dashed line) in the region Tmax<T<T* (ϵrmax=9.5·103, decreasing temperature loop). In the insets, the detected dispersion in ϵr near Tmax and a photograph of the specific KNTN sample.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Round versus elliptical 2D needles in KNTN. Slow cooling: (a) input and output intensity distributions at steady-state without and with applied bias voltage. (b) Existence conditions for Δx=ΔyΔxin, in the soliton normalized amplitude-width parameter space (see text). Rapid cooling: (c) the input round Δxin=Δyin=8μm beam diffracts to and average FWHM of Δy=25μm for V=0 and converges to an elliptical beam profile for V=V0, where only the x direction traps to the initial launch size. No values of V lead to a round soliton of the same size as the input. (d) Comparison of slow and fast cooling output intensity distributions at steady-state (top) and representation of inferred beam evolution (bottom).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Rapid cooling accelerates the photorefractive effect. (a) Time evolution of output beam FWHM normalized to input in the x and y directions in the slow-cooling case. (b) A more than four-fold speeding of self-trapping in the rapid-cooled sample.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Zero-field readout (V=0) in the (a) slow and (b) rapid cooling cases. Defining x¯I(x,y)xdxdy/I(x,y)dxdy the center of the pattern, δxc the shift of x¯ for V=V0 (crossing of dashed lines), and for V=0, δxc=6μm and 0.5 μm in the two conditions, respectively. (c) Comparison of ϵr data. (d) Cross-polarizer transmission Iout/Iin versus applied E. The slight shift in the pattern for increasing bias fields (red line) and for decreasing ones (black curve) quantifies a small hysteresis, whereas the decrease in fringe visibility is caused by depolarization [8].

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E·(Ib+I)/(1+·D/qNa)=g,

Metrics